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Encyclopedia > Independent Police Complaints Commission

The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) is a non-departmental public body in England and Wales responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales. It can also elect to manage or supervise the police investigation into a particular complaint and will independently investigate the most serious cases itself. The term Quasi-Autonomous Non-Governmental Organisation (or QUANGO), attributed to Sir Douglas Hague, was originally invented as a joke, but fell into common usage in the United Kingdom to describe the agencies produced by the growing trend of government devolving power to appointed, or self-appointed bodies. ...

Police self regulation scheme

Since April 2006 it has taken on responsibility for similar, serious complaints against HM Revenue and Customs and the Serious Organised Crime Agency in England and Wales. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Contents

Powers

The statutory powers and responsibilities of the commission were set out by the Police Reform Act 2002, and it came into existence on 1 April 2004, replacing the Independent Police Complaints Council. Unlike its predecessors, the Independent Police Complaints Commission is completely independent of the Police and the Home Office.

Since April 1 2004 the IPCC has used its powers to begin 171 independent and 533 managed investigations (as at 29 August 2007) into the most serious complaints against the police. It has set new standards for police forces to improve the way the public's complaints are handled. The Commission also handles appeals by the public about the way their complaint was dealt with by the local force.

The IPCC is committed to getting closer to the communities it serves. Its Commissioners and staff are based in IPCC regional offices in Cardiff, Coalville, London and Sale plus a sub office in Wakefield.

The IPCC has the task of increasing public confidence in the complaint systems and aims to make investigations more open, timely, proportionate and fair.

Unlike similar organisations in other countries, the IPCC has its own independent investigators, giving it the choice of supervising police investigations into serious complaints or independently investigating them itself.

IPCC Investigators are not police officers. However, IPCC Investigators designated to undertake an investigation have all the powers and privileges of a police constable in relation to that investigation throughout England and Wales (Police Reform Act, 2002- Schedule 3, Paragraph 19). However, despite being established in April 2004, the first known use of these arrest powers was in 2007 when a former police officer was arrested in relation to allegations of sexual assault. [1]

is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Independent Police Complaints Council (IPCC) was a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales. ...


Commissioners

The eighteen Commissioners are appointed by the Home Secretary for a five year period and cannot be former police officers. No Commissioner has worked for HM Revenue and Customs. The Commission is the governing board of the IPCC, holding collective responsibility for governance of the Commission including oversight of the Executive. As public office holders, Commissioners oversee and take ultimate responsibility for IPCC investigations,casework and the promotion of public confidence in the complaints system (known as Guardianship).

Commissioners in making decisions on individual cases act under the delegated authority of the Commission. All appointments, which are full-time and non-executive are for a five year term, were through open competition. The commission meets bi-monthly and dates can be found on the IPCC website. The Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Secretary) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ...


Example of an IPCC report

On 11 July 2007, the Independent Police Complaints Commissions issued the following press release.

The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) has concluded its managed investigation into a fatal road traffic collision in Briar Mill, Droitwich in Worcestershire on 23 June 2006.
The investigation examined the police involvement leading up to the collision and officers' actions in the context of the force policy and procedures applicable in such circumstances. It also looked at the lines of communication between the CMPG and the West Mercia Force Control Room at the time of the pursuit.
John Crawley, IPCC Commissioner said, "our investigation demonstrates quite clearly that the police officers involved acted in a completely appropriate manner. Their actions in no way caused the collision involving the stolen Mercedes and officers acted in full accordance with their professional duties."

Northern Ireland and Scotland

The IPCC self-regulation scheme covers England and Wales; oversight of the police complaints system in Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, and in Scotland is the responsibility of the Procurator Fiscal, part of the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service. Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The Northern Ireland Police Ombudsman provides an independent, impartial police complaints system for the people and police under the Police (Northern Ireland) Act 1998 and 2000. ... This article is about the country. ... The procurator fiscal is the local public prosecutor in Scotland. ... The Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service is a government department in Scotland that is responsible for the public prosecution of alleged criminals. ...


Praise

His Honour Lord Justice Nelson, Lord Jeffrey Archer, former Prime Minister Tony Blair, former minister Jonathan Aitken and leading libel lawyer Roderick Dadak, have all praised the IPCC. [citation needed]

Head of the Metropolitan Police, Sir Ian Blair thanked the IPCC, after it absolved all his Police Officers of any wrongdoing in their killing of Jean Charles de Menezes. He described the IPCC report as the "simple sword of truth." [citation needed] Sir Ian used the IPCC report to justify promoting Commander Cressida Dick, the officer who gave the order to kill Jean Charles de Menezes, to Deputy Assistant Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police. Not to be confused with Geoffrey Archer or Baron Archer of Sandwell. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... This article is about the former British politician. ... The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the name currently used by the territorial police force which is responsible for Greater London other than the City of London (the responsibility of the City of London Police). ... Sir Ian Warwick Blair, QPM (born 19 March 1953) is Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police (head of the Metropolitan Police Service). ... Jean Charles de Menezes (7 January 1978–22 July 2005) was a Brazilian national living in the Tulse Hill area of south London. ... Sir Ian Warwick Blair, QPM (born 19 March 1953) is Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police (head of the Metropolitan Police Service). ... Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... Deputy Assistant Commissioner Cressida Dick (born 1960) is a senior officer in Londons Metropolitan Police. ... Jean Charles de Menezes (7 January 1978–22 July 2005) was a Brazilian national living in the Tulse Hill area of south London. ... The Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (usually just referred to as the Metropolitan Police Commissioner or, more colloquially, as the Met Commissioner) is the head of the Metropolitan Police Service in London. ... The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the name currently used by the territorial police force which is responsible for Greater London other than the City of London (the responsibility of the City of London Police). ...


References

  1. ^ IPCC arrests and charges former Northumbria Police officer following investigation (HTML). IPCC Website (press release) (2007-08-07). Retrieved on 2007-10-15.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External link

  • Independent Police Complaints Commission website
  • WikiCrimeLine Police Complaints Commission Commentary and useful links

  Results from FactBites:
 
Independent Police Complaints Commission - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (386 words)
The Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom responsible for overseeing the system for handling complaints made against police forces in England and Wales.
The statutory powers and responsibilities of the commission were set out by the Police Reform Act 2002, and it came into existence on 1 April 2004, replacing the Police Complaints Authority which in turn replaced the Police Complaints Board in 1985.
The IPCC only covers England and Wales; oversight of the police complaints system in Northern Ireland is the responsibility of the Police Ombudsman for Northern Ireland, and in Scotland is the responsibility of the Procurator Fiscal, part of the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service.
Complaints against the police (956 words)
Policing would be carried out with the consent of the community; and officers would be accountable for their actions.
Police officers are subject to both the law of the land and the Code of Conduct.
Where a complaint is received from a member of the public about the behaviour of an officer or a police staff member, or facts come to light, which suggest that an officer may have committed a criminal offence or a breach of the Code of Conduct, the matter will be investigated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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