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Encyclopedia > Indian Wolf
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
Indian Wolf

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species: C. lupus
Subspecies: C. l. pallipes
Trinomial name
Canis lupus pallipes
(Reginald Innes Pocock, 1941)

Present distribution of Indian wolf in light blue

The Indian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes), also known as the Indian Gray Wolf or the Peninsular Gray Wolf, is the small subspecies of the Grey Wolf. It is a semi-desert-adapted wolf that ranges from the eastern Indian subcontinent to the Arabian Peninsula. In the middle Pennisula India exist distinct species of wolf - Canis indica. Image File history File links Indian_wolf. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... The Siberian Tiger, a subspecies of tiger. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... “Animalia” redirects here. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Subclass Allotheria* Order Docodonta (extinct) Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Subclass Prototheria Order Monotremata Subclass Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals are a class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of... Families 17, See classification The diverse order Carnivora (IPA: or IPA: ; from Latin carō (stem carn-) flesh, + vorāre to devour) includes over 260 placental mammals. ... Genera Alopex Atelocynus Canis Cerdocyon Chrysocyon Cuon Cynotherium † Dusicyon † Dasycyon Fennecus Lycalopex Lycaon Nyctereutes Otocyon Pseudalopex Speothos Urocyon Vulpes Wikispecies has information related to: Canidae Canidae is the family of carnivorous and omnivorous mammals commonly known as canines. ... Species Canis adustus Canis aureus Canis dirus (extinct) Canis latrans Canis lupus Canis mesomelas Canis simensis   † also includes dogs. ... “Gray Wolves” redirects here. ... Trinomial nomenclature is a taxonomic naming system that extends the standard system of binomial nomenclature by adding a third taxon. ... Reginald Innes Pocock sucks!!! Partial bibliography Reginald I. Pocock (1902) Reginald Innes Pocock (1902) Reginald Innes Pocock (1900) The Fauna of British India (including Ceylon and Burma). ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... In zoology, as in other branches of biology, subspecies is the rank immediately subordinate to a species. ... Binomial name Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758 The Wolf or Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) is a mammal of the Canidae family and the ancestor of the domestic dog. ...

Contents

Taxonomy

A current proposal suggests that the Indian Wolf has not cross-bred with any other wolf subspecies for nearly 400,000 years, which could possibly make them a separate species altogether. British naturalist B. H. Hodgson was actually the first to describe an Indian Wolf as a separate species, Canis laniger, in 1847, but the wolf he was describing was indeed separate from today's modern Indian Wolf (he was instead describing the former Himalayan Wolf).[1] This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Another British naturalist, W. T. Blanford, working for the Geological Survey of India, described the modern Indian Wolf as a separate species called Canis pallipes in 1888. He distinguished Canis pallipes from Canis laniger by its smaller size, much shorter and thinner winter coat, and smaller skull and teeth. Furthermore, he identified Hodgson's Himalayan Wolf as nothing more than a subspecies of Gray Wolf (i.e., C. l. laniger, as opposed to C. laniger).[1] William Thomas Blanford (October 7, 1832 - June 23, 1905) was an English geologist and naturalist. ... Geological Survey of India (GSI), established in 1851, is one of the oldest of such organizations in the world, and is a premier organization of India for conducting geological surveys and studies. ...


The mess was sorted out in 1941 when British taxonomist R. I. Pocock classified both as separate subspecies of the Gray Wolf – C.l. pallipes and C.l. laniger, respectively. Today, the Himalayan Wolf originally identified by Hodgson in 1847 (C.l. laniger) has been stripped of its subspecies title and lumped with the Eurasian Wolf (C.l. lupus), whereas the Indian Wolf {C.l. pallipes) has maintained its subspecies status, though this could, as previously mentioned, change as more genetic data is interpreted.[1] Reginald Innes Pocock sucks!!! Partial bibliography Reginald I. Pocock (1902) Reginald Innes Pocock (1902) Reginald Innes Pocock (1900) The Fauna of British India (including Ceylon and Burma). ... Trinomial name Canis lupus lupus (Linnaeus, 1758) Eurasian wolf range The Eurasian Wolf (Canis lupus lupus), also known as the Common Wolf, European Wolf, Carpathian Wolf and Steppes Wolf is a subspecies of the Grey Wolf (Canis lupus). ...


Lately research of the mtDNA of the Indian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes) confirms that this is a new species of wolf, now called the Indian Wolf (Canis indica), separate and distinct from other wolf species in the world. Now, along with Himalayan Wolf (Canis himalayaensis) scientists have created two new species of wolf on the grounds of mtDNA. Probably, the Indian wolf migrated to India about 400 thousand years ago, during the Pleistocene and separated from its common wolf ancestors. But other Indian wolves not from India but from the Arabian pennislula and Pakistan are included in the category of Grey Wolf and should be called the Southern-east Asian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes). Binomial name Himalayan Wolf (Canis himalayaensis) is described as a new species of wolf native a small region in northern India (Jammu and Kashmir and then Himachal Pradesh) and eastern Nepal in the Himalayas. ... Binomial name Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758 The Wolf or Grey Wolf (Canis lupus) is a mammal of the Canidae family and the ancestor of the domestic dog. ...


