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Encyclopedia > Independent Subway System
The sections of the IND and the date each was opened.
The sections of the IND and the date each was opened.

The Independent Subway System (IND or ISS), formerly known as the Independent City-Owned Subway System (ICOS) or the Independent City-Owned Rapid Transit Railroad was a rapid transit rail system in New York City that is now part of the New York City Subway. It was first constructed as the "Eighth Avenue Line" in Manhattan in 1932. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2447x3606, 202 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Independent Subway System ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2447x3606, 202 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Independent Subway System ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... The New York City Subway system, a large rapid transit system operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City, is one of the most extensive public transportation systems in the world. ... A 1941 view of a sign for the Eighth Avenue Subway The Eighth Avenue Line is the original rapid transit line of the Independent Subway System (IND), now run by the New York City Transit Authority as part of the New York City Subway system. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ...


One of three rail networks that became part of the modern New York City subway, the IND was intended to be fully owned and operated by the municipal government, in contrast to the privately-operated or jointly-funded Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) and Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation (BMT) companies. It was merged with these two networks in 1940. The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ...


The original IND service lines are the modern subway's A through G lines. In addition, the BMT's R now runs partly on IND trackage, and the Rockaway Park Shuttle (S) and V supplement the A and F, respectively. For operational purposes, the IND and BMT lines are referred to jointly as the "B" Division. The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway, and it is the only full line (excluding the Franklin Avenue and Rockaway shuttles) that does not provide service to Manhattan. ... Current and former R services The R Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The S-Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle train service in Queens, New York on the New York City Subway. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ...

Contents


Nomenclature

Initially it was known as the Independent City-Owned Subway System (ICOS), Independent Subway System (ISS), or Independent City-Owned Rapid Transit Railroad. It became known as the IND after unification of the subway lines in 1940; the name IND was assigned to match the three-letter initialisms of the IRT and BMT. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ...


The first IND line was the Eighth Avenue Line in Manhattan, opened on September 10, 1932; for a while the whole system was colloquially known as the Eighth Avenue Subway. The original IND system was entirely underground in the four boroughs that it served, with the exception of a short section of the IND Culver Line containing two stations spanning the Gowanus Canal in the Gowanus section of Brooklyn. A 1941 view of a sign for the Eighth Avenue Subway The Eighth Avenue Line is the original rapid transit line of the Independent Subway System (IND), now run by the New York City Transit Authority as part of the New York City Subway system. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... September 10 is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The IND Culver Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway, extending from the Rutgers Street Tunnel under the East River to the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue (which continues to Coney Island). ... An aerial view of the canal and the crossings of it. ... Gowanus is a neighborhood in Brooklyn, New York, USA, situated roughly between Red Hook and Carroll Gardens on the west and Park Slope on the East. ...


History

In the early 1920s, Mayor John Hylan proposed a complex series of city-owned and operated rapid transit lines to compete with the BMT and IRT, especially their elevated lines. The New York City Transit Commission was formed in 1921 to develop a plan to reduce overcrowding on the subways. Construction was planned for three phases: In Phase I, today's IND was built. It included: It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social issues of the 1920s. ... John Francis Hylan (April 20, 1868–January 12, 1936), nicknamed Red Mike, was the Mayor of New York City from 1918 to 1925. ...

Phase I was completely built. All but a short portion of the Culver Line (over the Gowanus Canal) are underground. Eighth Avenue is a north-south avenue on the West Side of Manhattan in New York City, carrying northbound traffic. ... Sixth Avenue looking south from 18th Street Sixth Avenue is a major avenue in New York Citys borough of Manhattan. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... A map of New York City, highlighting Brooklyn. ... Queens Borough in New York City, in yellow Queens is the largest in area and second most populous of the five boroughs of New York City. ... Queens Boulevard is a major thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Queens. ... 179th Street (commonly known as Jamaica–179th Street) is a subway station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. ... The Grand Boulevard and Concourse (almost universally referred to as the Grand Concourse) is likely the most famous street in the borough of the Bronx in New York City. ... The Bronx is the northernmost of the five Boroughs of New York City in the United States. ... Saint Nicholas Avenue is a major New York City street. ... An aerial view of the canal and the crossings of it. ...


