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Encyclopedia > Indian Army
Indian Army
Headquarters
New Delhi
History and traditions
Indian military history
British Indian Army
Indian National Army
Army Day (15th January)
Equipment
Equipment of the Indian Army
Components
Regiments
Personnel
Chief of Army Staff
Ranks and insignia

The Indian Army is one of the armed forces of India and has the responsibility for land-based military operations. Its primary objectives include maintaining the peace and security of the country, patrolling the borders and conducting counter-terrorist operations. It also conducts rescue and humanitarian operations during calamities and disturbances, and has frequently been called upon to maintain the internal security of the country. A group of native Indian Muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... The Indian National Army (I.N.A) or Azad Hind Fauj was the army of the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (The Provisional Government of Free India ) which fought along with the Japanese 15th Army during the Japanese Campaign in Burma, and in the Battle of Imphal, during the Second... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Indian_Army. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... India has a long military history dating back several millennia. ... A group of native Indian Muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... The Indian National Army (I.N.A) or Azad Hind Fauj was the army of the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (The Provisional Government of Free India ) which fought along with the Japanese 15th Army during the Japanese Campaign in Burma, and in the Battle of Imphal, during the Second... Army Day is celebrated on January 15 every year in India, in recognition of Lieutenant General (later Field Marshal) K. M. Cariappas becoming the first Indian Commander-in-Chief in 1948. ... This is a list of some of the modern & historical equipment used by Indian Army. ... Regiments of the Indian Army: // Brigade of the Guards The Parachute Regiment Mechanised Infantry Regiment Punjab Regiment Madras Regiment The Grenadiers Maratha Light Infantry Rajputana Rifles Rajput Regiment Jat Regiment Sikh Regiment Sikh Light Infantry Dogra Regiment Garhwal Rifles Kumaon Regiment Assam Regiment Bihar Regiment Mahar Regiment Jammu & Kashmir Rifles... The Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS) is the highest post in the Indian Army. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian army. ... The Indian Armed Forces is the primary military organization responsible for the territorial security and defence of India. ... For other uses, see Army (disambiguation). ...


The Indian Army has a total troop strength of around 2.5 million (1.3 million active and 1.2 million reserve) and is the second largest standing army in the world. It is a completely voluntary service, with a clause that only entry is voluntary - the military draft never having been imposed in India. Indian Army is one of the major contributors to various United Nation missions. The army has rich combat experience in diverse terrains, considering India's diversity on this front, and also has a distinguished history of serving in United Nations peacekeeping operations. A standing army is an army composed of full time professional soldiers. ... Conscription is a general term for forced labor demanded by some established authority, e. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... UN redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ...


The force is headed by the Chief of Army Staff, currently General Deepak Kapoor. The highest rank in the Indian Army is Field Marshal, but it is an honorary rank[1] and appointments are made by the President of India - on the advice of the Union Cabinet of Ministers - only in exceptional circumstances. General S.H.F.J. Manekshaw and the late General K.M. Cariappa are the only two officers to have attained this rank. Though a Field Marshal is an honorary rank, the officer is held to 'never retire'. and are entitled to uniform and flag as applicable to serving (active duty) officers throughout life. The Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS) is the highest post in the Indian Army. ... General Deepak Kapoor is the Chief of Army Staff of India. ... Only two Army appointments have been made by the Government of India since independence in 1947. ... The President of India (Hindi: Rashtrapati) is the head of state and first citizen of India and the Supreme Commander of the Indian armed forces. ... Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw, MC, (Sam Bahadur) (born April 3, 1914) is a retired Indian Army officer. ... Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa The first Indian Chief of Staff, Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa led the Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. ...

Contents

Role

The Indian Army doctrine defines the role of the Indian Army as - "The Indian Army is the land component of the Indian Armed Forces which exist to uphold the ideals of the Constitution of India. As a major component of national power, along with the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force, the roles of the Indian Army are as follows :-

  • Primary Role: Preserve national interests and safeguard sovereignty, territorial integrity and unity of India against any external threats by deterrence or by waging war.
  • Secondary Role: Assist Government agencies to cope with ‘proxy war’ and other internal threats and provide aid to civil authority when requisitioned for the purpose."[2]

History

Indian Armed Forces
Emblem of India
Emblem
Triservices Crest
Triservices Crest.
Military Man Power
Total armed forces 2,414,700 (Ranked 3rd)
Active troops 1,414,000 (Ranked 3rd)
Total troops 3,773,300 (Ranked 6th)
Paramilitary forces 1,089,700
Components
Indian Army
Indian Air Force
Indian Navy
Indian Coast Guard
Paramilitary forces of India
Strategic Nuclear Command
History
Military history of India
Ranks
Air Force ranks and insignia of India
Army ranks and insignia of India
Naval ranks and insignia of India
This article deals with the modern day Indian Army. For the army before Independence in 1947, please see British Indian Army, Indian National Army.

Upon India gaining independence in 1947, the British Indian Army was divided into two parts to serve the newly created nations of Union of India and Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Most units went to India, four Gurkha regiments were transferred to the British Army, and the rest of the Gurkha regiments went to India. India has a long military history dating back several millennia. ... The Indian Armed Forces is the primary military organization responsible for the territorial security and defence of India. ... Image File history File links Emblem_of_India. ... The Emblem of India The original sculpture The Emblem of India is an adaptation from the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This list of countries by size of armed forces displays national troop levels by active troop strength, number of Naval combatants and aircraft. ... Number of active troops per country This is a list of countries sorted by the total number of active troops where the military manpower of a country is measured by the total amount of active troops within the command of that country. ... Number of total troops per country This is a list of countries sorted by the number of total troops within the command of that country, including reserve forces that can aid a depleted active military and/or paramilitary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Indian_Army. ... The Indian Air Force is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Image File history File links Ensign_of_the_Indian_Air_Force. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_India. ... Indian Coast Guards coat of Arms. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) of India is the nodal agency for all command, control and operational decisions regarding Indias nuclear weapon stockpile. ... India has a long military history dating back several millennia. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian Air Force. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian army. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian navy. ... The Indian independence movement was a series of steps taken in the Indian subcontinent for independence from British colonial rule, beginning with the Rebellion of 1857. ... A group of native Indian Muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... The Indian National Army (I.N.A) or Azad Hind Fauj was the army of the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (The Provisional Government of Free India ) which fought along with the Japanese 15th Army during the Japanese Campaign in Burma, and in the Battle of Imphal, during the Second... A group of native Indian Muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... ... Gurkha, also spelled as Gorkha, are people from Nepal and parts of North India, who take their name from the eighth century Hindu warrior-saint Guru Gorakhnath. ...


The First Kashmir War

Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1947

Almost immediately after independence, tensions between India and Pakistan began to boil over. And the first of three full-scale wars between the two nations broke out over the then princely state of Kashmir. Upon the Maharaja of Kashmir's reluctance to accede to either India or Pakistan, an impatient Pakistan sponsored a 'tribal' invasion of parts of Kashmir. The men are alleged by India to have also included Pakistan army regulars. Soon after, Pakistan sent in its troops to annex the state. The Maharaja, Hari Singh, appealed to India, and to Lord Mountbatten -- the Governor General -- for help, but it was pointed out to him that India saw no reason to do so. He signed the Instrument of Accession and Kashmir unilaterally acceded to India (a decision ratified by Britain but never accepted by Pakistan). Immediately after, Indian troops were airlifted into Srinagar and repelled the invaders. This contingent included General Thimayya who distinguished himself in the operation and in the later years became a Chief of the Indian Army. An intense war was waged across the state and former comrades found themselves fighting each other. Both sides made some territorial gains and also suffered significant losses Combatants India Pakistan Commanders General K M Cariappa, Lt Gen S M Shrinagesh, Maj Gen K S Thimayya, Maj Gen Kalwant Singh Maj Gen Akbar Khan Casualties 1,104 killed[1](Indian army) 684 KIA(State Forces)[2] [3] 3,152 wounded [1] 1,500 killed[4] (Pakistan army) The... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (June 25, 1900 – August 27, 1979) was a British admiral and statesman and an uncle of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... Kodendera Subayya Thimayya DSO, was born in Madikeri, the district town of Kodagu, in March 30, 1906. ...


An uneasy UN sponsored peace returned by the end of 1948 with Indian and Pakistani soldiers facing each other directly on the Line of Control, which has since divided Indian from Pakistani-held Kashmir. Tensions between India and Pakistan, largely over Kashmir, have never since been entirely eliminated. This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...


Indian Army participation in UN peace-keeping operations

Presently, the Indian army has dedicated one brigade of troops to the UN's standby arrangements. The large number of sustained troop commitments India has come in for much praise for taking part in difficult operations for prolonged periods. This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


The Indian Army has participated in several UN peace-keeping operations, including the ones in Angola, Cambodia, Cyprus, Congo, El Salvador, Namibia, Lebanon, Liberia, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia & Vietnam. The army also provided a paramedical unit to facilitate the withdrawal of the sick and wounded in Korea. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Belligerents United Nations: Republic of Korea Australia Belgium Canada Colombia Ethiopia France Greece Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Philippines South Africa Thailand Turkey United Kingdom United States Naval Support and Military Servicing/Repairs: Japan Medical staff: Denmark Italy Norway India Sweden DPR Korea PR China Soviet Union Commanders Syngman Rhee Chung...

