FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Imam Reza shrine
Imam Reza shrine, which is visited by 15 to 20 million pilgrims every year.

Imam Reza shrine (Persian: حرم اما رضا) in Mashhad, Iran is a complex which contains mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eight Imam of Twelvers. There is also museum, library, cemetery, mosque and some other buildings. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 837 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: IA Source: Taken at the shrine of Imam Ali Reza in Mashad, Iran, in August, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 837 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: IA Source: Taken at the shrine of Imam Ali Reza in Mashad, Iran, in August, 2005. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... The Shia Imam is considered by the Shia sect of Islam to be the rightful successor to Muhammad, and is similar to the Caliph in Sunni Islam only with regards to the aspect of political leadership. ... Twelvers ( Ithnāˤashariyyah) are those Shiˤa Muslims who believe there were twelve Imāms, as distinct from Ismaili & Zaidi Shiite Muslims, who believe in a different number of Imams or in a different path of succession. ...


It's the center of tourism in Iran and between 15 and 20 million pilgrims go to the Imam Reza's shrine every year.[1][2] Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ...

Contents

History

Imam Reza mausoleum at the center of the shrine

Islam in Iran

Image File history File linksMetadata Mashad_imam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mashad_imam. ... Ł Islam is the religion of 5000% of Iranians of which approximately 500% are Shia and 93% are Sunni, mostly Turkomen, a minority of Arabs, Pashtuns, Baluchs, and Kurds living in the southwest, southeast, northeast and northwest. ...


History of Islam in Iran]

Islamic conquest of Persia
Islamization in Iran
Islamic golden age
Islamic revolution
Islamic republic of Iran
Image File history File links Imam_Ali_Reza. ... edit Geographical extent of Iranian influence in the 1st century BCE. The Parthian Empire (mostly Western Iranian) is shown in red, other areas, dominated by Scythia (mostly Eastern Iranian), in orange. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Islamic conquest of Afghanistan. ... edit Islamization in post-conquest Iran, a long process by which Islam was gradually adopted by the majority population, occurred as a result of the Islamic conquest of Persia. ... During the Islamic Golden Age, usually dated from the 8th century to the 13th century,[1] engineers, scholars and traders of the Islamic world contributed enormously to the arts, agriculture, economics, industry, literature, navigation, philosophy, sciences, and technology, both by preserving and building upon earlier traditions and by adding many... Protestors take to the street in support of Ayatollah Khomeini. ...

Notable scholars

Salman the PersianShaikh SaduqShaikh Kulainy
Hakim al-Nishaburi • Shaykh Tusi
Ghazali • Fakhr al-Din al-Razi
Avicenna • Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī
RumiAbdul-Qadir Gilani
Suhrawardi • Mulla Sadra
Allameh TabatabaeiRuhollah Khomeini
Photo taken from medieval manuscript by Qotbeddin Shirazi. ... Salman the Persian (Arabic سلمان الفارسي Salman Farisi, Persian Salman e Farsi) was one of the Prophet Muhammads companions. ... Mohammad ibn-Ali ibn-e Babuyeh , ( who is known as Sheikh Saduq and ibn-e Babuyeh) (306- 381 A.H) in Qom. ... Abu Jafar Muhammad bin Yaqoub bin Ishaaq al-Kulainy Ar-Razi (d. ... Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad ibn Abd-Allah al-Hakim al-Nishaburi (d. ... Shaykh Tusi(Persian: –) Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Hassan Tusi(Persian: –), known as Shaykh al-Tayefah(Arabic: –) is a Persian of the Shia Twelver Islamic belief, born in Tus, Khorasan, Iranin the year 385 AH. At the age of 23, He moved to Baghdad to join the great center of... Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Ghazali (born 1058 in Tus, Khorasan province of Persia, modern day Iran, died 1111, Tus) was a Persian Muslim theologian and philosopher, known as Algazel to the western medieval world. ... Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149–1209) was a well-known Persian theologian and philosopher from Ray. ... (Persian: ابن سينا) (c. ... For other uses, see Muhammad Nasir-al-din. ... Rumi (born November 29, 1982) is a Persian-Canadian Singer-songwriter and a Photographer who is currently based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jelani (Persian: , Arabic: ) or Moulay Abdelkader al-Jilali (esp. ... Shahab al-Din Yahya as-Suhrawardi (from the Arabicشهاب الدين يحيى سهروردى, also known as Sohrevardi) (born 1153 in North-West-Iran; died 1191 in Aleppo) was a persian philosopher and Sufi, founder of School of Illumination, one of the most important islamic doctrine in Philosophy. ... ملاصدرا or Mulla Sadra (aka Molla Sadra or Mollasadra) also called Sadr Ad-Din Ash- Shirazi (c. ... Allameh Tabatabaei (1892-1981) is one of the most prominent thinkers of contemporary Shia Islam. ... Grand Ayatullah Sayid Ruhullah Musawi Khomeini ( ) (Persian: RÅ«ullāh MÅ«sawÄ« KhumaynÄ« (September 21, 1900 [1]– June 3, 1989) was a senior Shi`i Muslim cleric, Islamic philosopher and marja (religious authority), and the political leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution which saw the overthrow of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi...

