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Encyclopedia > Independence Day (film)
Independence Day

Independence Day movie poster
Directed by Roland Emmerich
Produced by Dean Devlin
Written by Dean Devlin
Roland Emmerich
Starring Will Smith
Bill Pullman
Jeff Goldblum
Mary McDonnell
Judd Hirsch
Robert Loggia
Randy Quaid
Margaret Colin
Vivica A. Fox
Music by David Arnold
Cinematography Karl Walter Lindenlaub
Editing by David Brenner
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date(s) United States:
July 2, 1996
Running time 145 min. (Theatrical)
153 min. (Special Edition)
Country United States
Language English
Budget $70-75 million[1][2]
Gross revenue Domestic:
$306,169,268[3]
Worldwide: $816,969,268
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Independence Day (also known by its promotional abbreviation ID4) is a 1996 Academy Award-winning science fiction film directed by Roland Emmerich. The film's plot is about a hostile alien invasion of Earth. Download high resolution version (669x943, 97 KB)Independence Day movieposter File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Roland Emmerich on the set of Independence Day Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, writer, and producer. ... Dean Devlin is a former actor and current screenwriter and producer. ... Dean Devlin is a former actor and current screenwriter and producer. ... “W. S.” redirects here. ... William Pullman (born December 17, 1953) is an American film and television actor. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy-Award nominated American actor. ... Mary McDonnell (born April 28, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated American film, stage, and television actress. ... Judd Hirsch (born March 15, 1935 in Bronx, New York) is an American actor, best known for playing the character Alex Reiger on the acclaimed television comedy series Taxi. ... Robert Loggia (born January 3, 1930) is an American Academy Award and Emmy Award nominated film and television actor who specializes in character parts. ... Randall Rudy Randy Quaid (born October 1, 1950) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and comedian. ... Margaret Colin is an actress born on May 26, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of a police officer and a crop duster. ... Vivica Anjanetta Fox (born July 30, 1964 in South Bend, IN) is a film and television actress. ... David Arnold (born February 27, 1962 in Luton in Bedfordshire, England) is one of the most popular and successful young British composers[citation needed]. He is probably best known for the film scores to Stargate (1994), Independence Day (1996) and four James Bond films. ... Karl Walter Lindenlaub (Bremen 19 June 1957) is a German cinematographer. ... David Brenner (editor) is an American film editor most well known (along with fellow film editors Joe Hutshing, Pietro Scalia and Julie Monroe) for having been one of director Oliver Stones hot shot group of up-and-coming film editors. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The year 1996 in film involved some significant events. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... Science fiction film is a film genre that uses speculative, science-based depictions of imaginary phenomena such as extra-terrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, and time travel, often along with technological elements such as futuristic spacecraft, robots, or other technologies. ... Roland Emmerich on the set of Independence Day Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, writer, and producer. ... The alien invasion is a common theme in science fiction stories and film, in which a technologically-superior extraterrestrial society invades Earth with the intent to replace human life, or to enslave it under a colonial system, or in some cases, to use humans as food. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ...


The movie was scheduled for release on July 3, 1996, but due to the high level of anticipation for the film, many theaters began showing it on the evening of July 2, 1996,[4] the same day the action in the film begins. The movie's total worldwide gross was $816,969,268 - the 18th highest worldwide gross for a movie all-time, and it is rated 49th best sci-fi movie of all time on Rotten Tomatoes.[5] is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The following is a non-definitive list of the all-time highest-grossing films. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Plot

On July 2, a mammoth alien mothership enters orbit around Earth and deploys several dozen "destroyer" spacecraft, each 15 miles in width. As the destroyers take positions over most of Earth's major cities, David Levinson (Jeff Goldblum), an underachieving MIT-graduate working for a cable company in New York City, discovers hidden satellite transmissions which he believes to be a timer counting down to a coordinated attack by the aliens. With the help of his ex-wife Constance Spano (Margaret Colin), a White House employee, he and his father Julius (Judd Hirsch) gain entrance into the Oval Office to warn President Thomas J. Whitmore (Bill Pullman) of the impending attack. The President orders an evacuation of the targeted cities, but soon afterwards the hovering spacecraft incinerate the cities using advanced directed-energy weapons, killing millions. The President, portions of his staff, and the Levinsons narrowly escape Washington, D.C. aboard Air Force One. is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A mothership is a vessel or aircraft that carries a smaller vessel or aircraft that operates independently from it. ... Geocentric orbit refers to the orbit of any object orbiting the Earth, such as the Moon or artificial satellites. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy-Award nominated American actor. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Margaret Colin is an actress born on May 26, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of a police officer and a crop duster. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... Judd Hirsch (born March 15, 1935 in Bronx, New York) is an American actor, best known for playing the character Alex Reiger on the acclaimed television comedy series Taxi. ... The Oval Office from above in 2003, during the administration of George W. Bush. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... William Pullman (born December 17, 1953) is an American film and television actor. ... Directed-energy weapon refers to a type of weapon that emits energy in a particular direction by a means other than a projectile. ... ... For the current aircraft, see Boeing VC-25. ...

