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Encyclopedia > Imam Ali Mosque
Exterior view of Imam Ali Shrine
Exterior view of Imam Ali Shrine

The Imam Ali Holy Shrine (Arabic: حرم الإمام علي), also known as Meshed Ali or the Tomb of Ali, is a mosque located in Najaf, Iraq. Image File history File links Meshed_ali_usnavy_(PD). ... Image File history File links Meshed_ali_usnavy_(PD). ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... For the New York prison see The Tombs. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Najaf (Arabic: ‎; BGN: An Najaf) is a city in Iraq about 160 km south of Baghdad. ...

Contents

Religious status

Ali ibn Abi Talib, the cousin of Muhammad and the fourth caliph, is buried there. The Imam Ali Shrine is the third holiest site (see below) for the estimated 400 million followers of the Shia branch of Islam worldwide – approximately 20 percent of total Muslims. It is estimated that only Mecca and Medina receive more Muslim pilgrims. Ali ibn Abu Talib (Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب translit: ‘AlÄ« ibn Abu Ṭālib Persian: علی پسر ابو طالب) ‎ (599 – 661) is an early Islamic leader. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, or global Islamic nation. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


Asia Times Online reports about Qom being the second holiest city in Iran. In an attempt to impress the importance of the Hazrat-e Masumeh shrine located in Qom, the article quotes the following famous hadith: Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ... Shrine of Mæsume The shrine of Fatema Mæsume, sister of Imam Reza, is located in Qom, the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Our sixth imam, Imam Sardeg, says that we have five definitive holy places that we respect very much. The first is Mecca, which belongs to God. The second is Medina, which belongs to the Holy Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h), the messenger of God. The third belongs to our imam of , Ali, which is in Najaf. The fourth belongs to our imam, Hussein, in Karbala. The last one belongs to the daughter of our seventh imam and sister of our eighth imam, who is called Fatemah, and will be buried in Qom. Pilgrims and those who visit her holy shrine, I promise to these men and women that God will open all the doors of Heaven to them. [1] Qom (Persian: قم, also known as Qum or Kom) is a city in Iran and the Qom (River) flows through the town. ...

The Cultural Heritage Photo Agency based in Iran states: “The world's 120 million Shias regard Najaf - a center of scientific, literary and theological studies - as their third holiest site, behind Mecca and Medina”. [2] Modarresi News calls it: "The place was the burial site of Islam’s second most important figure and third holiest shrine". [3]


Zaman Newspaper, based in Turkey, reports that “Because Najaf is home to the Imam Ali tomb and Mosque, Shia Muslims regard Najaf as the third holiest city after Mecca and Medina”. [4] Referring to Najaf, ShiaNews.com describes it as “the place is the burial site of Islam’s second most important figure and third holiest shrine[5] The IslamicTouism website goes further and bypasses Medina stating “Najaf, home to the shrine of Imam Ali, the cousin of Muhammad, is Muslim Shias second holiest site after Mecca in Saudi Arabia”. [6] This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...


The Guardian described Najaf, as the third holiest place of Shi'ite Muslims [7] The Boston Globe reports “for the world's nearly 120 million Muslim Shias, Najaf is the third holiest city, behind Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia. [8] The CNN website states: “the Shia the city of Najaf, Islam's third holiest city after Mecca and Medina and home to the Tomb of Imam Ali, cousin of Muhammad and father of Karbala's Husayn ibn Ali”. [9] The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... // Karbala (Arabic: ; BGN: Al-Karbalā’; also spelled Karbala al-Muqaddasah) is a city in Iraq, located about 100 km southwest of Baghdad at 32. ... This article is about Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (626 – 680). ...


On the website of The Virtual Center for Interdisciplinary Studies of the Islamic World, a division of the University of Georgia, under Miscellaneous Relevant Links, it cites a link to a news story “about Iraqi troops using the shrine of Ali in Najaf and about the instructions given to American troops not to damage the shrine, which, after Mecca and Medina, is the holiest city for Shias.” And “American authorities have not taken an active public role in the mosque investigation because of Iraqi sensitivity to any US presence at the Najaf Shrine. The mosque is the most sacred Shia shrine in Iraq and the third holiest in the world after Mecca and Medina[10] The University of Georgia (UGA) is the largest institution of higher learning in the U.S. state of Georgia. ...


