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Encyclopedia > Indian Railways
भारतीय रेल, Indian Railways
Type Departmental Undertaking of The Ministry of Railways, Government of India
Founded April 16, 1853, nationalized in 1951
Headquarters New Delhi, India
Area served India
Key people Union Railway Minister:
Laloo Prasad Yadav
Minister of State for Railways (V):
R. Velu
Minister of State for Railways (R):
Naranbhai J Rathwa
Chairman, Railway Board:
Kalyan C.Jena.
Industry Railways and Locomotives
Products Rail transport, Cargo Transport, Services
Revenue INR Rs 13,334.72 Crores (~3.1BUSD)[1]
Employees ~2,500,000
Parent Ministry of Railways (India)
Divisions 16 Railway Zones (excluding Konkan Railway)
Website www.indianrailways.gov.in

Indian Railways (Hindi: भारतीय रेल Bhāratīya Rel), abbreviated as IR (भारे), is a Department of the Government of India, under the Ministry of Railways, and is tasked with operating the rail network in India. The Ministry is headed by a cabinet rank Railways Minister, while the Department is managed by the Railway Board. Indian Railways is not a private corporate body; however, of late IR has adopted a corporate management style. Logo of the Indian Railways This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Ministry of Railways in India is in charge of the Indian Railways, the state-owned company that enjoys a monopoly in Rail transport in India. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... The Ministry of Railways in India is in charge of the Indian Railways, the state-owned company that enjoys a monopoly in Rail transport in India. ... Laloo Yadav Laloo Prasad Yadav (Devanagari:लालू पृसाद य़ादव)(officially spelt Lalu Prasad) (born 1947-06-11) is the chief of the Rashtriya Janata Dal political party of India. ... End of the single track, unelectrified line at Bad Radkersburg, Styria, Austria, quite close to the Slovenian border. ... Great Western Railway No. ... railroads redirects here. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... “INR” redirects here. ... A crore is a unit in a traditional number system, still widely used in India. ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... USD redirects here. ... This article is about work. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... A division of a business entity is a portion of that business that operates under a different name. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Map showing the Indian rail network and travelling times between major stations Rail transport is a commonly used mode of long-distance transportation in India. ...


Indian Railways has a total state monopoly on India's rail transport. It is one of the largest and busiest rail networks in the world, transporting seventeen million passengers[2] and more than two million tonnes of freight daily.[3] IR is the world's largest commercial or utility employer, with more than 1.6 million employees.[4] This article is about the economic term. ... This article is about the metric tonne. ... This article is about transported goods. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ...


The railways traverse the length and breadth of the country; the routes cover a total length of more than 104,000 km (65,000 miles). As of 2008, IR owned about 225,000 wagons, 45,000 coaches and 8300 locomotives and ran more than 18,000 trains daily, including about 8,984 passenger trains and 9,387 goods trains.[3] “km” redirects here. ... Great Western Railway No. ...


Railways were first introduced to India in 1853. By 1947, the year of India's independence, there were forty-two rail systems. In 1951 the systems were nationalized as one unit, becoming one of the largest networks in the world. Indian Railways operates both long distance and suburban rail systems. The Indian independence movement was a series of steps taken in the Indian subcontinent for independence from British colonial rule, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857. ... Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ...

Contents

History

Image:Bombay-Thane-train-1853.png
Bombay Thane Train, 1853 -- One of the earliest pictures of railways in India

A plan for a rail system in India was first put forward in 1832, but no further steps were taken for more than a decade. In 1844, the Governor-General of India Lord Hardinge allowed private entrepreneurs to set up a rail system in India. Two new railway companies were created and the East India Company was asked to assist them. Interest from investors in the UK led to the rapid creation of a rail system over the next few years. The first train in India became operational on 22 December 1851, and was used for the hauling of construction material in Roorkee. A year and a half later, on 16 April 1853, the first passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder, Bombay and Thane. Covering a distance of 34 km (21 miles), it was hauled by three locomotives, Sahib, Sindh and Sultan. This was the formal birth of railways in India. This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... For other uses, see Thane (disambiguation). ... Extent of Great Indian Peninsular Railway network in 1870 // A rail system in India was first proposed in 1832 in Madras but it never materialised. ... The Governor-Generals Flag (1885–1947) depicted the Star of India beneath the Imperial Crown of India on a Union Flag. ... Viscount Hardinge is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ... For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... , Roorkee (Hindi: ) is a town and a municipal board in Haridwar District in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Bori Bunder literally means a place where sacks are stored. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... For other uses, see Thane (disambiguation). ...

A view of the Burdwan Railway Station in 1855

The British government encouraged new railway companies backed by private investors under a scheme that would guarantee an annual return of five percent during the initial years of operation. Once established, the company would be transferred to the government, with the original company retaining operational control. By 1875, about £95 million were invested by British companies in Indian guaranteed railways.[5] The route mileage of this network was about 14,500 km (9,000 miles) by 1880, mostly radiating inward from the three major port cities of Bombay (Mumbai), Madras (Chennai) and Calcutta ( Kolkata). By 1895, India had started building its own locomotives, and in 1896 sent engineers and locomotives to help build the Uganda Railway. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... , Bardhaman (also Barddhaman; Bengali: বর্ধমান Bôrdhoman), is a city of West Bengal state in eastern India. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Madras refers to: the Indian city of Chennai, formerly known as Madras, the former Indian state, now known as Tamil Nadu (Plural of Madra): Ancient people of Iranian affinites, who lived in northwest Panjab in the Uttarapatha division of ancient India. ... Madras redirects here. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... The Uganda Railway is a railway system linking the interiors of Uganda and Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Mombasa in Kenya. ...

Extent of Great Indian Peninsular Railway network in 1870. The GIPR was one of the largest rail companies at that time.
Extent of Great Indian Peninsular Railway network in 1870. The GIPR was one of the largest rail companies at that time.