One of the alien ships using force fields to fend off missiles fired from American aircraft.
One of the alien ships using force fields to fend off missiles fired from American aircraft.

On July 3, the United States conducts a coordinated counterattack. A squadron of Marine Corps F/A-18 Hornets, the Black Knights stationed out of El Toro, assaults a destroyer near Los Angeles. The use of El Toro is a nod to the classic film The War of the Worlds. After the first aliens land on Earth in the 1953 film, marines arrive from El Toro to fight them, but are repulsed after being unable to pierce the shields that protect the alien craft. Image File history File links Forcefieldindependencedayfilm. ... Image File history File links Forcefieldindependencedayfilm. ... In science fiction and fantasy literature, a force field is a physical barrier made up of energy to protect a person or object from attacks or intrusions. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... An A-10 Thunderbolt II, F-86 Sabre, P-38 Lightning and P-51 Mustang fly in formation during an air show at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F/A-18 Hornet is a modern all-weather carrier-capable strike fighter jet, designed to attack both ground and aerial targets. ... Marine Fighter Attack Squadron 314 (VMFA-314) is a United States Marine Corps F/A-18 Hornet squadron. ... Marine Corps Air Station El Toro was a United States Marine Corps Air Station located near Irvine, California at . ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Marine Corps Air Station El Toro was a United States Marine Corps Air Station located near Irvine, California at . ... Marine Corps Air Station El Toro was a United States Marine Corps Air Station located near Irvine, California at . ...


The aliens respond by unleashing several thousand "attacker" ships. It is discovered that the destroyers and attackers are protected by seemingly-impenetrable force fields, and a lopsided dogfight ensues. After leading his unit of fighter pilots in the failed attack, Captain Steven Hiller (Will Smith) eludes a single attacker by luring it to the Grand Canyon. There, he blinds the alien pilot with his jet's braking parachute and he ejects just before running out of fuel, causing both to crash in the desert. Having parachuted to safety, he subdues the injured alien. Hiller is picked up by Russell Casse (Randy Quaid), who is traveling across the desert with a group of refugees in a convoy of RVs. From there they take the captured alien to nearby Area 51, commanded by Major Mitchell (Adam Baldwin), where the President and his remaining staff have also landed. There, they discover a top secret facility housing a captured alien fighter and three alien bodies recovered from Roswell in 1947. In science fiction and fantasy literature, a force field is a physical barrier made up of energy to protect a person or object from attacks or intrusions. ... This article is about the aerial combat maneuver. ... A Captain in armies, air forces and marine forces, is a rank an army or air force rank with a NATO rank code of OF-2. ... “W. S.” redirects here. ... This article is about the canyon in the southwestern United States. ... Randall Rudy Randy Quaid (born October 1, 1950) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and comedian. ... “RV” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. Air Force installation in Nevada. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ... Roswell Daily Record, July 8, 1947, announcing the capture of a flying saucer. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


When lead scientist Dr. Brackish Okun (Brent Spiner) examines the new alien specimen, it attempts escape and takes control of his mind. When questioned by President Whitmore, it reveals through a telepathic connection that its species travels from planet to planet, destroying all life and harvesting a planet's natural resources before moving on. The alien attempts a psychic attack against Whitmore and is killed by military personnel. Whitmore orders a nuclear attack using B2 Spirit bombers on an alien destroyer which is hovering over a deserted Houston, but this too fails to penetrate the craft's shield. Brent Jay Spiner (born February 2, 1949) is an American actor, best known for his portrayal of the android Lieutenant Commander Data in the television and movie series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... Edgar Cayce (1877 – 1945) was one of the best-known American psychics of the 20th century and made many highly publicized predictions. ... The Titan II ICBM carried a 9 Mt W53 warhead, making it one of the most powerful nuclear weapons fielded by the United States during the Cold War. ... The United States Air Force is the only agency in the world that operates the B-2 Spirit. ... Houston redirects here. ...

