FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Improvisation" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Improvisation

Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of one's immediate environment. This can result in the invention of new thought patterns, new practices, new structures or symbols, and/or new ways to act. This invention cycle occurs most effectively when the practitioner has a thorough intuitive or technical understanding of the necessary skills and concerns within the improvised domain. An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. ... Intuition has many meanings across many cultures, including: quick and ready insight seemingly independent of previous experiences and empirical knowledge immediate apprehension or cognition knowledge or conviction gained by intuition the power or faculty of attaining to direct knowledge or cognition without evident rational thought and inference. ...


The skills of improvisation can apply to many different abilities or forms of communication and expression across all artistic, scientific, physical, cognitive, academic, and non-academic disciplines. For example, music, cooking, presenting a speech, sales, personal or romantic relationships, sports, flower arranging, martial arts, psychotherapy, the arts, and much more. // Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ... A speech is an oral message delivered in public. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Psychotherapy is an interpersonal, relational intervention used by trained psychotherapists to aid clients in problems of living. ... The arts is a broad subdivision of culture, composed of many expressive disciplines. ...

Contents

Explanation

Philosophically, improvisation often focuses on bringing one's personal awareness "into the moment," and on developing a profound understanding for the action one is doing. This fusion of "awareness" and "understanding" brings the practitioner to the point where he or she can act with a range of options that best fit the situation, even if he or she has never experienced a similar situation. The study of the skills and techniques of improvisation can strongly influence one's competence in business, personal life, and/or in the arts[citation needed]. Wall Street, Manhattan is the location of the New York Stock Exchange and is often used as a symbol for the world of business. ... The arts is a broad subdivision of culture, composed of many expressive disciplines. ...


The mental and emotional states needed to practice the art of improvisation are very similar to the practice taught in the religious and philosophical art of Zen, and many of the same concepts are used in both practices[citation needed]. Although it is not necessary for the study and practice of either improvisation or Zen, the study of one often gives new insight into the practice of the other[citation needed]. Keith Johnstone, a teacher of improvisational theatre, often relates the two when teaching about improv[citation needed]. Zen is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism notable for its emphasis on practice and experiential wisdom—particularly as realized in the form of meditation known as zazen—in the attainment of awakening. ... Keith Johnstone is a drama instructor who has taught in England and Canada and more recently around the world. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Techniques of improvisation are widely trained in the entertainment arts; for example, music, theatre and dance. // Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) generally refers to movement used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. ...


Other Terms:


Improv is often used as the noun form of "improvisation." ("Improv" is not currently found in many dictionaries or spell checkers.)


"Extemporize," "to vamp", "ad lib" and "riff" all have basically the same meaning as improvisation. Colloquial terms such as "let's play it by ear," "take it as it comes," and "make it up as we go along" are all used to describe "improvisation."


Musical improvisation

Main article: Musical improvisation

Improvisation is an important aspect of music in general. Musical improvisers often understand the idiom of one or more musical styles—e.g. blues, rock, folk, jazz—and work within the idiom to express ideas with creativity and originality. Improvisation can take place as a solo performance, or interdependently in ensemble with other players. When done well, it often elicits gratifying emotional responses from the audience. Very few musicians have ever dared to offer fully improvised concerts such as the famous improvised piano recitals by composers/pianists like Franz Liszt, or the origins of Liszt's improvisation in an earlier tradition of playing variations on a theme that was mastered and epitomized by Mozart and Beethoven. However, some have managed some very successful attempts similar to these precedents, one of the most successful of these is Keith Jarrett. He has performed many completely improvised concerts that have captivated audiences all over the world. A few pianists have given modern recitals of improvisation in the baroque style, which may be less intimidating because of its stricter development and range of modulation and yet, on the other hand, more daunting because of its polyphony. There have also been a few other exceptional improvised solo piano concerts in Stuttgart, Southern Germany in the 1990s. Musical improvisation is the spontaneous creative process of making music while it is being performed. ... // Music is an art form consisting of sound and silence expressed through time. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... A recital (from the Latin word recitare, meaning: to read out) consists of an account or repetition of the details of some act, proceeding or fact. ... Portrait by Henri Lehmann, 1839 Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc; pronounced , in English: list) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian [1] virtuoso pianist and composer of the Romantic period. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven (baptized December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827) was a German composer of Classical music, the predominant musical figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras. ... Keith Jarrett (born May 8, 1945 in Allentown, Pennsylvania) is an American pianist and composer. ... In telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying a periodic waveform, i. ... Polyphony is a musical texture consisting of two or more independent melodic voices, as opposed to music with just one voice (monophony) or music with one dominant melodic voice accompanied by chords (homophony). ... City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Solitude Palace The 1956 TV Tower U.S. Army Kelley Barracks Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... Southern Germany is the term used to desribe the southern states of Germany: namely Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Singing improvisation

