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Encyclopedia > Imperial House of Japan
Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko of Japan.
Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko of Japan.

The Imperial House of Japan (also referred to as the Imperial Family or kōshitsu, 皇室) comprises those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties. Under the present Constitution of Japan, the emperor is the symbol of the state and unity of the people. Although he is not technically head of state, he is frequently treated as one. Other members of the imperial family perform ceremonial and social duties but have no role in the affairs of government. Image File history File links Japanese_Emperor_and_Empress. ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... The Constitution of Japan has been the founding legal document of Japan since 1947. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ...


The Japanese monarchy is the oldest continuous hereditary monarchy in the world still in existence. The imperial house recognizes one hundred and twenty-five legitimate monarchs since the accession of Emperor Jimmu (traditionally dated to February 11, 660 BC), including the reigning emperor, Akihito. Most historians regard the first fourteen emperors (Emperor Jimmu to Emperor Chuai) as legendary figures. Meiji era print of Emperor Jimmu Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇 Jinmu Tennō; also known as: Kamuyamato Iwarebiko; given name: Wakamikenu no Mikoto or Sano no Mikoto, born according to legend on January 1, 711 BC, and died, again according to legend, on March 11, 585 BC,[citation needed] was the mythical founder... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Emperor Akihito reads the Speech from the Throne to the Japanese Diet His Imperial Majesty Akihito (明仁) (born December 23, 1933) is the current and 125th Emperor of Japan. ... Meiji era print of Emperor Jimmu Emperor Jimmu (神武天皇 Jinmu Tennō; also known as: Kamuyamato Iwarebiko; given name: Wakamikenu no Mikoto or Sano no Mikoto, born according to legend on January 1, 711 BC, and died, again according to legend, on March 11, 585 BC,[citation needed] was the mythical founder... ChÅ«ai was a Japanese monarch, the 14th emperor (tenno) of Japan to appear on the traditional list of emperors. ...

Contents

Current members of the imperial family

Imperial House of Japan
HIM The Emperor
HIM The Empress
   HIH The Crown Prince
   HIH The Crown Princess
      HIH Princess Toshi
   HIH Prince Akishino
   HIH Princess Akishino
      HIH Princess Mako
      HIH Princess Kako
      HIH Prince Hisahito
HIH Prince Hitachi
HIH Princess Hitachi
HIH Prince Mikasa
HIH Princess Mikasa
   HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa
   HIH Princess Tomohito of Mikasa
      HIH Princess Akiko
      HIH Princess Yōko
   HIH Prince Katsura
   HIH Princess Takamado
      HIH Princess Tsuguko
      HIH Princess Noriko
      HIH Princess Ayako