The alien fighter approaches the mothership.
The alien fighter approaches the mothership.

On July 4, Levinson devises a plan to gain access to the interior of the alien mothership in space in order to introduce a computer virus and plant a nuclear device on board. This, it is hoped, will cause the shields of the Earth-based alien craft to fail long enough for the human resistance to eliminate them. Hiller volunteers to fly the captured alien fighter, with Levinson accompanying him to upload the virus. With satellite communications knocked out, the Americans use Morse code to coordinate an attack with the remaining forces around the world, timed to occur when the invaders' shields are set to fail. With not enough military pilots to man all available aircraft, the plan requires several volunteers, including President Whitmore and Russell, who both have previous combat flight experience. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 354 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,086 × 480 pixels, file size: 403 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: An image of the alien mothership, from the movie Independence Day. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 354 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,086 × 480 pixels, file size: 403 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description: An image of the alien mothership, from the movie Independence Day. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 kilometers (11 mi) above the hypocenter A nuclear weapon derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions of fusion or fission. ... 1922 Chart of the Morse Code Letters and Numerals Morse code is a method for transmitting telegraphic information, using standardized sequences of short and long elements to represent the letters, numerals, punctuation and special characters of a message. ...


With the successful implantation of the virus, President Whitmore leads the U.S. jet fighters against an alien destroyer on approach to Area 51. Though the odds are even with the aliens now lacking shields, the fighters' supply of missiles are quickly exhausted against the massive craft and its large complement of defensive fighters. The underside of the alien craft opens up as its primary weapon prepares to fire on the base. Russell possesses the one remaining missile, but his firing mechanism jams. He pilots his aircraft into the alien weapon in a kamikaze attack. The ensuing explosion causes a chain reaction which completely annihilates the ship. Human resistance forces around the world use the same weak point to destroy the remainder of the alien ships, while the nuclear device planted by Hiller and Levinson destroys the alien mothership, annihilating it entirely. Hiller and Levinson escape unharmed, crash-landing their captured alien fighter in the desert close to Area 51. The film ends as the main characters watch debris from the mothership enter the atmosphere like shooting stars. USS Bunker Hill was hit by Ogawa (see picture left) and another kamikaze near Kyūshū on May 11, 1945. ...


Cast and characters

“W. S.” redirects here. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The F/A-18 Hornet is an all-weather fighter and attack aircraft. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Astronaut (disambiguation). ... William Pullman (born December 17, 1953) is an American film and television actor. ... See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy-Award nominated American actor. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... Mary McDonnell (born April 28, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated American film, stage, and television actress. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Judd Hirsch (born March 15, 1935 in Bronx, New York) is an American actor, best known for playing the character Alex Reiger on the acclaimed television comedy series Taxi. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Robert Loggia (born January 3, 1930) is an American Academy Award and Emmy Award nominated film and television actor who specializes in character parts. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... Randall Rudy Randy Quaid (born October 1, 1950) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and comedian. ... An agricultural aircraft is an aircraft that has been built or converted for agricultural use - usually aerial spraying of pesticides or fertiliser. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... For other uses of related terms, see abduction. ... Margaret Colin is an actress born on May 26, 1957 in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of a police officer and a crop duster. ... The White House Communications Director is responsible for developing and promoting the voice of the administration. ... Vivica Anjanetta Fox (born July 30, 1964 in South Bend, IN) is a film and television actress. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... James Rebhorn (born September 1, 1948) is an American character actor who has appeared in over one hundred television shows, feature films, and plays. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... Harvey Forbes Fierstein (born June 6, 1952 in Brooklyn, New York) is a Jewish Tony Award-winning and Emmy Award-winning [1] American actor, playwright, and screenwriter. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Adam Baldwin (born February 27, 1962) is an American actor. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... The commanding officer (CO) is the officer in command of a military unit. ... Brent Jay Spiner (born February 2, 1949) is an American actor, best known for his portrayal of the android Lieutenant Commander Data in the television and movie series Star Trek: The Next Generation. ... ‹ The template below (Taginfo) is being considered for deletion. ...