Indian Army soldiers arrive in Korea in September 1953 for peacekeeping along the neutral buffer zone
Indian Army soldiers arrive in Korea in September 1953 for peacekeeping along the neutral buffer zone

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 747 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2660 × 2136 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 747 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2660 × 2136 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Liberation of Hyderabad, 1948

Main article: Operation Polo

After the partition of India, the State of Hyderabad, a princely-state under the rule of a Nizam, chose to remain independent. The Nizam, refused to accede his state to the Union of India. The following stand-off between the Government of India and the Nizam ended on 12 September 1948 when India's then deputy-Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhai Patel ordered Indian troops to secure the state. Within 5 days of intense fighting, the Indian Army, backed by the Indian Air Force, successfully defeated Hyderabad State forces. The following day, the State of Hyderabad was proclaimed as a part of the Union of India. Major General Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri, who led the Operation Polo was appointed the Military Governor of Hyderabad (1948-1949) to restore law and order. Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Language(s) Dakhni , later Urdu Government Monarchy Nizam  - 1720-1748 Qamar-ud-din Khan Siddiqi, Asaf Jah I  - 1869-1911 Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI History  - Established 1720  - Operation polo 1948 Qamaruddin Khan,Asaf Jah I Nizam, a shortened version of Nizam-ul-Mulk, meaning Administrator... Hyderabad and Berar, 1903 Hyderābād was an autonomous princely state of south-central India from 1724 until 1948, ruled by a hereditary Nizam, and an Indian state from 1948 to 1956. ... Judiciary Supreme Court of India Chief Justice of India High Courts District Courts Elections Political Parties Local & State Govt. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the closest associates of Mahatma Gandhi. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... The Indian Air Force is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Flag Capital Hyderabad Government Principality Nizam  - 1720-48 (first) Asaf Jah I  - 1911-48 (last) Asaf Jah VII History  - Established 1724  - Annexed by India September 18, 1948 Hyderābād and Berar   (Telugu: హైదరాబాదు Urdu: حیدر آباد) under the Nizams, was the largest princely state in India. ... ... Major General Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri, OBE was Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army from 1962-1966 and the Military Governor of Hyderabad State from 1948-1949. ... Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ...


Goa, Daman and Diu Operation (1961)

Even though the British and French vacated all their colonial possessions in the Indian subcontinent, Goa, Daman and Diu remained under Portuguese control. In 1961, after repeated Portuguese refusals to negotiate towards leaving, New Delhi launched Operation Vijay and ordered a small contingent of its troops to invade the Portuguese territories and secure them. Unable to withstand the assault, Portugal signed a truce with India and gave up its control over the small territories, which formally became part of the Indian Union. Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... In the 1999 Kargil Conflict between India and Pakistan, Operation Vijay was the name of the Indian operation to push back the infiltrators from the Kargil Sector. ...


The Sino-Indian Conflict- 1962

Main article: Sino-Indian War

Since 1959 Indian Police posts had been pushed forward into territory claimed by the Chinese Government. Small scale clashes broke out as India insisted the border ran along the "traditional" watershed, in effect the McMahon Line, which China disputed. In 1962 Indian soldiers were ordered to move to the Thagla ridge near the border between Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh, which formed part of the watershed, but was some three miles (5 km) to the north of the McMahon line. Tensions rose further when New Delhi discovered that the Chinese had constructed a road through Aksai Chin which India claimed. In September 1962 Chinese troops made a surprising attack on the Indian soldiers from the ridge. On October 12, Nehru gave orders for the Chinese to be expelled from Aksai Chin. On October 20, Chinese soldiers attacked India in both the North-West and North-East parts of the border, entering the disputed Aksai Chin region along with Arunachal Pradesh in numbers. China then called on the Indian government to negotiate. With no peaceful agreement between the two countries, China unilaterally withdrew their troops from the territory they had occupied. The reasons for the withdrawal are disputed with India claiming logistical problems and diplomatic support from the US and China stating that it was returning to the borders that it had staked its diplomatic claim. The dividing line between the Indian and Chinese forces was christened the Line of Actual Control. A review committee was soon set up by the Indian government to determine the causes for India's defeat. The report apparently faulted much of India's armed forces command and especially the executive government for failures on several fronts.The major reason for defeat was low deployment of troops on the China Border and that the executive did not involve the Indian Air Force to oppose the Chinese aggression and transport lines out of fear of Chinese aerial reprisals on Indian civilian targets. As a result the Chinese victory was more due to sheer numerical superiority rather than military superiority. The Ministry of Defence at the time of the war was headed by the then defence minister Krishna Menon. Despite frequent calls for its release this Henderson-Brooks Committee report still remains classified. Combatants China India Commanders Zhang Guohua[4] Brij Mohan Kaul Strength 80,000[5][6] Casualties Killed 1,460 (Chinese sources)[7] None captured[8][9][10][11] Wounded 1,697[7] Killed 3,128 (Indian sources)[12] Captured 3,968[2] Wounded 548[13] The Sino-Indian War (Simplified... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... The McMahon Line crosses a high-altitude wasteland which was briefly the focus of world attention in 1962 as Indian and Chinese forces struggled for control. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... , Arunachal Pradesh   (Hindi:   ) is the easternmost state of India. ... Line of Actual Control is the current border dividing Indian and Chinese occupied zones in the contested territories after the 1962 Sino-Indian War. ... V.K. Krishna Menon Vengalil Krishnan (V.K.) Krishna Menon (May 3, 1897 - October 6, 1974) was an Indian nationalist and politician. ...


Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Pakistani Patton M-47 tanks, captured during the Battle of Asal Uttar, on display near Bhikhiwind
Pakistani Patton M-47 tanks, captured during the Battle of Asal Uttar, on display near Bhikhiwind

A second confrontation with Pakistan took stand in 1965, largely over Kashmir. Pakistani President Chief Marshal Ayub Khan launched Operation Gibraltar in August 1965, believing an Indian leadership still recovering from the 1962 war with China would be unable to deal effectively with such a military thrust. It proved to be a serious miscalculation for Ayub, who had also banked on intelligence reports claiming that the people of Kashmir would aid the Pakistani war effort. No such rebellion occurred and India responded almost immediately with armoured regiments being deployed to both counter enemy intrusions and strike across the border. Pakistan launched Operation Grand Slam on September 1, invading the Chamb-Jaurian sector. In retaliation, the Indian Army's 15th Infantry Division crossed the International Border on the Western Front on September 6. Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri Harbakhsh Singh Ayub Khan Musa Khan Casualties 3,264 killed[1] 8,623 wounded[1] (From July to ceasefire) 3,800 killed[2] (September 6 - 22) 4,000 - 8,000 killed/ captured[3][4][5] (July to September 6) The Indo-Pakistani War... Download high resolution version (986x651, 86 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (986x651, 86 KB) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Bhikhiwind is a town and a nagar panchayat in Amritsar district in the state of Punjab, India. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... This article is about a Pakistani military officer. ... Operation Gibraltar was the name given to the Military Plan by Pakistan to Liberate Jammu and Kashmir, Indian Occupied and bring the Dispute to a logical end. ... Combatants China India Commanders Zhang Guohua[4] Brij Mohan Kaul Strength 80,000[5][6] Casualties Killed 1,460 (Chinese sources)[7] None captured[8][9][10][11] Wounded 1,697[7] Killed 3,128 (Indian sources)[12] Captured 3,968[2] Wounded 548[13] The Sino-Indian War (Simplified... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... For other uses, see Rebel (disambiguation) and Rebellion (disambiguation). ... Operation Grand Slam is virtually synonymous with the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. ...


Initially, the Indian Army met with considerable success in the northern sector. After launching prolonged artillery barrages against Pakistan, India was able to capture three important mountain positions in Kashmir. Indian Army had made considerable in road into Pakistan. India had its largest haul of Pakistani tanks when the offensive of Pakistan's 1 Armoured Division was blunted at the Battle of Asal Uttar on September 10th. Six Pakistani Armoured Regiments took part in the battle, namely the 19 Lancers (Patton), 12 Cavalry (Chafee), 24 Cavalry (Patton) 4 Cavalry (Patton), 5 Horse (Patton) and 6 Lancers (Patton). These were opposed by three Indian Armoured Regiments with inferior tanks, Deccan Horse (Sherman), 3 Cavalry (Centurion) and 8 Cavalry (AMX). The battle was so fierce and intense that at the end of the war, the Fourth Indian Division had captured about 97 tanks in destroyed / damaged or intact condition. This included 72 Patton tanks and 25 Chafees and Shermans. 32 of the 97 tanks, including 28 Pattons, were in running condition. Indian losses in Khem Karan were 32 tanks. Roughly about fifteen of them were captured by the Pakistan Army, mostly Sherman tanks. Belligerents Pakistan India Commanders Maj. ...


