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Encyclopedia > Indian Airlines Flight 814
Indian Airlines Flight 814
Summary
Date   December 24, 1999
Type   Hijacking
Site   Hijacked between Kathmandu and Delhi, landed at Amritsar, Lahore, Dubai and Kandahar
Fatalities   1
Aircraft
Aircraft type   Airbus A300B2
Operator   Indian Airlines
Tail number   VT-EDW
Passengers   174
Crew   15
Survivors   188

Indian Airlines Flight 814 (abbreviated IC-814) was a flight that flew from Kathmandu, Nepal's Tribhuvan International Airport to Delhi, India's Indira Gandhi International Airport. It was hijacked on Christmas Eve, Friday, December 24, 1999, shortly after the aircraft entered Indian airspace at about 5:30 p.m. Indian Standard Time by five Pakistani nationals. The hijackers stabbed to death 25-year-old Rupin Katyal. Ultimately, the plane landed in Afghanistan, where the hijackers agreed to release their hostages in exchange for the release of three Muslim extremists. December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं, Nepal Bhasa:यें) is the capital city of Nepal and it is also the largest city in Nepal. ... This article is about the metropolis of Delhi. ... Amritsar (Punjabi: ), meaning Pool of the Nectar of Immortality, is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... Lahore (Urdu: لاہور) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the Gardens of the Mughals, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... Coordinates: Emirate Dubai Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area    - City 4,114 km² Population    - City (2006) 1,241,000[1]  - Density 293. ... For the 2001 movie by Mohsen Makhmalbaf, see Kandahar (film). ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range, wide-body family of aircraft manufactured by Airbus Industries between 1972 and the present. ... New A319 OF Indian Airlines rebranded as Indian Indian Airlines (Hindi: इंडियन एयरलाइन्स) is Indias state owned primarily domestic airline, under the federal Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and based in New Delhi. ... New A319 OF Indian Airlines rebranded as Indian Indian Airlines (Hindi: इंडियन एयरलाइन्स) is Indias state owned primarily domestic airline, under the federal Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and based in New Delhi. ... Kathmandu (Nepali: काठमाडौं, Nepal Bhasa:यें) is the capital city of Nepal and it is also the largest city in Nepal. ... Tribhuvan International Airport (IATA: KTM, ICAO: VNKT) is an International airport situated in Kathmandu, Nepal. ... This article is about the metropolis of Delhi. ... Indira Gandhi International (IGI) Airport (IATA: DEL, ICAO: VIDP), located in the city of Delhi, India is one of Indias main domestic and international gateways. ... Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... The Christmas Eve (1904-05), watercolor painting by the Swedish painter Carl Larsson (1853-1919) Christmas Eve, December 24, the day before Christmas Day, is treated to a greater or a lesser extent in most Christian societies as part of the Christmas festivities. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ...

Contents

The hijack

The Indian Airlines (now renamed as 'Indian') flight 814 (VT-EDW) was hijacked on the eve of Christmas on Friday, December 24, 1999, shortly after the aircraft entered Indian airspace at about 5:30 p.m. Indian Standard Time. The identities of the hijackers were[1] New A319 OF Indian Airlines rebranded as Indian Indian Airlines (Hindi: इंडियन एयरलाइन्स) is Indias state owned primarily domestic airline, under the federal Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and based in New Delhi. ... The Christmas Eve (1904-05), watercolor painting by the Swedish painter Carl Larsson (1853-1919) Christmas Eve, December 24, the day before Christmas Day, is treated to a greater or a lesser extent in most Christian societies as part of the Christmas festivities. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (359th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ...

  1. Ibrahim Athar from Bahawalpur, Pakistan
  2. Shahid Akhtar Sayed from Gulshan Iqbal, Karachi, Pakistan
  3. Sunny Ahmed Qazi from Defence Area, Karachi, Pakistan
  4. Mistri Zahoor Ibrahim from Akhtar Colony, Karachi, Pakistan
  5. Shakir from Sukkur City

Anil Sharma, senior flight steward on IC-814, later recalled that a masked, bespectacled man threatened to blow up the plane with a bomb and ordered Captain Devi Sharan to "fly West"[1]. The hijackers wanted Captain Sharan to divert the aircraft over Lucknow and head towards Lahore, but Pakistani authorities quickly refused permission as they were wary of being linked with the terrorists. Also, the fuel was not sufficient. Captain Sharan told the hijackers that they have to land in Amritsar, India[1]. Bahawalpur (also Bhawalpur, Bhawulpore) (Urdu: بہاولپور ) is a city of (1998 pop. ... Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the City of Quaid (شہرِ قائد), after Muhammad Ali Jinnah the founder of Pakistan. ... Akhtar Colony is one of the neighborhoods of Jamshed Town in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... M. H. Shakir Zaid Shakir This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... now. ... Lahore (Urdu: لاہور) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the Gardens of the Mughals, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... Amritsar (Punjabi: ), meaning Pool of the Nectar of Immortality, is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ...


Initial landings at Amritsar, Lahore and Dubai

After landing at Amritsar, the flight crew were hoping that they will get some assistance and the hijacking will end. They asked for a sniper or a sharpshooter to go along with the browser and shoot at the tyres to disable the aircraft[1]. But, for unknown reasons that could't happen. The local forces at Amritsar were told to wait for the National Security Guards. Lahore (Urdu: لاہور) is the capital of the province of Punjab, and the second most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the Gardens of the Mughals, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire. ... Coordinates: Emirate Dubai Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area    - City 4,114 km² Population    - City (2006) 1,241,000[1]  - Density 293. ... National Security Guards (NSG), is a counter terrorism unit of India, raised by the Cabinet Secretariat under the National Security Guard Act of 1985. ...