Opening and progress through 1933

On September 10, 1932, the Eighth Avenue Line opened from 207th Street to Chambers Street, inaugurating the IND. In February 1933 the Cranberry Street Tunnel opened, along with the Eighth Avenue Line from Chambers Street to Jay Street–Borough Hall. On the northern end of the construction, in the Bronx, the connecting Concourse Line opened on July 1, 1933 from 205th Street to 145th Street. Inwood–207th Street (commonly known as 207th Street and formerly as Washington Heights–207th Street) is the northern terminal of the New York City Subways IND Eighth Avenue Line and the A service; it is located at 207th Street and Broadway in the Manhattan neighborhood of Inwood, near Inwood... Chambers Street is a 2 track center island platform station. ... The Cranberry Street Tunnel carries the A and C lines of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan, New York and Brooklyn, New York. ... Chambers Street is a 2 track center island platform station. ... Jay Street–Borough Hall is a subway station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the A, C, and F trains. ... The Concourse Line is a subway branch line of the New York City Subway system, extending from 205th Street in the Norwood section of the Bronx to join with the Eighth Avenue Line at 145th Street in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan. ... Seven tracks on two levels. ...


The following month, the Queens Boulevard Line opened from Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights to the lower level of 50th Street on the Eighth Avenue Line, connecting the Queens and Manhattan lines. In Queens, the Crosstown Line opened from Queens Plaza to Nassau Avenue. The Queens Boulevard Line is a fully underground line of the New York City Subway, as part of the IND division. ... The Roosevelt Avenue–Jackson Heights is an express station on the New York City Subways IND Queens Boulevard Line. ... 50th Street is a subway station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. ... The Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway. ... Queens Plaza is a renovated express station on the New York City Subways IND Queens Boulevard Line. ... Nassau Avenue is a station on the New York City Subways IND Crosstown Line. ...


Finally, on October 7, 1933, the Culver Line opened from Jay Street to Church Avenue. Church Avenue Station is located in the Kensington neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York. ...


Second Manhattan trunk line, 1936-1937

On January 1, 1936, the Sixth Avenue Line opened from West Fourth Street (where it splits from the Eighth Avenue Line) to East Broadway. The Sixth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway system, running mostly under Sixth Avenue in Manhattan. ... West Fourth Street–Washington Square is a station of the New York City Subway, located at West Fourth Street and Sixth Avenue in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. ... East Broadway is a station on the IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. ...


On April 9, 1936 the Fulton Street Line opened from Court Street to Rockaway Avenue, along with connecting tracks from Jay Street. The Sixth Avenue Line and Rutgers Street Tunnel opened from East Broadway to Jay Street. Fulton St. ... The New York Transit Museum is a museum located in an unused New York City Subway station in Brooklyn (Court Street) which displays historical artifacts of the New York Subway and bus systems. ... Rockaway Avenue is a station on the IND Fulton Street Line of the New York City Subway. ... Jay Street–Borough Hall is a subway station on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and IND Sixth Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, served by the A, C, and F trains. ... The Rutgers Street Tunnel carries the F line of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan, New York and Brooklyn, New York. ...


On December 31, 1936, the Queens Boulevard Line was extended from Roosevelt Avenue to Union Turnpike. In 1937, it was extended again to 169th Street. Union Turnpike–Kew Gardens is a four-track express station serving the F (IND Sixth Avenue Line) and E (IND Eighth Avenue Line). ... 169th Street, opened April 24, 1937, is a local station whose full length mezzanine has two fare control areas, each having four street stairs. ...


On July 1, 1937, the Crosstown Line opened from Nassau Avenue to Bergen Street. The Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway. ... Nassau Avenue is a station on the New York City Subways IND Crosstown Line. ... Bergen Street is a station of the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway. ...


Second system

Phase II of the IND was first introduced in 1929. It would have added over 100 miles of new routes in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx. It was claimed that this "Second System," combined with the existing IRT, BMT, and IND lines and those under construction, would provide subway service within a half mile of anyone's doorstep. Pricing—excluding acquisition and equipment costs—was estimated at US$438 million; the entire first phase had only cost $338 million (including acquisition and equipment costs). Not long after these plans were unveiled, the Wall Street Crash of 1929 occurred and the Great Depression was ushered in. The plans essentially became history overnight. Various forms of the Second System resurfaced in 1931, 1939, 1940, 1968, and 1972 but were never realised. This was the time when the IND had planned widespread elevated construction. This article is about general United States currency. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 (although it effects were not fully felt until late in 1930) and lasting through most of the 1930s. ...