The 1947 Imperial Household Law defines the imperial house as: the empress (皇后 kōgō?), the empress dowager (皇太后 kōtaigō?), the grand empress dowager (太皇太后 tai-kōtaigō?), the crown prince (皇太子 kōtaishi?) and his consort, the imperial grandson who is heir apparent (kōtaison 皇太孫) and his consort, the shinnō (親王) and their consorts, the naishinnō (内親王), the ō (王) and their consorts, and the nyoō (女王). The legitimate children and male line grandchildren of an emperor are shinnō (imperial princes) in the case of males and naishinnō (imperial princesses) in the case of females. More distant male line descendants are ō (princes) or nyoō (princesses). See below for more information on these titles. Image File history File links Imperial_Seal_of_Japan. ... Akihito () (born December 23, 1933) is the current Emperor ) of Japan, the 125th person to hold that title, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Empress Michiko of Japan, (born October 20, 1934) formerly Michiko Shōda (正田 美智子 Shōda Michiko) and later the Crown Princess of Japan (April 10, 1959 to January 7, 1989), is the wife and consort of the reigning Emperor of Japan, HIM Emperor Akihito. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Masako, Crown Princess of Japan , born December 9, 1963, Tokyo, Japan) is the wife of Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, the first son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko, and a member of the Japanese imperial family through marriage. ... Princess Aiko, The Princess Toshi (敬宮愛子内親王殿下 Toshi no miya Aiko naishinnō denka), born December 1, 2001, is the first child of Their Imperial Highnesses Crown Prince Naruhito, former heir apparent to the Japanese throne, and Crown Princess Masako. ... Prince Akishino (Fumihito) of Japan (秋篠宮文仁親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Fumihito shinnō denka) also known as Prince Fumihito (文仁親王 Fumihito shinnō) (born 30 November 1965) is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... Princess Akishino ), formerly Kiko Kawashima , born 11 September 1966) is the wife of Prince Akishino, who is the second son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko of Japan. ... Princess Mako Akishino of Japan (秋篠宮眞子内親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Mako naishinnō denka; born 23 October 1991) the elder daughter of Prince Akishino (Fumuhito) and his wife, the former Kawashima Kiko, is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... Princess Kako Akishino of Japan (秋篠宮佳子内親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Kako naishinnō denka) (born 29 December 1994) the second daughter of Prince Akishino (Fumihito) and his wife, the former Kawashima Kiko, is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... His Imperial Highness Prince Hisahito of Akishino , 6 September 2006-) is the third child of Prince and Princess Akishino, and their first son. ... Prince Hitachi (Masahito) of Japan (常陸宮正仁親王, Hitachi no miya Masahito Shinnō) (born 28 November 1935) is a member of the Japanese imperial family and the younger brother of the Emperor Akihito. ... Princess Hitachi (Hanako) of Japan (jp:常陸宮正仁親王妃華子, Hitachi no miya Hanako shinnō-hi), née Hanako Tsugaru (津軽華子 Tsugaru Hanako), was born on 19 July 1940. ... His Imperial Highness, Prince Mikasa (Takahito) of Japan (Mikasa no miya Takahito Shinnō; born December 15, 1915) is the fourth and youngest son of the Emperor Taishō and the Empress Teimei. ... Princess Mikasa (Yoriko) of Japan, (Mikasa-no-miya Yuriko shinnō-hi) 三笠宮妃百合子, née Yoriko Takagi, second daughter of Masanari Takagi, born 4 June 1923. ... Prince Tomohito of Mikasa (三笠宮寬仁 Mikasa-no-miya Tomohito shinnō), eldest son of the current HIH Prince Mikasa and HIH Princess Mikasa (Yuriko). ... Princess Tomohito of Mikasa (寛仁親王妃信子) was born on April 9, 1955. ... Princess Akiko of Mikasa (born 20 December 1981) is the eldest daughter of HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa. ... Princess Yōko of Mikasa 瑶子女王 (born 25 October 1983) is the second daughter of HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa and HIH Princess Tomohito of Mikasa. ... Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) of Japan (æ¡‚å®® 宜仁親王, Katsura-no-miya Yoshihito shinnō) (11 February 1948) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. ... Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (Hisako) of Japan, (jp: Takamado no miya Hisako shinnō-hi), née Ms. ... Princess Tsuguko of Takamado (承子女王殿下) is the daughter of the late His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado and Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (born 8 March 1986). ... Princess Noriko of Takamado is the daughter of the late His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado and Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (born 22 July 1988). ... Princess Ayako of Takamado (承子女王殿下) is the daughter of the late His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado and Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (born 15 September 1990). ... The Imperial Household Law of 1947 was passed during the Showa era on January 16, 1947. ...


After the removal of eleven families from the imperial house in October 1947, the official membership of the imperial family has effectively been limited to the male line descendants of the Emperor Taishō, excluding females who married outside the imperial family and their descendants. Emperor Taisho (大正天皇 Taishō Tennō) (August 31, 1879 – December 25, 1926), whose given name was Yoshihito (嘉仁), was the 123rd imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession, from 1912 until his death in 1926. ...


There are presently 23 members of the imperial family. Their personal names appear in parentheses:

  • His Imperial Majesty The Emperor (Akihito) was born at the Imperial Palace in Tokyo on 23 December 1933, the elder son and sixth child of the Shōwa Emperor and Empress Kōjun (Nagako). He was married on 10 April 1959 to Her Imperial Majesty The Empress (Michiko). The Empress, formerly Miss Shoda Michiko, was born in Tokyo on 24 October 1934, the eldest daughter of the late Mr. Shoda Hidesaburo, president and honorary chairman of Nisshin Flour Milling Inc.. Emperor Akihito succeeded his father as emperor on 7 January 1989.
  • His Imperial Highness The Crown Prince (Naruhito), the eldest son of the Emperor and the Empress, was born at the Tsugo Palace in Tokyo on 23 February 1960. He became heir apparent upon his father's ascension to the throne. Crown Prince Naruhito married on 10 June 1993 to Miss Owada Masako. Her Imperial Highness The Crown Princess (Masako) was born on 6 December 1963, the daughter of Hisashi Owada, a former vice minister of foreign affairs and former permanent representative of Japan to the United Nations. The Crown Prince and Crown Princess have one daughter:
    • Her Imperial Highness Princess Aiko, who was born on 1 December 2001 at 2:43 pm Japan time weighing just over three kilograms (six pounds 12 ounces) and who holds the childhood title Princess Toshi (Toshi-no-miya).
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Hitachi (Masahito) was born on 28 November 1935, the second son and seventh child of the Emperor Shôwa (Hirohito) and Empress Kojun (Nagako). His childhood title was Prince Yoshi (Yoshi-no-miya). He received the title Prince Hitachi (Hitachi-no-miya) and permission to set up a new branch of the imperial family on 1 October 1961, the day after his wedding. Her Imperial Highness Princess Hitachi (Hanako), was born on 19 July 1940, the daughter of the late former Count Tsugaru Yoshitaka. Prince and Princess Hitachi have no children.
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Mikasa (Takahito) was born on 2 December 1914, the fourth son of the Taisho Emperor and Empress Teimei (Sadako). He is the surviving brother of Emperor Shōwa and the surviving paternal uncle of Emperor Akihito. His childhood title was Prince Sumi (Sumi-no-miya). He received the title Prince Mikasa (Mikasa-no-miya) and permission to start a new branch of the imperial family on 2 December 1935. He married on 22 October 1936. Her Imperial Highness Princess Mikasa (Yuriko) was born on 6 June 1921, the second daughter of the late Viscount Takagi Masanori. Prince and Princess Mikasa have two daughters and three sons. Their youngest son, Prince Takamado (Norihito), is deceased.
  • His Imperial Highness Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. He was born on 11 February 1948. Originally known as Prince Yoshihito of Mikasa, he received the title Prince Katsura (Katsura-no-miya) and authorization to start a new branch of the imperial family on 1 January 1988.

Akihito () (born December 23, 1933) is the current Emperor ) of Japan, the 125th person to hold that title, according to the traditional order of succession. ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Emperor Shōwa ) (April 29, 1901 — January 7, 1989) was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926 until his death. ... Her Imperial Majesty Empress Kojun of Japan was born Princess Kuni Nagako (jp: 久邇宮良子女王 kuni no miya nagako joō) (March 6, 1903 - June 16, 2000). ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Empress Michiko of Japan, (born October 20, 1934) formerly Michiko Shōda (正田 美智子 Shōda Michiko) and later the Crown Princess of Japan (April 10, 1959 to January 7, 1989), is the wife and consort of the reigning Emperor of Japan, HIM Emperor Akihito. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Masako, Crown Princess of Japan , born December 9, 1963, Tokyo, Japan) is the wife of Naruhito, Crown Prince of Japan, the first son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko, and a member of the Japanese imperial family through marriage. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Hisashi Owada (小和田 恆) (b. ... Princess Aiko, The Princess Toshi (敬宮愛子内親王殿下 Toshi no miya Aiko naishinnō denka), born December 1, 2001, is the first child of Their Imperial Highnesses Crown Prince Naruhito, former heir apparent to the Japanese throne, and Crown Princess Masako. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Akishino (Fumihito) of Japan (秋篠宮文仁親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Fumihito shinnō denka) also known as Prince Fumihito (文仁親王 Fumihito shinnō) (born 30 November 1965) is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Akishino ), formerly Kiko Kawashima , born 11 September 1966) is the wife of Prince Akishino, who is the second son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko of Japan. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Princess Mako Akishino of Japan (秋篠宮眞子内親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Mako naishinnō denka; born 23 October 1991) the elder daughter of Prince Akishino (Fumuhito) and his wife, the former Kawashima Kiko, is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Kako Akishino of Japan (秋篠宮佳子内親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Kako naishinnō denka) (born 29 December 1994) the second daughter of Prince Akishino (Fumihito) and his wife, the former Kawashima Kiko, is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... His Imperial Highness Prince Hisahito of Akishino , 6 September 2006-) is the third child of Prince and Princess Akishino, and their first son. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Prince Hitachi (Masahito) of Japan (常陸宮正仁親王, Hitachi no miya Masahito Shinnō) (born 28 November 1935) is a member of the Japanese imperial family and the younger brother of the Emperor Akihito. ... November 28 is the 332nd day (333rd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Emperor Shōwa ) (April 29, 1901 — January 7, 1989) was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926 until his death. ... Nagako (良子), Empress and later Empress Dowager of Japan, consort to the Emperor Showa Hirohito, (March 6, 1903 - June 16, 2000) and mother of the Emperor Akihito. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Princess Hitachi (Hanako) of Japan (jp:常陸宮正仁親王妃華子, Hitachi no miya Hanako shinnō-hi), née Hanako Tsugaru (津軽華子 Tsugaru Hanako), was born on 19 July 1940. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... His Imperial Highness, Prince Mikasa (Takahito) of Japan (Mikasa no miya Takahito Shinnō; born December 15, 1915) is the fourth and youngest son of the Emperor Taishō and the Empress Teimei. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Yoshihito (嘉仁), the Taishō Emperor (大正天皇), (August 31, 1879–December 25, 1926, r. ... born Princess Sadako Kujo (九条節子 kujō sadako) (June 25, 1884 - May 17, 1951) was the consort of the Taisho Emperor and the mother of Emperor Hirohito. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Princess Mikasa (Yoriko) of Japan, (Mikasa-no-miya Yuriko shinnō-hi) 三笠宮妃百合子, née Yoriko Takagi, second daughter of Masanari Takagi, born 4 June 1923. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining // 1508 - Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice 1513... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado (Norihito) of Japan (jp: Takamado no miya Norihito shinnō), (b. ... Prince Tomohito of Mikasa (三笠宮寬仁 Mikasa-no-miya Tomohito shinnō), eldest son of the current HIH Prince Mikasa and HIH Princess Mikasa (Yuriko). ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Princess Tomohito of Mikasa (寛仁親王妃信子) was born on April 9, 1955. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shigeru Yoshida (吉田 茂 Yoshida Shigeru, September 22, 1878–October 20, 1967) was the Prime Minister of Japan from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954. ... Princess Akiko of Mikasa (born 20 December 1981) is the eldest daughter of HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Yohko of Mikasa (born 25 October 1983) is the second daughter of HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa and HIH Princess Tomohito of Mikasa. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) of Japan (æ¡‚å®® 宜仁親王, Katsura-no-miya Yoshihito shinnō) (11 February 1948) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. ... February 11 is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (Hisako) of Japan, (jp: Takamado no miya Hisako shinnō-hi), née Ms. ... His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado (Norihito) of Japan (jp: Takamado no miya Norihito shinnō), (b. ... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... March 6 is the 65th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (66th in Leap years). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Noriko of Takamado (典子女王) is the daughter of the late His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado and Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (born 22 July 1988). ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... she was a fat git plus fucker ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...