Soon various independent kingdoms built their own rail systems and the network spread to the regions that became the modern-day states of Assam, Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh. A Railway Board was constituted in 1901, but decision-making power was retained by the Viceroy, Lord Curzon. The Railway Board operated under aegis of the Department of Commerce and Industry and had three members: a government railway official serving as chairman, a railway manager from England and an agent of one of the company railways. For the first time in its history, the Railways began to make a tidy profit. In 1907, almost all the rail companies were taken over by the government. Download high resolution version (3319x3244, 314 KB)By R.M.Brereton 1907 File links The following pages link to this file: Rail transport in India Indian Railways History of rail transport in India Categories: Public domain images ... Download high resolution version (3319x3244, 314 KB)By R.M.Brereton 1907 File links The following pages link to this file: Rail transport in India Indian Railways History of rail transport in India Categories: Public domain images ... The Great Indian Peninsula Railway was the predecessor to what is known as the Central Railways today. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a national capital territory. ... , Assam  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm [É”xÉ”m]) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... Andhra redirects here. ... The Governor-General of India (or Governor-General and Viceroy of India) was the head of the British administration in India. ... George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (January 11, 1859 - March 20, 1925), was a conservative British statesman and sometime Viceroy of India. ...


The following year, the first electric locomotive appeared. With the arrival of the First World War, the railways were used to meet the needs of the British outside India. By the end of the First World War, the railways had suffered immensely and were in a poor state. The government took over the management of the Railways and removed the link between the financing of the Railways and other governmental revenues in 1920, a practice that continues to date with a separate railway budget. Deutsche Bahn DBAG Class 152 pulling a freight train. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


The Second World War severely crippled the railways as rolling stock was diverted to the Middle East, and the railway workshops were converted into munitions workshops. At the time of independence in 1947, about 40 per cent of the railways then went to newly-created nation of Pakistan.[3] A total of forty-two separate railway systems, including thirty-two lines owned by the former Indian princely states, were amalgamated as a single unit which was christened as the Indian Railways. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


The existing rail networks were abandoned in favour of zones in 1951 and a total of six zones came into being in 1952. As the economy of India improved, almost all railway production units were indigenised. By 1985, steam locomotives were phased out in favour of diesel and electric locomotives. The entire railway reservation system was streamlined with computerisation between 1987 and 1995. The economy of India, measured in USD exchange-rate terms, is the twelfth largest in the world, with a GDP of US $1. ... This article is about the machine. ...


Indian Railways is one of the largest employers in the world. Very few corporate entities, public or private, have a larger workforce.


Railway zones

A schematic map of the Indian Railway network
A schematic map of the Indian Railway network

For administrative purposes, Indian Railways is divided into seventeen zones. Image File history File links India_railway_schematic_map. ... Image File history File links India_railway_schematic_map. ...

Sl. No Name Abbr. Date Established Headquarters Divisions
1. Northern Railway NR April 14, 1952 Delhi Delhi, Ambala, Firozpur, Lucknow, Moradabad
2. North Eastern Railway NER 1952 Gorakhpur Izzatnagar, Lucknow, Varanasi
3. Northeast Frontier Railway NFR 1958 Guwahati Alipurduar, Katihar, Lumding, Rangia, Tinsukia
4. Eastern Railway ER April, 1952 Kolkata Howrah, Sealdah, Asansol, Malda
5. South Eastern Railway SER 1955 Kolkata Adra, Chakradharpur, Kharagpur, Ranchi
6. South Central Railway SCR October 2, 1966 Secunderabad Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Guntakal, Guntur, Nanded, Vijayawada
7. Southern Railway SR April 14, 1951 Chennai Chennai, Madurai, Palghat, Tiruchchirapalli, Trivandrum, Salem (Coimbatore)
8. Central Railway CR November 5, 1951 Mumbai Mumbai, Bhusawal, Pune, Solapur, Nagpur
9. Western Railway WR November 5, 1951 Mumbai Mumbai Central, Baroda, Ratlam, Ahmedabad, Rajkot, Bhavnagar
10. South Western Railway SWR April 1, 2003 Hubli Hubli, Bangalore, Mysore
11. North Western Railway NWR October 1, 2002 Jaipur Jaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur
12. West Central Railway WCR April 1, 2003 Jabalpur Jabalpur, Bhopal, Kota
13. North Central Railway NCR April 1, 2003 Allahabad Allahabad, Agra, Jhansi
14. South East Central Railway SECR April 1, 2003 Bilaspur, CG Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur
15. East Coast Railway ECoR April 1, 2003 Bhubaneswar Khurda Road, Sambalpur, Visakhapatnam
16. East Central Railway ECR October 1, 2002 Hajipur Danapur, Dhanbad, Mughalsarai, Samastipur, Sonpur
17. Konkan Railway KR January 26, 1998 Navi Mumbai None