The Second Avenue Line, one of the main parts of the plan, is still under consideration. Proposed route of the Second Avenue Subway T Line and Q extension The Second Avenue Line, usually called the Second Avenue Subway (SAS), refers to a series of public works projects and engineering studies undertaken to construct a subway underneath Second Avenue in New York Citys borough of Manhattan. ...


1940 Unification

On December 15, 1940, the unbroken local tracks of the Sixth Avenue Line opened from its connection to the Eighth Avenue Line at 59th Street to West Fourth Street-Washington Square, along with the express tracks north of 34th Street-Herald Square. West Fourth Street–Washington Square is a station of the New York City Subway, located at West Fourth Street and Sixth Avenue in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. ... 34th Street-Herald Square station is located at 34th Street, Broadway and Sixth Avenue, at Herald Square. ...

  • December 30, 1946?: The Fulton Street Line opens from Rockaway Avenue to Broadway-East New York.
  • June 1, 1946: The Fulton Street Line spur to Court Street closes.
  • November 28, 1948: The Fulton Street Line opens from Broadway-East New York to Euclid Avenue.
  • December 11, 1950: The Queens Boulevard Line opens from Jamaica-179th Street to 169th Street.
  • October 30, 1954: The Culver Line is extended to the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue, and IND trains operate over the BMT Culver Line to Coney Island-Stillwell Avenue.
  • April 29, 1956: The ex-BMT Liberty Avenue Elevated is connected to and becomes part of the Fulton Street Line, extending the Fulton Street Line from Euclid Avenue to Lefferts Boulevard.
  • July 1, 1968: The 63rd Street Line opens from 47th-50th Streets-Rockefeller Center to 57th Street. The Sixth Avenue Line express tracks open from 34th Street-Herald Square to West Fourth Street-Washington Square. The Chrystie Street Connection opens.
  • December 11, 1988: The Archer Avenue Line opens from Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer to Briarwood-Van Wyck Boulevard.
  • October 29, 1989: The 63rd Street Line opens from 57th Street to 21st Street-Queensbridge, including the 63rd Street Tunnel.
  • December 16, 2001: The 63rd Street Line opens from 21st Street-Queensbridge to its merge with the Queens Boulevard Line.