Pedigree

The following pedigree shows the current members of the imperial family.[1]

Image File history File links Japanese_pedigree. ...

Living former members of the imperial family

Under the terms of the 1947 Imperial House Law, naishinnō (imperial princesses) and nyoō (princesses) lose their titles and membership in the imperial family upon marriage, unless they marry the Emperor or another member of the imperial family. Three of the five daughters of Emperor Shōwa, the two daughters of Prince Mikasa, and most recently, the only daughter of the Emperor Akihito left the imperial family upon marriage, taking the surnames of their husbands. (The eldest daughter of Emperor Shōwa married the eldest son of Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko in 1943. The Higashikuni family lost its imperial status along with the other collateral branches of the imperial family in October 1947). The living former imperial princesses (whose personal names are in parentheses) are: Emperor Shōwa ) (April 29, 1901 — January 7, 1989) was the 124th emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from December 25, 1926 until his death. ... Akihito () (born December 23, 1933) is the current Emperor ) of Japan, the 125th person to hold that title, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Prince Naruhiko Higashikuni (東久邇 稔彦 Higashikuni Naruhiko, also Higashikuni no miya Naruhiko ō (東久邇宮 稔彦王)) (3 December 1887 – 26 January 1990) was the 43rd Prime Minister of Japan from 17 August 1945 to 9 October 1945, a period of 54 days. ... The ōke (王家), literally Prince Houses, were branches of the Imperial Family formed from branches of the Fushimi-no-miya house. ...

  • Mrs. Ikeda Takamasa (Atsuko), born 7 March 1931, fourth daughter of Emperor Shōwa and surviving elder sister of Emperor Akihito.
  • Mrs. Shimazu Hisanaga (Takako), born 2 March 1939, fifth daughter and youngest child of Emperor Shōwa and younger sister of Emperor Akihito.
  • Mrs. Konoe Tadateru (Yasuko), born 26 April 1944, eldest daughter and eldest child of Prince and Princess Mikasa.
  • Mrs. Sen Soshitsu (Masako), born 23 October 1951, second daughter and fourth child of Prince and Princess Mikasa.
  • Mrs. Kuroda Yoshiki (Sayako), born 18 April 1969, third child and only daughter of Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko.