Appearance and adaptations

Indian wolves greeting each other.

The Indian Wolf has a very short, dense coat that is typically reddish, tawny, or buff coloured. It reaches 60-95 centimetres in height, and typically weighs 18-27 kilograms, making it among the smallest of all Gray Wolf subspecies. Breeding generally occurs in October, after the rains – early compared to other wolf subspecies. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...


The Indian Wolf is adapted for life in the semi-arid and hot areas that they typically inhabit. Its relatively small size allows it to survive on the smaller ungulates, rabbits, hares, and rodents that roam its territory. The Indian Wolf is a prime example of the Gray Wolf's adaptability as a species, given that its cousins can be found in areas starkly contrasted to the scrubland, grassland, and semi-arid pastoral environments that the Indian Wolf thrives in. Llamas such as this, which have two toes, are artiodactylas -- even toed ungulates Ungulates (meaning roughly hoofed or hoofed animal) make up several orders of mammals, of which six to eight survive. ...


Distribution

The Indian Wolf is mainly distributed across the Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. A study released in 2004 estimates that there are around 2000-3000 Indian Wolves.[2] , Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA:  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area but encompasses most of the area of the large, inhospitable Great Indian Desert (Thar Desert) which has an edge that parallels the Sutlej-Indus river valley along its border with... , Haryana   (HindÄ«: हरियाणा, PunjabÄ«: ਹਰਿਆਣਾ, IPA: ) is a state in north India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , translation: Northern Province, IPA: ,  ), often referred to as U.P., is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Madhya PradeÅ›   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA:  , English: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Karnātakā   (Kannada: ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ) (IPA: ) is one of the four southern states of India. ... , Andhra Pradesh (Telugu: , Urdu: ; pronunciation: ), the Rice Bowl of India, is a state in southern India. ...


The Indian Wolf, because it preys on livestock, has long been hunted, though it is protected as an endangered species in India under schedule 1 of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972.[3] The Jai Samand Sanctuary, Rajasthan, is believed to be the only place in which the animal is breeding in captivity. The Siberian Tiger, a subspecies of tiger. ...


Israel seems to be the last hope for the Indian Wolf's survival in the Middle East because it is the only country in the region where they enjoy legal protection. There are between 150-250 wolves all over northern and central Israel. The biggest dangers to the wolves in Israel are the local dogs that interbreed with them, essentially contaminating the genetic purity of the subspecies. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Folklore

The wolf, known in Turkey as the Bozkurt, was the main totem of ancient Turkish tribes and became the national symbol from the Hun to Ottoman Empire. Before the Turks adoption of Islam, a wolf’s head was used to be put on the tips of flag poles, replaced later by the crescent and star. In Turkish mythology, it is believed that the Göktürks were descended from a she-wolf called Asena, a legend parralleling the myth of Romulus and Remus. Also, a wolf was responsible for showing the Turks the way out of their opressive legendary homeland Ergenekon, which allowed them to spread and conquer their neighbours. Many historians consider the Huns (meaning person in Mongolian language) the first Mongolian and Turkic people mentioned in European history. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish (official); spoken languages include Abkhazian, Adyghe, Albanian, Arabic, Aramaic, Armenian, Azerbaijani... The Göktürks or Kök-Türks were a Turkic people of ancient Central Asia and China. ... Asena is the name of a female wolf in Turkic mythology. ... {{Infobox_Monarch | name =Romulus | title =King of Rome | image = | reign =April 23, 753 BC - 717 BC | coronation = | predecessor =None | successor =Numa Pompilius | suc-type = | heir = | consort = | issue = | royal house = | royal anthem = | father =Mars | mother =Rhea Silvia | date of birth =771 BC | place of birth =Alba Longa | date of death =717 BC...


Trivia

This article is about the British author. ... Mowgli by John Lockwood Kipling (father of Rudyard Kipling). ... A feral child is a child who has lived isolated from human contact starting from a very young age. ...

References

Wikispecies has information related to:
Canis lupus pallipes
  1. ^ a b c Smithsonian National Zoological Park. Hiding in Plain Sight. Retrieved on August 19, 2006.
  2. ^ Yadvendradev V. Jhala. Conservation of Indian Wolf. Retrieved on August 19, 2006.
  3. ^ Wolf Corner. Sub Species of the Wolf. Retrieved on August 19, 2006.

 
 

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