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Encyclopedia > Indian Reserve (1763)
Map of the United States portion of the territory in 1775 after Quebec laid claim to the land north of the Ohio River.
Map of the United States portion of the territory in 1775 after Quebec laid claim to the land north of the Ohio River.
Map the Divides. The territory lay west of the Eastern Continental Divide in the United States and north of the Northern Continental Divide in Canada
Map the Divides. The territory lay west of the Eastern Continental Divide in the United States and north of the Northern Continental Divide in Canada
Map of Ruperts Land. In Canada the land formed a small strip between the Northern Divide and Ruperts Land
Map of Ruperts Land. In Canada the land formed a small strip between the Northern Divide and Ruperts Land

The Indian Reserve was a territory under British rule in North America set aside in the Royal Proclamation of 1763 for use by Native Americans between 1763 and 1783. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (620x800, 121 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (620x800, 121 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wpdms_ruperts_land. ... Image File history File links Wpdms_ruperts_land. ... Types of political territories include: A legally administered territory, which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... A portion of eastern North America; the 1763 Proclamation line is the border between the red and the pink areas. ... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ...


In the modern United States it consisted of all the territory north of Florida and New Orleans, Louisiana that was east of the Mississippi River and west of the Eastern Continental Divide in the Appalachian Mountains that formerly comprised the eastern half of Louisiana (New France). Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 162 miles (260 km)  - Length 497 miles (800 km)  - % water 17. ... Nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City That Care Forgot, NOLA (acronym for New Orleans, LA) Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718  - Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area    - City  350. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest named river in North America, with a length of 2320 miles (3733 km) from Lake Itasca to Gulf of Mexico. ... The Eastern Divide or Eastern Continental Divide is a continental divide in the United States that separates the Gulf of Mexico drainage from the watersheds that flow directly into the Atlantic Ocean. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, forming a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from the island of Newfoundland some... // Louisiana (French: La Louisiane) was the name of an administrative district of New France. ...


In modern Canada it consisted of all the land immediately north of the Great Lakes but south of Ruperts Land land belonging to the Hudson Bay Company as well as a buffer between the Province of Quebec (1763-1791) and Ruperts Land stretching from Lake Nipissing to Newfoundland. The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Ruperts Land Ruperts Land was a territory consisting of much of modern Canada. ... The Hudsons Bay Company building in Montreal The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest corporation in Canada and is one of the oldest in the world still in existence. ... Province of Quebec (COLONIAL PERIOD, 1763-1791) Great Britain acquired Canada by the Treaty of Paris (1763) when King Louis XV of France and his advisors chose to keep the territory of Guadeloupe for its valuable sugar crops instead of New France, which was viewed as a vast, frozen wasteland... View of Lake Nipissing from North Bay. ... For other uses, see Newfoundland (disambiguation). ...


The territory almost all had been claimed earlier by France but was ceded in the Treaty of Paris (1763) that ended the French and Indian War/Seven Years War. George III in the proclamation consolidated all the gains by creating three small colonies in North America -- East Florida, West Florida and Quebec. The rest of the territory was left to Native Americans. The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ... Combatants France Indian allies: * Algonquin * Huron * Ojibwa * Ottawa * Shawnee Great Britain Indian allies: * Iroquois Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) The French and Indian War was the nine-year North American chapter of the Seven Years War. ... This article is about the 1756–1763 war. ... George III (George William Frederick) (4 June 1738–29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain, and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until 1 January 1801, and thereafter King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. ... Map of East and West Florida in 1810. ... Map of East and West Florida in the early 1800s. ...


The proclamation also temporarily solved jurisdictional claims for some of the area by the Thirteen Colonies on the east coast. In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ...


According to the royal proclamation, all settlers in the territory (who were mostly French) were supposed to leave the territory or get official permission to stay. Many of the settlers moved to New Orleans and the French land on the west side of the Mississippi (particularly St. Louis, Missouri) which in turn had been ceded secretly to Spain to become Louisiana (New Spain). However, many of the settlers remained and the British did not actively attempt to evict them. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Restrictions on settlement in the land was to become a flash point in the American Revolutionary War. The revoking of the lands at the end of the war, was to continue to be a source of friction for the Native Americans who were to largely side against the United States in the War of 1812. Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Dutch Republic, Spain, American Indians Kingdom of Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the... Combatants United States Native Americans Great Britain, Canadian provincial forces First Nations Peoples Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6 •Other vessels: 14 •Indigenous...

