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Encyclopedia > Independent Broadcasting Authority

The Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) was the regulatory body in the United Kingdom for commercial television (ITV and Channel 4 - cable and satellite television were the responsibility of the Cable Authority) and radio broadcasts.


The IBA came into being when the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972 gave the Independent Television Authority responsibility for organising the new Independent Local Radio (ILR) stations. It was disbanded in 1990, being replaced by the Independent Television Commission (ITC), the Broadcasting Standards Commission (BSC) and the Radio Authority (RAu), which have since been replaced with one regulator, Ofcom. A private company, National Transcommunications Limited (NTL), was set up to run the former IBA transmitter masts.



British television | Channels | ITV

Scotland: Grampian, Scottish Television, Border | North and Northwest: ABC, Granada
Northeast: Tyne Tees | Yorkshire: Yorkshire | Northern Ireland: UTV | Wales: TWW, WWN, HTV
Midlands: ATV, Central | East: Anglia | London: Rediffusion, ATV, Thames, LWT, Carlton
South: Southern, TVS, Meridian | Southwest: Westward, TSW, Westcountry | Channel Islands: CTV


Breakfast: TV-am, GMTV | Teletext: ORACLE, Teletext Ltd | News: ITN


ITA | IBA | ITC | Ofcom
ITV plc | ITV1 | ITV2 | ITV3 | ITV News Channel | ITV Digital


  Results from FactBites:
 
Independent Television - Search View - MSN Encarta (3346 words)
Commercial broadcasting in the Midlands and the North was delayed by the failure of a Post Office proposal that ITA transmitter aerials could be placed on BBC masts, on the grounds that the new ITA aerials would be impossible to accommodate structurally.
Within weeks the IBA, led by Director-General Sir Brian Young, had arrived at the concept of a channel that would buy its programmes; would have a responsibility to embrace minority interests; and would be required to be innovative, educational, and not to duplicate the type of programmes broadcast on ITV.
The IBA processes that had led to these changes were criticized in the press and within the industry as unnecessarily secretive and apparently arbitrary.
Independent Television Authority - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (855 words)
The physics of VHF broadcasting meant that a comparatively small number of transmitters could cover the majority of the population of Britain, if not the bulk of the area of the country.
The Sound Broadcasting Act 1972 gave the ITA responsibility for organising commercial radio in the UK, and reconstituted the ITA as the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA).
The IBA was subsequently replaced by the Independent Television Commission (ITC) under the provisions of the Broadcasting Act 1990, which itself was replaced by the Office of Communications (Ofcom) at the end of 2003.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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