In the 1950s, the IND was extended over two pieces of elevated line that were disconnected from the original BMT system: the BMT Culver Line in 1954, and the Liberty Avenue extension of the BMT Fulton Street Line in 1956. The IND had surface running to and across Jamaica Bay, along with elevated tracks on the viaduct on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, the same year. The Queens additions occurred when a sizable portion of the Long Island Rail Road was added to the division. December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The New York Transit Museum is a museum located in an unused New York City Subway station in Brooklyn (Court Street) which displays historical artifacts of the New York Subway and bus systems. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Express station, four tracks and two island platforms. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 179th Street (commonly known as Jamaica–179th Street) is a subway station on the IND Queens Boulevard Line of the New York City Subway. ... 169th Street, opened April 24, 1937, is a local station whose full length mezzanine has two fare control areas, each having four street stairs. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... Ditmas Avenue opened July 16, 1919, is a local station containing three tracks and two side platforms, but the Coney Island bound platform used to be an island platform and there was another track, used by the Culver Shuttle (see next paragraph for details). ... The track configuration around Stillwell Avenue Stillwell Avenue station, also known as Coney Island Terminal or Stillwell Avenue-Coney Island station, at Coney Island, Brooklyn, New York City, is the worlds largest single rapid transit terminal facility. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... The Kings County Elevated Railway Company (KCERy) was a builder and operator of elevated railway lines in Kings County, New York, now coextensive with the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Express station, four tracks and two island platforms. ... Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard is one of the two southern terminals for the New York City Subways A train. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 47th-50th Streets—Rockefeller Center is an express station with an unusual track arrangment. ... 57th Street, sometimes referred as 57th Street-Sixth Avenue, was one of two stations added during the Chrystie Street Connection (the other being Grand Street). ... 34th Street-Herald Square station is located at 34th Street, Broadway and Sixth Avenue, at Herald Square. ... West Fourth Street–Washington Square is a station of the New York City Subway, located at West Fourth Street and Sixth Avenue in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jamaica Center–Parsons/Archer is the northern terminal station on the IND Archer Avenue Line and BMT Archer Avenue Line of the New York City Subway, located at Parsons Boulevard and Archer Avenue in Jamaica, Queens. ... The Briarwood-Van Wyck Boulevard station is a typical station for the IND Queens Boulevard Line. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 57th Street, sometimes referred as 57th Street-Sixth Avenue, was one of two stations added during the Chrystie Street Connection (the other being Grand Street). ... 21st Street-Queensbridge is the former terminal station for trains on the 63rd Street Line until the connection to the Queens Boulevard Line opened in December 2001. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 21st Street-Queensbridge is the former terminal station for trains on the 63rd Street Line until the connection to the Queens Boulevard Line opened in December 2001. ... The BMT Culver Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway, running from Coney Island through Gravesend to Ditmas Avenue, where it becomes the IND Culver Line. ... The Kings County Elevated Railway Company (KCERy) was a builder and operator of elevated railway lines in Kings County, New York, now coextensive with the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... Rockaway is the name of a peninsula of Long Island, most of which is located within the borough of Queens in New York City; the peninsulas easternmost section forms the town of East Rockaway, in suburban Nassau County. ... The Long Island Rail Road or LIRR (often referred to as the L-I-double-R) is a railroad that serves the length of Long Island, New York. ...


The IND as built

The Bronx and Manhattan

  • Concourse Line under the Grand Boulevard and Concourse from 206th Street south to 161st Street, then west into Manhattan and south to the Eighth Avenue Line - parallel to the IRT Jerome Avenue Line
  • Eighth Avenue Line from 207th Street, south roughly under Broadway, and then under Saint Nicholas Avenue, Eighth Avenue, Greenwich Avenue, Sixth Avenue (with a junction with the Sixth Avenue Line and Houston Street Line), Church Street and Fulton Street to the Cranberry Street Tunnel to Brooklyn - parallel to the IRT Ninth Avenue Elevated
  • Sixth Avenue Line from a split from the Eighth Avenue Line at 53rd Street, two blocks east to Sixth Avenue, then south under Sixth Avenue to a junction with the Eighth Avenue Line north of Houston Street, then east under Houston Street and south under Essex Street and Rutgers Street to the Rutgers Street Tunnel to Brooklyn - parallel to the IRT Sixth Avenue Elevated
  • Queens Boulevard Line from the 53rd Street Tunnel from Queens, west under 53rd Street past a junction with the Sixth Avenue Line to merge with the Eighth Avenue Line - partly parallel to the IRT Sixth Avenue Elevated connection to the IRT Ninth Avenue Elevated along 53rd Street

The Concourse Line is a subway branch line of the New York City Subway system, extending from 205th Street in the Norwood section of the Bronx to join with the Eighth Avenue Line at 145th Street in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan. ... The Grand Boulevard and Concourse (almost universally referred to as the Grand Concourse) is likely the most famous street in the borough of the Bronx in New York City. ... Stations 139th Street-Grand Concourse 149th Street-Grand Councourse 161st Street-Yankee Stadium 167th Street 170th Street Mt. ... A 1941 view of a sign for the Eighth Avenue Subway The Eighth Avenue Line is the original rapid transit line of the Independent Subway System (IND), now run by the New York City Transit Authority as part of the New York City Subway system. ... The IRT Ninth Avenue Line, often called the Ninth Avenue Elevated, was the first elevated railway in New York City, first opened in 1868 as the West Side and Yonkers Patent Railway, a cable-hauled line. ... The Sixth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway system, running mostly under Sixth Avenue in Manhattan. ... , John French Sloan, 1928. ... The Queens Boulevard Line is a fully underground line of the New York City Subway, as part of the IND division. ... , John French Sloan, 1928. ... The IRT Ninth Avenue Line, often called the Ninth Avenue Elevated, was the first elevated railway in New York City, first opened in 1868 as the West Side and Yonkers Patent Railway, a cable-hauled line. ...