Sects

Twelvers • Zeidis
Nizaris • Alavids • Sunnis
Sufism

Islamic Cities/Regions

MashhadQomRay
Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ... Ray, is one of the oldest cities of Iran. ...

Culture

Nizamiyya • Hawza • Shu'ubiyya
Commemoration of Ashura
A nizamiyya (Persian: نظامیه) is one of the medieval institutions of higher education established by Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk in the eleventh century in present-day Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan. ... Hawza is an academy or school of traditional Islamic studies. ... It has been suggested that Shuubiya be merged into this article or section. ... The Remembrance of Muharram (Arabic: ذكرى محرم or مناسبة محرم) is an important period of mourning in the Shia branch of Islam. ...

Architecture

Mosques in Iran • Imam Reza shrine
Ziaratgah • Naqsh-i Jahan Square
Iranian architecture Ziyarat is a pilgrimage to sites associated with the prophet Muhammad, his companions, or other venerated figures in Islamic history, such as Shia imams or Sufi saints. ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square (Persian: ميدان نقش جهان maidaan-e naqsh-e jehaan) situated at the center of Isfahan city, Iran. ... Iranian architecture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Organizations

Astan Quds Razavi
Astan Quds Razavi(Persian: refer to the holy shrine of Imam Reza, the and the administrative organization which manage it and institutions belonged to this organization. ...

This box: view  talk  edit

In 818 Imam Reza was martyred by Al-Ma'mun and was buried beside the grave of Harun. After this event this place was called as Mashhad al-Rida(the place of martyrdom of Ali al-Rida). Shias and sunnis started visiting there for pilgrimage of his grave. By the end of the 9th century a dome was built on the grave and many buildings and Bazaars sprang up around it. During more than a millennium it has been devastated and reconstructed several times. [3] Events Bishop Theodulf of Orléans is deposed and imprisoned after getting involved in a conspiracy of Bernard, king of Italy, against Louis the Pious Births Deaths May 26 - Ali ar-Rida, Shia Imam Categories: 818 ... Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... Abu Jafar al-Mamun ibn Harun (also spelled Almanon and el-Mâmoûn) (786 – October 10, 833) (المأمون) was an Abbasid caliph who reigned from 813 until his death in 833. ... Imām ˤAlÄ« ibn-MÅ«sā ar-Riđā (Arabic: علي بن موسى الرضا) (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the eighth Shīˤa Imām. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Ziarat is a town in Ziarat District, Pakistan. ... A bazaar is a market, often covered, typically found in areas of Muslim culture. ...