Konkan Railway (KR) is constituted as a separately incorporated railway, with its headquarters at Belapur CBD (Navi Mumbai). It comes under the control of the Railway Ministry and the Railway Board. The Northern Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... Firozpur (or Ferozepur, Ferozepore, फिरोज़पुर ) is a city in Firozpur District in Punjab, India. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... Moradabad is a city in Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... The North Eastern Railway is one of the fifteen railway zones in India. ... , Gorakhpur (Hindi: गोरखपुर, Urdu: Ú¯Û‹Ú™Ú©Ú¾ پور) ) is a city in the eastern part of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India, near the border with Nepal. ... Izzatnagar, is the place near Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... During the reorganisation of the Indian Railways system in 1952 was born the North Eastern Railway, NER, by amalgamating the Assam Railway and Avadh-Tirhut Railway. ... , Guwahati is a major city in eastern India, often considered as the gateway to the North-East Region (NER) of the country and is the largest city within the region. ... General Information Alipurduar is a sub-divisional town of Jalpaiguri district, and is located at the eastern end of the district. ... , Katihar is a city and a municipality in Katihar district in the Indian state of Bihar. ... Lumding (2004 pop. ... Rangia (pop 26,400) is a town in the Indian state of Assam located at 26. ... Tinsukia is a city in the north east of India. ... Eastern Railway is a zone of the Indian Railways. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Howrah (also spelled Haora) is an industrial city in West Bengal, India. ... Sealdah is one of the major train stations serving Kolkata (Calcutta) in India, the others being Howrah Station and Kolkata Station. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... Malda is a district of the Indian state of West Bengal. ... The South Eastern Railway is one of the sixteen railway zones in the India of the Indian Railways. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Adra is a town in Puruliya district in the state of West Bengal, India. ... Chakradharpur (pop 40,000 est. ... Kharagpur is a town in India. ... For the ship, see SS Ranchi. ... South Central Railway-6 The South Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... , Secunderabad   is twinned with the city of Hyderabad, the latter being the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Secunderabad   is twinned with the city of Hyderabad, the latter being the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... Hyderabad   or Haydarābād // ( Urdu:حیدر آباد), (Telugu:హైదరాబాదు) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Guntakal is a town in Anantapur district in the western part of the state of Andhra Pradesh and 50 km away from Bellary of Karnataka, India. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , Nanded (Marathi: नांदेड) is a the second largest city in Marathwada region of Maharashtra state of India. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... Southern Railway is the first Railway Zone to be created in independent India. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Madras redirects here. ... Madras redirects here. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation situated on the banks of the River Vaigai in Madurai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ... Palakkad is a district in Indian state Kerala, bordering to Tamil Nadu, Malappuram, and Thrissur. ... , Tiruchirappalli (Tamil : திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி)   also spelled Tiruchirapalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy (Tamil : திருச்சி) formerly also pronounced as Trichinopoly (under British rule) is the Fourth largest city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (after Chennai, Coimbatore and Madurai) and is also one of the five A1 metropolitan cities of Tamilnadu. ... Indian Coffee House Thiruvananthapuram or Thiruvanathapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum) is the capital (population - 889,191 (2001)) of the state of Kerala, India. ... // Salem is a common name for towns and places, particularly in the Western world. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Central Railway headquarters at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus The Central Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is one of the largest. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Bhusawal is a city and a municipal council in Jalgaon district in the state of Maharashtra, India. ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Solapur (Marathi: ))(Kannada: )), is a city and a municipal corporation in south eastern Maharashtra, India near the Karnataka border and is the administrative headquarters of Solapur District. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... The Western Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railroad networks in India. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Mumbai Central is the name of a railway station on the Mumbai suburban railway, serving as the railway terminus of the Western Railway. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Ratlam   (Hindi:रतलाम), known historically as Ratnapuri, is a city in the Malwa region in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... , Bhavnagar (Gujarati: , Hindi: , ) is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... The South Western Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... Hubli-Dharwad is a twin city in the state of Karnataka in India. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... Categories: Substubs | Regional rail systems | Indian Railways ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... This article is about a city in central Rajasthan, for the historical region, see Ajmer region. ... , Bikaner is a city in the northwest of the state of Rajasthan in western India. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... The West Central Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, created in April 2003. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... Kota can refer to: The Indonesian word for city. ... The North Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... The South East Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... , See Bilaspur for disambiguation Bilaspur is known as the Dhaan Ka Katora, which means Rice Bowl in Hindi, of the Chhattisgarh region in the Bilaspur District, India. ... , See Bilaspur for disambiguation Bilaspur is known as the Dhaan Ka Katora, which means Rice Bowl in Hindi, of the Chhattisgarh region in the Bilaspur District, India. ... , Raipur   (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... East Coast Railway (ECoR) is one of the sixteen railway zones of Indian Railways came into existence since 1 April 2003. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Bhubaneswar   (Oriya: ଭୁବେନଶ୍ବର, Hindi: भुवनेश्वर, in Sanskrit and Oriya/oDiA, The Lord of the Universe) is the capital and largest city of the Indian state of state of Orissa, India. ... Khurda is a town in the Indian state of Orissa. ... , Sambalpur is a city in the western region of Orissa. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... The East Central Railway is one of the 16 railway zones in India. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, Punjab, see Hajipur, Punjab. ... Danapur is a satellite town of Patna in Bihar province of India on the right bank of the Ganges. ... Dhanbad (Hindi: धनबाद) is the capital of Dhanbad District, Jharkhand, India. ... Mughalsarai, located around 10 km from Varanasi, India, is a famous railway junction. ... , Samastipur (hi:समस्तीपुर) is a city and a municipality in Samastipur district in the Indian state of Bihar. ... Sonpur is a town in the Indian state of Bihar, that is situated on the banks of the River Gandak. ... The Konkan Railway (Railway Symbol:KR) is a company of the Indian Railways which operates along the Konkan coast of India. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... Belapur is a segment of New Bombay (Navi Mumbai), with a fairly vibrant Central Business District that is moving some of the economy out of congested central Mumbai into the hinterland. ...


The Calcutta Metro is owned and operated by Indian Railways, but is not a part of any of the zones. It is administratively considered to have the status of a zonal railway. Each zonal railway is made up of a certain number of divisions, each having a divisional headquarters. There are a total of sixty-seven divisions. The Kolkata Metro or Calcutta Metro is the underground rail network in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. ...

Another schematic Map of Indian Railway Network
Another schematic Map of Indian Railway Network

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2282x2500, 526 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Rail transport in India Indian Railways ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2282x2500, 526 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Rail transport in India Indian Railways ...

Passenger services

A DMU Train
A DMU Train
An AC 3-tier coach
An AC 3-tier coach

Indian Railways operates about 9,000 passenger trains and transports 17 million daily across twenty-eight states and three union territories (Delhi, Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry) and Chandigarh). Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya are the only states not connected. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... DMU, type SA108 of Great Poland Voivodship in PoznaÅ„, Poland The Transwa Prospector DEMU capable of up to 200 km/h provides a passenger service between Perth, Western Australia and the mining town of Kalgoorlie A Diesel Multiple Unit or DMU is a multiple unit train consisting of multiple carriages... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... A union territory is an administrative division of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Delhi. ... This article is about the Union Territory. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... , Sikkim (Nepali:  , also Sikhim) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , Meghalaya   is a small state in north-eastern India. ...


The passenger division is the most preferred form of long distance transport in most of the country.


A standard passenger train consists of eighteen coaches, but some popular trains can have up to 24 coaches. Coaches are designed to accommodate anywhere from 18 to 72 passengers, but may actually accommodate many more during the holiday seasons and on busy routes. Most regular trains have coaches connected through vestibules. However, "unreserved coaches" are not vestibule-connected with the rest of the train. An interior view of a modern Finnish bilevel intercity coach. ... A floorplan with a modern vestibule shown in red. ...