History

The shrine was first built by the Iranian ruler the Daylamite Fannakhosraw Azod ad Dowleh in 977 over the tomb of Ali. After being destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I in 1086, and rebuilt yet again by the Safavid Shah Ismail I shortly after 1500. The Buwayhids or Buyyids or Āl-i Buyeh, were a Yazdani tribal confederation from Daylam, a region on the southern shore of the Caspian Sea. ... Adud al-Dowleh was an Emir of the Buwayhid dynasty in Iran. ... Events Births Deaths Hunain ibn Ishaq, Egyptian physician Categories: 977 ... The Seljuk coat of arms was a double headed eagle The Seljuk Turks (also Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; in modern Turkish Selçuklular; in Persian سلجوقيان Saljūqiyān; in Arabic سلجوق Saljūq, or السلاجقة al-Salājiqa) were a major branch of the Oghuz Turks and a dynasty that ruled parts of... Jalal ad-Dawlah Malik Shah was the Seljuk sultan from 1072 to 1092. ... The Safavids were a long-lasting Turkic-speaking Iranian dynasty that ruled from 1501 to 1736 and first established Shiite Islam as Persias official religion. ... Shah Ismail I, the founder of Safavid Dynasty of Iran pictured at battle against Abul-khayr Khan in a scene from the Tarikh-i alam-aray-i Shāh Ismāil Abul-Mozaffar bin Sheikh Haydar bin Sheikh Junayd Safawī (Persian: - Azerbaijani: ) (July 17, 1487 - May 23, 1524), Shah...


During the uprising of March 1991, following the Persian Gulf War, Saddam Hussein's Republican Guards damaged the shrine, where members of the Shia opposition were cornered, in storming the shrine and massacring virtually all its occupants. Afterwards the shrine was closed for two years, officially for repairs. Saddam also deported to Iran a large number of the residents of the area who were of Iranian descent. For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ... Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq and Chairman of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council from 1979 until his overthrow by US forces in 2003. ... Iraqi President Saddam Hussein talks with elite Republican Guard officers in Baghdad on March 1, 2003. ...


Events in 2003-2006

Since the invasion of Iraq by the U.S. military in 2003, there have been a number of further attacks at the mosque: The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ...

  • April 10, 2003, Shia leader Sayed Abdul Majid al-Khoei, the son of Grand Ayatollah Abu al Qasim al-Khoei, was killed near the mosque. Al-Khoei had returned from exile in Britain to encourage cooperation with the U.S.-led occupation of Iraq.
  • May 24, 2004, unidentified mortar fire, in which U.S. forces were not involved, hit the shrine, damaging gates which lead to the tomb of Imam Ali.
  • August 2004, an ongoing battle between combined U.S. and Iraqi forces, and the Islamist al-Mahdi Army of Muqtada al-Sadr, damaged two of the minarets of the mosque in which al-Sadr's forces have taken refuge. On August 23, at least 15 explosions, many sounding like artillery shells, rocked the area, as shrapnel fell in the courtyard of the gold-domed mosque and gunfire echoed through the alleyways. The fighting was eventually ended by a peace agreement; although the neighboring buildings suffered considerable damage, the mosque itself suffered only superficial damage from stray bullets and shrapnel.
  • August 10, 2006 a suicide bomber wearing an explosive harness blew himself up near the shrine, which killed 40 people and injured more than 50 others.