Contents

Timeline

Early settlements

Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (June 10, 1637–May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... Utica, founded in 1852, is located in La Salle County, Illinois, between La Salle and Ottawa, on the Illinois River. ... The Iroquois Confederacy (Haudenosaunee, also known as the League of Peace and Power, Five Nations, or Six Nations) is a group of First Nations/Native Americans. ... Location of Peoria in Illinois Coordinates: Country United States of America State Illinois County Peoria European settlement 1680 Town incorporation 1835 City incorporation 1845 Government type Council-Manager  - Mayor Jim Ardis Area    - City 120. ... Cahokia is a village located in St. ... Kaskaskia is a village located in Randolph County, Illinois. ... French settlements and forts in the Illinois Country in 1763, showing U.S. current state boundaries. ... Fort de Chartres existed as a succession of three French fortifications built during the 1700s on the east bank of the Mississippi River in the area of upper Louisiana known as the Illinois Country. ... Prairie du Rocher is a village located in Randolph County, Illinois. ... Fort Presque Isle (also Fort de la Presqui’le) was a fort built by French soldiers in 1753 on the site of what is now Erie, Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: The Flagship City Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: County Erie County Founded 1795  - Mayor Joseph Sinnott Area    - City 72. ... An artist’s rendering of Fort Duquesne Fort Duquesne was a fort established by the French in 1754, at the junction of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers in what is now downtown Pittsburgh in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... Nickname: Steel City, Iron City, City of Champions, City of Bridges, City of Colleges, P-Burgh, The Burgh Motto: Benigno Numine Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Allegheny County Founded 1758 Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area    - City 151. ...

French and Indian War

  • 1754 - A French unit under Joseph Coulon de Jumonville orders George Washington to leave French territory at Uniontown, Pennsylvania. Washington's militia attack the French and Jumonville is killed by Seneca nation chief Tanacharison while in custody of Washington igniting the French and Indian War.
  • 1754 - Washington surrenders to Jumonville's half brother Louis Coulon de Villiers in the Battle of the Great Meadows in Fayette County, Pennsylvania. It is the only time Washington is to ever surrender in battle. He signs a document taking responsibility for the slaughter of Jumonville and is released. The document is to be used to widen the war into the global Seven Years War.
  • 1762 - Following massive French defeats, the French secretly cede Louisiana on the west side of the Mississippi to its ally Spain in the Treaty of Fontainebleau (1762)
  • 1763 - France cedes all lands in modern Canada and all lands east of the Mississippi in the Treaty of Paris. Terms call for religious tolerance in Quebec and unrestricted emigration from French Canada for 18 months
  • 1763 - George III issues the Royal Proclamation setting aside the Indian Reserve and orders all settlers to leave the reserve and declares that the Crown rather than individual colonies has the right to negotiate settlements

Joseph Coulon de Villiers, Sieur de Jumonville (b. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732–December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and was later elected the first President of the United States. ... Uniontown is a city in Fayette County, Pennsylvania, 50 miles (80 km) south by east of Pittsburgh. ... For other uses, see Seneca. ... Tanacharison or Tanaghrisson (c. ... Sieur Louis Coulon de Villiers (17 August 1710 – 2 November 1757) was a French Canadian military officer during the French and Indian War (Seven Years War). ... Combatants Britain France Commanders George Washington James Mackay Louis Coulon de Villiers Strength 100 regulars 193 militia, and natives 100 natives 600 marines, and militia Casualties 31 dead 70 wounded 192 captured 3 dead 19 wounded The Battle of the Great Meadows, also known as the Battle of Fort Necessity... Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ...