Production

The idea for the film came when Emmerich and Devlin were in Europe promoting their film Stargate. A reporter asked Emmerich why he made a movie with content like Stargate if he didn't believe in aliens. Emmerich stated that he was still fascinated by the idea of an alien arrival, and further explained his response by asking the reporter to imagine what it would be like to wake up one morning and discover that 15-mile wide spaceships were hovering over the largest cities in the world. Emmerich then turned to Devlin and said "I think I have an idea for our next film".[6] Stargate is a science fiction/action film released in 1994, directed by Roland Emmerich and written by Dean Devlin and Roland Emmerich, with a soundtrack by David Arnold. ...


Emmerich and Devlin wrote the script during a two-week long vacation in Mexico, and production began in August 1995. [6] The shoot utilized on-set, in-camera special effects more often than computer-generated effects in order to save money and to get more authentic pyrotechnic results.[6] This meant blowing up models of buildings and filming the explosions at high speeds, and casting practical shadows over models of landmarks rather than trying to accomplish the same shots digitally.[6] The United States military was originally going to provide personnel, vehicles, and costumes for the film; however, they backed out when the producers refused to remove the Area 51 references from the plot. [7] The United States Armed Forces are the military services of the United States. ...


The movie originally depicted Russell Casse being rejected as a volunteer for the July 4th aerial counteroffensive because of his alcoholism. He then uses a stolen missile tied to his red bi-plane to carry out his suicide mission. According to Dean Devlin, test audiences responded well to the scene's irony and comedic value.[6] However, the scene was re-shot to include Russell's acceptance as a volunteer, his crash course in modern fighter aircraft, and him flying an F-18 instead of the bi-plane. Devlin preferred the alteration because the viewer now witnesses Russell ultimately making the decision to sacrifice his life,[6] and that seeing the biplane keeping pace and flying amongst F-18s was "just not believable".[8]


Filming locations

Bonneville Salt Flats The Bonneville Salt Flats are a 121 km² (47 mi²) salt flat in northwestern Utah. ... Motto: The Heart of Screenland Location of Culver City in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1917-09-07 [2] Government  - City Manager Jerry Fulwood [1] Area  - City  5. ... Nickname: Location in Coconino County the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State County Coconino County Government  - Mayor Joseph C. Donaldson Area  - City  98. ... Location of Fontana in California Coordinates: , Country State County San Bernardino Incorporated (city) 1952-06-25 [2] Government  - Mayor Mark Nuaimi [1] Area  - City  36. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... New York, New York redirects here. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Wendover is a city located in Tooele County, Utah. ...

Tie-in novels

Author Stephen Molstad wrote a tie-in novel to help promote the film shortly before its release in the summer of 1996. The novel goes into further detail on the characters, situations, and overall concept that the film lacked. A tie-in is an authorized product that is based on an existing or upcoming media property, such as a movie or video/DVD, computer game, video game, television program/television series, board game, web site, role-playing game or literary property. ...


Following the success of the film, a prequel novel entitled Independence Day: Silent Zone was written by Emmerich, Devlin and Molstad in February 1998.[9] The novel is set in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and details the early career of Dr. Brackish Okun.[10] A prequel is a work that portrays events which include the structure, conventions, and/or characters of a previously completed narrative, but occur at an earlier time. ...


Molstad wrote a third novel, Independence Day: War in the Desert in July 1999. The novel is both a midquel and sequel to the film. Set in Saudi Arabia on July 3, it centers around Captain Cummins and Colonel Thompson, the two Royal Air Force officers seen receiving the Morse code message in the film. A midquel is a neologism for a story that is neither a sequel nor a prequel nor an interquel, but which describes previously-undescribed events taking place during the chronology of the original story. ... For other uses, see Sequel (disambiguation). ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... RAF redirects here. ... 1922 Chart of the Morse Code Letters and Numerals Morse code is a method for transmitting telegraphic information, using standardized sequences of short and long elements to represent the letters, numerals, punctuation and special characters of a message. ...