East River Crossings

The 53rd Street Tunnel carries the E and V lines of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan, New York and Queens, New York. ... The Rutgers Street Tunnel carries the F line of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan, New York and Brooklyn, New York. ... The Cranberry Street Tunnel carries the A and C lines of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan, New York and Brooklyn, New York. ...

Brooklyn and Queens

  • Queens Boulevard Line from 179th Street, west under Hillside Avenue, Queens Boulevard, Broadway, Northern Boulevard and 44th Drive to the 53rd Street Tunnel to Manhattan
  • Crosstown Line from the Queens Boulevard Line at Queens Plaza, south under Jackson Avenue, Manhattan Avenue, Union Avenue, Marcy Avenue and Lafayette Avenue, coming into the middle of the Fulton Street Line and connecting south into the Culver Line - parallel to the BMT Crosstown Streetcar Line
  • Culver Line (originally the Smith Street Line, later the Coney Island Line) from the Rutgers Street Tunnel, south under Jay Street and Smith Street, coming to the surface and turning east over the Gowanus Canal at Ninth Street, then back underground, under Ninth Street, Prospect Park West, Prospect Avenue, Fort Hamilton Parkway and Mcdonald Avenue, ending at Church Street (later extended south along the BMT Culver Line)
  • Fulton Street Line from Court Street (now the New York Transit Museum) and the Cranberry Street Tunnel east under Fulton Street to Rockaway Avenue (later extended east along the BMT Liberty Avenue Elevated) - parallel to the BMT Fulton Street Elevated

The following extra extensions and connections were built after consolidation in 1940: The Queens Boulevard Line is a fully underground line of the New York City Subway, as part of the IND division. ... The Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway. ... The IND Culver Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway, extending from the Rutgers Street Tunnel under the East River to the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue (which continues to Coney Island). ... An aerial view of the canal and the crossings of it. ... Fulton St. ... The New York Transit Museum is a museum located in an unused New York City Subway station in Brooklyn (Court Street) which displays historical artifacts of the New York Subway and bus systems. ... The Kings County Elevated Railway Company (KCERy) was a builder and operator of elevated railway lines in Kings County, New York, now coextensive with the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... The Kings County Elevated Railway Company (KCERy) was a builder and operator of elevated railway lines in Kings County, New York, now coextensive with the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ...

The Queens Boulevard Line is a fully underground line of the New York City Subway, as part of the IND division. ... The Archer Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the New York City Subway, mostly running under Archer Avenue in the Jamaica neighborhood of Queens. ... The 60th Street Tunnel Connection (also known as the 11th Street Connector[1]) is a short connecting line of the New York City Subway System connecting the BMT 60th Street Tunnel under the East River (which connects to the Broadway-BMT Line) with the IND Queens Boulevard Line west of... The 60th Street Tunnel carries the N, R and W lines of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan, New York and Queens, New York. ... The IND 63rd Street Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway system. ... The 63rd Street Tunnel currently carries the IND 63rd Street Line of the New York City Subway under the East River between Manhattan and Queens. ... The BMT 63rd Street Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway system. ... The Chrystie Street Connection is a major connecting line of the New York City Subway System, and is one of the few connections between lines of the BMT and IND divisions. ... The Nassau Street Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT Division of the New York City Subway system. ... View from the East River Cross section The Manhattan Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River in New York City, connecting Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn. ... The IND Culver Line is a rapid transit line of the IND Division of the New York City Subway, extending from the Rutgers Street Tunnel under the East River to the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue (which continues to Coney Island). ... The BMT Culver Line is a rapid transit line of the BMT division of the New York City Subway, running from Coney Island through Gravesend to Ditmas Avenue, where it becomes the IND Culver Line. ... Fulton St. ... The Kings County Elevated Railway Company (KCERy) was a builder and operator of elevated railway lines in Kings County, New York, now coextensive with the borough of Brooklyn in New York City. ...

