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Encyclopedia > Imperial Circle
A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. States that were not part of a circle are shown in white.
A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. States that were not part of a circle are shown in white.

An Imperial Circle (German: 'Reichskreis, plural Reichskreise') was a regional grouping of states of the Holy Roman Empire, primarily for the purpose of organizing a common defense and of collecting imperial taxes, but also as a means of organization within the Reichstag (Imperial Diet). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (727x714, 67 KB) Summary I am the author of this image file. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (727x714, 67 KB) Summary I am the author of this image file. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire around 1630, superimposed over modern European state borders Capital None Language(s) Latin, German, many others Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 962–967 Otto I  - 973–983 Otto II  - 996–1002 Otto III  - 1014– 1024 Henry II  - 1027–1039 Conrad II  - 1046... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ...


Each circle had a Kreistag (Circle Diet), although not every member of the Kreistag would also be a member of the Reichstag as well.


Formation of the circles

Initially six circles were created in 1500 as part of the Reichsreform (Imperial Reform): 1500 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In 1495, an attempt was made at a Reichstag in the city of Worms to give the disintegrating Holy Roman Empire a new structure, commonly referred to as Imperial Reform (in German: Whether this reform can be considered successful depends on how one defines its goals; today, many scholars believe...

A further four circles were created in 1512: The Bavarian Circle (in German, Bayerischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... Year 1512 (MDXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...

These ten circles remained largely unchanged until the early 1790s, when the Wars of the French Revolution brought about significant changes to the political map of the Empire. A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century The Burgundian Circle (in German, Burgundischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire. ... The Austrian Circle (in German, Österreichischer Reichskreis) was an Imperial Circle of the Holy Roman Empire. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century. ... Events and Trends French Revolution (1789 - 1799). ... The French Revolutionary Wars occurred between the outbreak of war between the French Revolutionary government and Austria in 1792 and the Treaty of Amiens in 1802. ...


States outside the circles

A number of states were left outside of any circle:


  Results from FactBites:
 
List of states in the Holy Roman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3268 words)
Imperial Circle: An Imperial Circle (in German Reichskreis, plural Reichskreise) was a regional grouping of states of the Holy Roman Empire, primarily for the purpose of organising a common defence and of collecting imperial taxes, but also as a means of organisation within the Reichstag (Imperial Diet).
Imperial Immediacy Reichsfreiheit: The Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit (adjectives reichsfrei, reichsunmittelbar) was a privileged feudal and political status, a form of statehood, which a city, religious entity or feudal principality of minor lordship could attain whithin the Holy Roman Empire.
Imperial Reform: In 1495, an attempt was made at a Reichstag in the city of Worms to give the disintegrating Holy Roman Empire a new structure, commonly referred to as Imperial Reform (in German: Reichsreform).
Imperial Circle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (247 words)
A map of the Imperial Circles as at the beginning of the 16th century.
An Imperial Circle (in German Reichskreis, plural Reichskreise) was a regional grouping of states of the Holy Roman Empire, primarily for the purpose of organising a common defence and of collecting imperial taxes, but also as a means of organisation within the Reichstag (Imperial Diet).
These ten circles remained largely unchanged until the early 1790s, when the Wars of the French Revolution brought about significant changes to the political map of the Empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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