In addition to these former princesses, there are also descendants of the eleven cadet branches of the dynasty (Asaka, Fushimi, Higashi-Fushimi, Higashi-kuni, Kan'in, Kaya, Kitashirakawa, Kuni, Nashimoto, Takeda, and Yamashina) that left the imperial family in October 1947. The Shōwa emperor's eldest daughter, Mrs. Higashikuni Morihito (Shigeko), and his third daughter, Mrs. Takatukasa Toshimichi (Kazuko), died in 1961 and 1989, respectively. Mrs. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in leap years). ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full year calendar). ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... The imperial household of Japan (also referred to as the imperial family or kōshitsu (皇室)) refers those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties, as well as their minor children. ... The imperial household of Japan (also referred to as the imperial family or kōshitsu (皇室)) refers those members of the extended family of the reigning Emperor of Japan who undertake official and public duties, as well as their minor children. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... The Fushimi House (伏見宮) is the oldest of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. ... The Kanin-no-miya house (閑院宮家) is the youngest of the four shinnōke. ...


Succession

See also Emperor of Japan: Succession.
The Emperor addresses well-wishers at his birthday in 2005. At his left is the Empress; at his right is the Crown Prince.
The Emperor addresses well-wishers at his birthday in 2005. At his left is the Empress; at his right is the Crown Prince.

Historically, the succession to Japan's Chrysanthemum Throne has generally passed in male line of the imperial lineage. The imperial clan previously included specially designated collateral lines or shinnōke (princely houses), too. The surviving shinnōke and several other branches of the extended imperial clan (the ōke) were reduced to commoner status in 1947. For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1913x1416, 1379 KB) Reigning Emperor of Japan on his 72nd birthday, December 23, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1913x1416, 1379 KB) Reigning Emperor of Japan on his 72nd birthday, December 23, 2005. ... Succession is the act or process of pooing or of following in order or sequence. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Imperial Seal of Japan. ... Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. ... Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. ... The ōke (王家), literally Prince Houses, were branches of the Imperial Family formed from branches of the Fushimi-no-miya house. ...


Before the Meiji Restoration, Japan had eight female tennō or reigning empresses, all of them daughters of male line of the imperial clan. None ascended purely as a wife or as a widow of emperor. None of these empresses married or gave birth after ascending the throne. The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ...


Article 2 of the Constitution of Japan provides that "The Imperial Throne shall be dynastic and succeeded to in accordance with the Imperial House Law passed by the Diet." The Imperial Household Law of 1947 enacted by the ninety-second and last session of the Imperial Diet, retained the exclusion on female dynasts found in the 1889 law. The government of Prime Minister Yoshida Shigeru hastily cobbled together the legislation to bring the Imperial House in compliance with the American-written Constitution of Japan that went into effect in May, 1947. In an effort to control the size of the imperial family, the law stipulates that only legitimate male descendants in the male line can be dynasts; that naishinnō (imperial princesses) and nyoō (princesses) lose their status as imperial family-members if they marry outside the imperial family; that shinnō (imperial princes), other than the crown prince, ō (princes), unmarried imperial princesses and princesses, and the widows of imperial princes and princesses may, upon their own request or in the event of special circumstances, renounce their membership in the imperial family with approval of the Imperial House Council; and that the Emperor and other members of the imperial family may not adopt children. The Constitution of Japan has been the founding legal document of Japan since 1947. ... The Imperial Household Law of 1947 was passed during the Showa era on January 16, 1947. ... Shigeru Yoshida (吉田 茂 Yoshida Shigeru, September 22, 1878–October 20, 1967) was the Prime Minister of Japan from 1946 to 1947 and from 1948 to 1954. ... The Constitution of Japan has been the founding legal document of Japan since 1947. ...


Prior to September, 2006, there was a potential succession crisis since no male child had been born into the imperial family since Prince Akishino in 1965. Following the birth of Princess Aiko, there was some public debate about amending the Imperial House Law to allow female descendants of an emperor and their descendants to succeed to the throne. In January 2005 Prime Minister Koizumi Junichiro appointed a special panel comprised of judges, university professors, and civil servants to study changes to the Imperial House Law and to make recommendations to the government. On October 25, 2005, the commission recommended amending the law to allow females in the male line of imperial descent to succeed to the throne. There is broad public support for such a change. See Japanese Imperial succession controversy. Princess Aiko, The Princess Toshi (敬宮愛子内親王殿下 Toshi no miya Aiko naishinnō denka), born December 1, 2001, is the first child of Their Imperial Highnesses Crown Prince Naruhito, former heir apparent to the Japanese throne, and Crown Princess Masako. ... Junichiro Koizumi Junichiro Koizumi (小泉 純一郎 Koizumi Junichirō, born January 8, 1942) is a Japanese politician and the 87th, and current, Prime Minister of Japan. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Japanese Imperial succession controversy refers to the question of whether Japans laws of succession under the The Imperial Household Law of 1947 should be changed from male-only primogeniture to equal primogeniture. ...