Singing improvisation is an ancient art form. It is a mixture of musical improvisation and improvisational theater. A singer makes up the words and melody to a song at the same time the musicians are making up the music to the song. Additionally, aspects of dance, comedy and showmanship are all part of the singing improviser's repertoire. Musical improvisation is the spontaneous creative process of making music while it is being performed. ... Improvisational Theatre (also known as improv or impro) is a form of theatre in which the actors perform spontaneously, without a script. ... Dance (from French danser, perhaps from Frankish) generally refers to movement used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting. ... The word comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humor with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ...


In the Wales of centuries ago, there was an annual competition for poets and musicians—a sort of Olympics or Super Bowl for the Welsh culture—that featured improvised singing. It was sung in the style of music called a penillion, which is defined as “Welsh songs, often improvised, and sung to a harp accompaniment.” John Parry, a distinguished harp player (1709-1782), describes this art: “(...) The singer is obliged to follow the harper, who may change the tune, or perform variations, ad libitum, whilst the vocalist must keep time, and end precisely with the strain…” See article: Eisteddfod This article is about the country. ... Olympic Games Summer Olympic Games Medal count Winter Olympic Games Medal count Olympic sports Medal counts Participating NOCs Olympic symbols Olympics WikiProject Olympics Portal Athens 2004 • Beijing 2008 Torino 2006 • Vancouver 2010 ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Beginning in the late 1800s, thousands of years of folk singing and popular music were changed forever: This happened because of the printing of popular music and the impact of the record player. Prior to the record player, popular music, "music of the people," was largely improvised. It was extremely common for people who sang songs to change the lyrics whenever they sang them. They would change parts of the song to adapt it to whatever was going on at the moment or to play to the next audience they faced. Since people mostly learned songs by hearing them and remembering them, the “improvising” of lyrics and melody was quite common amongst the populace.


Theater

Improvisational Theatre (also known as improv or impro) is a form of theatre in which the actors perform spontaneously, without a script. ...

Dance

Dance improvisation as a choreographic tool: Improvisation is used as a choreographic tool in dance composition. Experimenting with the concepts of shape, space, time, and energy while moving without inhibition or cognitive thinking can create unique and innovative movement designs, spatial configuration, dynamics, and unpredictable rhythms. Improvisation without inhibition allows the choreographer to connect to their deepest creative self, which in turn clears the way for pure invention. Dance improvisation is the creation of improvised movement and is usually associated with 20th century concert dance but is not exclusive to that genre. ... Look up Choreography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term dance composition is used to describe to the practice and teaching of choreography and the navigation or connection of choreographic structures. ... Innovation is the implementation of a new or significantly improved idea, good, service, process or practice that is intended to be useful. ... Look up Creative in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The term creative can refer to: Creativity is defined as the ability to be creative. ... An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. ...


Contact improvisation: a form developed 30 years ago that is now practiced around the world. Contact improvisation originated from the movement studies of Steve Paxton in the 1970s and developed through the continued exploration of the Judson Dance Theater. It is a dance form based on sharing weight, partnering, playing with weight and unpredictable outcomes. Contact Improvisation (CI) is a dance technique in which points of physical contact provide the starting point for movement improvisation and exploration. ... Judson Dance Theater located at the Judson Memorial Church, New York the group of artists that formed Judson Dance Theater are considered the founders of Postmodern dance. ...