is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sayyid Abdul Majid al-Khoei (Arabic:السيد عبد المجيد الخوئي) ( 16 August 1962 – 10 April 2003) was a Shia cleric and the son of Ayatollah Al-Udhma Sayyid Abul Qasim al-Khoei who was born in the holy city of Najaf. ... Grand Ayatollah Abul-Qassim Khoei Grand Ayatollah Abul-Qassim Khoei (1899 - August 8, 1992) was an important Shia Ayatollah, who at one point was considered the premiere leader of Shias across the world. ... This article deals with the post-invasion period in Iraq and its occupation. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Car bomb (disambiguation). ... Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim (1939 - August 29, 2003) was the foremost Shia Muslim leader in Iraq until his assassination in a bombing that killed him along with nearly 100 worshippers as they were leaving a mosque in Najaf at which he had led prayers. ... The Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI) (Arabic: المجلس الأعلى للثورة الإسلامية في العراق ) is an Iraqi political party. ... Wikinews has related news: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi killed in airstrike Abu Musab al-Zarqawi (Arabic: , , Abu Musab from Zarqa)) (October 20, 1966 – June 7, 2006), born as Ahmad Fadeel al-Nazal al-Khalayleh (Arabic: , )was a Jordanian who ran a militant training camp in Afghanistan. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... US soldier loading a M224 60-mm mortar. ... August 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: August 2004 in sports Deaths in August 2004 • 30 Fred Whipple • 26 Laura Branigan • 24 Elisabeth Kübler-Ross • 18 Elmer Bernstein • 15 Amarsinh Chaudhary • 14 CzesÅ‚aw MiÅ‚osz • 13 Julia Child • 8... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... The Mahdi Army, also known as the Mehdi Army or Jaish-i-Mahdi, is a Iraqi radical Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr in June of 2003. ... Muqtada al-Sadr ( Muqtadā aá¹£-á¹¢adr) is the fourth son of a famous Iraqi Shi‘a cleric, the late Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Fragmentation (weaponry) be merged into this article or section. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي بن أبي طالب) (c. ... There is much more to Muslim history than military and political history; this particular chronology is almost entirely of military and political history. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Islamic art encompasses the arts produced from the 7th century onwards by people (not necessarily Muslim) who lived within the territory that was inhabited by culturally Islamic populations. ... A list of notable mosques around the world: // Id Gah Mosque in Kabul Kabul Masjid Masjid Jumuah Herat Rawze-e-Sharif Al Fateh Mosque is Bahrains largest mosque Khamis Mosque believed to be the first mosque in Bahrain Baitul Mukarram Binat Bibi mosque High Court Mosque Sixty Pillar... While the Al-Aqsa mosque is by and large considered the third holiest site by Muslims, this view is not universal[citation needed]. Other Muslim sites put forward as the third holiest include: // [edit] Imam Ali Mosque, Iraq It is commonly reported in the worlds media that the Imam Ali...

References

  1. ^ Iran Diary, Part 2: Knocking on heaven's door Asia Times Online
  2. ^ Muslim Shia's Saint Imam Ali Holy Shrine - 16 Images Cultural Heritage Photo Agency
  3. ^ The tragic martyrdom of Ayatollah Al Hakim calls for a stance Modarresi News, September 4, 2003
  4. ^ Zaman Online, August 13, 2004
  5. ^ Never Again! ShiaNews.com
  6. ^ Lebanese Firms To Start Tourism Projects In Iraq The IslamicTouism website, 09/03/2006
  7. ^ Why 2003 is not 1991 The Guardian, April 1, 2003
  8. ^ Iraqi forces in Najaf take cover in important Shia shrine The Boston Globe, April 2, 2003]
  9. ^ Religious rivalries and political overtones in Iraq CNN.com, April 23, 2003]
  10. ^ "Miscellaneous Relevant Links" Muslims, Islam, and Iraq]

External links

  • GlobalSecurity.org website: past and current history of the mosque
  • Fighting, Artillery Barrage Rocks Iraqi Shrine (Reuters; August 23, 2004)

Coordinates: 31°59′46″N, 44°18′51″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2896 words)
Ali was born in Mecca, in the Hejaz region of northern Arabia, sometime around 599 CE (the year is an approximation only).
Ali never worshiped any idol before Muhammad announced his prophethood and when Muhammad reported that he had received a divine revelation regarding tawheed, a claim that Islamic sources indicate was initially greeted with derision, Ali was one of the first to believe him and profess Islam.
The capital of the province of Syria, Damascus, was held by Mu'awiyah, the governor of Syria and a kinsman of Uthman, Ali's slain predecessor.
Imam Ali Mosque - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (501 words)
The Imam Ali Mosque, also known as Meshed Ali or the Tomb of Ali, is a mosque located in Najaf, Iraq.
Because Ali was also Muhammad's cousin, he is considered by Shiite tradition to be the first legitimate caliph, and the first Imam.
The mosque was first built by the Iranian ruler the Daylamite Fannakhosraw Azod ad Dowleh in 977 over the tomb of Ali.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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