Current order of succession

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United Kingdom An order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A monarchy, from the Greek μονος, one, and αρχειν, to rule, is a form of government that has a monarch as head of state. ...

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  1. His Imperial Highness Crown Prince Naruhito, born 1960, the current Emperor's first son
  2. His Imperial Highness Prince Akishino (Fumihito), born 1965, the current Emperor's second son
  3. His Imperial Highness Prince Hisahito of Akishino, born September 6, 2006 [1], Prince Akishino's son
  4. His Imperial Highness Prince Hitachi (Masahito), born 1935, the current Emperor's brother
  5. His Imperial Highness Prince Mikasa (Takahito), born 1915, the current Emperor's uncle
  6. His Imperial Highness Prince Tomohito of Mikasa, born 1946, Prince Mikasa's first son (the current Emperor's eldest male cousin)
  7. His Imperial Highness Prince Katsura (Yoshihito), born 1948, Prince Mikasa's second son (the current Emperor's second eldest male cousin)

Crown Prince Naruhito has a daughter (Aiko) and Prince Akishino currently has two daughters (Mako and Kako) and a son. The emperor's brother, Prince Hitachi, is childless. Of the three sons of Prince Mikasa: Prince Tomohito of Mikasa has two daughters (Akiko and Yōko), Prince Katsura is childless, and the late Prince Takamado had three daughters (Tsuguko, Noriko, and Ayako). To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Prince Akishino (Fumihito) of Japan (秋篠宮文仁親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Fumihito shinnō denka) also known as Prince Fumihito (文仁親王 Fumihito shinnō) (born 30 November 1965) is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... His Imperial Highness Prince Hisahito of Akishino , 6 September 2006-) is the third child of Prince and Princess Akishino, and their first son. ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Prince Hitachi (Masahito) of Japan (常陸宮正仁親王, Hitachi no miya Masahito Shinnō) (born 28 November 1935) is a member of the Japanese imperial family and the younger brother of the Emperor Akihito. ... His Imperial Highness, Prince Mikasa (Takahito) of Japan (Mikasa no miya Takahito Shinnō; born December 15, 1915) is the fourth and youngest son of the Emperor Taishō and the Empress Teimei. ... Prince Tomohito of Mikasa (三笠宮寬仁 Mikasa-no-miya Tomohito shinnō), eldest son of the current HIH Prince Mikasa and HIH Princess Mikasa (Yuriko). ... Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) of Japan (æ¡‚å®® 宜仁親王, Katsura-no-miya Yoshihito shinnō) (11 February 1948) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. ...


Possible succession scenarios

Aside from amending the Imperial House Law to allow women to succeed to the throne, which a commission had suggested, there were several other scenarios that could have produced a male heir.


Allowing members of the imperial family to adopt children or reinstating one or more of the abolished cadet lines to imperial status were both possibilities, and there were a limited number of other viable solutions.

  1. Crown Prince Naruhito could have attempted to produce a male heir.
  2. Prince Akishino could have continued attempts to produce a male heir (He has done so).
  3. Prince Katsura could have married and produced a male heir.

In theory, one of other male members of the imperial family could have produced a son, but this was considered very unlikely for various reasons. Princess Hitachi and Princess Tomohito of Mikasa are long past child bearing age. However, if concubines had been the solution, then that solution would have applied to the Crown Prince first. Prince Katsura has been paralyzed from the waist down and confined to a wheelchair since suffering a series of strokes in 1988. The remaining members of the imperial family are all female, namely the daughters of the above mentioned princes. Since there were no eligible male members of the imperial family for them to marry, they would all have eventually become commoners upon marriage. Theoretically, the imperial family may have come to end after the last male heir died, since an heir must descend from the male line. Naruhito is a Japanese name, used for males, normally only of the imperial family. ... Prince Akishino (Fumihito) of Japan (秋篠宮文仁親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Fumihito shinnō denka) also known as Prince Fumihito (文仁親王 Fumihito shinnō) (born 30 November 1965) is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) of Japan (桂宮 宜仁親王, Katsura-no-miya Yoshihito shinnō) (11 February 1948) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. ...