By the end of the war, it was estimated that Pakistan lost nearly 300 tanks destroyed. India had more than 150 tanks in its hands as war trophies and it is not unsafe to assume that more tanks were destroyed, that were in Pakistani territory, both by army as well as air action. Indian losses were less than half at 128 tanks destroyed. About 40 tanks would have fallen into Pakistani hands, most of them vintage AMX-13s from Chamb and Shermans from Khem Karan. Ceasefire was declared on September 23 was followed by talks in Tashkent (brokered by the Soviet Union), where Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Ayub Khan agreed to withdraw to virtually all pre-war positions.Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri died in mysterious circumstances in Tashkent, hours after signing the deal.This gives rise to conspiracy theories as India was in advantageous position after declaration of ceasefire. is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tashkent (Uzbek: , Russian: ) is the capital of Uzbekistan and also of the Tashkent Province. ... Lal Bahadur Shastri (Hindi लालबहादुर शास्त्री) (October 2, 1904 - January 11, 1966) was the third Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the Indian independence movement. ... Lal Bahadur Shastri (Hindi लालबहादुर शास्त्री) (October 2, 1904 - January 11, 1966) was the third Prime Minister of independent India and a significant figure in the Indian independence movement. ...


Bangladesh Liberation War-1971

Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Lt. Gen A. A. K. Niazi signs the instrument of surrender on December 16, surrendering his forces to Lt. Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora.
Lt. Gen A. A. K. Niazi signs the instrument of surrender on December 16, surrendering his forces to Lt. Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora.
T-72 in an exercise
T-72 in an exercise

In 1971, rebellion broke out in East Pakistan, and India was forced to intervene as an estimated 10 million Bangladeshi refugees fled to India. Unlike the 1965 war, this time decisive change was effected. The Indian Army went into East Pakistan and effected a surrender of the Pakistani Army deployed there.East Pakistan broke away with Indian intervention and became the independent state of Bangladesh. This was of great help to India, since it no longer had to worry about a two-front war and could concentrate its combat firepower against what had been West Pakistan and the PRC. Under the command of Lt General J.S Aurora of Indian Army and General M.A.G Osmani of Bangladesh Mukti Bahini, the joint forces (Mitro Bahini) achieved a decisive victory over Pakistan in 1971, taking over 90,000 prisoners of war (38,000 Armed forces personnel and 52,000 civilians of West Pakistani origin) in the Bangladesh liberation war. Even on the western front, the Indian Army was successful in blocking Pakistan's invasion attempts (see Battle of Longewala) and counter attacked by capturing more than 2,000 sq. miles of Pakistani-held territory. Belligerents India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora G.G Bewoor K. P. Candeth Gul Hassan Khan Abdul Hamid Khan Tikka Khan A. A. K. Niazi # Strength 500,000+ troops 100,000 Mukti BahiniRebels 400,000+ troops Casualties and losses 3,843 killed[1] 9,851 wounded[1] Unknown... Image File history File links 1971_surrender. ... Image File history File links 1971_surrender. ... Lt. ... The instrument of surrender was signed at Ramna Race Course in Dacca at 16. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lt-Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora (February 13, 1916 - May 3, 2005) was the Indian commander whose comprehensive defeat of Pakistan in 1971 led to the creation of Bangladesh. ... For the videogame, see T-72: Balkans On Fire!. The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... The Peoples Republic of Bangladesh (Bangla: গনপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলােদশ) is a country in South Asia that forms the eastern part of the ancient region of Bengal. ... What is Refugees? Refugees is a simple internet community that was created as a homeland and haven for the members of the message board MegaMassMedia. ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... Lt-Gen Jagjit Singh Aurora (February 13, 1916 - May 3, 2005) was the Indian commander whose comprehensive defeat of Pakistan in 1971 led to the creation of Bangladesh. ... Liberation War commemoration poster Mukti Bahini (Bengali: ) (Liberation Army), also termed as the Freedom Fighters or FFs was a guerrilla force which fought against the Pakistan Army during the Bangladesh War of Independence in 1971. ... Mitro Bahini (meaning Allied forces in Bangla) was a military force composed of Bangladesh Army (as part of Mukti Bahini) and the Indian Army in December 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. ... Combatants Indian Army and later Indian Air Force Pakistan Army Commanders Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri Brigadier Tariq Mir Strength 120 troops 2 Recoilless Guns 2000+ troops 65 Tanks 5 Field guns 3 Anti-aircraft guns 138 Military vehicles Casualties 2 men, 1 jeep mounted recoiless gun 200 soldiers. ...


After 1971, tensions between India and Pakistan simmered, periodically threatening to break out into full-scale war, most notably in 1999 and 2002 in recent years. The 1998 tests of Indian and Pakistani nuclear weapons are seen by many commentators as acting as a restraining influence on both sides. Now that each can destroy the other in a war, according to the theory of deterrence, they are less likely to let tensions escalate. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ...

See also: Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, and Battle of Basantar

Combatants Indian Army and later Indian Air Force Pakistan Army Commanders Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri Brigadier Tariq Mir Strength 120 troops 2 Recoilless Guns 2000+ troops 65 Tanks 5 Field guns 3 Anti-aircraft guns 138 Military vehicles Casualties 2 men, 1 jeep mounted recoiless gun 200 soldiers. ... Combatants Indian Armed Forces Military of Pakistan Commanders Major General Lachhman Singh Brigadier Tajammul Hussain Malik Strength 20th Indian Mountain Division 205 Infantry Brigade, Pakistan Casualties  ?  ? The Battle of Hilli or the Battle of Bogra was a major battle fought in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 and Bangladesh Liberation... Combatants Indian Army Pakistani Army Commanders Lt Gen K K Singh, Brig A S Vaidya, Lt Col B T Pandit Lt Gen Irshad Ahmad Khan Strength  ?  ? Casualties 10 tanks destroyed 66 tanks destroyed, 20 tanks captured The Battle of Basantar or the Battle of Barapind (December 4th - 16th, 1971) was...

Siachen

Main article: Siachen conflict

Since the mid 1980s there has been an ongoing conflict between India and Pakistan at Siachen Glacier. Considered the world's highest battleground the battle is over differences in where the boundary is in this remote snowbound region. In 1987, 23rd September, a battle which went unreported in many quarters when 8 soldiers of the Indian Army, successfully defended & repulsed an attack & inflicated heavy casualties on Pakistani forces. In this battle 3 Indian soliders were killed including Subedar Naik Raj(commander of the post). Reports indicated the Pakistani lost approximately 800 of its Special forces soldiers & Northern light infantry. The attack continued till 25th September. The attack was launched as a reply to the Indians who captured the Quaid post(now known Bana Post after Subedar Bana who lead the successful assault on it). But, it was just the opposite, to what Pakistani's expected. The post was located at 22,000 feet (6,700 m) at siachen & temperature at -40 degrees Celsius. Since 2006 both countries have been involved in discussions to resolve the confrontation, the root cause of which is the differing perception of where that actual boundary line from Siachen and beyond lies. The talks have been stuck over the Indian side wanting current positions being mapped before a cease fire and the Pakistani side not being agreeable to this. Combatants India Pakistan Casualties 1344 [2]  : Main article: Siachen Glacier Main article: Siachen Glacier The Siachen Conflict, sometimes referred to as The Siachen War is the name for the military conflict between the armies of India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. ... The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan border at approximately . ...


Counter-insurgency activities

The Indian Army has played a crucial role in the past in fighting insurgents and terrorists in the nation. The army launched Operation Bluestar and Operation Woodrose in the 1980s to combat Sikh insurgents. The army, along with some paramilitary forces, has the prime responsibility of maintaining law and order in the troubled Jammu and Kashmir region. The Indian Army also sent a contingent to Sri Lanka in 1987 as a part of the Indian Peace Keeping Force An insurgency is an armed rebellion against a constituted authority, by any irregular armed force that rises up against an enforced or established authority, government, or administration. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... The Operation Blue Star (also known as the Golden Temple Massacre) (June 4 to June 6, 1984) was the Indian military raid of the Golden Temple in Amritsar, Punjab, the holiest temple of the Sikh religion. ... Operation Bluestar was followed by Operation Woodrose, in which the Indian government expanded their operations in Punjab and arrested and killed many thousands of Sikh militants and many innocent civilians. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... In politics, law and order refers to a political platform which supports a strict criminal justice system, especially in relation to violent crime and property crimes, through harsher criminal penalties. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. ...


The Kargil Operation in 1999

Main article: Kargil War
Indian Army convoy near Poonch in Jammu and Kashmir.

In mid 1999, Kashmiri insurgents and Pakistan military personnel took control of some deserted, but strategic, Himalayan heights in Indian-administered Kashmir. These had either been vacated by the Indian army during the onset of inhospitable winter and were supposed to come back in spring. The 'Mujahideen' with the help of Pakistani army took control of several key areas before the military personnel would have occupied it. Some of such heights overlooking the vital Srinagar-Leh highway, Batalik, Dras and the strategic Tiger Hill.On further verification ,it was found out that the invaders were mainly part of the Pakistani army . These invaders had their Pakistan army ID which supported these findings. Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... Combatants  India  Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists, Islamic militants (Foreign Fighters) Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Official Figures: 527 killed,[1][2][3] 1,363 wounded[4] 1 POW Pakistani Estimates: 357-500 killed[5][6] (Pakistan troops) 665+ soldiers wounded[5] 8 POW.[7] The Kargil War, also known... According to some Indian sources, Jammu and Kashmir has been the target of a campaign of terrorism propagated against India, Hindus (see Kashmiri Pandits) and Sufis by proponents of Kashmiri independance and anti-Indian insurgents since 1989. ... Military of Pakistan (Urdu: پاک عسکریہ) is the principal defence organization of Pakistan. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... For other uses, see Srinagar (disambiguation). ... View of Leh from Namgyal hill Leh Bazaar prior to 1871 Leh is the capital of the former Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, which is now a district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. ... Batalik is a part of Indian Administered Kashmir which has been the centre of all Indo-Pakistani wars. ... Dras is a major high-elevation town located in the eastern Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ...