Production Services

A WAP5 locomotive
A WAP5 locomotive
A diesel locomotive of Indian Railways powering Sangamitra Express, that runs between Bangalore and Patna
A diesel locomotive of Indian Railways powering Sangamitra Express, that runs between Bangalore and Patna

The Indian Railways manufactures a lot of its rolling stock and heavy engineering components. This is largely due to historical reasons. As with most developing economies, the main reason is import substitution of expensive technology related products. This was relevant when the general state of the national engineering industry was immature. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1983x1383, 245 KB) WAP5 Locomotive File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1983x1383, 245 KB) WAP5 Locomotive File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... WAP 5 is the name of a class of electric locomotive used by Indian railways. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,048 × 1,536 pixels, file size: 1. ... Rolling Stock banner Rolling Stock was a newspaper of ideas and a chronicle of the 1980s published in Boulder, Colorado by Ed Dorn and Jennifer Dunbar Dorn. ...


Production Units, the manufacturing plants of the Indian Railways, are managed directly by the ministry. The General Managers of the PUs report to the Railway Board. The Production Units are:

Other independent units of Indian Railways are: Chittranjan Locomotive Works is an electric locomotive manufacturer based in India, one of the largest manufacturers in the world. ... , Chittaranjan (In Hindi: चित्तरंजन) is a census town in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman District in the state of West Bengal, India. ... The Diesel Locomotive Works in Varanasi, India, are a major manufacturer of locomotives in India. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... , Patiala   (Punjabi: ਪਟਿਆਲਾ) is a city in the Punjab state of India. ... Started in 1952 the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) is located Avadi a suburb near Chennai, India. ... Madras redirects here. ... Established in 1986, the Rail Coach Factory (RCF) was the second coach manufacturing unit of Indian Railways. ... Kapurthala (Punjabi: ) is a city in Punjab state of India. ... Rail Wheel Factory (RWF) at Yelahanka, Bangalore is a premier manufacturing unit of Indian Railways,which is engaged in the production of wheels, axles and wheel sets of railroad wagons, coaches and locomotives for the use of the Indian Railways and select overseas customers. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ...

  • Central Organization For Railway Electrification, Allahabad
  • Central Organization For Modernization of Workshops, New Delhi

Important maintenance workshops on IR are: Central Organization For Railway Electrification (CORE), headquarter at Allahabad, India. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ...

Bharat Earth Movers Limited, Bangalore (BEML) is not organisationally related to the Indian Railways however it manufactures coaches for both the Indian Railways and the New Delhi Metro system. , Tiruchirappalli (Tamil : திருச்சிராப்பள்ளி)   also spelled Tiruchirapalli, commonly known as Tiruchi or Trichy (Tamil : திருச்சி) formerly also pronounced as Trichinopoly (under British rule) is the Fourth largest city of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (after Chennai, Coimbatore and Madurai) and is also one of the five A1 metropolitan cities of Tamilnadu. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ...


Suburban rail

The New Delhi Metro railway
The New Delhi Metro railway

Many cities have their own dedicated suburban networks to cater to commuters. Currently, suburban networks operate in Mumbai (Bombay), Chennai (Madras), Kolkata (Calcutta), Delhi, Hyderabad and Pune. Hyderabad, and Pune do not have dedicated suburban tracks but share the tracks with long distance trains. New Delhi, Kolkata, and Chennai have their own metro networks, namely the New Delhi Metro, the Kolkata Metro,and the Chennai MRTS- Mass Rapid Transport System, with dedicated tracks mostly laid on a flyover as in other local EMU suburban service in Mumbai and Kolkata. The Recently completed Delhi Metro. ... The Recently completed Delhi Metro. ... The Delhi Metro is the metro system of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Madras redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... The Delhi Metro is the metro system of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited. ... Kolkata Metro Train The Kolkata Metro or Calcutta Metro is the underground rail network in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. ... MRTS is an initialism for Mass Rapid Transit System usually refering to a particular system of suburban rail network in Chennai with tracks running on a raised platform. ...


Suburban trains that handle commuter traffic are mostly electric multiple units. They usually have nine coaches or sometimes twelve to handle rush hour traffic (Hyderabad MMTS; abbreviation for Multi Modal Transport System has mostly six coach train with a single nine coach one). One unit of an EMU train consists of one power car and two general coaches. Thus a nine coach EMU is made up of three units having one power car at each end and one at the middle. The rakes in Mumbai run on direct current, while those elsewhere use alternating current.[6] A standard coach is designed to accommodate 96 seated passengers, but the actual number of passengers can easily double or triple with standees during rush hour. The Kolkata metro has the administrative status of a zonal railway, though it does not come under the seventeen railway zones. A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ... Trains of the Singapore MRT. EMUs are often used for rapid transit lines. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... City lights viewed in a motion blurred exposure. ...

Mumbai's suburban (local) [2] trains handle 3 million people daily

The Suburban trains in Mumbai handle more rush than any other suburban network in the world.[citation needed] The network has three lines viz, western, central and harbour. The Central Line starts from Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (CST) (Formerly Victoria Terminus or VT) and runs for more than 100 km till Kasara. The Western Line starting from Churchgate runs again for more than 100 km till Dahanu Road. It is thus the longest suburban rail system in the world. Also, it is busiest suburban network in the world, in the sense that it carries more than 6 million passengers each day. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,588 × 1,846 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,588 × 1,846 pixels, file size: 1. ...


Freight

A single line rail bridge
A single line rail bridge
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway is a World Heritage Site, and one of the few places where steam engines are still in operation in India.
The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway is a World Heritage Site, and one of the few places where steam engines are still in operation in India.
A Beyer Garrett 6594 Engine seen at the National Rail Museum
A Beyer Garrett 6594 Engine seen at the National Rail Museum

Indian Railway carries a huge variety of goods ranging from mineral ores, fertilizers and petrochemicals, agricultural produce, iron & steel, multimodal traffic and others. Ports and major urban areas have their own dedicated freight lines and yards. Many important freight stops have dedicated platforms and independent lines. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1214 KB) Description: Toy Train, Darjeeling, India Source: I have taken this photo myself in mid 2004 with my own Sony DSC-707. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1214 KB) Description: Toy Train, Darjeeling, India Source: I have taken this photo myself in mid 2004 with my own Sony DSC-707. ... The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, nicknamed the Toy Train, is a 2 ft (610 mm) gauge narrow-gauge railway from Siliguri to Darjeeling in the Indian state of West Bengal, run by the Indian Railways. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1635x1057, 223 KB) Beyer Garrett 6594 built in Manchester in 1930 by Beyer Peacock & Co Ltd with BNR number 815. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1635x1057, 223 KB) Beyer Garrett 6594 built in Manchester in 1930 by Beyer Peacock & Co Ltd with BNR number 815. ... The National Rail Museum is a museum in Chanakyapuri, New Delhi which focuses on the rail heritage of India it opened on the Ist of February, 1977. ...


