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Encyclopedia > Indian state

India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a National Capital Territory. A union territory is an administrative division of India. ... The national capital territory (NCT) is a territory in India which encompasses the capital city, New Delhi and the city of Delhi. ...

States of India.

States: Download high resolution version (650x790, 142 KB)NPOV map of India from commons. ... Download high resolution version (650x790, 142 KB)NPOV map of India from commons. ...

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Assam
  4. Bihar
  5. Chhattisgarh
  6. Goa
  7. Gujarat
  8. Haryana
  9. Himachal Pradesh
  10. Jammu and Kashmir
  11. Jharkhand
  12. Karnataka
  13. Kerala
  14. Madhya Pradesh
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Manipur
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Mizoram
  5. Nagaland
  6. Orissa
  7. Punjab
  8. Rajasthan
  9. Sikkim
  10. Tamil Nadu
  11. Tripura
  12. Uttaranchal
  13. Uttar Pradesh
  14. West Bengal

Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశం)(Āndhra Prādesh), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ... Arunachal Pradesh (अरुणाचल प्रदेश) is an Indian state. ... Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ... Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़), a state in central India, formed when the sixteen southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... Goa (गोवा in Devanagari) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Haryana (हरयाणा) is a state in northwest India. ... Himachal Pradesh (हिमाचल प्रदेश) is a state in northwest India. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Jharkhand (झारखंड in Devanagari) is a state of India. ... Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ in Kannada) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Kerala (കേരളം - Keralam) is a state in South India, occupying a narrow strip of Indias southwestern coast. ... Madhya Pradesh (मध्‍य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्ऱ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Manipur (মনিপুর) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... Map showing Meghalaya (in black) in relation to the other states of India Meghalaya (मेघालय) is a small state in north-eastern India. ... Map showing Mizoram (in black) in relation to the other states of India Mizoram is a state in northeastern India. ... Nagaland is a state in the north-eastern part of India. ... Orissa (ଓଡ଼ିଶା) (2001 provisional pop. ... Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ, पंजाब) is a state in northwest India, part of a larger Punjab region. ... Rajasthan (राजस्‍थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Tripura (ত্রিপুরা) is a state in North-east India. ... Uttaranchal (उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000 after a relatively short and peaceful struggle by its people in the 1990s, having previously comprised part of Uttar Pradesh. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش) is the fifth largest and the most populous state in India. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôščim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ...

  1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  2. Chandigarh
  3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli
  4. Daman and Diu
  5. Lakshadweep
  6. Pondicherry

National Capital Territory: Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a union territory of India. ... Chandigarh is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. ... Daman and Diu is a union territory in India. ... Lakshadweep is a Union Territory of India. ... Pondicherry (पॉंडिचेरी in Hindi), currently undergoing a name change to Puduchery, is the name of a union territory and its capital in the south of India. ...

  1. Delhi

Delhi (दिल्ली or Dillī in Hindi and Bengali and دیلی in Urdu) is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. ...

Evolution of India's states

The British India, which consisted of modern-day India, as well as Pakistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan, was made up of two types of states. Provinces were ruled directly by British officials, either a governor or a chief commissioner, who were appointed by the Viceroy. Princely states were ruled by local, hereditary rulers, who acknowledged British sovereignty in return for local autonomy. British India had fifteen provinces: Ajmer-Merwara, Assam, Baluchistan, Bengal, Bihar, Bombay, Central Provinces and Berar, Coorg, Delhi, Madras, Northwest Frontier, Orissa, Punjab, Sind, and United Provinces. British India had hundreds of princely states, which varied greatly in size, from Hyderabad, with a population of over ten million, to tiny states. Most of the princely states were under the authority of a British political agent responsible to the governor of a province, but the four largest princely states, Hyderabad, Baroda, Mysore, and Jammu and Kashmir, were directly under the authority of the Governor-General of India. Two other European countries had possessions in India; Portuguese India included the coastal enclaves of Goa, Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and French India included five enclaves, Chandernagore, Yanaon, Pondichery, Karikal, and Mahe. A princely state or native state was a feudal monarchy in British India ruled by a hereditary ruler, who was nominally sovereign. ... Ajmer-Merwara (also Ajmere-Merwara) is a former province of British India. ... Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... Baluchistan (or Balochistan), also known as Greater Baluchistan is an arid region of south Asia, presently split between Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... A British Raj province comprising British conquests from the Mughals and Marathas in central India. ... A coffee plantation in Coorg Kodagu (previously called Coorg) is a district of Karnataka state, India. ... Delhi (दिल्ली or Dillī in Hindi and Bengali and دیلی in Urdu) is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. ... Madras Presidency, also known as Madras Province and known officially as Presidency of Fort St. ... North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is geographically the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... Orissa (ଓଡ଼ିଶା) (2001 provisional pop. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (also Panjab) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Sindh (Sind) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... United Provinces, 1903 A province of the British Raj, which corresponds to modern Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-most populated town in Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat (the three towns with a population of over 1 million in Gujarat). ... The Kingdom of Mysore was a kingdom of southern India, which was founded about 1400 by the Wodeyar dynasty, who ruled the state until Indian independence in 1947, when the kingdom became Mysore state of India, later renamed Karnataka. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... The Governor-General of India (or Governor-General and Viceroy of India) was the head of the British administration in India. ... Portuguese India (Port. ... Goa (गोवा in Devanagari) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... Daman and Diu is a union territory in India. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli is a Union Territory in western India. ... French India is a general name for the former French possessions in India. ... Chandannagar, formerly known as Chandernagore or Chandernagar, is a city in India. ... Yanam or Yanaon is a district of the Union territory of Pondicherry and a town in that district. ... Pondicherry (पॉंडिचेरी in Hindi), currently undergoing a name change to Puduchery, is the name of a union territory and its capital in the south of India. ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry | Cities and towns in India ... Categories: India geography stubs | Pondicherry ...