Reception

Ratings
Australia:  PG
Canada:  PG
Chile:  TE
Finland:  K-12
France:  U
Germany:  12
Iceland:  12
India:  U/A
Ireland:  PG
Italy:  T
Malaysia:  U
Netherlands:  AL
Norway:  11
Peru:  14
Portugal:  M/12
Singapore:  PG
South Korea:  All
Spain:  7
Sweden:  11
United Kingdom:  12
United States:  PG-13

A motion picture rating system categorizes films with regard to suitability for children and/or adults in terms of issues such as sex, violence and profanity. ... A motion picture rating system categorizes films with regard to suitability for children and/or adults in terms of issues such as sex, violence and profanity. ... British Board of Film Classification logo The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), originally British Board of Film Censors, is the organisation responsible for film and some video game classification and censorship within the United Kingdom. ... The Motion Picture Association of Americas film-rating system is used in the U.S and its territories to rate a films thematic and content suitability for certain audiences. ...

Box office performance

Independence Day earned $96,102,252 in the United States during its five-day holiday opening, including $50,228,264 during its opening weekend.[11] Both figures were records until The Lost World: Jurassic Park was released the following year. At one point, the film had the second-highest worldwide gross of all-time.[12] The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ...

  • Domestic Total Gross: $306,169,268[1]
  • Foreign: $510,800,000[1]
  • Worldwide: $816,969,268[1]

Reviews

Independence Day is ranked as "fresh" on Rotten Tomatoes with a 63% positive rating, with 19 out of 30 critics giving it positive reviews.[13] It has a metascore of 59 (based on 18 reviews) on Metacritic.[14]


Many viewers felt that the main plot was simply a cursory re-telling of the H. G. Wells novella The War of the Worlds, after lacing it with contemporary social and environmental issues, and packaging it with "eye-popping" special effects.[15] Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 – August 13, 1946), better known as H. G. Wells, was an English writer best known for such science fiction novels as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, The First Men in the Moon and The Island of Doctor Moreau. ... A novella is a narrative work of prose fiction somewhat longer than a short story but shorter than a novel. ... The War of the Worlds (1898), by H. G. Wells, is an early science fiction novel which describes an invasion of England by aliens from Mars. ...


The patriotic overtones of the film were widely criticized by foreign reviewers. Movie Review UK described the film as "A mish-mash of elements from a wide variety of alien invasion movies and gung-ho American jingoism".[16] Bill Pullman's pre-battle speech, in which he states that victory in the coming war would see the entire world henceforth describe July 4 as its "independence day", was described as the "the most jaw-droppingly pompous soliloquy ever delivered in a mainstream Hollywood movie" in a BBCi review.[17] Ten Thousand Miles From Tip to Tip, an 1898 political cartoon depicting the extension of the United States dominion Jingoism is chauvinistic patriotism, usually associated with a War Hawk political stance. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Independence Day (disambiguation). ... ... BBCi is the brand name for the BBCs interactive television services. ...


Awards

  • Academy Award for Visual Effects[18]
  • Amanda Award for Best Foreign Feature Film[18]
  • Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actor - Science Fiction, Will Smith[18]
  • BMI Film & TV Award for Film Music[18]
  • Czech Lions award for box office[18]
  • Golden Satellite Award for Best Film Editing and Best Visual Effects[18]
  • Golden Screen award for Golden Screen, Golden Screen with 1 Star, and Golden Screen with 2 Stars[18]
  • Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television[18]
  • International Monitor Award for Electronic Visual Effects[18]
  • Kids' Choice Awards Blimp Award for favorite movie[18]
  • MTV Movie Award for Best Kiss[18]
  • Mainichi Film Concours award for Best Foreign Language Film[18]
  • People's Choice Award for Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture[18]
  • Saturn Award for Best Director, Best Science Fiction Film, Best Special Effects[18]
  • Universe Reader's Choice Award for Best Actor in a Genre Motion Picture, Best Cinematography for a Genre Motion Picture, Best Director for a Genre Motion Picture, Best Science Fiction Film, Best Score for a Genre Motion Picture, Best Special Effects in a Genre Motion Picture, Best Supporting Actress in a Genre Motion Picture and Best Writing for a Genre Motion Picture[18]

The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... The Amanda is an award given annually at the Norwegian International Film Festival in Haugesund, Norway, since 1985. ... The Satellite Awards are an annual award given by the International Press Academy. ... This is the list of the winners of the Satellite Award for Best (Film) Editing. ... The Satellite Award for Best Visual Effects is one of the annual Satellite Awards given by the International Press Academy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The MTV Movie Awards is a film awards show presented annually on MTV. Categories Best Movie Best Male Performance Besy Female Performance Most Desirable Male Most Desirable Female Best Breakthrough Performance (Male and Female) Best On-Screen Duo Best Villain Best Comedic Performance Best Song From a Movie (Best musical... The Peoples Choice Awards, held annually in January, is one of the few awards shows to be based on popularity. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Direction: ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Science Fiction Film: See also Science fiction film Categories: | ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Special Effects: ...