Indian Railways makes 70% of its revenues and most of its profits from the freight sector, and uses these profits to cross-subsidise the loss-making passenger sector. However, competition from trucks which offer cheaper rates has seen a decrease in freight traffic in recent years. Since the 1990s, Indian Railways has switched from small consignments to larger container movement which has helped speed up its operations. Most of its freight earnings come from such rakes carrying bulk goods such as coal, cement, food grains and iron ore.


Indian Railways also transports vehicles over long distances. Trucks that carry goods to a particular location are hauled back by trains saving the trucking company on unnecessary fuel expenses. Refrigerated vans are also available in many areas. The "Green Van" is a special type used to transport fresh food and vegetables. Recently Indian Railways introduced the special 'Container Rajdhani' or CONRAJ, for high priority freight. The highest speed notched up for a freight train is 100 km/h (62 mph) for a 4,700 metric tonne load.


Recent changes have sought to boost the earnings from freight. A privatization scheme was introduced recently to improve the performance of freight trains. Companies are being allowed to run their own container trains. The first length of an 11,000-kilometre (6,800 mi) freight corridor linking India's biggest cities has recently been approved. The railways has increased load limits for the system's 225,000 freight wagons by 11%, legalizing something that was already happening. Due to increase in manufacturing transport in India that was augmented by the increase in fuel cost, transportation by rail became advantageous financially. New measures such as speeding up the turnaround times have added some 24% to freight revenues.


Freight charges

This is a chart of average rail freight charges in 2007 with figures in United States Dollars. See also [4]

Item Freight per tonne
Cement $12.96
Coal $13.71
Iron ore $15.19
Fertiliser $16.53
Raw materials for steel plants $17.45
Container service $18.58
Petroleum oil & lubricant $20.82
Food grains $23.65
Iron & finished steel $26.08
Other goods $15.79

Notable trains and achievements

The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a narrow gauge railway that still regularly uses steam as well as diesel locomotives is classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The route started earlier at Siliguri and now at New Jalpaiguri in the plains in West Bengal and traverses tea gardens en route to Darjeeling, a hill station at an elevation of 2,134 metres (7,000 ft). The highest station in this route is Ghum. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, in the Nilgiri Hills in southern India, is also classified as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.[7] It is also the only rack railway in India. The Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) railway station in Mumbai is another World Heritage Site operated by Indian Railways. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, nicknamed the Toy Train, is a 2 ft (610 mm) gauge narrow-gauge railway from Siliguri to Darjeeling in the Indian state of West Bengal, run by the Indian Railways. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Org type Specialized Agency Acronyms UNESCO Head Director General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura Japan Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... , Siliguri   (Bengali: শিলিগুড়ি) is a rapidly developing metropolis in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Darjeeling (disambiguation). ... Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. ... Ghum is another spelling for the city Qom in Iran. ... A typical Nilgiri train on the rack section The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Ooty (correctly Udhagamandalam), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. ... Map of The Nilgiris district The Nilgiris or Blue Mountains are a range of mountains and a district in the south-Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. ... Rack railway track using Von Roll system rack. ... CST Railway Station Chatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (better referred to by its acronym CST) - is a historic railway station on Mumbai suburban railway. ... , Bombay redirects here. ...

Railway Pantry Cars
Railway Pantry Cars
Emergency Openable window in passenger trains
Emergency Openable window in passenger trains

The Palace on Wheels is a specially designed train, frequently hauled by a steam locomotive, for promoting tourism in Rajasthan. The Maharashtra government did try to introduce the Deccan Odyssey along the Konkan route, but it did not enjoy the same success as the Palace on Wheels. The Karnataka government has recently introduced The Golden Chariot train which connects popular tourist destinations in Karnataka and Goa. The Samjhauta Express is a train that runs between India and Pakistan. However, hostilities between the two nations in 2001 saw the line being closed. It was reopened when the hostilities subsided in 2004. Another train connecting Khokhrapar (Pakistan) and Munabao (India) is the Thar Express that restarted operations on February 18, 2006; it was closed down after the 1965 Indo-Pak war. The Kalka Shimla Railway till recently featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometres.[8] Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Palace on Wheels is one of four luxury trains on Indian Railways. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... The Deccan Odyssey is a special train modelled on the Palace on Wheels to boost tourism on the Konkan route. ... It has been suggested that History of the Konkan be merged into this article or section. ... The government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body with the Governer as the constitutional head. ... The Golden Chariot is a tourist train which connects the important tourist spots in Karnataka, India and Goa, India. ... This article is about the Indian region. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... The Samjhauta Express (lit. ... Khokhrapar or Khokhropar (Urdu: کھوکھراپار ) is a border town located in Sindh, Pakistan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Thar Express is the cross country train that connects Karachi in Pakistan to Jodhpur in India. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri Harbakhsh Singh Ayub Khan Musa Khan Casualties 3,264 killed[1] 8,623 wounded[1] (From July to ceasefire) 3,800 killed[2] (September 6 - 22) 4,000 - 8,000 killed/ captured[3][4][5] (July to September 6) The Indo-Pakistani War... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Guinness World Records 2008 edition. ...


The Lifeline Express is a special train popularly known as the "Hospital-on-Wheels" which provides healthcare to the rural areas. This train has a carriage that serves as an operating room, a second one which serves as a storeroom and an additional two that serve as a patient ward. The train travels around the country, staying at a location for about two months before moving elsewhere. The Lifeline Express or Jeevan Rekha Express is a mobile hospital in a train run by the Indian Railways. ...