The pregnancy of Princess Kiko was announced that on February 6, 2006. She gave birth on September 6, 2006. The baby, Prince Hisahito of Akishino [2] (using the Chinese characters for "virtuous, calm and everlasting") will be third in line to the throne, behind his father and his uncle. [3] HIH Princess Kiko Her Imperial Highness Princess Akishino (秋篠宮紀子親王妃 akishino no miya kiko shinnōhi), née Kawashima Kiko (川島紀子), (born 11 September 1966), is the wife of Prince Akishino (Fumihito), the second son of the Emperor Akihito and the Empress Michiko, and a member of the Japanese imperial family through marriage. ... February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... His Imperial Highness Prince Hisahito of Akishino , 6 September 2006-) is the third child of Prince and Princess Akishino, and their first son. ...


This birth temporarily abates the looming succession crisis, although the problem could resurface if anything untoward happens to the child before he can sire a male offspring. Prince Hisahito is the only male and heir of his generation, and he could eventually become the only member of the Japanese Royal Family.


It has been suggested that the succession laws could be changed into an Equal Primogeniture system, allowing the line of succession to grow significantly. The order of succession would then become: An order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant. ...

  1. Crown Prince Naruhito, the Emperor's eldest son (b 1960)
  2. Princess Aiko, the Crown Prince's daughter (b. 2001)
  3. Prince Akishino, the Emperor's younger son (b. 1965)
  4. Princess Mako of Akishino, Prince Akishino's eldest child (b. 1991)
  5. Princess Kako of Akishino, Prince Akishino's second child (b. 1994)
  6. Prince Hisahito of Akishino, Prince Akishino's third child (b. 2006)
  7. Prince Hitachi, the Emperor's younger brother (b. 1935)
  8. Prince Mikasa, the Emperor's uncle]] (b. 1915)
  9. Prince Tomohito of Mikasa, Prince Mikasa's eldest son (b. 1946)
  10. Princess Akiko, Prince Tomohito's eldest daughter (b. 1981)
  11. Princess Yōko, Prince Tomohito's younger daughter, (b. 1983)
  12. Prince Katsura, Prince Mikasa's second son (b. 1948)
  13. Princess Tsuguko, eldest daughter of the late Prince Takamado, Prince Mikasa's third son (b. 1986)
  14. Princess Noriko, Prince Takamado's second daughter (b. 1988)
  15. Princess Ayako, Prince Takamado's third daughter (b. 1990)

Naruhito is a Japanese name, used for males, normally only of the imperial family. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... Aiko (愛子), titled Princess Toshi (敬宮 Toshi-no-miya) (born December 1, 2001) is the first child (daughter) of Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako Owada of Japan. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Akishino (Fumihito) of Japan (秋篠宮文仁親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Fumihito shinnō denka) also known as Prince Fumihito (文仁親王 Fumihito shinnō) (born 30 November 1965) is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Princess Mako Akishino of Japan (秋篠宮眞子内親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Mako naishinnō denka; born 23 October 1991) the elder daughter of Prince Akishino (Fumuhito) and his wife, the former Kawashima Kiko, is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Kako Akishino of Japan (秋篠宮佳子内親王殿下 Akishino-no-miya Kako naishinnō denka) (born 29 December 1994) the second daughter of Prince Akishino (Fumihito) and his wife, the former Kawashima Kiko, is a member of the Japanese imperial family. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... His Imperial Highness Prince Hisahito of Akishino , 6 September 2006-) is the third child of Prince and Princess Akishino, and their first son. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Prince Hitachi (Masahito) of Japan (常陸宮正仁親王, Hitachi no miya Masahito Shinnō) (born 28 November 1935) is a member of the Japanese imperial family and the younger brother of the Emperor Akihito. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... His Imperial Highness, Prince Mikasa (Takahito) of Japan (Mikasa no miya Takahito Shinnō; born December 15, 1915) is the fourth and youngest son of the Emperor Taishō and the Empress Teimei. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Prince Tomohito of Mikasa (三笠宮寬仁 Mikasa-no-miya Tomohito shinnō), eldest son of the current HIH Prince Mikasa and HIH Princess Mikasa (Yuriko). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Her Imperial Highness Princess Akiko of Mikasa (born 20 December 1981) is the eldest daughter of HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Yohko of Mikasa (born 25 October 1983) is the second daughter of HIH Prince Tomohito of Mikasa and HIH Princess Tomohito of Mikasa. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Prince Katsura (Yoshihito) of Japan (æ¡‚å®® 宜仁親王, Katsura-no-miya Yoshihito shinnō) (11 February 1948) is the second son of Prince and Princess Mikasa and a first cousin of Emperor Akihito. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princess Noriko of Takamado (典子女王) is the daughter of the late His Imperial Highness Prince Takamado and Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado (born 22 July 1988). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... she was a fat git plus fucker ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...