Service letters

Pre-Chrystie Street Connection service is shown here; for more details, see the individual service pages. Terminals shown are the furthest the line reached. The Chrystie Street Connection is a major connecting line of the New York City Subway System, and is one of the few connections between lines of the BMT and IND divisions. ...

Line Routing Notes
A Washington Heights Express 207th Street - Lefferts Boulevard or Rockaway Park or Far Rockaway (via Eighth Avenue) still exists
AA Washington Heights Local 168th Street - Hudson Terminal (via Eighth Avenue) became K
BB Washington Heights Local 168th Street - 34th Street (via Sixth Avenue) became B
C Bronx Concourse Express 205th Street - Hoyt-Schermerhorn Street (via Eighth Avenue) no longer operated
CC Bronx Concourse Local 205th Street - Hudson Terminal (via Eighth Avenue) became C
D Bronx Concourse Express 205th Street - Coney Island (via Sixth Avenue) still exists
E Queens-Manhattan Express 179th Street - Rockaway Park or Far Rockaway (via Eighth Avenue and Houston Street) still exists
F Queens-Manhattan Express 179th Street - Hudson Terminal or Second Avenue (via Sixth Avenue) still exists
GG Queens Brooklyn Local Forest Hills - Smith-9th Streets (via Crosstown Line) became G
HH Schermerhorn Street Shuttle Court Street - Hoyt-Schermerhorn Street no longer operated
HH Rockaway Local Euclid Avenue - Rockaway Park or Far Rockaway became H, then S

The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... K (and the earlier KK) was the label for two completely different New York City Subway services. ... The B Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The B Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The D Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The E Eighth Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway, and it is the only full line (excluding the Franklin Avenue and Rockaway shuttles) that does not provide service to Manhattan. ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway, and it is the only full line (excluding the Franklin Avenue and Rockaway shuttles) that does not provide service to Manhattan. ... R1 end rollsign R10 end rollsign 1967-1979 bullet (in a circle) Categories: New York City Subway stubs ... R1 end rollsign R10 end rollsign 1967-1979 bullet (in a circle) Categories: New York City Subway stubs ... R1 end rollsign R10 end rollsign 1967-1979 bullet (in a circle) Categories: New York City Subway stubs ... The S-Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle train service in Queens, New York on the New York City Subway. ...

See also

edit
New York City Subway (official site)
Services 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 A B C D E F G J L M N Q R V W Z
Shuttles (S) 42nd Street • Franklin Avenue • Rockaway Park
Unused/defunct 8 9 10 11 12 13 H K NX P T U X YJFK Express
BMT: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Shuttles: 63rd StreetBowling GreenCulverGrand StreetOther
Divisions IRT • BMT • IND (Second System)
Lists Inter-division connections • Inter-division transfers • LinesServicesStationsTerminalsYards
Miscellaneous AccessibilityChainingDual ContractsHistoryNomenclatureRolling stock
Other transit in NYC AirTrain JFKAmtrakLIRRMetro-NorthNJ TransitPATHRoosevelt Island TramwayStaten Island Railway