Film

The director Mike Leigh uses lengthy improvisations developed over a period of weeks to build characters and storylines for his films. He starts with some sketch ideas of how he thinks things might develop but does not reveal all his intentions with the cast who discover their fate and act out their responses as their destinies are gradually revealed, including significant aspects of their lives which will not subsequently be shown onscreen. The final filming draws on dialogue and actions that have been recorded during the improvisation period. Mike Leigh OBE (born February 20, 1943 in Broughton, Salford, Lancashire) is an award winning English film and theatre director. ...


Comedy

See main article - Improvisational theatre This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Improvisational comedy is a common art performed throughout the world and throughout history.


Some of the more famous North American comic improv groups are the Upright Citizens Brigade out of New York City, the Groundlings out of Los Angeles, The Second City out of Chicago, ComedySportz out of Milwaukee and Theatresports out of Calgary, Canada. Extemporizing on the methods of pioneers such as Viola Spolin, Paul Sills, Del Close, and Keith Johnstone. The Upright Citizens Brigade is an improvisational comedy and sketch comedy group that emerged from Chicagos ImprovOlympic in 1990. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Groundlings is an improvisational comedy troupe based in Los Angeles, California. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The Second City Logo The Second City is a long-running improvisational comedy troupe based in the Old Town neighborhood of Chicago, with offshoot troupes in other cities, most notably Toronto. ... Nickname: Motto: “Urbs in Horto” (Latin: “City in a Garden”), “I Will” Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... ComedySportz® is an improvisational comedy organization started in 1984 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, by Dick Chudnow. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Theatresports, or Theatre Sports, is a form of competitive improvisational theatre and is a trademark of the International Theatresports Institute (ITI). ... Nickname: Motto: Onward Location of Calgary in Alberta Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Alberta Region Calgary Region Census division 6 Established 1875 Incorporated 1884 (town)   1894 (city) Government [1]  - Mayor Dave Bronconnier (Past mayors)  - Governing body Calgary City Council  - Manager Owen A. Tobert  - MPs List of MPs Diane Ablonczy Rob Anders... Image:Spolin2. ... Paul Sills (born 18 November, 1927) is a director and improvisation teacher, and the original director of The Second City, Playwrights and Compass Players. ... Del Close (March 9, 1934–March 4, 1999), along with Keith Johnstone and Viola Spolin, is considered one of the premier influences on modern improvisational theater. ... Keith Johnstone is a drama instructor who has taught in England and Canada and more recently around the world. ...


Poetry

Traditional epic poetry included improvisation moments where the reciter flattered the audience (specially the authorities) or to substitute a forgotten passage. There are also societies that value improvised poetry as a genre, often as a debate or "poetic joust", where improvisators compete for public approval. Some of these impromptu poems are later recorded in paper or transmitted orally. The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... This article is about the 1982 arcade game. ...


Some forms of improvised poetry:

  • Basque bertsos
  • Cuban décimas
  • Trinidadan extempo
  • The Dozens, ritual rhyming insults among African American ghetto youths
  • Norse and Germanic flyting
  • Provençal and Catalan Jocs Florals
  • Arabic naqa'id
  • Argentinian payadores
  • The partimen and tenso of troubadours
  • Lebanese zajal
  • Portuguese cantigas ao desafio (sung)

Usually wit is as valued as conformity to poetical form. Some of these forms also include humour. Bertsolaritza is the art of singing bertso, a type of musical verse in Basque Country. ... Decima is a style of octosyllabic, 10-line poetry. ... Extempo (also extempo calypso) is a lyrically improvised form of calypso and is most notably practised in Trinidad and Tobago. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flyting is a contest of insults, often conducted in verse. ... A partimen is a poem in which one poet disputes the assertion of another. ... A tenso is a song style favoured by the troubadours. ... Zajal Zajal is a very traditional form of popular arabic poetry, mostly improvised, and that comes in the form of a debate between zajjaaleh (poets who improvise the Zajal). ...