With the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947, provinces and princely states were assigned to one country or the other, with two provinces, Punjab and Bengal, partitioned between India and Pakistan along religious lines. Hyderabad's Muslim ruler attempted to remain independent, but the Indian army intervened and Hyderabad was incorporated into India. India and Pakistan contested for control of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir; the state had a Muslim majority, but its Hindu ruler acceded to India. Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ...


The period from independence in 1947 to the beginning of the Indian republic in 1950 saw the consolidation of the former princely states into new provinces, usually governed by a rajpramukh, (governor) appointed by the Governor-General of India. In 1950, the Indian constitution took effect, the office of the Governor-General was abolished, and India created several different categories of states. Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India. ... The Governor-General of India (or Governor-General and Viceroy of India) was the head of the British administration in India. ...


Part A states, which were the former provinces, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh (formerly Central Provinces and Berar), Madras, Orissa, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh (formerly United Provinces). Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôščim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ... Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ... Madhya Pradesh (मध्‍य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. ... A British Raj province comprising British conquests from the Mughals and Marathas in central India. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Orissa (ଓଡ଼ିଶା) (2001 provisional pop. ... Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ, पंजाब) is a state in northwest India, part of a larger Punjab region. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش) is the fifth largest and the most populous state in India. ...


The eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh. They were Hyderabad, Saurashtra, Mysore, Travancore-Cochin, Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), and Rajasthan. Rajpramukh was an administrative title in India. ... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... Saurashtra (also Soruth and Sorath) is a former state of India, located on the Kathiawar peninsula of western India. ... Karnataka (ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ in Kannada) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Thiru-Kochi, formerly known as Travancore-Cochin, is a former state of India. ... Madhya Bharat is former state in west-central India. ... Vindhya Pradesh is a former state of India. ... The Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a former state of India. ... The Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a former state of India. ... Rajasthan (राजस्‍थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ...


The ten Part C states included both former princely states and provinces. They were governed by a chief commissioner. The Part C states included Delhi, Kutch, Himachal Pradesh, Bilaspur, Coorg, Bhopal, Manipur, Ajmer, and Tripura. Delhi (दिल्ली or Dillī in Hindi and Bengali and دیلی in Urdu) is a term that refers to either the State of Delhi or the National Capital Territory (NCT) of the Republic of India. ... Kutch (also Cutch or Kachh) is a district of Gujarat state in western India. ... Himachal Pradesh (हिमाचल प्रदेश) is a state in northwest India. ... Bilaspur, a district of Himachal Pradesh, India is famous for the manmade Govind Sagar Lake on the Sutlej River, acts as the reservoir for the Bhakra and Nangal Dam project. ... A coffee plantation in Coorg Kodagu (previously called Coorg) is a district of Karnataka state, India. ... Bhopal, marked in red, lies in central India. ... Manipur (মনিপুর) is a state in northeastern India making its capital in the city of Imphal. ... Ajmer, or Ajmere, is a city in Indias Rajasthan state. ... Tripura (ত্রিপুরা) is a state in North-east India. ...


Jammu and Kashmir had special status until 1957. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands was a territory, ruled by a governor appointed by the Indian president. The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a union territory of India. ...


The French enclave of Chandernagore voted to join India in 1949, and officially became part of India in 1952, becoming part of the state of West Bengal in 1954. The remainder of French India, Pondichery, Yanaon, Karikal, and Mahe, were administered by India after 1954, formally becoming a union territory in 1962. Dadra and Nagar Haveli was occupied by India 1954, and Goa, Daman, and Diu in 1961, and they subsequently became union territories.


