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Encyclopedia > Indian Postal Service
Indian Postal Service
Type Agency of Indian government (government monopoly)
Founded 1764
Key people Mrs Jyotsna Diesh, Director General
Industry Courier
Employees 593,878 (2001) [1]
Website www.indiapost.gov.in

Indian Postal Service functioning under the brand name India Post, is a government operated postal system in India; it is generally referred to within India as "the post office". Image File history File links India-Post-logo. ... scheiiiißßßßßee!!!!!!!!!!!!!regional, local; for levels below the national, it is a local monopoly. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Director-general is the professional head of a UK Executive Agency which contains other agencies headed by directors. ... A courier is a person or company that delivers packages and mail, often between offices and generally in a shorter timescale than surface mail. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... This article is about brands in marketing. ... A British pillar box The postal system is a system by which written documents typically enclosed in envelopes, and also small packages containing other matter, are delivered to destinations around the world. ...

The Indian Postal Service, with 154,000 post offices, is the most widely distributed post office system in the world (China is next, with 57,000[2]). The large numbers are a result of a long tradition of many disparate postal systems which were unified in the Indian Union post-Independence. Owing to this far-flung reach and its presence in remote areas, the Indian postal service is also involved in other services such as small savings banking and financial services. Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ...



 A post office
A post office

There is record of a messenger system in the Atharvaveda, and systems for collecting information and revenue data from the provinces are mentioned in Chanakya's Arthashastra (3d c. BCE). Literary texts mention doots (messengers) and pigeons being sent to communicate messages. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 188 KB) photograpghed by Pratheepps File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Indian Postal Service User:Pratheepps ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1632x1224, 188 KB) photograpghed by Pratheepps File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Indian Postal Service User:Pratheepps ... The Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेद, , a tatpurusha compound of , a type of priest, and meaning knowledge) is a sacred text of Hinduism, and one of the four Vedas, often called the fourth Veda. According to tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Bhrigus and the... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Prime Minister Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Chanakya (c. ... The Arthashastra (more precisely Arthaśāstra) is a treatise on statecraft and economic policy which identifies its author by the names Kautilya[1] and Viṣṇugupta,[2] who are traditionally identified with the Mauryan minister Cāṇakya. ...

A messenger post system was introduced by Qutb-ud-din Aybak. This was expanded into the dak chowkis, a horse and foot runner service, by Alauddin Khilji in 1296. This was reformed completely during Sher Shah Suri (1540s) who constructed the 4,800-km Grand Trunk Road from Bengal to Peshawar. According to the Tarikh-i-Sher-Shahi by Abbas Khan Sherwani, the postal service Diwan-i-Insa employed nearly 3,400 people to man 1,700 horse-relay stations at "serais", which also served as post offices. Two clerks (tarikh nawis) served at each sarai and the post was carried by mewras, members of a lower cast tribe. This system was largely retained during Mughal rule. Qutb-ud-din Aybak was a ruler of Medieval India, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Mamluk dynasty). ... Alauddin Khilji also Ala-Ud-Din Khilji; Ala-ud-Din Muhammad Khilji Alauddin Khilji (1296-1316 AD) (nephew of Jalaluddin Khilji) came to power after killing his uncle and the then Sultan of Khilji Dynasty Sultan Jalaluddin Khilji in 1296 AD. 1297 AD : Alauddin Khilji set off to conquer Gujarat. ... Events March 30 - Edward I stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then Scottish border town with much bloodshed. ... For the recipient of the Victoria Cross see Sher Shah (VC). ... The Grand Trunk Road (abbreviated to GT Road in common usage) is one of South Asias oldest and longest major roads. ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in the Bengali language, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ... Peshāwar (Pashto: پښور; Urdu:پشاور) literally means City on the Frontier in Persian and is known as Pakhawar in Pashto. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ...