Among the famous locomotives, the Fairy Queen is the oldest running locomotive on the mainline (though only for specials) in the world today, though the distinction of the oldest surviving locomotive that has recently seen service belongs to John Bull. Kharagpur railway station also has the distinction of being the world's longest railway platform at 1072 m (3,517 ft). The Ghum station along the Darjeeling Toy Train route is the second highest railway station in the world to be reached by a steam locomotive.[9] Indian Railways operates about 8,300 locomotives; 45,000 Coaching vehicles and 225,000 freight wagons. There are a total of 6,853 stations; 300 yards; 2,300 goods-sheds; 700 repair shops and a total workforce of 1.54 million.[10] The Fairy Queen, built in 1855, is the worlds oldest steam locomotive in regular operation today, plying between New Delhi to Alwar in India. ... The John Bull is an English-built railroad steam locomotive, operated for the first time on September 15, 1831; it became the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world (150 years) when the Smithsonian Institution operated it in 1981. ... Kharagpur is a town in India. ... The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, nicknamed the Toy Train, is a 2 ft (610 mm) gauge narrow-gauge railway from Siliguri to Darjeeling in the Indian state of West Bengal, run by the Indian Railways. ...


The shortest named station is Ib and the longest is Sri Venkatanarasimharajuvaripeta. The Himsagar Express, between Kanyakumari and Jammu Tawi, has the longest run in terms of distance and time on Indian Railways network. It covers 3,745 km (2,327 miles) in about 74 hours and 55 minutes. The Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India today having a maximum speed of 150 km/h (93.7 mph) on the Faridabad-Agra section. The fastest speed attained by any train is 184 km/h (114 mph) in 2000 during test runs. This speed is much lower than fast trains in other parts of the world. The difference in these speeds could be in part attributed to the fact that the trains run on existing tracks, which were not designed for such high speeds. Ib is a train station in India with the distinction of having the shortest name of all stations on the Indian Railways system. ... Venkatanarasimharajuvaripeta (Lat: 13°18N, Long:79°36E) is a station in India with the distinction of having the longest name among all stations on the Indian Railway system. ... Himsagar Express is the longest running train on Indian Railways in terms of distance and time. ... , Kanyakumari   (Tamil: கன்னியாகுமரி) is a town in Kanyakumari district in Tamil Nadu state, India. ... Jammu   (Hindi: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is one of the three regions comprising the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... , Faridabad,   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ...


Organisational structure

The headquarters of the Indian Railways in Delhi
The headquarters of the Indian Railways in Delhi

Indian Railways is a department of the Government, being owned and controlled by the Government of India, via the Ministry of Railways rather than a private company. As of 2008, the Railway Ministry is headed by Laloo Prasad Yadav, the Union Minister for Railways and assisted by two junior Ministers of State for Railways, R. Velu and Naranbhai J. Rathwa. Indian Railways is administered by the Railway Board, which has six members and a chairman. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2103 KB) Description: The Rail Bhavan Source: photo taken by User:Deepak Date: 26th December 2005 Permission: User:Deepak released it on 27th December 2005 under CC-BY-SA-2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2103 KB) Description: The Rail Bhavan Source: photo taken by User:Deepak Date: 26th December 2005 Permission: User:Deepak released it on 27th December 2005 under CC-BY-SA-2. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... The Ministry of Railways in India is in charge of the Indian Railways, the state-owned company that enjoys a monopoly in Rail transport in India. ... Laloo Yadav Laloo Prasad Yadav (Devanagari:लालू पृसाद य़ादव)(officially spelt Lalu Prasad) (born 1947-06-11) is the chief of the Rashtriya Janata Dal political party of India. ... R. Velu is the Minister of State for Railways in the Indian Cabinet. ... Naranbhai J. Rathwa Naranbhai J. Rathwa is the Minister of State for Railways in the Indian Cabinet. ...


Each of the sixteen zones is headed by a General Manager (GM) who reports directly to the Railway Board. The zones are further divided into divisions under the control of Divisional Railway Managers (DRM). The divisional officers of engineering, mechanical, electrical, signal & telecommunication, accounts, personnel, operating, commercial and safety branches report to the respective Divisional Manager and are in charge of operation and maintenance of assets. Further down the hierarchy tree are the Station Masters who control individual stations and the train movement through the track territory under their stations' administration. In addition to the zones, the six production units (PUs) are each headed by a General Manager (GM), who also reports directly to the Railway Board.


In addition to this the Central Organisation for Railway Electrification (CORE), Metro Railway, Calcutta and construction organisation of N F Railway are also headed by a General Manager. CORE is located at Allahabad. This organisation undertakes electrification projects of Indian Railway and monitors the progress of various electrification projects all over the country.


Apart from these zones and production units, a number of Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) are under the administrative control of the ministry of railways. These PSU units are: A Public Sector Undertaking is a corporation in the public sector in India, where management control of the company rests with the Government, it can be Central Government or the State Governments. ...

  1. Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India
  2. Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation
  3. Konkan Railway Corporation
  4. Indian Railway Finance Corporation
  5. Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation
  6. Railtel Corporation of India – Telecommunication Networks
  7. RITES Ltd. – Consulting Division of Indian Railways
  8. IRCON International Ltd. – Construction Division
  9. Rail Vikas Nigam Limited
  10. Container Corporation of India Limited
  11. Rail Land Development Authority –for commercial development of vacant railway land, is a statutory authority formed through an amendment of the Railways' Act, 1989
  12. Centre for Railway Information Systems is an autonomous society under Railway Board, which is responsible for developing the major software required by Indian Railways for its operations.

The Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation is a subsidary of the Indian Railways that provides a freah meal service for its express trains. ... Konkan Railway Corporation (KRC) is a subsidiary of the Indian Railways (IR). ... Indian railaway finance corporation has been setup to fund the money required for its projects. ... Mumbai Rail Vikas Corporation is a subsidiary of the Indian Railways. ... Railtel Corporation of India is a subsidiary of the Indian Railways that provides and maintains its communication service. ... RITES Ltd. ... IRCON International Ltd. ... Rail Vikas Nigam Limited is an organisation associated with Indian Railways whose task is to build engineering works required by Indian Railways. ... Indian Planning Commission has estimated a requirement of Rs 2,027,169 crores (US $ 494 Billion) as investment in infrastructure during the Eleventh Plan period. ... The Centre for Railway Information Systems (or CRIS) was established as a registered society in 1986 by the Ministry of Railways of India, Chanakya Puri, New Delhi to be an umbrella for all computer activities on Indian Railways (IR). ...

Rail budget and finances

A sample ticket; fares on the network are among the cheapest in the world.

