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Encyclopedia > Independence and Democracy
IND/DEM logo
IND/DEM logo

The Independence and Democracy (IND/DEM) group, formed July 20, 2004 is a euro-sceptic political group with 36 MEPs in the European Parliament. Image File history File links IND-DEM_logo. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Euroscepticism is scepticism about, or disagreement with, the purposes of the European Union, sometimes coupled with a desire to preserve national sovereignty. ... Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ...


Forming of the group

After the elections in 2004, reports said that the MEPs of

will join the MEPs of the former Europe of Democracies and Diversities group and after having gathered 32 MEPs, the new group was registered with the Parliament. The June List (Junilistan) is a Swedish political party started to run in the European Parliament election in 2004. ... Pro-Life advocates make a silent complaint in front of the Supreme Court in Washington, D.C. Pro-life is a term used in English-speaking countries to refer to those who oppose abortion. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a conservative-nationalist opposition party within the Polish Parliament. ... Combats Souverainistes (French: Sovereignty Fight) was a French euro-sceptic political group. ... Europe of Democracies and Diversities was a euro-sceptic political group with seats in the European Parliament between 1999 and 2004. ...


Members

Vladimir Zelezny is a successful businessman in the Czech Republic, the founder of TV NOVA and since 2004 he is also Member of the European Parliament. ... The June Movement (Danish: Juni Bevægelsen) is a Danish euro-sceptic political organisation that was founded in August 1992. ... The Movement for France (French: Mouvement pour la France), or MPF, is a small conservative nationalist and traditionalist party, founded on November 20, 1994. ... Party logo The Popular Orthodox Rally (LA.O.S. - ΛΑ.Ο.Σ) (Greek: Λαϊκός Ορθόδοξος Συναγερμός) is a Greek populist political party , founded and led by journalist Georgios Karatzaferis, formerly a well-known member of parliament for the New Democracy party. ... The Northern League (Italian: Lega Nord) is an Italian political party that advocates autonomy for a part of Northern Italy called Padania. It is a personality-driven party led by Umberto Bossi. ... Christian Union-Politically Reformed Party (Dutch: ChristenUnie - Dutch conservative christian parties who have seats in the European Parliament. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, or LPR) is a conservative-nationalist opposition party within the Polish Parliament. ... Kathy Sinnott is a Irish disability rights campaigner and politician. ... The June List (Junilistan) is a Swedish political party started to run in the European Parliament election in 2004. ... The United Kingdom Independence Party (commonly known as UKIP, pronounced you-kip) is a Eurosceptic political party that aims at British withdrawal from the European Union. ...

External link

  • http://www.europarl.eu.int/inddem/


 
Pan-European political parties
Flag of the European Union

European Democratic Party | European Free Alliance | European Green Party | Party of the European Left | European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party | European People's Party | Party of European Socialists A European political party, or formally a political party at European level, is a type of political party organization in the European Union, eligible to receive funding from the Union. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... The European Democratic Party (EDP) is a centrist European political party very strongly in favour of European integration (europeanist). It was initiated on April 16, 2004 and formally founded on December 9 in Brussels. ... The European Free Alliance (EFA) is a grouping of various political parties in Europe who believe in either full political independence (statehood), or some form of devolution or self-government for their country or region. ... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... The European Left party is a political party at European level and an association of communist and socialist political parties in the European Union It was formed in January 2004 for the purposes of running in the 2004 European Parliament elections. ... The European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (founded in 1993) is a liberal party, active in the European Union, uniting liberal and centrist parties around Europe which together represent more than 20 million European voters and is an international non-profit association incorporated under the laws of Belgium. ... The European Peoples Party is a Christian democrat-conservative political party at European level founded in 1976. ... Logo of the Party of European Socialists The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of...

 
Confederations of national political parties in Europe

European Christian Political Movement | European Democrat Union | Nordic Green Left Alliance The European Christian Political Movement (ECPM) is an European political association for reflection and working on Christian-democratic politics in Europe from an explicit Christian Social view. ... The European Democrat Union is the European wing of the International Democrat Union. ... The Nordic Green Left Alliance (NGLA) is a green and socialist political party at the European level founded in Reykjavík on February 1, 2004. ...

 
Groups in the European Parliament

EPP-ED | PES | ALDE | Greens-EFA | EUL-NGL | IND/DEM | UEN
See also ED subgroup, Non-Inscrits Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The European Peoples Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats is a group in the European Parliament. ... Logo of the Party of European Socialists The Party of European Socialists (PES) (French: Parti socialiste européen (PSE); German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Europas (SPE); Spanish: Partido socialista europeo (PSE); Italian: Partito socialista europeo (PSE)) is a European political party whose members are 30 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of... ALDE logo The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (French: Alliance des Démocrates et des Libéraux pour lEurope) is a Group in the European Parliament. ... Logo of the European Federation of Green Parties - EFA The European Greens – European Free Alliance (The Greens - European Free Alliance; Greens - EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts - Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts - ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the... GUE-NGL logo The European United Left–Nordic Green Left is a socialist and communist political grouping within the European Parliament. ... The Union for a Europe of Nations is a nationalist and (mostly) euro-sceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament. ... The European Democrats (ED) are a conservative and eurosceptic party grouping with seats in the European Parliament as part of the larger EPP-ED group. ... Non-Inscrits (English: Non-Attached; the English name is also official, but the French name is prevalent even in English texts) are Members of the European Parliament who do not sit in one of the political groups. ...

Related articles: table of political parties in Europe by pancontinental organisation, elections in the European Union The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Direct democracy Summary (4122 words)
Independent of arguments for such rights and responsibilities, and analyses of the strengths and weaknesses of participatory democracy, one of the most well-developed efforts to promote citizen participation through advanced telecommunications is the Direct Democracy Campaign (DDC) in Great Britain.
Direct democracy was first experimented with in the ancient Athenian democracy of ancient Greece (beginning circa 508 BC (Finley, 1973)), which was governed for two centuries by a general assembly of all male citizens, by randomly selected officials, and ten annually elected representatives charged to command the army of the city (strategos).
Even in states where direct democracy components are scant or nonexistent at the state level, there often exists local options for deciding specific issues, such as whether a county should be "wet" or "dry" in terms of whether alcohol sales are allowed.
Encyclopedia: Independence and Democracy (1437 words)
An independent judiciary requires both that individual judges are independent in the exercise of their powers, and that the judiciary as a whole is independent, its sphere of authority protected from the influence, overt or insidious, of other government actors.
Addressing first the independence of individual judges, two avenues for securing that independence reveal themselves: First, judges must be protected from the threat of reprisals, so that fear does not direct their decision-making.
Independence is the wellspring of the courage needed to serve this rule of law function.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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