In 1953, the Telugu-speaking northern portion of Madras state voted to become the new state of Andhra Pradesh, the first of India's linguistic states. Telugu belongs to the family of Dravidian languages and is the official language of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Andhra Pradesh (ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశం)(Āndhra Prādesh), a state in South India, lies between 12°41 and 22°N latitude and 77° and 84°40E longitude . ...


In 1956, the States Reorganization Act took effect, which erased the distinction between parts A, B, and C states, and reorganized state boundaries along linguistic lines. The new states, mostly the former Part A states, were Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Maharashtra,Gujarat,Kerala,Madhya Pradesh,Madras,Mysore,Orissa,Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Pondichery, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the Laccadive, Mincoy, and Amandivi Islands became union territories. The remainder of the states were merged into the new states or union territories. Assam (অসম) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôščim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ... Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्ऱ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Gujarat (ગુજરાત in Gujarati) is the most industrialized state in India after Maharashtra and is located in western India, bordered by Pakistan to the northwest and Rajasthan to the north. ... Kerala (കേരളം - Keralam) is a state in South India, occupying a narrow strip of Indias southwestern coast. ... Madhya Pradesh (मध्‍य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu a former province of British India, with its capital at the Indian city of Madras (now Chennai): see Madras Presidency a type of fabric which first originated there. ... Mysore is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Orissa (ଓଡ଼ିଶା) (2001 provisional pop. ... Punjab, 1903 Punjab Province, 1909 The Punjab (also Panjab) is a region straddling the border between India and Pakistan. ... Rajasthan (राजस्‍थान) is the geographically largest state in northwestern India. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش) is the fifth largest and the most populous state in India. ... Lakshadweep is a Union Territory of India. ...


Several new states and union territories have been created out of existing states since 1956. Haryana was created in 1966 out of Punjab. The union territories of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland were created out of Assam. In 2000 three new states were created; Jharkhand was created out of the southern districts of Bihar, Chhattisgarh was created out of eastern Madhya Pradesh, and Uttaranchal was created out of northwestern Uttar Pradesh. The Kingdom of Sikkim was annexed to India as a state in 1975. Haryana (हरयाणा) is a state in northwest India. ... 1966 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Arunachal Pradesh (अरुणाचल प्रदेश) is an Indian state. ... Map showing Meghalaya (in black) in relation to the other states of India Meghalaya (मेघालय) is a small state in north-eastern India. ... Map showing Mizoram (in black) in relation to the other states of India Mizoram is a state in northeastern India. ... Nagaland is a state in the north-eastern part of India. ... Jharkhand (झारखंड in Devanagari) is a state of India. ... Chhattisgarh (छत्तीसगढ़), a state in central India, formed when the sixteen southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh gained statehood on November 1, 2000. ... Uttaranchal (उत्तरांचल) became the 27th state of the Republic of India on November 9, 2000 after a relatively short and peaceful struggle by its people in the 1990s, having previously comprised part of Uttar Pradesh. ... Sikkim is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ...


In addition, several union territories have become states, namely Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland. Goa (गोवा in Devanagari) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ...


See also: List of states of India by population, List of states of India by area List of capitals of subnational entities, States of India by size of economy Indian States See also: States and territories of India Source Census of India Categories: States and territories of India ... 1. ... List of capitals of subnational entities covers currently the following national entities: #A-C: Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Peoples Republic of China, Colombia, Cuba, Czech Republic, #D-F: Denmark, Finland, France, #G-L: Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Ireland, Japan... This is an incomplete list. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Indian states and union territories
  • Maps and data at World-Gazetteer.com (http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=1104458181&men=gmap&lng=en&gln=xx&dat=32&geo=-104&srt=npan&col=aohdq)
  • Map at Mapsofindia.com (http://www.mapsofindia.com/census2001/populationdensity.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
States and territories of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (389 words)
Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on May 1, 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act.
Nagaland was made a state in 1962, Meghalaya and Himachal Pradesh in 1971, and Tripura and Manipur in 1972.
The Kingdom of Sikkim was annexed to India as a state in 1975.
Indian American - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2965 words)
Indian Americans often keep hold of their native Indian tongues, whether it be Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Marathi, Maithili, Oriya, Punjabi, Rajasthani,Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Urdu or any of the other plethora of Indian languages.
In America, the Indian call center has developed into a veritable social meme, and Indian Americans are occasionally targeted as objects of harassment or ridicule for the decisions of American corporate managers regarding their country of origin.
Indian American voters have tended to vote overwhelmingly Democratic [21], according to the few exit polls that have targeted this community, but the Republican party has tried to target this community [22] and several prominent conservative activists are of Indian origin.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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