The Railway Budget deals with the induction and improvement of existing trains and routes, the modernisation and most importantly the tariff for freight and passenger travel. The Parliament discusses the policies and allocations proposed in the budget. The budget needs to be passed by a simple majority in the Lok Sabha (India's Lower House). The comments of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) are non binding. Indian Railways are subject to the same audit control as other government revenue and expenditures. Based on the anticipated traffic and the projected tariff, the level of resources required for railway's capital and revenue expenditure is worked out. While the revenue expenditure is met entirely by railways itself, the shortfall in the capital (plan) expenditure is met partly from borrowings (raised by Indian Railway Finance Corporation) and the rest from Budgetory support from the Central Government. Indian Railways pays dividend to the Central Government for the capital invested by the Central Government. A sample Indian Railway ticket asdfasdfdsafsdf File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A sample Indian Railway ticket asdfasdfdsafsdf File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Sansad Bhavan, The Parliament of India The Parliament of India (or Sansad) is bicameral. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Executive President Vice-President Prime Minister Dy. ...


As per the Separation Convention (on the recommendations of the Acworth Committee), 1924, the Railway Budget is presented to the Parliament by the Union Railway Minister, two days prior to the General Budget, usually around 26 February. Though the Railway Budget is separately presented to the Parliament, the figures relating to the receipt and expenditure of the Railways are also shown in the General Budget, since they are a part and parcel of the total receipts and expenditure of the Government of India. This document serves as a balance sheet of operations of the Railways during the previous year and lists out plans for expansion for the current year. Indias general budget is presented each year on the last day of February by the countrys Finance minister in Parliament. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

A 'Rail Over Bridge' under construction in Guntur Division.
A 'Rail Over Bridge' under construction in Guntur Division.

The formation of policy and overall control of the railways is vested in Railway Board comprising the Chairman, Financial Commissioner and other functional Members for Traffic, Engineering, Mechanical, Electrical and Staff matters. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 947 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A bridge is under construction in the city of Guntur, India. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 947 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A bridge is under construction in the city of Guntur, India. ... Train trasit is a common mode of transportation in Guntur City and its region. ...


Under Lalloo Prasad Yadav, the previously loss making Indian railways which was under the verge of bankruptcy, made a remarkable turnaround by reporting a cash surplus of Rs 9000 cr in 2005, which jumped to Rs 14000 cr in 2006 then again rose to Rs 20,000 cr in 2007. In 2007-08, a cash surplus before Dividend of Rs.25,000 cr was reported.[5].


The operating ratio has also improved to 76% (stated in 2008 budget), which is the best in the world( second placed Canada has 78.7%).In the last four years under his tenure as railway minister till 2008, the plan size of the Railways has increased from Rs. 13000 cr to Rs. 30000 cr.Annual Plan of 2008-09 is the highest ever annual plan of the railways. It is proposed to invest Rs. 37,500 cr, which is 21 percent more than the previous year.[6]


Budget Estimates-2008 for Freight, Passenger, Sundry other Earnings and other Coaching Earnings have been kept at Rs. 52,700 cr, Rs 21,681 cr, Rs. 5,000 cr and Rs 2,420 cr respectively. Maintaining an overall double digit growth, Gross Traffic Earnings have been projected as Rs 81,801 cr [7] Around 20% of the passenger revenue is earned from the upper class segments of the passenger segment (the air-conditioned classes). [11]


A new challenge faced by Indian Railways is competition from low cost airlines that has recently made its début in India. In a cost cutting move, the Railways plan to minimise unwanted cessations, and scrap unpopular routes. A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ...


Current issues and upgrades

Although accidents such as derailment and collisions are less common in recent times, many are run over by trains, especially in crowded areas. Indian Railways have accepted the fact that given the size of operations, eliminating accidents is an unrealistic goal, and at best they can only minimize the accident rate. Human error is the primary cause (83%)[12] of mishaps. In the past, Konkan Railway route has suffered from landslides in the monsoon season, causing fatal accidents. The only derailment of a Shinkansen in normal operations occurred as a result of the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake; no injuries were reported from this accident. ... The Konkan Railway (Railway Symbol:KR) is a company of the Indian Railways which operates along the Konkan coast of India. ... This article is about geological phenomenon. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


Outdated communication, safety and signaling equipment, which used to contribute to failures in the system, is being updated with the latest technology. A number of train accidents happened on account of a system of manual signals between stations, so automated signaling is getting a boost at considerable expense. It is felt that this would be required given the gradual increase in train speeds and lengths, that would tend to make accidents more dangerous. In the latest instances of signaling control by means of interlinked stations (e.g., Chennai - Washermanpet), failure-detection circuits are provided for each track circuit and signal circuit with notification to the signal control centres in case of problems.[13] This is currently available in a small subset of the overall IR system, although anti-collision devices are to be extended to the entire system. Aging colonial-era bridges and century-old tracks also require regular maintenance and upgrading.


In recent years Indian Railways has laid claim to a financial turnaround, with (unaudited) operating profits going up substantially.[14] Credit for this achievement has been claimed by current Indian Railway Minister, Mr Lalu Prasad Yadav, who asserts that he made significant improvements in operating efficiency of goods traffic after he took over as Railway Minister in May 2004.[15]


The Sixth Pay Commission has been constituted in India to review the pay structure of Government employees, and its recommendations are expected by the end of 2008. Based on its recommendations, the salaries of all Railways officers and staff are expected to be revised with retrospective effect (w.e.f. January 1, 2006). If previous Pay Commissions are taken as an indicator, this revision could be 50%, thus having an impact on present and future Railway budgets. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Comparison of different gauges common in India with the standard one, which is not common in Inda
Comparison of different gauges common in India with the standard one, which is not common in Inda

The Rajdhani Express and Shatabadi Express are the fastest and most luxurious trains of Indian Railways, though they face competition from new low-cost airlines as the trains travel only at 130-140 km/hr (c.f. Fastest trains in India).[16] At least five corridors are under consideration for the introduction of high speed bullet trains to India with expert assistance from France. It is estimated that to modernise Indian Rail and bring it up to international standards, would require over US$200 billion in investments.[17] Image File history File links Project_Unigauge_(India). ... Image File history File links Project_Unigauge_(India). ... Comfortable interiors of a First Class AC bedroom Rajdhani Express is a passenger train service in India introduced in 1969 providing high-speed connections (up to 140 km/h / 87 mph, speed varies depending upon the particular track section) from various railway stations in the capital city of New Delhi... Shatabdi express train at Ahmedabad railway station boarding passengers bound for Mumbai. ... This is a list of Indias fastest long-distance trains by commercial speed (i. ...