Push to settle the territory

Two different treaties between Native Americans and European-Americans were signed at Fort Stanwix, which was located near present-day Rome, New York. ... The Purchase Line is the name commonly given to the line dividing Indian from British Colonial lands established in the Treaty of Fort Stanwix of 1768 in western Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... NY redirects here. ... The Ohio Country, showing present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Company, more formally known as the Ohio Company of Virginia, was a land speculation company organized for the colonization of the Ohio Country. ... The Ohio River is the largest tributary by volume of the Mississippi River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... The Quebec Act of 1774 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (citation 14 Geo. ... This article describes the Canadian province. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... The Intolerable Acts, called by the British the Coercive Acts or Punitive Acts, were a series of laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 in response to the growing unrest in thirteen American colonies, particularly in Boston, Massachusetts after incidents such as the Boston Tea Party. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Dutch Republic, Spain, American Indians Kingdom of Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, American Indians Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene, Bernardo de Gálvez Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, Lord Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the... Transylvania was a short-lived colony primarily in what is now the U.S. state of Kentucky. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Richard Henderson (1734-85) was an American pioneer, born in Hanover Co. ... This 1820 oil painting by Chester Harding is the only portrait of Daniel Boone made from life. ... The Wilderness Road was the principal route used by American and immigrant settlers into and across Kentucky for more than fifty years. ... Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap (George Caleb Bingham, oil on canvas, 1851–52) Cumberland Gap (el. ... Boonesborough, Kentucky is an unincorporated community of Kentucky located in the central part of the state along the Kentucky River. ...

American Revolutionary War

// Background Among the Acts of Parliament denounced by the Patriots as Intolerable Acts were the Proclamation of 1763, which forbade Anglo-American settlement west of the Appalachians; and the Quebec Act of 1774, which made provision for the extension of Québecs borders to the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. ... Combatants Kentucky settlers Shawnees and allies Commanders Daniel Boone, Richard Callaway, William Bailey Smith Blackfish, Antoine Dagneaux de Quindre, Moluntha Strength 135 settlers (30–40 gunmen) 444 Native Americans 12 Detroit militia Casualties 2 killed 4 wounded 37 killed unknown wounded The Siege of Boonesborough took place in September 1778... The Shawnee, or Shawano, are a people native to North America. ... Combatants Great Britain United States Commanders Henry Hamilton George Rogers Clark Strength 80 British regulars, militia and French volunteers between 47 and 170 Casualties unknown unknown The Battle of Vincennes was a battle of the American Revolutionary War fought on February 23 – February 25, 1779, when a small force of... Fort Laurens was an American Revolutionary War fort in what is now the U.S. state of Ohio. ... The Battle of Saint Louis (Spanish San Luis) was an unsuccessful British-led attack on the Spanish town of St. ... Birds invasion of Kentucky during the American Revolutionary War was just one phase of an extensive series of operations planned by the British in 1780, whereby the entire West, from Canada to Florida, was to be swept clear of both Spaniards and colonists. ... Colonel Archibald Andrew Lochry (Lockrees/Lochry/Lockery/Loughry/Loughrey) (1733-1781) was a colonial American military officer whose command ended in disaster when he and nearly every member of his force were killed or captured by Mohawk forces led by George Girty (brother of Simon Girty) and under the command... The Long Run Massacre occurred on September 13, 1781 at the intersection of Floyds Fork creek with the Falls Trace, a trail, in what is now eastern Jefferson County, Kentucky. ... The Battle of Pensacola marked the culmination of Spains reconquest of Florida from Britain during the American Revolutionary War. ... Combatants Kentucky militia (United States) Great Britain, American Indians Commanders John Todd † Stephen Trigg † Daniel Boone William Caldwell Alexander McKee Simon Girty Strength 182 militiamen 50 rangers 300 natives Casualties 72 killed, 11 captured about 11 killed The Battle of Blue Licks was fought on August 19, 1782, and was... Lord Cornwallis redirects here. ... Combatants France United States Great Britain German mercenaries Commanders Jean-Baptiste de Rochambeau François de Grasse Gilbert de La Fayette George Washington Nathanael Greene Charles Cornwallis # Charles O’Hara # Banastre Tarleton # (stationed at Gloucester, Virginia) Strength 10,800 French, 8,845 Americans 7,500 Casualties 62 dead 190 wounded... Painting by Benjamin West depicting (from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ...

References

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