Radio spin-off

On August 4, 1996, BBC Radio 1 broadcast the one-hour play Independence Day UK, written, produced, and directed by Dirk Maggs, a spin-off depicting the alien invasion from a British perspective.[19] None of the original cast were present. Dean Devlin gave Maggs permission to produce an original version, on condition that he did not reveal certain details of the movie's plot and that the British were not depicted as saving the day.[19] Devlin was credited as "Creative Consultant". It won the 1996 Talkie for Best Production.[20] is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... BBC Radio 1 (commonly referred to as just Radio 1) is a British national radio station operated by the BBC, specialising in popular music and speech and is aimed primarily at the 14-29[1] age group. ... Independence Day UK is a one-hour BBC Radio 1 science fiction special, first broadcast on August 4, 1996. ... Dirk Maggs is a freelance writer and director working across all media. ... A spin-off (or spinoff) is a new organization or entity formed by a split from a larger one such as a new company formed from a university research group. ...


Independence Day UK was set up to be similar to the 1938 radio broadcast of The War Of The Worlds; the first 20 minutes were set as being live. It did not stir panic as War of the Worlds, but there were a few phone calls to the BBC Duty Office.[19] For other uses, see The War of the Worlds (disambiguation). ...


The British setting was more an excuse to make fun of Hollywood action heroes. They had one character say at the end "I bet the Americans claim the credit for this!"[19] Maggs achieved authentic aircraft and cockpit interior sounds by making recordings at an RAF base.[19]


Video game

An Independence Day video game was released in 1997 for the PlayStation, Sega Saturn, PC, and Mobile. Independence Day is a 1996 video game based on the movie of the same name. ... For other uses, see PlayStation (disambiguation). ... The Sega Saturn ) is a 32-bit video game console, first released on November 22, 1994 in Japan, May 11, 1995 in North America and July 8, 1995 in Europe. ... A stylised illustration of a personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a computer whose original sales price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals, intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer operator. ... Look up Mobile in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Home media

Independence Day was released on VHS on November 22, 1996, and became available on DVD on June 27, 2000. It has been re-released on DVD under several different versions with varying supplemental material ever since; including a release as part of 20th Century Fox's "Five Star Collection", a Limited Edition, Collector's Edition, a 10th Anniversary Edition, and one instance where it was packaged with a lenticular cover.[21] Often accessible on these versions is a special edition of the film, which features nine minutes of additional footage not seen in the original theatrical release. Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Lenticular printing is a multi-step process consisting of creating a lenticular image from at least two existing images, and combining it with a lenticular lens. ...


Independence Day became available on Blu-ray disc on March 11, 2008. Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu_ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu_ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