The East India Company established post offices in Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata from 1764-1766, each serving the Bombay, Madras and Calcutta presidencies. During Warren Hastings' governorship, postal service was made available to the general public. A letter would cost 2 annas (one-eighth of a Rupee) for distances upto 100 miles. Payments would be done through copper tokensp; a letter was hand stamped "post paid" if it was paid for, else it was stamped "post unpaid" or "bearing". East India Company was the name of several historic European companies chartered with the monopoly of trading with Asia for their respective countries. ... Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, the most populous city of India, and by some measures the most populous city in the world with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006). ... Chennai   (Tamil: ), formerly known as Madras  , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ...   (IPA: [] Bengali: কলকাতা) (formerly  ) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Warren Hastings (December 6, 1732 - August 22, 1818) was the first governor-general of British India, from 1773 to 1786. ... It has been suggested that History of the rupee be merged into this article or section. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Atomic mass 63. ...

In 1839, North West Province Circle was formed and since then, new Postal Circles were formed as needed. In December 1860 Punjab Circle, in 1861 Burma Circle, in 1866 Central Province Circle and in 1869 Sind Circle were formed. By 1880 circles had been formed in Oudh (1870), Rajputana (1871), Assam (1873), Bihar (1877), Eastern Bengal (1878) and Central India (1879). Afterwards, the creation of new circles was accompanied by the merging of some circles. By 1914, there were only 7 Postal Circles — Bengal & Assam, Bihar & Orissa, Bombay (including Sind), Burma, Central, Madras, Punjab & NWF and U.P.[3] Location of Awadh Awadh (Devanagari अवध) (also known in various British historical texts as Oudh, Oundh or Oude) is a region in the center of the modern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which was before Independence known as the United Provinces of Oudh and Agra. ... Rajputana, which means Land of the Rajputs is a region of western India, which now makes up the greater part of Rajasthan state. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur - now a part of Guwahati. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ...

The usage of the stamps began on 1 July 1852 in Scinde/Sindh district, with the use of an embossed pattern on paper or wax. The shape was circular, with "SCINDE DISTRICT DAWK" around the rim, leading to the common name "Scinde Dawk". 1854 was the year of the first issue for all of India. The stamps were issued by the East India Company, which first printed a 1/2a vermilion in April but never sold it to the public, then put four values (1/2a, 1a, 2a, 4a) on sale in October. All were designed and printed in Calcutta, featuring the usual profile of Queen Victoria. A new set of stamps, with the queen in an oval vignette inside a rectangular frame, and inscribed "EAST INDIA POSTAGE", was printed by De La Rue in England (who produced all the subsequent issues of British India) and made available in 1855. These continued in use until after the British government took over administration of India in 1858, and from 1865 were printed on paper watermarked with an elephant head. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Sindh (Sind) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. ... Sindh (Sindhī: سنڌ, Urdū: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Sindhis, and Muhajirs and various other groups. ... Scinde Dawk was a very old postal system of runners that served the Indus Valley of Sindh, an area of present-day Pakistan. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was one of the first joint-stock company (preceded only by the Dutch East India Company) which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India. ... Vermilion, also spelled vermillion, when found naturally-occurring, is an opaque reddish orange pigment, used since antiquity, originally derived from the powdered mineral cinnabar. ... This article is on Calcutta/Kolkata, the city. ... Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... The word vignette has several meanings, depending on the context. ... De La Rue is a British commercial printer and papermaker. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... This Crown & CA (for Crown Agent) watermark was standard for postage stamps of the British colonies from the 1880s to the 1920s. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea...

Governance and organization

The postal service comes under the Department of Posts which is a part of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology under the Government of India. The apex body of the department is the Postal Service Board. The board consists of a chairman and three members. The three members hold the portfolios of Operations & Marketing , Development and Personnel. The Joint Secretary and Financial Advisor to the Board is also a permanent invitee to the Board. The Government of India (Hindi: Bharat Sarkar), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. ...

India has been divided into 22 postal circles. Each circle is headed by a Chief Postmaster General. Each Circle is further divided into Regions comprising field units, called Divisions, headed by a Postmaster General. Other functional units like Circle Stamp Depots, Postal Stores Depots and Mail Motor Service may exist in the Circles and Regions.

Besides the 22 circles, there is a special Circle called the Base Circle to cater to the postal services of the Armed Forces of India. The Base Circle is headed by an Additional Director General, Army Postal Service holding the rank of a Major General. Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ...

