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Encyclopedia > Indian Standard Time
Location of Mirzapur and the 82.5° E longitude that is used as the reference longitude for Indian Standard Time
Location of Mirzapur and the 82.5° E longitude that is used as the reference longitude for Indian Standard Time

Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+5:30. India does not observe daylight saving time, (DST) or other seasonal adjustments, although DST was used briefly during the Sino–Indian War of 1962 and the Indo–Pakistani Wars of 1965 and 1971.[1] In military and aviation time, IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star").[2] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... , Mirzapur   is a city in the heart of North India, nearly 650 km between Delhi and Kolkata and also equidistant from Allahabad and Varanasi. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... A time offset is defined by international convention as a number of hours and minutes from Coordinated Universal Time in Greenwich, England. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Combatants China India Commanders Zhang Guohua[4] Brij Mohan Kaul Strength 80,000[5][6] Casualties Killed 1,460 (Chinese sources)[7] None captured[8][9][10][11] Wounded 1,697[7] Killed 3,128 (Indian sources)[12] Captured 3,968[2] Wounded 548[13] The Sino-Indian War (Simplified... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri Harbakhsh Singh Ayub Khan Musa Khan Casualties 3,264 killed[1] 8,623 wounded[1] (From July to ceasefire) 3,800 killed[2] (September 6 - 22) 4,000 - 8,000 killed/ captured[3][4][5] (July to September 6) The Indo-Pakistani War... Belligerents India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora G.G Bewoor K. P. Candeth Gul Hassan Khan Abdul Hamid Khan Tikka Khan A. A. K. Niazi # Strength 500,000+ troops 100,000 Mukti BahiniRebels 400,000+ troops Casualties and losses 3,843 killed[1] 9,851 wounded[1] Unknown...


Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.5° E longitude. This line passes through several major Indian cities, however the Vindhyachal town, just west of the town of Mirzapur near Allahabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh is most cited. The longitude difference between Vindhyachal and the United Kingdom's Royal Observatory at Greenwich translates to an exact time difference of 5 hours 30 minutes. Local time is calculated from a clock tower at the Allahabad Observatory (25.15° N 82.5° E) though the official time-keeping devices are entrusted to the National Physical Laboratory, in New Delhi.[3] Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Vindhyachal is a town in Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... , Mirzapur   is a city in the heart of North India, nearly 650 km between Delhi and Kolkata and also equidistant from Allahabad and Varanasi. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Vindhyachal is a town in Mirzapur District of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Royal Observatory, Greenwich. ... This article is about Greenwich in England. ... Clocktower at Geelong Grammar School, Victoria, Australia A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) clock faces. ... The Allahabad Observatory located in the town of Mirzapur, just outside Allahabad is the centre responsible for maintaining the Indian Standard Time (IST). ... The National Physical Laboratory of India, situated in New Delhi is the maintainer of SI units in India and also calibrates the national standards of weights and measures // Main article: History of measurement systems in India One of the most ancient texts of India, Manusmriti, describes among the duties of... This article is about the capital city of India. ...

Contents

History

One of the earliest descriptions of standard time in India appeared in the 4th century CE astronomical treatise Surya Siddhanta. Postulating a spherical earth, the book defined the prime meridian, or zero longitude, as passing through Avanti, the ancient name for the historic city of Ujjain ( 23°10′58″N, 75°46′38″E), and Rohitaka, the ancient name for Rohtak (28°54′N, 76°38′E), a city near the historic battle-field of Kurukshetra.[4] Hindu Astronomy is one of the ancient astronomical systems of the world. ... This article aims at providing a thorough (but not verse by verse) exposition of most important topics of and problems related to Surya Siddhanta and its comparison with ancient and modern astronomy, together with its use in astrology. ... Medieval artistic representation of a spherical Earth - with compartments representing earth, air, and water (c. ... Location of the Prime Meridian Image:Prime Meridian. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Avanti Kingdom. ... , Ujjain   (Hindi:उज्जैन) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. ... , Rohtak (Hindi: रोहतक) is a municipal council located in Rohtak District in the Haryana state of India on N.H. 10 70 K.m. ... Kurukshetra  (Hindi: कुरुक्षेत्र) is the name of a city in the present-day Indian state of Haryana हरियाणा. The name literally means Land of the Kaurava after the Kuru clan. ...