Meanwhile, the Indian Navy also readied itself for an attempted blockade of Pakistani ports to cut off supply routes. Later, the then-Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif disclosed that Pakistan was left with just six days of fuel to sustain itself if a full-fledged war had broken out. Many believed that Pakistan would employ a nuclear strike. President Clinton asked for “a full and complete withdrawal without pre-conditions” from Kargil and also warned him that “there could be no quid pro quo, no hint that America was rewarding Pakistan for its aggression, nor for threatening its nuclear arsenal at India. Finding Pakistan isolated internationally Nawaz Sharif requested US President Bill Clinton to stop the Indian counter attack. Washington wanted Pakistan to admit its transgression and withdraw behind the LoC.[3] The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... The Prime Minister of Pakistan, in Urdu وزیر اعظم Wazir-e- Azam meaning Grand Vizier, is the Head of Government of Pakistan. ...


Two months into the conflict, Indian troops had slowly regained virtually all lost territories. Heavy damage was inflicted on Pakistani's army, particularly its Northern light infantry.[4] Following the Washington accord on July 4, where Sharif agreed to withdraw the Pakistan-backed troops, most of the fighting came to a gradual halt. However, some of the militants still holed up did not wish to retreat, and the United Jihad Council - an umbrella for fifteen jihadi groups operating in Kashmir - rejected Nawaz Sharif's plan for a climb-down, instead deciding to fight on.[5] Following this, the Indian army launched its final attacks in the last week of July; as soon as the last of these "Jihadists" in the Drass subsector had been cleared, the fighting ceased on July 26. The day has since been marked as Kargil Vijay Diwas (Victory Day) in India. By the end of the war, India had resumed control of all territory south and east of the Line of Control, as was established in December 1972 as per the Shimla Accord. is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Definition Withdrawing is the act of removing all or part of a military force from combat and moving to a safe location. ... Also known as the Muttahida Jihad Council (MJC), this is a group created in the summer of 1994 by Pakistans Inter Services Intelligence. ... For other uses, see Jihad (disambiguation). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Shimla Accord (named after Shimla) is a treaty signed between India (Prime Minister Indira Gandhi) and Pakistan (Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto) after their 1971 war. ...


Major Exercises

Operation Parakram

Main article: 2001-2002 India-Pakistan standoff
T-72 Ajeya during an exercise. The ERA bricks are visible
T-72 Ajeya during an exercise. The ERA bricks are visible

After the December 13, 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament, Operation Parakram was launched in which tens of thousands of Indian troops were deployed along the Indo-Pakistan border. India blamed Pakistan for backing the attack. The operation was the largest military exercise carried out by any Asian country. Its prime objective is still unclear but appears to have been to prepare the army for any future nuclear conflict with Pakistan, which seemed increasingly possible after the December attack on the Indian parliament. The 2001-2002 India-Pakistan standoff was a military standoff between India and Pakistan that resulted in the amassing of troops on either side of the International Border (IB) and along the Line of Control (LoC) in the region of Kashmir. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 534 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded by Cell105 Source:[1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 534 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Uploaded by Cell105 Source:[1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For the videogame, see T-72: Balkans On Fire!. The T-72 is a Soviet-designed main battle tank that entered production in 1971. ... This article or section should be merged with Reactive armour Explosive Reactive Armour. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Parliament of India is bicameral. ... The Titan II ICBM carried a 9 Mt W53 warhead, making it one of the most powerful nuclear weapons fielded by the United States during the Cold War. ...


Operation Sanghe Shakti

It has since been stated that the main goal of this exercise was to validate mobilisation strategies of the Ambala-based II Strike Corps. Air support was a part of this exercise, and an entire battalion of paratroops was paradropped during the conduct of the war games, with allied equipment. Some 20,000 soldiers took part in the exercise. , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ...


Exercise Ashwamedha

Indian Army tested its network centric warfare capabilities in the exercise Ashwamedha. The exercise was held in the Thar desert, in which 25,000 troops participated.[6]. Asymmetric warfare capability was also tested by the Indian Army during the exercise.[7]


Structure of the Indian Army

Initially, the army's main objective was to defend the nation's frontiers. However, over the years, the army has also taken up the responsibility of providing internal security, especially in insurgent-hit Kashmir and north-east. Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... , Assam  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm [É”xÉ”m]) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ...


The army has a strength of about a million troops and fields 34 divisions. Its headquarters is located in the Indian capital New Delhi and it is under the overall command of the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), currently General Deepak Kapoor. , This article is about the capital city of India. ... The Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS) is the highest post in the Indian Army. ... General Deepak Kapoor is the Chief of Army Staff of India. ...


Commands

The army operates 6 tactical commands and one training command known as ARTRAC. Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Lieutenant General. Each command is directly affiliated to the Army HQ in New Delhi. These commands are given below in their correct order of raising, location (city) and their commanders. Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ...

Command Location GOC-in-C
Southern Command Pune Lt Gen Noble Thamburaj
Eastern Command Kolkata Lt. Gen. V K Singh
Central Command Lucknow Lt. Gen. H S Panag
Western Command Chandimandir (Chandigarh) Lt. Gen. TK Sapru
Northern Command Udhampur Lt. Gen. P K Bhardwaj
ARTRAC Shimla Lt. Gen. J K Mohanty UYSM, SM, VSM
South Western Command Jaipur Lt. Gen. P K Singh

For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... Chandimandir Cantonment is a cantonment located in Panchkula city of India. ... , Chandigarh,  (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states, Punjab and Haryana, and is a union territory of India. ... Udhampur is a sleepy town used more as a transit point between Jammu and Srinagar when travelling by road (National Highway Number 1A). ... , Shimla   (Hindi: शिमला), originally called Simla, is a city in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ...

Corps

Field formation

A Corps is an army field formation responsible for a sector within a Command. There are 3 types of Corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding & Mixed. A Command generally consists of 2 or more Corps. A corps has Army Divisions under its command. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army. This article is about a military unit. ...

Corps Head Quarter Command General Officer Commanding (GOC) Divisions[8]
1 Corps Mathura, Uttar Pradesh Central Command Lt. Gen. P.C. Katoch 4 Inf Div (Allahabad), 6 Mtn Div (Bareilly), 33 Armd Div (Hissar)
2 Corps Ambala, Haryana Western Command Lt. Gen. JP Singh, AVSM 1 Armd Div (Ambala), 14 RAPID (Dehradun), 22 Inf Div (Meerut)
3 Corps Rangapahar (Dimapur), Nagaland Eastern Command Lt. Gen. M S Dadwal 23 Inf Div (Ranchi), 57 Mtn Div (Silchar)
4 Corps Tezpur, Assam Eastern Command Lt. Gen. R K Chhabra 2 Mtn Div (Dibrugarh), 5 Mtn Div (Bombdila), 21 Mtn Div (Rangia)
9 Corps Yol , Himachal Pradesh Western Command Lt. Gen. P K Rampal 26 Inf Div (Jammu), 29 Inf Div (Pathankot), 2,3,16 Ind Armd Bdes
10 Corps Bhatinda, Punjab Western Command Lt. Gen. Narinder Singh Brar, AVSM, VSM 16 Inf Div (Sri Ganganagar), 18 RAPID (Kota), 24 RAPID (Bikaner), 6 Ind Armd Bde
11 Corps Jalandhar, Punjab Western Command Lt. Gen. Shreedharan Shyam Kumar, SM, VSM 7 Inf Div (Ferozepur), 9 Inf Div (Meerut), 15 Inf Div (Amritsar), 23 Armd Bde, 55 Mech Bde
12 Corps Jodhpur, Rajasthan South Western Command 4 Armd Bde, 340 Mech Bde, 11 Inf Div (Ahemdabad), 12 Inf Division (Jodhpur)
14 Corps Leh, Ladakh Northern Command Lt. Gen. Jayanta Kumar Mohanty UYSM, SM, VSM 3 Inf Div (Leh), 8 Mtn Div (Dras),[9] artillery brigade
15 Corps Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir Northern Command Lt. Gen. Amarjeet Singh Sekhon 19 Inf Div (Baramulla), 28 Inf Div (Gurais), artillery brigade
16 Corps Nagrota, Jammu & Kashmir Northern Command Lt Gen RK Karwal 10 Inf Div (Akhnur),[10] 25 Inf Div (Rajouri), 39 Inf Div (Yol), artillery brigade, armoured brigade?
21 Corps(ex IPKF) Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh Southern Command Lt. Gen. Pradeep Khanna 31 Armd Div (Jhansi), 36 RAPID (Sagor), 54 Inf Div (Sikandrabad), arty, AD, eng bdes
33 Corps Siliguri, West Bengal Eastern Command Lt. Gen. C K S Sabu 17 Mtn Div (Gangtok), 20 Mtn Div (Binaguri), 27 Mtn Div (Kalimpong), arty bde