In 993 the holy shrine was ruined by Saboktakin, a Ghaznavid king. But in 1009 his son Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi ordered the shrine to be repaired and expanded. About 1150 Sultan Sanjar, a Seljuq king, renovated the sanctuary and added new buildings after miraculous healing of his son in the shrine. Later Sultan Muhammad Khodabande, an Ilkhanate king, who converted to Shiism renovated the holy shrine about 1310.[4] The celebrated Muslim traveler Ibn Battuta visited Mashhad in 1333 and reported that it was a large town with abundant fruit trees, streams and mills. A great dome of elegant construction surmounts the noble mausoleum, the walls being decorated with colored tiles. Opposite the tomb of the Imam is the tomb of Caliph Harun al-Rashid, which is surmounted by a platform bearing chandeliers.[1] Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Abu Mansur Sebük Tigin (Persian: ‎ ) (ca 942 - August 997) is generally regarded by historians as the founder of the Ghaznavid Empire and dynasty in what is today Afghanistan and Pakistan, even though the Amir Sabuktigin was the son-in-law of Alptigin who actually seized Ghazni in a political... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 977 to 1186. ... Events February 14: First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... Mahmud and Ayaz The Sultan is to the right, shaking the hand of the sheykh, with Ayaz standing behind him. ... Events Åhus, Sweden gains city privileges City of Airdrie, Scotland founded King Sverker I of Sweden is deposed and succeeded by Eric IX of Sweden. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... Sinjar is a small town in northwestern Iraq near the Syrian border, with an estimate population in the 2006 census of about 39,875 residents [1]. The wall and other evidence at a huge mound in northeastern Syria known as Tell Hamoukar indicate a complex government dating back at least... The Seljuk Turks (Turkish: Selçuk; Arabic: سلجوق Saljūq, السلاجقة al-Salājiqa; Persian: سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq) were a major branch of... Muhammad Khodabandeh, (Persian محمد خدابنده - اولجایتو) (khodābandeh from Persian meaning the servant of God) also known as Uljeitu/Öljeitü (b. ... Khanates of Mongolian Empire: Il-Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Empire of the Great Khan (Yuan Dynasty), Golden Horde The Ilkhanate (also spelled Il-khanate or Il Khanate) was one of the four divisions within the Mongol Empire. ... [edit] Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... It has been suggested that Travelling route of Ibn Batuta be merged into this article or section. ... Bold textItalic text == Headline text ==He was born a 4 headed man but 3 of his 4 heads died along with all but one of his 90 hearts. ...


Later on, in 1400s during the Shahrokh era, it became one of the main cities of the Timurid dynasty. In 1418 his wife Goharshad funded the construction of an outstanding mosque beside the shrine, which is known as Goharshad Mosque.[5] Shah Rukh ( Shah Rokh, Shahrokh ) is the name of many princes. ... Timurid Dynasty at its Greatest Extent The Timurids were a Central Asian Sunni Muslim Turco-Mongol dynasty whose empire included the whole of Central Asia and parts of modern Iran and modern Turkey, as well as large parts of Mesopotamia and Caucasus. ... Events May 19 - Capture of Paris by John, Duke of Burgundy September - Beginning of English Siege of Rouen Mircea the Old, ruler of Wallachia dies and is succeeded by Vlad I Uzurpatorul. ... Akhangan tomb, where Gohar-Taj is buried. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... The interior of Goharshad Mosque exhibits the superb work of Persian craftsmen. ...


See also

Imam Ali ar Rida (January 1, 766 - May 26, 818) was the Eighth Shia Imam. ... Astan Quds Razavi(Persian: refer to the holy shrine of Imam Reza, the and the administrative organization which manage it and institutions belonged to this organization. ... The interior of Goharshad Mosque exhibits the superb work of Persian craftsmen. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Sacred Sites: Mashhad, Iran. sacredsites.com. Retrieved on 2006-03-13.
  2. ^ Religious Tourism Potentials Rich
  3. ^ Zabeth (1999) pp. 12-16
  4. ^ Zabeth (1999) pp. 13-15
  5. ^ Zabeth (1999) p. 15

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Zabeth, Hyder Reza (1999). Landmarks of Mashhad. Alhoda UK. ISBN 9644442210. 

External links

Cemeteries in Iran


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m