The Sixth Avenue Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway system, running mostly under Sixth Avenue in Manhattan. ... Queens Boulevard is a major thoroughfare in the New York City borough of Queens. ... Fulton St. ... The Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the IND division of the New York City Subway. ... This article or section should include material from Independent Subway System#The IND Second System 1929 plan The IND Second System was a plan for a major expansion of the city-owned Independent Subway System in New York, New York. ... The New York City Subway system, a large rapid transit system operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City, is one of the most extensive public transportation systems in the world. ... Current services The New York City Subway system has 27 different train routes, some with multiple patterns. ... The 1 Broadway-Seventh Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 2 Seventh Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 3 Seventh Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 4 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 5 Lexington Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The 6 Lexington Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... R36 7 local northbound at 33 Street-Rawson The 7 Flushing Local is a service of the New York City Subway, running local service along the full length of the IRT Flushing Line, with express service (7 Flushing Express) denoted by a diamond-shaped 7 train logo rather than a... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The B Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The A Eighth Avenue Express and C Eighth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The D Sixth Avenue Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The E Eighth Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The G Brooklyn-Queens Crosstown Local is a service of the New York City Subway, and it is the only full line (excluding the Franklin Avenue and Rockaway shuttles) that does not provide service to Manhattan. ... The J Nassau Street Express and Z Nassau Street Express are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The L 14th Street-Canarsie Local is a service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line, 24 hours a day. ... Current bullet The M Nassau Street Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The N Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The Q Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Current and former R services The R Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The F Sixth Avenue Local and V Sixth Avenue Local are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The W Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The J Nassau Street Express and Z Nassau Street Express are two services of the New York City Subway. ... Current bullet R1 end rollsign for IND specials R12 end rollsigns for the IRT R27 end rollsign for BMT shuttles 1968-1979 bullet for all shuttles (in a circle) Three services in the New York Subway are designated as S (shuttle). ... Current bullet R12 end rollsign 1967-1968 and 1968-1977 bullets (in a circle) The 42nd Street Shuttle (also Grand Central-Times Square Shuttle) is a line and service of the IRT division of the New York City Subway. ... R1 end rollsign R27 end rollsign for BMT shuttles 1967-1968 and 1968-1979 bullets (in a circle) The S-Franklin Avenue Shuttle is a shuttle train service of the New York City Subway operating in Brooklyn, New York. ... The S-Rockaway Park Shuttle is a shuttle train service in Queens, New York on the New York City Subway. ... 8 was a designation given to several IRT services of the New York City Subway. ... The 1 Broadway-Seventh Avenue Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... R1 end rollsign R10 end rollsign 1967-1979 bullet (in a circle) Categories: New York City Subway stubs ... K (and the earlier KK) was the label for two completely different New York City Subway services. ... The N Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... The T is the future designation of service on the planned Second Avenue Subway line. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... Several New York City Subway service labels have never been used, but have appeared on rollsigns. ... 1978 brochure Ticket Train In The 1980s The JFK Express, advertised as The Train to The Plane, was a premium-fare service of the New York City Subway connecting midtown Manhattan to Howard Beach-JFK Airport on the IND Rockaway Line, where a bus connected to JFK Airport. ... The Q Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Current and former R services The R Broadway Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... The T is the future designation of service on the planned Second Avenue Subway line. ... The N Broadway Express is a service of the New York City Subway. ... R1 end rollsign R27 end rollsign The Culver Shuttle was a service of the New York City Subway system, running along the BMT Culver Line. ... The service advisory discontinuing 6 service 6 was the BMTs designation for trains that used the BMT Fifth Avenue Line (labeled the Fifth Avenue-Bay Ridge Line). ... R1 end rollsign R27 end rollsign for BMT shuttles 1967-1968 and 1968-1979 bullets (in a circle) The S-Franklin Avenue Shuttle is a shuttle train service of the New York City Subway operating in Brooklyn, New York. ... Current bullet The M Nassau Street Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... Current bullet The M Nassau Street Local is a service of the New York City Subway. ... 