Types of postal facilities

Postal operations at the post office encompass the entire gamut of the basic postal services which interalia include: (i) Sale of stamps and stationery (ii) Booking of registered articles (iii) Booking of insured articles (iv) Booking of value payable articles (v) Remittance of money through money orders and postal orders (vi) Booking of Parcels

Traditionally, these services were being provided at manually operated counters. Considering the vital need for providing the benefit of technology to the customers, the counter operations are now being progressively computerised to provide a greater range of service to the customer from a single window leading to services being more responsive, and error free.

Non-postal services

The post office has also traditionally served as a financial institution for millions of people in rural India. Currently these are some of the activities being supported:

  • Public Provident Fund
  • National Savings Certificate
  • Savings Bank Account
  • Monthly Income Scheme
  • Recurring Deposit Account
  • Post boxes for mail receipt

See also

  • List of Postmaster General ==Collected by Deepak N.Modi==


Dibrugarh Asstt. DPS (Staff), O/O the Postmaster General, Dibrugarh Region, Chowkidingi, Dibrugarh 786001 0373/ 2328162 0373/ 2329138


Visakhapatnam AD %PMGVisakhapatnam 2544937 2544934


Muzaffarpur DPS(North) O/O PMG (NORTH), MUZAFFARPUR 0621 2284171










Aurangabad ADPS Aurangabad Camp, PO Compound, Aurangabad – 431 002. 0240-2370334 2370334 pmg051_agd@sancharnet.in

Nagpur ADPS % Postmaster General, Nagpur Region,Nagpur- 440 010 2562207 2550577 pmgnpcccc@rediffmail.com

Pune ADPS Pune – 411 001 26124595 26124595 Punepost@sancharnet.in

Panaji ADPS Panaji – 403001 2231870 2231871 pmggoa@sancharnet.in







Tiruchirappalli Asst.Director(Mails) o/o Postmaster General, Central Region, Tiruchirappalli-620 001 2461506 2463605 pmgtrichy@rediffmail.com


Allahabad Region ADPS(BD.) O/O PMG Allahabad -211001 0532 2623471 2623471

Bareilly Region APMG O/O PMG Bareilly-243001 0581 2511137 2427459

Gorakhpur Region ADPS O/O PMG Gorakhpur-273301 0551 2200762 2203024

Kanpur Region ADPS O/O PMG Kanpur -208001 0512 2303393 2306366



Sikkim DPS O/O The Postmaster General North Bengal & Sikkim Region,Siliguri 734401

0353- 2435518 2536561

A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service (similar to the ZIP Code in the United States). ... The postage stamps and postal history of India are complicated by the patchwork of British and local rule prior to partition in 1947. ... The Indian Postal services employ a 6 digit postal code known as a Postal Index Number (similar to the 5 digit ZIP Codes in USA) that is spanned and geopolitically ordered across the nation. ...


  1. ^ Indiapost - Actual staff strength official Indian Post website
  2. ^ Countries With Most Post Offices. Retrieved on 2006-11-29. (Data 2001)
  3. ^ Bayanwala, A.K. Indian Postal History: 1947-1997. Stamps of India, New Delhi, India. Retrieved on 2006-05-23.

-1... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... -1... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ...

External links

  • Official IndiaPost website
  • 150 years of postal service.
  • History of Indian Postal Stamps
  • Indian Postal History 1947-1957

  Results from FactBites:
Indian Postal Service - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (982 words)
Indian Postal Service functioning under the brand name India Post, is a government operated postal system in India; it is generally referred to within India as "the post office."
During Warren Hastings' governorship, postal service was made available to the general public.
The postal service comes under the Department of Posts which is a part of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology under the Government of India.
The Hindu : Open Page : Whither postal services in India? (794 words)
The postal services should run on their own and no subsidy will be forthcoming in a few years to come.
The basic postal services are facing stiff competition from private couriers and the volume of work is dropping as a result of big strides in communication technology; therefore downsizing the workforce and effecting severe cuts in the working cost should be enforced strictly.
Providing state subsidy to the postal services is not unique to our country as most of the state run postal services in the world are subsidised.
  More results at FactBites »



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