The Indian I Corps is a military field formation of the Indian Army, created since independence in 1947. ... Mathura   (Hindi: मथुरा) is a holy city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... , Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. ... For the town in Hoshiarpur district, see Hariana. ... The British Indian III Corps was the primary ground formation that took part in the Battle of Malaya in 1942. ... , Dimapur (Hindi: दीमापुर) is the main commercial hub and one of the three municipalities in the state of Nagaland, India, the other two being Kohima and Mokokchung. ... , Nagaland   is a hill state located in the far north-eastern part of India. ... The Indian IV Corps has a long history. ... , Tezpur is a city and a municipal board in Sonitpur in the Indian state of Assam. ... , Assam  ) (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm [É”xÉ”m]) is a northeastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a suburb of the city Guwahati. ... Bhatinda is a city in southern Punjab, India. ... This article is about the city in India. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Jodhpur   (जोधपुर), is the second largest city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. ... View of Leh from Namgyal hill Leh Bazaar prior to 1871 Leh is the capital of the former Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, which is now a district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. ... , Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་; Wylie: la-dwags, Ladakhi IPA: , Hindi: लद्दाख़, Hindi IPA: , Urdu: لدّاخ; land of high passes) is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India sandwiched between the Kuen Lun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people... View of Leh from Namgyal hill Leh Bazaar prior to 1871 Leh is the capital of the former Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh, which is now a district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India. ... The 8th Indian Infantry Division is a division of the Indian Army which specialised in tactics and operations in mountainous territory. ... Dras is a major high-elevation town located in the eastern Ladakh region of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... For other uses, see Srinagar (disambiguation). ... Jammu and Kashmir is a historic state in Asia which is currently disputed between India, Pakistan, and to a lesser extent, China. ... , Baramulla is a town in the Baramulla District in the Kashmir valley, about 60 km from the state capital Srinagar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rajouri town, in Rajouri District, Jammu & Kashmir, India. ... Yol (Turkish for The Road or The Way) is a 1982 Turkish film. ... Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military unit peforming a peacekeeping operation that was formed to oversee the peace accord signed between India and Sri Lanka in 1987. ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... , Jhansi   झांसी is a city of Uttar Pradesh state of northern India. ... Sikandrabad is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The Indian XXXIII Corps was part of Fourteenth Army of the British Indian Army during World War II. It is now part of the post-Independence Indian Army. ... , Siliguri   (Bengali: শিলিগুড়ি) is a rapidly developing metropolis in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... , West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Poshchim Bônggo IPA: ) is a state in eastern India. ...

Arms

In addition to this (not to be confused with the Field Corps mentioned above) are the Corps or Arms (Departmental) of the Indian Army. The corps mentioned below are the functional divisions entrusted with specific pan-Army tasks.

Combat and Support Arms
  1. Indian Infantry Regiments
  2. Armoured Corps Regiments - The Armoured Corps School and Centre is at Ahmednagar.
  3. Regiment of Artillery - The School of Artillery is at Devlali near Nasik.
  4. Corps of Engineers - Centers at Bangalore,Roorkee, Pune.
  5. Regiment of Air Defence Artillery - Center at Gopalpur in Orissa State.
  6. Mechanised Infantry - Regimental Center at Ahmednagar.
  7. Corps of Signals
  8. Army Aviation Corps

Services For other uses, see Ahmednagar (disambiguation). ... Devlali is a small hill station town in Nashik district, Maharashtra. ... Nashik or Nasik is a city, and also a district and division, in Indias Maharashtra state. ... The Indian Army Corps of Engineers consists of three major constituents namely Combat Engineers, MES (Military Engineering Service) and Border Roads. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... , Roorkee (Hindi: ) is a town and a municipal board in Haridwar District in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... Gopalpur is a census town in Nadia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... , Orissa   (Oriya: ଓଡ଼ିଶା), is a state situated on the east coast of India. ... For other uses, see Ahmednagar (disambiguation). ...

  1. Army Dental Corps
  2. Army Education Corps - Center at Pachmarhi.
  3. Army Medical Corps - Center at Lucknow.
  4. Army Ordnance Corps - Centers at Jabalpur andSecunderabad.
  5. Army Postal Service Corps
  6. Army Service Corps - Center at Bangalore
  7. Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers- Centers at Bhopal and Secunderabad .
  8. Corps of Military Police [1] - Center at Bangalore
  9. Intelligence Corps - Center at Pune.
  10. Judge Advocate General's Deptt. - Institute of Military Law kamptee,Nagpur.
  11. Military Farms Service
  12. Military Nursing Service
  13. Remount and Veterinary Corps
  14. Pioneer Corps

Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... The United States Army Medical Department (AMEDD) comprises the six medical Special Branches of the Army. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Secunderabad   is twinned with the city of Hyderabad, the latter being the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... , Secunderabad   is twinned with the city of Hyderabad, the latter being the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... Kamthi or Kamptee is located 9 miles north-north-west of Nagpur of the Central Provinces, in the state of Maharastra, India, just below the confluence of the Kanhan with the rivers Pench and Kolar (River); 10 m. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... The Mechanised Infantry Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. ... The Indian Army Corps of Engineers consists of three major constituents namely Combat Engineers, MES (Military Engineering Service) and Border Roads. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Indian_Army. ...

Paramilitary forces of India

These arms comprises a sizable number of Army personnel under deputation. The director generals for these arms reports to the Ministry of Home Affairs, rather than Ministry of Defence except for BRO where the DG reports to Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport and Highways.

Other Field Formations

  • Division: An Army Division is an intermediate between a Corps and a Brigade. It is the largest striking force in the army. Each Division is headed by [General Officer Commanding] (GOC) in the rank of Major General. It usually consists 15,000 combat troops and 8,000 support elements. Currently, the Indian Army has 34 Divisions including 4 Rapid (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 10 Mountain Divisions, 3 Armoured Divisions and 2 Artillery Divisions. Each Division composes of several Brigades.
  • Brigade: The Brigade is smaller than the Division and generally consists of 3 Infantry Battalions along with elements of various Combat & Support Arms & Services. It is headed by a Brigadier equivalent to a Brigadier General. The Indian Army also has 5 Independent Armoured Brigades, 15 Independent Artillery Brigades, 7 Independent Infantry Brigades, 1 Independent Parachute Brigade,3 Independent Air Defence Brigades, 2 Independent Air Defence Groups and 4 Independent Engineer Brigades. These Independent Brigades operate directly under the Corps Commander (GOC Corps).
  • Battalion: A Battalion is commanded by a Colonel and is the Infantry's main fighting unit. It consists of more than 900 personnel.
  • Company: Headed by the Major, a Company comprises 120 soldiers.
  • Platoon: An intermediate between a Company and Section, a Platoon is headed by a Lieutenant or depending on the availability of Commissioned Officers, a Junior Commissioned Officer, with the rank of Subedar or Naib-Subedar. It has a total strength of about 32 troops.
  • Section: Smallest military outfit with a strength of 10 personnel. Commanded by a Non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar or Sergeant.

The Rashtriya Rifles is a counterinsurgency force in India. ... National Security Guards (NSG), is a counter terrorism unit of India, raised by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National Security Guard Act of 1985. ... NSG may stand for: Natation Sportive Geneve National Seminars Group National Service Group, Inc National Street Gazetteer (UK) Navigators Studentenvereniging Groningen Netherlands Research School of Sedimentary Geology Network Services Group Network Support Group Network Systems Group Netzwerk-Service GmbH Niels Steensens Gymnasium Nippon Sheet Glass North Sea Gas Northwest Source... The National Cadet Corps (India) is the Indian military cadet corps. ... Assam Rifles is an Indian paramilitary unit. ... The Border Roads Organisation, also known by its acronym BRO, is run by the Indian army to maintain roads that serve the borders areas. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to twenty thousand soldiers. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brigade is a term from military science which refers to a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Brigadier (IPA pronunciation: ) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols This article is about the military unit. ... For other uses, see Colonel (disambiguation). ... Standard NATO code for a friendly infantry company. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Platoon of the German Bundeswehr. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) This is a group of military ranks found in the now Indian,Pakistani Armies (which was the erstwhile British Indian Army). ... Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) This is a group of military ranks found in the now Indian,Pakistani Armies (which was the erstwhile British Indian Army). ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Havildar was the equivalent rank to Sergeant in the British Indian Army, next above Naik, and is still used in the modern Indian Army and Pakistan Armys. ... For other uses, see Sergeant (disambiguation). ...

Statistics

  • 4 RAPID (Reorganised Army Plains Infantry Divisions)
  • 18 Infantry Divisions
  • 10 Mountain Divisions
  • 3 Armoured Divisions
  • 2 Artillery Divisions
  • 6 Air Defence Brigades + 2 Surface-to-Air Missile Groups
  • 5 Independent Armoured Brigades
  • 15 Independent Artillery Brigades
  • 7 Independent Infantry Brigades
  • 1 Parachute Brigade
  • 4 Engineer Brigades
  • 14 Army Aviation Helicopter Units

Sub-Units

  • 63 Tank Regiments
  • 7 Airborne Battalions
  • 200 Artillery Regiments
  • 360 Infantry Battalions + 5 Para (SF) Battalions
  • 40 Mechanised Infantry Battalions
  • 20 Combat Helicopter Units
  • 35+ Air Defence Regiments

Regiments

Soldiers of the Madras Regiment.