Situated upon the line which passes through the haunt of the demons (equator and 76° E) and the mountain which is the seat of the gods (the North Pole), are Rohitaka and Avanti ...[5] World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... For other uses, see North Pole (disambiguation). ...

The day used by ancient Indian astronomers began at sunrise at the prime meridian of Ujjain,[6] and was divided into smaller time units in the following manner:[7]

Time that is measurable is that which is in common use, beginning with the prāṇa (or, the time span of one breath). The pala contains six prāṇas. The ghalikā is 60 palas, and the nakṣatra ahórātra, or astronomical day, contains 60 ghalikās. A nakṣatra māsa, or astronomical month, consists of 30 days. In Egyptian mythology, Month is an alternate spelling for Menthu. ...

Taking a day to be 24 hours, the smallest time unit, prāṇa, or one respiratory cycle, equals 4 seconds, a value consistent with the normal breathing frequency of 15 breaths/min used in modern medical research.[8] The Surya Siddhanta also described a method of converting local time to the standard time of Ujjain.[5] Despite these early advances, standard time was not widely used outside astronomy. For most of India's history, ruling kingdoms kept their own local time, typically using the Hindu calendar in both lunar and solar units.[9] For example, the Jantar Mantar observatory built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in Jaipur in 1733 contains large sundials, up to 90 ft (27 m) high, which were used to accurately determine the local time. The History of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent from 3300 to 1700 BCE. This Bronze Age civilization was followed by the Iron Age Vedic period, which witnessed the rise of major kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... Sidereal time is time measured by the apparent diurnal motion of the vernal equinox, which is very close to, but not identical with, the motion of stars. ... Solar time is based on the idea that when the sun reaches its highest point in the sky, it is noon. ... Tourists gather at Jantar Mantar The Jantar Mantar is a collection of architectural astronomical instruments, built by Maharaja Jai Singh II at his then new capital of Jaipur between 1727 and 1733. ... Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (November 3, 1688-September 21, 1743) was ruler of the kingdom of Amber (later called Jaipur. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर, Rajasthan Capital), also popularly known as the Pink City, historically sometimes rendered as Jeypore, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... For other uses, see Sundial (disambiguation). ...

Astronomer John Goldingham is credited with the establishment of the current fractional time zone (UTC+5:30).
Astronomer John Goldingham is credited with the establishment of the current fractional time zone (UTC+5:30).

In 1792, the British East India Company established the Madras Observatory in Chennai (then Madras), largely due to the efforts of the British sailor–astronomer Michael Topping. In 1802, John Goldingham, appointed as the first official astronomer of the Company in India, established the longitude of Madras ( 13°5′24″N, 80°18′30″E) as 5 hours 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time as the local standard time. This marked the first use of the current time zone, and departure from the earlier standard of the day beginning at sunrise; now it started at midnight. The clock in the observatory was attached to a gun that was fired at 8 p.m. daily to announce that "all was well" with IST.[10] Time-keeping support for shipping activities in Bombay Harbour was provided by the Colaba Observatory in Bombay, which was established in 1826.[11] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... John Goldingham John Goldingham was the first official astronomer of the Madras Observatory, appointed in 1802. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... The Madras Observatory was founded by the British East India Company in 1786 in Chennai (then Madras). ... Madras redirects here. ... Michael Topping Michael Topping (1747–1796) was the Chief Marine Surveyor of Fort St. ... GMT redirects here. ... Standard time is the result of synchronizing clocks in different geographical locations within a time zone to the same time rather than using the local meridian as in local mean time or solar time. ... A view of the harbour. ...