Television

In the 1990s, a TV show called Whose Line Is It Anyway? popularized shortform comedic improvisation. The original version was British, but it was later revived and popularized in the United States with Drew Carey as a host. More recently, television shows such as HBO's Curb Your Enthusiasm (starring Seinfeld co-creator Larry David) and Bravo series Significant Others have used improvisation to create longer-form programs with more dramatic flavor. Another improvisation based show is i's "World Cup Comedy." In Canada, the Global Television soap opera Train 48, based on the Australian series Going Home, uses a form of structured improvisation, in which actors improvise dialog from written plot outlines. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shortform improvisation (often referred to simply as shortform) is an approach to improvisational theatre and improvisational comedy consisting of a series of games or structures that each encompass a single scene, with no narrative relationship to prior or subsequent scenes. ... Drew Allison Carey (born May 23, 1958) is an American comedian and actor. ... This section has been identified as trivia. ... Seinfeld is an Emmy Award-winning American sitcom that originally aired on NBC from July 5, 1989, to May 14, 1998, running a total of 9 seasons. ... Lawrence Gene Larry David (born July 2, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York) is an Emmy-winning actor, writer, comedian, producer and film director. ... This article is about the U.S. cable network. ... . The initial letter is shown capitalized due to technical restrictions. ... Global Television and Global TV redirect here. ... Train 48 was a Canadian television soap opera, broadcast on Global Television Network or CH (depending on location) airing from 2003 until 2005. ... Going Home was a TV soap opera screened on the [SBS] network in Australia from 2000 - 2001. ...


Even more recently, Australia's Thank God You're Here is a gameshow where celebrities are put into scenes they know nothing about and have to improvise. Thank God Youre Here is a Logie Award winning partially improvised comedy television program created by Working Dog Productions, which premiered on Australian Network Ten on the 5 April 2006, and has currently aired for two seasons. ...


Role-playing games

Role-playing games often involve a casual form of improvisational acting; a player's character may be pre-defined, with game statistics and a history, but the character's response to game events and to other players is improvised. Some players are more interested in the depth of the "acting" than others, while others enjoy elaborate plots, emotional investment in characters, and intense or witty repartee. Some earlier role-playing games emphasise combat and game mechanics over role-playing; however, modern storytelling games are often more plot-driven, and Live action role-playing games are often more acting-focused. This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... Look up Wit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wit is a form of intellectual humor, based on manipulation of concepts; a wit is someone who excels in witty remarks, typically in conversation and spontaneously, since wit carries the connotation of speed of thought. ... A game mechanic is a rule or set of rules intended to produce a set of outcomes in a game. ... A storytelling game is a game where two or more persons collaborate on telling a spontaneous story. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


See also

Karel Dujardins set his closely-observed scene of a traveling troupes makeshift stage against idealized ruins in the Roman Campagna: dated 1657 (Louvre Museum) Commedia dellarte (Italian: play of professional artists also interpreted as comedy of humors), also known as Extemporal Comedy, was a popular form of improvisational... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Musical improvisation is the spontaneous creative process of making music while it is being performed. ...

External links

  • Business Theatre improvisation Belgian improvisational business theater
  • IMPRO.INFINI improvisation et theatre en entreprise French improvisational theater
  • Troupe En Construction Improvisation in Paris, France.
  • The Far Games Improv games and workshops formats to get wise or laugh trying#
  • Sparks Creative Communication Training Geneva (Switzerland) based Management Consultancy working with Applied Improvisation in Business.
  • The Business of Improvisation Improvisation applied to corporate skills.
  • Improvisation in Business Theatre Improvisation in Business Theatre
  • Biz Improv Business Improvisation and Creativity Workshops for Executives and Sales Teams
  • Improvisation on Improvisation: composer Karlheinz Essl und performer Jack Hauser improvise on improvisation concepts

  Results from FactBites:
 
Improvisation on "Improvisation" (3046 words)
The improvisational method, however, tries to create complexity in the moment without writing, by manipulating all kinds of parameters which are also available in composition.
In improvisation, this is brought into a chronological sequence in which premonitions and references are possible.
Because in improvisation, unlike composition, one is not "out of time" but in the middle of the passage of time, situations come up due to this responsibility and this compulsion that cannot be planned by a composer at the writing-table.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m