History of titles

Ō (王) is a title (commonly translated Prince) given to male members of the Japanese Imperial Family who do not have the higher title of shinnō. The female equivalent is nyoō (女王). Ō can also be translated as "king". The origin of this double meaning is a copying of the Chinese pattern. Unlike in China, however, ō was only used for imperial family members. Interestingly, "queen" is joō, using the same characters as nyoō. // The King or Wang (Chinese: 王 or 國王; wáng) was the title of the Chinese head of state until the Qin dynasty. ...


Historically, any male member of the Imperial Family was titled ō by default, with shinnō (親王; literally relative-prince) and its female equivalent naishinnō (内親王; literally relative-princess) being special titles granted by the Emperor. After the Meiji Restoration, the difference between ō and shinnō were altered. A shinnō or naishinnō was a legitimate Imperial Family member descended from an Emperor down to the great grandchild. The term "legitimate Imperial Family" excludes anyone not connected by a direct male line descent, as well as the descendants of anyone who renounced their membership in the Imperial Family, or were expelled from the Imperial Family. Shinnō also included the heads of any of the shinnōke. A provision of law which never had an opportunity to be applied also stipulated that if the head of a shinnōke succeeded to the Chrysanthemum Throne, then his brothers would acquire the title of shinnō, as well as their descendants (down to the grandchildren?). The Emperor could also specially grant the title of shinnō to any ō. For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... The Meiji Restoration ), also known as the Meiji Ishin, Revolution, or Renewal, was a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japans political and social structure. ... Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Imperial Seal of Japan. ...


In 1947, the law was changed so that shinnō only extended to the male-line grandchildren of an Emperor. The Imperial Family was also drastically pruned, disestablishing the ōke and shinnōke. The consort of an ō or shinnō has the suffix -hi (妃) to ō or shinnō.


References

  1. ^ Imperial Household Agency Genealogy

Related terms

  • Emperor of Japan
  • Shinnōke
    • Fushimi
    • Katsura
    • Arisugawa (extinct)
    • Kan'in (extinct)
  • Ōke
    • Nashimoto
    • Kuni
    • Yamashina (extinct)
    • Kachō or Kwachō (extinct)
    • Kitashirakawa
    • Higashifushimi (extinct)
    • Kaya
    • Asaka
    • Higashikuni
    • Takeda

For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... Shinnōke (literally shinnō houses) were the collective name of four cadet branches of the Imperial Household of Japan, entitled to provide a successor to the Chrysanthemum throne if the main line failed to produce an heir. ... The Fushimi House (伏見宮) is the oldest of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. ... The Katsura House (桂宮) is one of the shinnōke, a branch of the Imperial Family which is eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne if the main line should die out. ... The Arisugawa-no-miya house (有栖川宮家) is one of the shinnōke, branches of the Imperial Family which are eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne in the event that the main line should die out. ... The Kanin-no-miya house (閑院宮家) is the youngest of the four shinnōke. ... The ōke (王家), literally Prince Houses, were branches of the Imperial Family formed from branches of the Fushimi-no-miya house. ... An emperor is a (male) monarch, usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... A Crown Prince or Crown Princess is the heir or heiress apparent to the throne in a royal or imperial monarchy. ... Members of the British Royal Family This article is about the monarchy-related concept. ... The Japanese Imperial succession controversy refers to the question of whether Japans laws of succession under the The Imperial Household Law of 1947 should be changed from male-only primogeniture to equal primogeniture. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A monarchy, from the Greek μονος, one, and αρχειν, to rule, is a form of government that has a monarch as head of state. ... Look up monarch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for the member of the highest aristocracy. ... Princess is the feminine form of prince (from Latin princeps, meaning principal citizen). ... An order of succession is a formula or algorithm that determines who inherits an office upon the death, resignation, or removal of its current occupant. ... The precincts of the Japanese Imperial Palace in Tokyo (Kokyo) include structures known as the Three Palace Sanctuaries or Kyuchusanden (宮中三殿): Kashikodokoro (賢所) enshrining Amaterasu. ...

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