Regiments of the Indian Army: // Brigade of the Guards The Parachute Regiment Mechanised Infantry Regiment Punjab Regiment Madras Regiment The Grenadiers Maratha Light Infantry Rajputana Rifles Rajput Regiment Jat Regiment Sikh Regiment Sikh Light Infantry Dogra Regiment Garhwal Rifles Kumaon Regiment Assam Regiment Bihar Regiment Mahar Regiment Jammu & Kashmir Rifles... Republic Day Military Parade, New Delhi. ... Republic Day Military Parade, New Delhi. ... The Madras Regiment is one of the oldest regiments in the Indian army formed around the middle of 18th century. ...

Infantry Regiments

These are Several battalions or Units under the same formation in a Regiment. The Gurkha Regiment, for instance, has several battalions. All formations under a Regiment are battalions of the same arms or Corps (i.e., Infantry or Engineers). Regiments are not exactly field formations, in sense they mostly do not make a formation, all Regiments of the Gurkha's for instance would not fight together as one formation, but can be dispersed over various Brigades or Corps or even Commands.

See List of regiments of the Indian Army Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Indian_Army. ... Regiments of the Indian Army: // Brigade of the Guards The Parachute Regiment Mechanised Infantry Regiment Punjab Regiment Madras Regiment The Grenadiers Maratha Light Infantry Rajputana Rifles Rajput Regiment Jat Regiment Sikh Regiment Sikh Light Infantry Dogra Regiment Garhwal Rifles Kumaon Regiment Assam Regiment Bihar Regiment Mahar Regiment Jammu & Kashmir Rifles...


Artillery Regiments

Artillery Insignia

Regiment of Artillery History Image File history File links Artillery_Insignia. ... Image File history File links Artillery_Insignia. ...


The Regiment of Artillery constitutes a formidable operational arm of Indian Army. Historically it takes its lineage from Moghul Emperor Babur who is popularly credited with introduction of Artillery in India, in the Battle of Panipat in 1526. However evidence of earlier use of gun by Bahmani Kings in the Battle of Adoni in 1368 and King Mohammed Shah of Gujrat in fifteenth century have been recorded.


Indian Army Staff

Strength

Indian Army statistics
Active Troops 1,300,000
Reserve Troops 1,200,000
Territorial Army 200,000**
Main Battle Tanks 5000+[citation needed]
Artillery 12,800[citation needed]
Ballistic missiles 100+[citation needed]
Cruise missiles Brahmos
Aircraft 10 squadrons of helicopters
Surface-to-air missiles 90000+[citation needed]

* includes 300,000 1st line troops and 500,000 2nd line troops In the United States military active duty refers to military members who are currently serving full time in their military capacity. ... The Military Reserves are an organization that is associated with the military but is not in active duty. ... The Territorial Army (TA) is the principal and Volunteer reserve force of the British Army, the land armed forces branch of the United Kingdom, and composed mostly of part-time soldiers paid at a similar rate, while engaged on military activities, as their Regular equivalents. ... The US M1A1 Abrams tank is a typical modern main battle tank. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile. ... A Taurus KEPD 350 cruise missile of the German Luftwaffe A cruise missile is a guided missile which carries an explosive payload and uses a lifting wing and a propulsion system, usually a jet engine, to allow sustained flight; it is essentially a flying bomb. ... Brahmos redirects here. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... A Squadron is a grouping of aircraft, naval vessels, armoured fighting vehicles or soldiers. ... Akash Missile Firing French Air Force Crotale battery Bendix Rim-8 Talos surface to air missile of the US Navy A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ...


** includes 40,000 1st line troops and 160,000 2nd line troops


Rank Structure

See: Army ranks and insignia of India

The various rank of the Indian Army are listed below in descending order: The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian army. ...


Commissioned Officers

Junior Commissioned Officers (JCOs) Only two Army appointments have been made by the Government of India since independence in 1947. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS) is the highest post in the Indian Army. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Major General or Major-General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Brigadier (IPA pronunciation: ) is a military rank, the meaning of which has a considerable variation. ... For other uses, see Colonel (disambiguation). ... Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grades spelling) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine corps and air forces of the world, typically ranking above a Major and below a Colonel. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... For other uses, see Captain (disambiguation). ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ...

  • Subedar Major/Honorary Captain- Given to Outstanding JCO's Rank and pay of a Captain, role continues to be of a JCO
  • Subedar/Honorary Lieutenant- Given to Outstanding JCO's Rank and pay of a Lieutenant, role continues to be of a JCO
  • Subedar Major
  • Subedar
  • Naib Subedar

Non Commissioned Officers (NCOs) Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ... Subedar-Major is the senior rank of Junior Commissioned Officer in the Indian and Pakistani Armies, and formerly Viceroys Commissioned Officer in the British Indian Army. ... Subedar is a mid-level rank in the Indian Army. ... Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ...


Note:
•1. Junior Commissioned Officers in the rank of Subedar Major, Subedar, Naib Subedar (and equivalent Cavalry ranks) are eligible for Honorary ranks - like Honorary Captains and Honorary Lieutenants.
•2. Non-Commissioned Officers in the rank of Havildar are elible for Honorary JCO ranks.
•3. So far, there have been only two officers conferred the rank: Field Marshal K M Cariappa – the first Indian Commander-in-Chief (a post since abolished) – and Field Marshal S H F J Manekshaw, the Chief of Army Staff during the Army in the 1971 war with Pakistan. (See Field Marshals of India)
Havildar was the equivalent rank to Sergeant in the British Indian Army, next above Naik, and is still used in the modern Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ... Havildar was the equivalent rank to Sergeant in the British Indian Army, next above Naik, and is still used in the modern Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ... Havildar was the equivalent rank to Sergeant in the British Indian Army, next above Naik, and is still used in the modern Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ... Havildar was the equivalent rank to Sergeant in the British Indian Army, next above Naik, and is still used in the modern Indian Army and Pakistan Armys. ... Naik (or Nayak) (Nk) was the equivalent rank to Corporal in the British Indian Army, ranking between Lance Naik and Havildar. ... Lance Naik (L/Nk) was the equivalent rank to Lance Corporal in the British Indian Army, ranking below Naik. ... A sepoy (from Persian سپاهی Sipâhi meaning soldier) was a native of India employed as a soldier in the service of a European power, usually of the United Kingdom. ... Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa OBE (28 January 1899 - 15 May 1993) was the first Indian Chief of Staff and led the Indian forces on the Western Front during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1947. ... Field Marshal Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw, MC, (Sam Bahadur) (born April 3, 1914) is a retired Indian Army officer. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora A. A. K. Niazi Strength 500,000+ troops[citation needed] 400,000+ troops[citation needed] Casualties 3,843 killed[1] 9,851 wounded[1] c. ... Only two Army appointments have been made by the Government of India since independence in 1947. ...


Combat Doctrine

The current combat doctrine of the Indian Army is based on effectively utilizing holding formations and strike formations. In the case of an attack, the holding formations would contain the enemy and strike formations would counterattack to neutralize enemy forces. In the case of an Indian attack, the holding formations would pin enemy forces down whilst the strike formations attack at a point of Indian choosing. The Indian Army is large enough to devote several corps to the strike role. Currently, the army is also looking at enhancing its special forces capabilities. For other uses, see Special forces (disambiguation). ...


Equipment

T-90 MBT.
T-90 MBT.
Main article: Equipment of the Indian Army

Most of the army equipment is imported, but efforts are being made to manufacture indigenous equipment. All Indian Military Firearms guns are manufactured under the umbrella administration of the Ordnance Factory Board, with principal Firearm manufacturing facilities in Ishapore, Cossipore, Kanpur, Jabalpur and Tiruchirapalli. Indian National Small Arms System (INSAS) rifle, which is successfully inducted by Indian Army since 1997 is a product of Ordanance Factory Board, Ishapore. While ammunition is manufactured at Kirkee (Now Khadki) and possibly at Bolangir. Arjun is a Main Battle Tank developed by DRDO (Defence Research and Development) for the Indian Army. ... Image File history File links Indian_Army_T-90. ... Image File history File links Indian_Army_T-90. ... This article is about the Russian tank. ... This is a list of some of the modern & historical equipment used by Indian Army. ...


Aircraft

This is a list of aircraft of the Indian Army. For the list of aircraft of the Indian Air Force, see List of aircraft of the Indian Air Force.

The Indian Army operates more than 200 helicopters, plus additional unmanned aerial vehicles. The Indian Air Force is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... The Indian Air Force, often abbreviated as the IAF, is the worlds fourth largest air force and operates more than 1130 combat and 1700 non-combat aircraft. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... An RQ-2 Pioneer, a reconnaissance UAV used by the US military during the Gulf and Iraq Wars. ...