Most towns in India retained their own local time until a few years after the introduction of the railways in the 1850s, when the need for a unified time zone became apparent. Local time in Mumbai (then Bombay) and Kolkata (then Calcutta), as headquarters of the two largest Presidencies of British India, assumed special importance, and was gradually adopted by the nearby provinces and princely states. In the 19th century, clocks were kept in synchronisation through by telegraph – for example the railways synchronised their clocks thorough a time signal that was sent from the head office or the regional headquarters at a specified time every day.[12] , Bombay redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Calcutta , Bombay and Madras were the three Presidency cities in British India. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele = far away and grapho = write) is the long distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally over wire. ...


In 1884, the International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. set up uniform time zones across the world. It was decided that India would have two time zones, with Calcutta using the 90th east meridian and Bombay the 75° E meridian. Calcutta time was set at 5 hours 30 minutes 21 seconds ahead of GMT, while Bombay time was 4 hours 51 minutes ahead.[13] By the late 1880s, many railway companies began to use Madras time (known as "Railway time") as an intermediate time between the two zones. Another time zone, Port Blair mean time, was established at Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal. The Port Blair mean time was set to 49 minutes 51 seconds ahead of Madras time.[14] The Prime Meridian, Greenwich The Prime Meridian is the meridian (line of longitude) passing through the Royal Greenwich Observatory, Greenwich, England; it is the meridian at which longitude is 0 degrees. ... ... Calcutta time was one of the two time zones established in British India in 1884. ... Bombay Time may refer to: Bombay Time, a novel by Thrity Umrigar Bombay time, a time zone in India Category: ... Madras Time was a time zone set up in 1802 by John Goldingham, the first official astronomer of the British East India Company in India. ... Port Blair mean time was the time zone of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India in the Bay of Bengal. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair Port Blair   (Hindi: पोर्ट ब्लेयर) (coordinates: ) is the largest town and a municipal council in Andamans district in the Andaman Islands and the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Andaman Islands. ... Look up Bay of Bengal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


British India did not officially adopt the standard time zones until 1905, when the meridian passing east of Allahabad at 82.5° E longitude was picked as the central meridian for India, corresponding to a single time zone for the country. This came into force on 1 January 1906, and also applied to Sri Lanka (then Ceylon). However, Calcutta time was officially maintained as a separate time zone until 1948.[12] Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (ශ්රී ලංකා in Sinhala / இலங்கை in Tamil) (known as Ceylon before 1972) is a tropical island nation off the southeast coast of the Indian subcontinent. ...

IST in relation with the bordering nations
IST in relation with the bordering nations

In 1925, time synchronisation began to be relayed through omnibus telephone systems and control circuits to organisations that needed to know the precise time. This continued until the 1940s, when time signals began to be broadcast using the radio by the government.[12] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


After independence in 1947, the Indian government established IST as the official time for the whole country, although Kolkata and Mumbai retained their own local time for a few more years.[12] The Central observatory was moved from Chennai to a location near Mirzapur, so that it would be as close to UTC +5:30 as possible. The Government of India (Hindi: भारत सरकार [1]Bhārat Sarkār), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of... , Mirzapur   is a city in the heart of North India, nearly 650 km between Delhi and Kolkata and also equidistant from Allahabad and Varanasi. ...


During the Sino–Indian War of 1962 and the Indo–Pakistani Wars of 1965 and 1971, daylight saving was briefly used to reduce civilian energy consumption.[1]


Problems

A single, large time zone has been shown to cost more, and requires rescheduling of events to make them compatible with the rest of the zone or with the day's cycle.[clarify] The country's east–west distance of more than 2,000 km (1,200 miles) covers over 28 degrees of longitude, resulting in the sun rising and setting almost two hours earlier in the north-eastern Seven Sister States than in the Rann of Kutch in the far west. The Seven Sister States of India The Seven Sister States are a region in northeastern India, comprising the contiguous states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ...