The hijackers asked for the plane to be refueled, the Indian Government agreed as it would have given it some time to formulate some strategy. But as the refueling was deliberately delayed by the Indian Government[1], after waiting for over 25 minutes, the hijackers became suspicious and ordered the captain to fly the plane to Pakistan. When the captain didn't comply, they threatened to kill all the passengers. They stabbed 25-year Mr. Rupin Katyal in his chest a number of times. Rupin Katyal was returning from his honeymoon with his wife Rachna Katyal. At this stage, a helpless Captain Sharan realized that there was no action from ATC, the Indian Government or the security forces; "the browser was not coming in front of the aeroplane and nothing was happening"[1]. He decided to fly to Lahore without refuelling. A honeymoon is the traditional trip taken by newlyweds to celebrate their marriage. ...


As the plane was running very low of fuel, on Indian government's request, Pakistan allowed the plane to be landed and refueled. However, the Pakistani officials refused the pilots request for medical care for the injured passengers. Three hours after landing, the plane took off towards Afghanistan but as none of the airports were equipped for night landings, it was diverted to the military base Al Minhat in the United Arab Emirates. During this flight, Mr. Rupin Katyal passed away. After landing, the hijackers were asked to release women and children in exchange for some more fuel, food and water. Some 25 passengers were released along with the body of Mr. Rupin Katyal.


Captain Sharan later recalled that there were "a lot of different kinds of weapons, different colours of hand grenades" in the cockpit and "the pedestal was full of bullets."[1]


In the early hours of Christmas morning, the battered and hijacked plane flew again with a tired crew to Kandahar, Afghanistan. For the 2001 movie by Mohsen Makhmalbaf, see Kandahar (film). ...


Kandahar

The Taliban authorities did not cooperate with the Indian authorities to secure a release of the hostages by disallowing Indian commandos to storm the plane. They refused the request to let Afghan commandos storm the plane, as well. Flag flown by the Taliban. ...


The Taliban encircled the plane with tanks and heavily armed militia. Negotiations opened up between the Indian government and the hijackers. The government accepted [2] to release the following terrorists in exchange for the release of the passengers and crew of the flight IC 814. Flag flown by the Taliban. ...

The erstwhile Indian foreign minister Jaswant Singh had personally gone to Kandahar to take charge of the situation there. Maulana Masood Azhar is a former clergyman from Bahawalpur, Pakistan. ... Mushtaq Ahmed Zargar the third Islamic terrorist released as a result of the hijacking of an Indian Airlines Flight 814, is the leader of Al-Umar Mujahideen, an Islamist terrorist group, demanding the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmirs accession to Pakistan. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Jaswant Singh (left) with Donald Rumsfeld Jaswant Singh (born January 3, 1938) is an Indian politician. ... For the 2001 movie by Mohsen Makhmalbaf, see Kandahar (film). ...


Release of the hostages and crew

After negotiations between the India government, and the hijackers, the remaining hostages were freed. On December 31, 1999, the freed hostages of the Indian Airlines Flight 814 were flown back to India on a special plane. The hijackers disappeared into Pakistan in their vehicle before releasing a Taliban official they had taken hostage. The Government of India (Hindi: Bharat Sarkar), officially referred to as the Union Government, and commonly as Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of a federal union of 28 states and 7 union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Flag flown by the Taliban. ...


In popular culture

The Hindi movie Zameen is a Bollywood adaptation of the Flight IC 814 hijacking. In the movie, a flight by Indian Airways is hijacked to Pakistan-administered Kashmir by terrorists. Hindi (हिन्दी or हिंदी in Devanagari; pronunciation: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and... In Bollywood, Zameen is the title of a movie. ... Movie poster for one of Bollywoods most popular films—Sholay (1975) Bollywood (Hindi: बॉलीवुड, Urdu: بالیوڈ) is the informal name given to the popular Mumbai-based Hindi language film industry in India. ... Shown in green is the Kashmiri region under Pakistani control. ...


See also

173 Hours In Captivity: The Hijacking of IC 814 is a 2000 book (ISBN 817223394X) written by Neelesh Misra, a New Delhi-based correspondent of the Associated Press. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f How Govt lost the IC-814 hijack deal (2006-09-07). Retrieved on 2006-09-07.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Indian Airlines Flight 814 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (844 words)
Indian Airlines Flight 814 (abbreviated IC-814) was a flight that flew from Kathmandu, Nepal's Tribhuvan International Airport to Delhi, India's Indira Gandhi International Airport.
The Indian Airlines (now renamed as 'Indian') flight 814 (VT-EDW) was hijacked on the eve of Christmas on Friday, December 24, 1999, shortly after the aircraft entered Indian airspace at about 5:30 p.m.
On December 31, 1999, the freed hostages of the Indian Airlines Flight 814 were flown back to India on a special plane.
Suo Moto Statement by the Minister of External Affairs (2010 words)
Indian Airlines Flight IC-814, Kathmandu-Delhi, of December 24th, was hijacked at around 1653 hours Indian Standard Time.
As Indian Airlines flight IC-814 had originated in Kathmandu and the plane had landed at Lahore and Dubai before reaching Kandahar, it would be appropriate to make a reference to the approaches of Nepal, Pakistan and the UAE towards this incident.
Immediate contacts were established on the ATC channel, and between the Indian High Commission in Islamabad and the Taliban Mission in that city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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