DRDO Nishant Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
DRDO Nishant Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[11] Notes
HAL Dhruv Flag of India India utility helicopter 36+ To acquire 73 more Dhruv in next 5 years.
Aérospatiale SA 316 Alouette III Flag of France France utility helicopter SA 316B Chetak 60 to be replaced by Dhruv
Aérospatiale SA 315 Lama Flag of France France utility helicopter SA 315B Cheetah 48 to be replaced by Dhruv
DRDO Nishant Flag of India India reconnaissance UAV 1 Delivery of 12 UAV's in 2008.
IAI Searcher II Flag of Israel Israel reconnaissance UAV 100+
IAI Heron II Flag of Israel Israel reconnaissance UAV 50+

The Indian army has projected a requirement for a helicopter that can carry loads of up to 75 kg heights of 23,000 feet (7,000 m) on the Siachen Glacier in Jammu and Kashmir. Flying at these heights poses unique challenges due to the rarefied atmosphere. The Indian Army chose the Eurocopter AS 550 for a $550 million contract for 197 light helicopters to replace its ageing fleet of Chetaks and Cheetahs, some of which were inducted more than three decades ago.[12] The DRDO Nishant is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicles developed by ADE (Aeronautical Development Establishment) a branch of DRDO for the Indian Armed Forces. ... The HAL Dhruv (Sanskrit:Pole Star) is a multi-role advanced helicopter made by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... It has been suggested that IAR 316 be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Aérospatiale Lama is a light mono-engined utility helicopter originally manufactured by Aerospatiale of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The DRDO Nishant is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicles developed by ADE (Aeronautical Development Establishment) a branch of DRDO for the Indian Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... IAI new logo The Avocet ProJet with IAI Logo Israel Aerospace Industries (Hebrew: התעשייה האווירית לישראל) or IAI (תעא) is Israels prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... IAI Heron MALE UAV IAI Heron MALE UAV The Heron or Machatz-1 is an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle developed by the Malat division of Israel Aircraft Industries. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... The Fennec is a single-engined, light-weight, multipurpose helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter. ... It has been suggested that IAR 316 be merged into this article or section. ... The Alouette II is a light helicopter originally manufactured by Sud Aviation and later Aérospatiale of France. ...


Recipients of the Param Vir Chakra

Listed below are the most notable people to have received the Param Vir Chakra, the highest military decoration of the Indian Army. The Param Vir Chakra is an Indian military decoration given for valour in combat operations. ...

Major Som Nath Sharma 4th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment November 3, 1947 Badgam, Kashmir, India
Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane Corps of Engineers April 8, 1948 Naushera, Kashmir, India
Naik Jadu Nath Singh 1st Battalion, Rajput Regiment February 1948 Naushera, Kashmir, India
Company Havildar Major Piru Singh 6th Battalion, Rajputana Rifles July 17/18, 1948 Tithwal, Kashmir, India
Lance Naik Karam Singh 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment October 13, 1948 Tithwal, Kashmir, India
Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria 3rd Battalion, 1st Gorkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment) December 5, 1961 Elizabethville, Katanga, Congo
Major Dhan Singh Thapa 1st Battalion, 8th Gorkha Rifles October 20, 1962 Ladakh, India
Subedar Joginder Singh 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment October 23, 1962 Tongpen La, Northeast Frontier Agency, India
Major Shaitan Singh 13th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment November 18, 1962 Rezang La
Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers September 10, 1965 Chima, Khem Karan Sector
Lieutenant-Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore 17th Poona Horse October 15, 1965 Phillora, Sialkot Sector, Pakistan
Lance Naik Albert Ekka 14th Battalion, Brigade of the Guards December 3, 1971 Gangasagar
2/Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal 17th Poona Horse December 16, 1971 Jarpal, Shakargarh Sector
Major Hoshiar Singh 3rd Battalion, The Grenadiers December 17, 1971 Basantar River, Shakargarh Sector
Naib Subedar Bana Singh 8th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry June 23, 1987 Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir
Major Ramaswamy Parmeshwaran 8th Battalion, Mahar Regiment November 25, 1987 Sri Lanka
Captain Vikram Batra 13th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Rifles July 6, 1999 Point 5140, Point 4875, Kargil Area
Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey 1st Battalion, 11th Gorkha Rifles July 3, 1999 Khaluber/Juber Top, Batalik sector, Kargil area, Jammu and Kashmir
Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav 18th Battalion, The Grenadiers July 4, 1999 Tiger Hill, Kargil area
Rifleman Sanjay Kumar 13th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Rifles July 5, 1999 Area Flat Top, Kargil Area

Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Major Somnath Sharma, PVC. The painting incorrectly depicts him wearing the 1947-48 General Service Medal, which was not instituted till years after his death Major Somnath Sharma, PVC (b. ... The Kumaon Regiment is one of the most decorated regiments of the Indian Army. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Badgam is a town and a notified area committee in Badgam district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... Major Rama Raghoba Rane, PVC Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane, was born on 26 June 1918 at Chendia, Karnataka. ... The Indian Army Corps of Engineers consists of three major constituents namely Combat Engineers, MES (Military Engineering Service) and Border Roads. ... is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Okhali Mohlah is a village and one of the 51 Union Councils (administrative subdivisions) of Khushab District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan[1]. ^ Local Government Elections - Government of Pakistan Categories: | ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Naik (or Nayak) (Nk) was the equivalent rank to Corporal in the British Indian Army, ranking between Lance Naik and Havildar. ... In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, self-sufficiency, physical and moral resilience, orderliness and hard work, fighting tenacity, and above all, a sense of courage and loyalty were the characteristics attributed by the British to the Indian martial races. ... Okhali Mohlah is a village and one of the 51 Union Councils (administrative subdivisions) of Khushab District in the Punjab Province of Pakistan[1]. ^ Local Government Elections - Government of Pakistan Categories: | ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Havildar was the equivalent rank to Sergeant in the British Indian Army, next above Naik, and is still used in the modern Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ... Company Havildar Major Piru Singh was born on 20 May 1918 in Rajasthan. ... The Rajputana Rifles are a regiment of the Indian Army, formerly the 6th Rajputana Rifles when part of the British Indian Army. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... Lance Naik (L/Nk) was the equivalent rank to Lance Corporal in the British Indian Army, ranking below Naik. ... Lance Naik Karam Singh: Param Vir Chakra Recipient Lance Naik Karam Singh, a Sikh, was born on 15 September 1915 in Barnala, Punjab . ... The Sikh Regiment is the highest decorated regiment of the Indian Army, with 72 Battle Honours, 15 Theatre Honours and 5 COAS Unit Citations and 1596 other gallantry awards. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The dark-brown region represents the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir Jammu and Kashmir is the northern-most province of the Republic of India, with Srinagar as its capital and Jammu as its winter-capital. ... For other uses, see Captain (disambiguation). ... Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria, a Sikh was born on 29 November 1935, into a Punjabi family in Gurdaspur, Punjab . ... (Redirected from 1st Gurkha Rifles) The 1st King George Vs Own Gurkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment) was a Regiment of the British Indian Army and was tranferred to the Indian Army upon Indias independence. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Elizabethville is a borough located in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. ... Capital Lubumbashi Created June 1960 Dissolved January 1963 Demonym Katangan Currency Katanga franc Katanga is the southern province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, regional capital Lubumbashi (formerly Elizabethville). ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... It has been suggested that Major_Dhan_Singh_Thapa be merged into this article or section. ... The 8 Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Ladakh (Tibetan script: ལ་དྭགས་; Wylie: la-dwags, Ladakhi IPA: , Hindi: लद्दाख़, Hindi IPA: , Urdu: لدّاخ; land of high passes) is a region in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in Northern India sandwiched between the Kuen Lun mountain range in the north and the main Great Himalayas to the south, inhabited by people... Subedar is a mid-level rank in the Indian Army. ... Subedar Joginder Singh Subedar Joginder Singh (26 September 1921 - 23 October 1962), a Sikh, was born in Faridkot, Punjab was a Subedar in the Indian Army. ... The Sikh Regiment is the highest decorated regiment of the Indian Army, with 72 Battle Honours, 15 Theatre Honours and 5 COAS Unit Citations and 1596 other gallantry awards. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... North Eastern Frontier Agency was one of the British agencies in British India. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Major Shaitan Singh Major Shaitan Singh, was born on December 1, 1942 at Jodhpur in Rajasthan. ... The Kumaon Regiment is one of the most decorated regiments of the Indian Army. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Company Havildar Major Abdul Hamid, PVC Abdul Hamid was the son of Usman. ... This article is about a regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Chima is a town and municipality in the Santander Department in northeastern Colombia. ... Lieutenant Colonel (Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grades spelling) is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies and most marine corps and air forces of the world, typically ranking above a Major and below a Colonel. ... Lieutenant Colonel Ardeshir Burzonji Tarapore was born on August 18th, 1923 at Bombay. ... The Poona Horse is a Indian army Regiment. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Sialkot (Urdu/Punjabi: ), the capital of Sialkot District, is a city situated in the north-east of the Punjab province in Pakistan at the feet of the snow-covered peaks of Kashmir near the Chenab river. ... Lance Naik (L/Nk) was the equivalent rank to Lance Corporal in the British Indian Army, ranking below Naik. ... Albert Ekka,(born 27 December 1942-died 3 December 1971), Zari village, Ranchi district, Jharkhand State, India, was enrolled in the 14 Guards of the Indian army on 27 December 1962. ... The Brigade of the Guards is an Indian infantry regiment, the only regiment of Foot Guards in the Indian Army formed in 1949 as the first mixed Indian regiment. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... 2nd Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal (14 October 1950 - 16 December 1971 born in Pune, Maharashtra joined the 17 Poona Horse of the Indian Army on 13 June 1971. ... The Poona Horse is a Indian army Regiment. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Shakargarh is a city in the north-east of Pakistan in Punjab province. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Category: ... This article is about a regiment of the Indian Army. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Shakargarh is a city in the north-east of Pakistan in Punjab province. ... Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) is a term describing a group of military ranks found in the Indian Army and Pakistan Army. ... Naib Subedar Bana Singh , a Sikh, was born on 6th January 1949 into a Punjabi family, at Kadyal in Jammu and Kashmir. ... The Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains along the disputed India-Pakistan border at approximately . ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Major Ramaswamy Parameswaran, was born on 13 th September 1946, in Bombay, Maharashtra. ... The Mahar Regiment is an Infantry Regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 329th day of the year (330th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... For other uses, see Captain (disambiguation). ... Captain Vikram Batra, PVC Captain Vikram Batra (September 9, 1974 - July 7, 1999) was an officer of the Indian Army, posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, Indias highest award for valour, for his actions during the 1999 Kargil War in Kashmir between India and Pakistan. ... Jammu and Kashmir Rifles The Jammu & Kashmir Rifles is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ... Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey,PVC Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey was the son of Gopi Chand Pandey, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow-Uttar Pradesh, who was awarded the Param Vir Chakra for his courage and leadership during adverse times. ... The 11th Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Batalik is a part of Indian Administered Kashmir which has been the centre of all Indo-Pakistani wars. ... Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... This article is about the area administered by India. ... A Grenadier was originally a specialized assault trooper for siege operations, first established as a distinct role in the early 17th century. ... Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav of the Indian army was awarded the highest Indian military honour, Param Vir Chakra for his actions during the Kargil War on 4 July 1999. ... This article is about a regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... For other uses, see Rifleman (disambiguation). ... Rifleman Sanjay Kumar Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, 13 JAK Rifles, was the leading Scout of a team tasked to capturing Area Flat Top on 04 July 1999 being held by Pakistani-backed militants. ... Jammu and Kashmir Rifles The Jammu & Kashmir Rifles is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Kargil was a part of Gilgit-Baltistan before 1947, but now is a town in the Indian-controlled Kashmir. ... Lieutenant Nawang H. Kapadia Lieutenant Nawang H. Kapadia (15 December, 1975—11 November, 2000), was an Indian Army officer who died fighting Pakistan-based terrorists in the jungles of Rajwar in Kupwara district of Srinagar on 11th November 2000. ... Lance Naik (L/Nk) was the equivalent rank to Lance Corporal in the British Indian Army, ranking below Naik. ... Ahmed Ali was a Pakistani novelist, diplomat and scholar. ... Lieutenant is a military, naval, paramilitary, fire service or police officer rank. ...