In the late 1980s, a team of researchers proposed separating the country into two or three time zones to conserve energy. The binary system that they suggested involved a return to British–era time zones; the recommendations were not adopted.[3][15]


In 2001, the government established a four–member committee under the Ministry of Science and Technology to examine the need for multiple time zones and daylight saving.[3] The findings of the committee, which were presented to Parliament in 2004 by the Minister for Science and Technology, Kapil Sibal, did not recommend changes to the unified system, stating that "the prime meridian was chosen with reference to a central station, and that the expanse of the Indian State was not large."[16] Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... Kapil Sibal was born in Jalandhar, Punjab on August 8, 1948. ...


Though the government has consistently refused to split the country into multiple time zones, provisions in labour laws such as the Plantations Labour Act, 1951 do allow the Central and State governments to define and set the local time for a particular industrial area.[17]


An August 2007 article in the Current Science journal estimated that the evening peak energy demand could be reduced by as much as 16 percent by setting Indian Standard Time six hours ahead of Universal Coordinated Time instead of the present 5.5 hours.[18][19] According to the authors, the money value of the savings accrued as a result of the time change would be in the range of Rs 1,000 crore every year.[20] Current Science is a scientific journal founded in 1932, published by the Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences. ... Scientific journals are one type of academic journal An academic journal is a regularly-published, peer-reviewed publication that publishes scholarship relating to an academic discipline. ...


Time signals

Official time signals are generated by the Time and Frequency Standards Laboratory at the National Physical Laboratory in New Delhi, for both commercial and official use. The signals are based on atomic clocks and are synchronised with the worldwide system of clocks that support the Coordinated Universal Time. The Time and Frequency Standards Laboratory is a part of the National Physical Laboratory in New Delhi which maintains and calibrates the Indian Standard Time. ... “Nuclear Clock” redirects here. ... UTC redirects here. ...


Features of the Time and Frequency Standards Laboratory include:[21]

  • Four caesium and rubidium atomic clocks;
  • High frequency broadcast service operating at 10 MHz under call sign ATA to synchronise the user clock within a millisecond;
  • Indian National Satellite System satellite–based standard time and frequency broadcast service, which offers IST correct to ±10 microsecond and frequency calibration of up to ±10−10; and
  • Time and frequency calibrations made with the help of pico– and nanoseconds time interval frequency counters and phase recorders.

The exact time is broadcast over the state–owned All India Radio and Doordarshan television network. Telephone companies have dedicated phone numbers connected to mirror time servers that also relay the precise time. Another increasingly popular means of obtaining the time is through Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers.[22] General Name, Symbol, Number caesium, Cs, 55 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 6, s Appearance silvery gold Standard atomic weight 132. ... General Name, Symbol, Number rubidium, Rb, 37 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 5, s Appearance grey white Standard atomic weight 85. ... High frequency (HF) radio frequencies are between 3 and 30 MHz. ... Image taken by INSAT 2-E Shown here is a GSLV launch vehicle, one of the main launch vehicles for INSAT satellites. ... A picosecond is an SI unit of time equal to 10-12 of a second. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different times this page lists times between 10−9 seconds and 10−8 seconds (1 nanosecond and 10 nanoseconds) See also times of other orders of magnitude. ... A frequency counter is an electronic instrument, or component of one, that is used for measuring frequency. ... This article is about a portion of a periodic process. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... Doordarshan (sometimes DoorDarshan; ) is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A time server is a server computer that reads the actual time from a reference clock and distributes this information to its clients using a computer network. ... GPS redirects here. ...


See also

The equation of time is the difference, over the course of a year, between time as read from a sundial and a clock. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... International Atomic Time (TAI, from the French name Temps Atomique International) is a high-precision atomic time standard that tracks proper time on Earths geoid. ... Terrestrial Time (TT) is the modern time standard for time on the surface of the Earth. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... // This is a list of time zones, sorted by time offsets from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... The zoneinfo database, also called the tz database, is a collaborative compilation of information about the worlds time zones, primarily intended for use with computer programs and operating systems. ...