Sequel

The possibility of a sequel had long been discussed,[22] and Devlin once stated that the world's reaction to the September 11th attacks influenced him to strongly consider making a sequel to the film.[23][24] Devlin began writing an outline for a script with Emmerich,[25] but in May 2004, Emmerich said that he and Devlin had attempted to "figure out a way how to continue the story", but that this ultimately failed. No serious discussions in planning a sequel have been in the works since.[26] The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d "Independence Day." Box office mojo.com. Retrieved on September 25, 2007.
  2. ^ Independence Day (1996) Synopsis Rotten tomatoes. Retrieved on September 25, 2007.
    "With a $71 million budget and mind-blowing special effects..."
  3. ^ "Independence Day." Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on December 14, 2007.
  4. ^ Declaration of "Independence". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  5. ^ THE OFCS TOP 100 SCI-FI LIST Online Film Critics Society. Retrieved on October 5, 2007.
  6. ^ a b c d e f DVD commentary
  7. ^ "UW-Eau Claire Marketing Researchers Study Super Bowl Ad Successes." University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire. Retrieved on October 1, 2007.
  8. ^ "Independence Day." amazon.ca. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  9. ^ "Independence Day: Silent Zone Product Details." Amazon.com. Retrieved on October 8, 2007.
  10. ^ "Independence Day: Silent Zone by Dean Devlin; Roland Emmerich; Stephen Molstad Publisher's Notes." Biblio.com. Retrieved on October 8, 2007.
  11. ^ "Independence Day Box Office Data." the-numbers.com. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  12. ^ "William Fay Bio." www.10000bcmovie.com. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  13. ^ "Independence Day (1996) Also known as: "ID4"." Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on October 16, 2007.
  14. ^ "Independence Day." Metacritic. Retrieved on October 16, 2007.
  15. ^ Independence Day review on www.film.com/movies
  16. ^ Independence Day review on www.u-net.com.
  17. ^ Independence Day review on www.bbc.co.uk/films
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Awards for Independence Day." IMDb. Retrieved on September 29, 2007.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Independence Day UK." dswilliams.co.uk. Retrieved on September 25, 2007.
  20. ^ "Dirk Maggs - Director." bbc.co.uk. Retrieved on October 28, 2007.
  21. ^ "DVD details for Independence Day." IMDb. Retrieved on March 4, 2008.
  22. ^ "ID4 II Is In The Works." Sci Fi.com. Retrieved on November 5, 2007.
  23. ^ "Saturn Exclusive: Dean Devlin on Independence Day 2." Mania Movies. Retrieved on November 5, 2007.
  24. ^ "An Interview with Dean Devlin." ign.com. Retrieved on November 18, 2007
  25. ^ ID4 II Script In Works Sci Fi.com. Retrieved on November 11, 2007.
  26. ^ "Emmerich Nixes ID4 Sequel." Sci-Fi Wire, May 6, 2004. Retrieved on January 28, 2008.

is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Awards
Preceded by
12 Monkeys
Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film
1996
Succeeded by
Men in Black
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Twelve Monkeys is a 1995 science fiction film written by David and Janet Peoples and directed by Terry Gilliam. ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Science Fiction Film: See also Science fiction film Categories: | ... Men in Black is a 1997 science fiction comedy action film directed by Barry Sonnenfeld, starring Tommy Lee Jones, Will Smith and Vincent DOnofrio. ... Roland Emmerich on the set of Independence Day Roland Emmerich (born November 10, 1955) is a German film director, writer, and producer. ... Moon 44 was a 1990 science fiction, action film from Centropolis Film Productions. ... For other uses, see Universal Soldier. ... Stargate is a science fiction/action film released in 1994, directed by Roland Emmerich and written by Dean Devlin and Roland Emmerich, with a soundtrack by David Arnold. ... Godzilla is an American science fiction film directed by Roland Emmerich and starred Matthew Broderick, Jean Reno, Maria Pitillo, Hank Azaria, Michael Lerner and Kevin Dunn. ... The Patriot is a 2000 film starring Mel Gibson and directed by Roland Emmerich. ... For other uses, see The Day After Tomorrow (disambiguation). ... 10,000 BC is a 2008 American film set in the prehistoric era directed by Roland Emmerich and starring Camilla Belle and Steven Strait. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Independence Day (United States) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2108 words)
In the United States, Independence Day (commonly known as "the Fourth of July" or simply "the Fourth") is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on 4 July 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Independence Day is commonly associated with parades, barbecues, beer, picnics, baseball games, and various other public and private events celebrating the history, government, and traditions of the United States.
Despite the genesis of Independence Day, it is largely uncommon for Americans to express anti-British sentiment on the day or to view it as a celebration of anti-colonialism (it is also unusual to remember the aid given to the Americans by European powers such as France and the Dutch Republic).
Independence Day (film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2957 words)
The movie was scheduled for release on Wednesday, July 3, 1996, but due to the high level of anticipation for the film, many theaters began showing it on the evening of July 2, the same day the action in the film begins.
According to the director’s commentary, the original scene “lost some of the realism of the film” and the revised sequence “gave the character a choice to sacrifice himself or not.” This scene is available as an extra on the Special Edition DVD, and featured in the junior novelization of the film.
In the film, Marine Corps Air Station El Toro appears to be in the middle of a deserted area, when in fact at the time of the film the base was located in the middle of densely-populated Orange County, California.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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