In Fiction

  • Nair Saab: A Malayalam movie shot in Jammu and Kashmir starring Mammooty in the lead role as Captain Nair.
  • Major Saab : A Hindi filim starring Amithab Bachhan and Ajay Devagon
  • KEERTHICHAKRA : A Malayalam movie starring Mohanlal and directed by Maj: Ravi

This article is about the area administered by India. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... For other uses, see Captain (disambiguation). ...

Gallery

See also

The military of India, officially known as the Indian armed forces, is the primary military organisation responsible for the territorial security and defense of India. ... A group of native Indian Muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... The Indian National Army (I.N.A) or Azad Hind Fauj was the army of the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (The Provisional Government of Free India ) which fought along with the Japanese 15th Army during the Japanese Campaign in Burma, and in the Battle of Imphal, during the Second... The Territorial Army in India (commonly referred to as TA in India) is based on the British Territorial Army. ...

References

  1. ^ Bharat Rakshak
  2. ^ Indian Army doctrine
  3. ^ Clinton adviser: confusion gripped Islamabad during Kargil crisis
  4. ^ Kargil: where defence met diplomacy - India's then Chief of Army Staff VP Malik, expressing his views on Operation Vijay in an article in The Indian Express.
  5. ^ Pakistan and the Kashmir militants
  6. ^ Indian Army tests network centric warfare capability in Ashwamedh war games
  7. ^ 'Ashwamedha' reinforces importance of foot soldiers
  8. ^ Division and brigade source information from Jane's World Armies, Issue 19, 2006, p.319
  9. ^ Globalsecurity.org, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/india/northcom.htm, accessed December 2007
  10. ^ See also http://orbat.com/site/cimh/divisions/10th%20Division%20orbat%20Chaamb%201971.html
  11. ^ Indian military aviation OrBat
  12. ^ Eurocopter wins big Indian Army deal

The Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (COAS) is the highest post in the Indian Army. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... GlobalSecurity. ...

External links

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Army of India

Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... The Indian Armed Forces is the primary military organization responsible for the territorial security and defence of India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Indian_Army. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_India. ... The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. ... Image File history File links Ensign_of_the_Indian_Air_Force. ... The Indian Air Force is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Indian Coast Guards coat of Arms. ... India has a long military history dating back several millennia. ... The Indian military services have established numerous and distinguished academies and staff colleges across India for the purpose of training professional soldiers in new generation military sciences, warfare command and strategy, and associated technologies. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian army. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian Air Force. ... The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian navy. ... The Special Forces of India are Indian Military units that have a training specializing in special operations. ... Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF), was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. ... On January 6, 2003, the Government of India announced the creation of a new Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) responsible for the management of India’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons. ... The Nuclear Command Authority (NCA) of India is the nodal agency for all command, control and operational decisions regarding Indias nuclear weapon stockpile. ... The Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) is an Indian program for the development of a comprehensive range of missiles, including: the intermediate range Agni missile (Surface to Surface), and short range missiles such as the Prithvi ballistic missile (Surface to Surface), Akash missile (Surface to Air), Trishul missile (Surface... India is believed to possess an arsenal of nuclear weapons and maintains intermediate-range ballistic missiles to deliver them. ... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders General K M Cariappa, Lt Gen S M Shrinagesh, Maj Gen K S Thimayya, Maj Gen Kalwant Singh Maj Gen Akbar Khan Casualties 1,104 killed[1](Indian army) 684 KIA(State Forces)[2] [3] 3,152 wounded [1] 1,500 killed[4] (Pakistan army) The... Combatants India Pakistan Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri Harbakhsh Singh Ayub Khan Musa Khan Casualties 3,264 killed[1] 8,623 wounded[1] (From July to ceasefire) 3,800 killed[2] (September 6 - 22) 4,000 - 8,000 killed/ captured[3][4][5] (July to September 6) The Indo-Pakistani War... Belligerents India Pakistan Commanders Sam Manekshaw J.S. Aurora G.G Bewoor K. P. Candeth Gul Hassan Khan Abdul Hamid Khan Tikka Khan A. A. K. Niazi # Strength 500,000+ troops 100,000 Mukti BahiniRebels 400,000+ troops Casualties and losses 3,843 killed[1] 9,851 wounded[1] Unknown... Combatants Union of India State of Hyderabad Commanders Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri S.A. El Edroos #, Qasim Razvi # Strength 35,000 Indian Armed Forces 40,000 Hyderabad State Forces est. ... Combatants China India Commanders Zhang Guohua[4] Brij Mohan Kaul Strength 80,000[5][6] Casualties Killed 1,460 (Chinese sources)[7] None captured[8][9][10][11] Wounded 1,697[7] Killed 3,128 (Indian sources)[12] Captured 3,968[2] Wounded 548[13] The Sino-Indian War (Simplified... Combatants Peoples Republic of China India Commanders Unknown K.B. Joshi The 1967 Sino-Indian skirmish also known as the Chola incident, was a day-long battle between Indian troops and members of the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army in Sikkim. ... Combatants India Pakistan Casualties 1344 [2]  : Main article: Siachen Glacier Main article: Siachen Glacier The Siachen Conflict, sometimes referred to as The Siachen War is the name for the military conflict between the armies of India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. ... Combatants Peoples Republic of China India Commanders Unknown Unknown The 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish occurred at Sumdorong Chu Valley. ... An Indian Air Force Ilyushin Il-76 transport aircraft that was used to paradrop Indian troops in Male. ... Combatants  India  Pakistan, Kashmiri secessionists, Islamic militants (Foreign Fighters) Strength 30,000 5,000 Casualties Indian Official Figures: 527 killed,[1][2][3] 1,363 wounded[4] 1 POW Pakistani Estimates: 357-500 killed[5][6] (Pakistan troops) 665+ soldiers wounded[5] 8 POW.[7] The Kargil War, also known...


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Indian Army (1084 words)
The army is headquartered in New Delhi and is under the direction of the chief of the army staff, always a full general.
The chief of the army staff is assisted by a vice chief, two deputy chiefs, a military secretary, and the heads of four main staff divisions: the adjutant general, the quartermaster general, the master general of ordnance, and the engineer in chief.
The Indian army has five tactical area commands: the Northern Command headquartered at Udhampur in Jammu and Kashmir, the Western Command headquartered at Chandimandir in Chandigarh, the Central Command headquartered at Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh, the Eastern Command headquartered at Calcutta, and the Southern Command headquartered at Pune in Maharashtra (see fig.
Indian Army | Definition | Information | Explanation | Review | WikiCity.com - Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia, Free ... (701 words)
The Indian Army was formed after the Indian Mutiny in 1857 by the British.
Particularly notable contributions of the Indian Army during that conflict were in the campaigns in Africa, the Middle East, Italy and Burma.
The highest rank in the Indian Army is the Field Marshal, who is only appointed by the Prime Minister in case of a war.
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