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Encyclopedia > Indian Order of Merit (military)

Contents


History

The medal was first introduced by the East India Company in 1837. The Indian Order of Merit was the only gallantry medal available to Native soldiers between 1837 and 1907 when the Indian Distinguished Service Medal was introduced, and when the Victoria Cross was opened to native soldiers in 1911. Both divisions of the order were removed when India became independent in 1947. Recipients receive the post nominal letters IOM. The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company string of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1599, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ...


The Medal

Military Division

The medal was originally introduced with three classes (first, second and third classes), until others medals were made available to Indian soldiers, at which point it was reduced to two classes (the Victoria Cross replacing the first class), and reduced to one class in 1944. A recipient technically needed to be in possession of the lower class before being awarded a higher class, although recipients were sometimes awarded the higher class if they performed more than one act of gallantry, then they may have been awarded the higher class, without receiving the lower one. The recipients of the order received increased pay and pension allowances and was very highly regarded. A Medal can mean three things: a wearable medal awarded by a government for services to a country (such as Armed force service); strictly speaking this only refers to a medal of coin-like appearance, but informally the word also refers to an Order (decoration); a table medal awarded by... A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ... Victoria Cross medal, ribbon, and bar. ... // Order may refer to: Religious Holy Orders, the rite or sacrament in which clergy are ordained The monastic orders, originating with Anthony the Great and Benedict of Nursia from circa 300 the military orders of the crusades the various chivalric orders established since the 14th century Honors Order (decoration) Legal...


Civil Division

A civil division was available in two classes between 1902 and 1939, when it was reduced to one class. The civil medal was rarely awarded.


Description

Third Class

Eight pointed dull silver star with blue circle, surrounded by silver lauraels, in the middle, with crossed swords and the words Awarded for Valour, this was changed to Awarded for Gallantry in 1944. The Pleiades star cluster A star is a massive body of plasma in outer space that is currently producing or has produced energy through nuclear fusion. ...


Second Class

Eight pointed shiny silver star with blue circle, surrounded by silver lauraels in the middle, with crossed swords and the words Awarded for Valour, this was changed to Awarded for Gallantry in 1944. The Pleiades star cluster A star is a massive body of plasma in outer space that is currently producing or has produced energy through nuclear fusion. ...


First Class

Eight pointed shiny silver star with blue circle, surrounded by gold lauraels in the middle, with crossed swords and the words Awarded for Valour, this was changed to Awarded for Gallantry in 1944. The Pleiades star cluster A star is a massive body of plasma in outer space that is currently producing or has produced energy through nuclear fusion. ...


Ribbon

Dark Blue ribbon flanked by two red stripes of about a sixth of the width.


Reference

British Orders And Deccorations- Peter Duckers


 
 

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