12 was the BMTs designation for trains that used the BMT Lexington Avenue Line. ... R1 end rollsigns The service advisory discontinuing 13 service west of Rockaway Avenue 13 was the BMTs designation for service on the BMT Fulton Street Line (not to be confused with todays IND Fulton Street Line, which uses a portion of the old BMT line at its east... K (and the earlier KK) was the label for two completely different New York City Subway services. ... The J Nassau Street Express and Z Nassau Street Express are two services of the New York City Subway. ... The L 14th Street-Canarsie Local is a service of the New York City Subway, running local along the full length of the BMT Canarsie Line, 24 hours a day. ... The 63rd Street Shuttle was a short-lived service on the New York Subway in 2001. ... Track map (former shuttle platforms in pink) R12 end rollsign 1967-1968 and 1968-1977 bullets (in a circle) The Bowling Green-South Ferry Shuttle (also Bowling Green Shuttle) was a service of the New York City Subway system between Bowling Green and the South Ferry inner loop. ... R1 end rollsign R27 end rollsign The Culver Shuttle was a service of the New York City Subway system, running along the BMT Culver Line. ... The Grand Street Shuttle (black S) was a service during the long Manhattan Bridge rehabilitation, while the north tracks (connecting to the IND Sixth Avenue Line via the Chrystie Street Connection) were closed. ... Current bullet R1 end rollsign for IND specials R12 end rollsigns for the IRT R27 end rollsign for BMT shuttles 1968-1979 bullet for all shuttles (in a circle) Three services in the New York Subway are designated as S (shuttle). ... The Interborough Rapid Transit Company (IRT) was the operator of the original New York Subway line that opened in 1904 and additional rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... A 1914 map showing what was at the time the proposed expansion for the BRT. The only major differences from what was built is that a new 60th Street Tunnel was used rather than the Queensboro Bridge, the Manhattan-side Brooklyn Bridge connection was never built, and several lines ended... This article or section should include material from Independent Subway System#The IND Second System 1929 plan The IND Second System was a plan for a major expansion of the city-owned Independent Subway System in New York, New York. ... The New York City Subway was formed from three different systems, the IRT, BMT and IND. For operational purposes, the IRT is A Division and the BMT and IND make B Division; however, common usage calls the three systems divisions. ... The following free transfers exist between the three divisions of the New York City Subway ( IRT/ IND/ BMT). ... // IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line (Manhattan-Bronx) Brooklyn Branch (Brooklyn) 42nd Street Shuttle (Manhattan) Dyre Avenue Line (Bronx) Eastern Parkway Line (Brooklyn) Flushing Line (Manhattan-Queens) Jerome Avenue Line (Bronx) Lenox Avenue Line (Manhattan) Lexington Avenue Line (Manhattan) Nostrand Avenue Line (Brooklyn) Pelham Line (Bronx) White Plains Road Line (Bronx... Current services The New York City Subway system has 27 different train routes, some with multiple patterns. ... These are the stations on the New York City Subway system. ... This is a list of terminal stations on the New York City Subway, in other words stations where services terminate. ... The following rail yards serve the New York City Subway: 36th-38th Street Yard - on the BMT West End Line 137th Street Yard - on the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue Line East 180th Street Yard - on the IRT White Plains Road Line 207th Street Yard - on the IRT Broadway-Seventh Avenue... Very few stations on the New York City Subway are handicapped accessible; most that are lie on recently constructed lines or are terminal stations. ... In the U.S., Chaining is a method by which railroads precisely measure and specify locations along the line. ... The Dual Contracts of 1913, also known as the Dual Subway System, were contracts for the construction and/or rehabilitation and operation of rapid transit lines in the City of New York. ... The New York City Subway has had a long history, beginning as many disjointed systems and eventually merging under City control. ... Entrance to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line at Wall Street, leading to the southbound (Downtown & Brooklyn) platform Nomenclature used on the New York City Subway system has been defined by New York Citys Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) to precisely identify each part of the system, both internally and publicly. ... The Centennial Holiday Shoppers Special, a train of R1 and R9 cars that ran during the Subway Centennial in late 2004. ... Inside New Yorks Grand Central Terminal, one of the two busiest rail stations in the United States. ... AirTrain JFK is a 13 km (8. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The Long Island Rail Road or LIRR (often referred to as the L-I-double-R) is a railroad that serves the length of Long Island, New York. ... Marble Hill station The Metro-North Railroad (officially the Metro-North Commuter Railroad Company, and usually abbreviated as Metro-North) is a suburban commuter railroad service between New York City to its northern suburbs in New York State and Connecticut. ... New Jersey Transit Arrow III at West Windsor, NJ New Jersey Transit RTS-06 in Newark, NJ The end of the Port Jervis Line The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a private statewide public transportation system serving the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Hoboken- and Newark-bound platform at Exchange Place station in Jersey City. ... The Roosevelt Island Tramway is an aerial tramway in New York City. ... Staten Island Railway (SIR, formerly SIRT) is a rapid transit line operating in the Borough of Staten Island, New York City, USA. Like the BMT lines to Coney Island, it began as a normal railway but was later converted to R44 subway cars . ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Independent Subway System
  • nycsubway.org - The Independent Subway

  Results from FactBites:
 
New York City Subway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4249 words)
The New York City Subway system, a large rapid transit system operated by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) in New York City, is one of the most extensive public transportation systems in the world.
Subway cars (R44s) operate on the Staten Island Railway, opened in 1860, but that is not usually considered part of the Subway.
The first line of the city-owned and operated Independent Subway System (IND) opened in 1932; this system was intended to compete with the private systems and allow some of the elevated railways to be torn down.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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