These are refreshing times for IR as it becomes more user-friendly. Expansive and expensive plans are underway to upgrade stations, coaches, tracks, services, safety, and security.[18] Initially, various upgrade and overhaul work will be performed at more than fifty stations, some of it by private contract. All meter gauge lines in the country will be converted to broad gauge (see Project Unigauge). New stainless steel LHB design coaches, manufactured in India, are due to be introduced on all Rajdhani, Shatabdi, mail and express trains by 2011. These coaches will enhance the safety and riding comfort of passengers besides having more carrying capacity, and in time will replace thousands of old model coaches throughout Indian Railways. More durable and conforming polyurethane paint is now being used to enhance the quality of rakes and significantly reduce the cost of repainting. Improved ventilation and illumination are part of the new scheme of things too, says Rail Bhawan (HQ in New Delhi), along with the decision to install air brake systems on all coaches. New manufacturing units will be set up to produce state-of-the-art locomotives and coaches. Comparison of different gauges common in India with the standard one, which is not common in India Project Unigauge is an ongoing exercise of the Indian Railways to standardise most of its railway lines towards a single 1676 mm (5 ft 6 in) wide broad gauge network. ...


As a start, the Delhi station is being upgraded with four new stations being built to ease the congestion. Railway authorities have invited private companies to modernise the Delhi station in partnership with the public sector. British firm Terry Farrell and Partners has been hired by the railway ministry to re-design the station. The renovation of Delhi station marks the start of government efforts to upgrade both the nation's railway stations and its routes. The plan is to put arrival and departure areas on different levels. Tracks will be widened, enabling a switch to faster and bigger trains that can speed up the passenger flow.[19] On a system-wide level, new track is being laid, tunnels blasted out of mountains, bridges and brand new stations being built, in remote parts of the country such as the northeastern states and Kashmir. German, Chinese, and other foreign railway expertise is being pressed into service in the IR makeover story, but by the same token Indian Railways lends a helping hand to other countries' national railways.


Sanitation in trains and stations throughout the system is getting more attention with the introduction of eco-friendly, discharge-free, green (or bio-) toilets developed by IIT Kanpur. This costly makeover is expected to take up to six years (2013). Fire detection systems will be installed on trains in a phased manner, and new rodent-control and cleanliness procedures are also working their way into the many zones of IR. Central Railway's 'Operation Saturday' is gradually making progress, station by station, in the cleanup of its Mumbai division.


Base kitchens and food services across the system are also slated for a makeover, while rail ticket booking through ATMs on select trains and through cell(ular) phone SMS is being put in place. Channel music, TV screens showing the latest films, and optional menus from five-star hotels are being introduced on the Rajdhani and Shatabdi Express. The National Institute of Design (NID) was roped in to spice up the upholstery and coach interiors of the two high-end trains to give them a corporate designer look. There is now competitive bidding to lease advertising space on railway buildings, stations and some trains. Significantly, several IT initiatives are being phased in to better handle ticketing, freight, rolling stock (wagons), terminals, and rail traffic, including the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Microsoft (MS) Windows Vista for train tracking in real time. Senior managers, who now undergo advanced training overseas, will soon be able to attend the new International Railway Strategic Management Institute (IRSMI) being set up in New Delhi.


In summation, IR is changing compellingly for the better, and contributing to the economic vitality of a sub-continent that is evolving at a phenomenal rate, and of which it is an integral part.


Photo Gallery

See also

This is a list of Indias fastest long-distance trains by commercial speed (i. ... Two Steam engine at water refilling station at Agra station Indian locomotive fleet consists electric and diesel engines. ... Railways playing against Orissa at Brabourne Stadium The Railways Cricket Team (also known as the Indian Railways) has been very successful in the Ranji Trophy in recent years, although much of their history has been spent in unsuccessful endeavours to win the tournament. ... Guntur Division is one of the six divisions of South Central Railway (SCR), a zone of the Indian Railways. ...

References

  1. ^ Business Standard, BS Reporter / New Delhi June 10, 2008, 17:41 IST, Indian Railways' growth at 19.85%
  2. ^ Indian railways chug into the future
  3. ^ a b [1]. Figures as of 2002.
  4. ^ Guinness Book of World Records-2005, pg 93
  5. ^ British investment in Indian railway reaches £100m by 1875
  6. ^ [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Electric Traction - I
  7. ^ The Hindu newspaper online
  8. ^ Article in The Tribune
  9. ^ Indian Railways Site
  10. ^ "Indian Railways stats". Archived from the original on 2006-04-22.
  11. ^ Times of India
  12. ^ Frontline magazine online, Amulya Gopalakrishnan, Volume 20–Issue 15, July 19– August 1, 2003
  13. ^ Indian Railways Signaling System, Indian Railways Signaling Systems
  14. ^ "Statistical Summary-Indian Railways" (2006-02-23). Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  15. ^ "Indian Railways runs right under Yadav's leadership". Archived from the original on 2007-06-05.
  16. ^ Business Travel Still On Track - Cover Story - FE Business Traveller
  17. ^ The Telegraph - Calcutta : Business
  18. ^ Railways to modernise six stations- Railways-Transportation-News By Industry-News-The Economic Times
  19. ^ India prepares for Railways Expansion in 2008-BBC

screenshot of the site. ... screenshot of the site. ... screenshot of the site. ... screenshot of the site. ... screenshot of the site. ... screenshot of the site. ... screenshot of the site. ... The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Image File history File links Indian_Railways. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Indian Railways,About Indian Railways,Information on Indian Railways,Info on india Railway,Classes and Accommodation ... (916 words)
Indian Railways,About Indian Railways,Information on Indian Railways,Info on india Railway,Classes and Accommodation Indian Railway
Indian Railways, the largest rail networks in Asia and the world's second largest rail network under one management covers more than 1 lakh track kilometers, 300 yards, 2300 good sheds and 700 repair shops.
Freight traffic on Indian Railways has registered an impressive growth from a mere 93 million tons of originating freight traffic in 1950-51, to nearly 376 million tons in 1992-93, an increase of about 304%.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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