References

  1. ^ a b India Time Zones. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  2. ^ Military and Civilian Time Designations. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Retrieved on 2006-12-02.
  3. ^ a b c Sen, Ayanjit (2001-08-21). India investigates different time zones. BBC News. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  4. ^ Schmidt, Olaf H. (1944). The Computation of the Length of Daylight in Hindu Astronomy. Isis, 35(3):205–211. The University of Chicago Press. Retrieved on 2006-11-29.
  5. ^ a b Burgess, Ebenezer. 1858–1860. "Translation of the Surya-Sikddhanta, A Text-Book of Hindu Astronomy; With Notes, and an Appendix." Journal of the American Oriental Society, 6:141–498. (pages 183–186).
  6. ^ Swerdlow, N. 1973. "A Lost Monument of Indian Astronomy." Isis. 64(2):239–243.
  7. ^ Das, Sukumar Ranjan. 1928. "The Equation of Time in Hindu Astronomy">, The American Mathematical Monthly, 35(10):540–543. Retrieved 1 December 2006.
  8. ^ Piepoli, M. 1997. "Origin of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia in Conscious Humans." Circulation. 95:1813–1821. Retrieved 1 December 2006.
  9. ^ Tomczak, Matthias (2004-07-15). Lecture 7: Living with the seasons—the calendar problem. Lectures on Science, civilization and society, Flinders University, Australia. Retrieved on 2006-12-01.
  10. ^ History of Indian Time (IST). Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  11. ^ History of Indian Institute of Geomagnetism. National Informatics Centre (2006-10-10). Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  12. ^ a b c d Odds and Ends. Indian Railways Fan Club. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  13. ^ Indian Time Zones (IST). Project Gutenberg. International Conference Held at Washington for the Purpose of Fixing a Prime Meridian and a Universal Day. October, 1884 Protocols of the Proceedings. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  14. ^ Note on the earthquake of 31 December 1881, Records of the Geological Survey of India,, XVII(2), 47–53, 1884. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES). Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  15. ^ S. Muthiah (2002-01-07). A matter of time. The Hindu Business Line. The Hindu Group. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  16. ^ Standard Time for Different Regions. Department of Science and Technology] (2004-07-22). Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  17. ^ A matter of time. National Resource Centre for Women. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  18. ^ Time to move forward to meet India’s energy crunch? by Divya Gandhi August 11, 2007 The Hindu
  19. ^ Ahuja, Dilip R.; Sen Gupta, D. P. and Agrawal, V. K. (August 10 2007). "Energy savings from advancing the Indian Standard Time by half an hour". Current Science 93 (3): pp. 298-302. 
  20. ^ Scientists suggest pushing IST to save energy 2 September 2007 The Times of India
  21. ^ Indian Time Today (IST). Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Retrieved on 2006-11-25.
  22. ^ Satellites for Navigation. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. Retrieved on 2006-11-25.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Informatics Centre (NIC) is Indias premiere government organization providing network infrastructure and e-Governance support to all government bodies. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For followers of Hinduism, see Hindu. ... Current Science is a scientific journal founded in 1932, published by the Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences. ... is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Times of India, often abbreviated as TOI, is one of Indias leading daily newspapers, owned and managed by Bennett, Coleman & Co. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • National Physical Laboratory


  Results from FactBites:
 
Indian Standard Time - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (208 words)
Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India.
Although using one time universally has its advantages, the drawback is that in places in the far east, the sun rises very early and sets very early, while in the west it rises late and sets late.
The Indian Standard Time is calculated from the Allahabad observatory.
Coordinated Universal Time - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (866 words)
Time zones around the world are expressed as positive and negative offsets from UT. UTC differs by an integral number of seconds from International Atomic Time (TAI), as measured by atomic clocks and a fractional number of seconds from UT.
UTC is a hybrid time scale: the rate of UTC is based on atomic frequency standards but the epoch of UTC is synchronized to remain close to astronomical UT.
International standard UTC time can only be determined to the highest precision after the fact, as atomic time is determined by the reconciliation of the observed differences between an ensemble of atomic clocks maintained by a number of national time bureaus.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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