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Encyclopedia > Ilya Prigogine

Ilya Prigogine (January 25, 1917 – May 28, 2003) was a Belgian physicist and chemist noted for his work on dissipative structures, complex systems, and irreversibility. January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1917 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The word physicist should not be confused with physician, which means medical doctor. ... A chemist is a scientist who specializes in chemistry. ... A dissipative system (or dissipative structure) is an open system which is operating far from thermodynamic equilibrium within an environment that exchanges energy, matter or entropy. ... Complex systems have a number of properties, some of which are listed below. ... Irreversibility is that property of an event which makes reverting back to the state before the occurrence of the event impossible. ...


Prigogine was born in Moscow, Russia and studied chemistry at the Université Libre de Bruxelles in Brussels, Belgium. In 1959, he was appointed director of the International Solvay Institute in Brussels, Belgium. He was later appointed Regental Professor and Ashbel Smith Professor of Physics and Chemical Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin in the United States, where in 1967 he co-founded what is now called the Ilya Prigogine Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems. Saint Basils Cathedral Moscow (Russian/Cyrillic: Москва́, pronunciation: Moskvá) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva, and encompassing 1097. ... Chemistry (in Greek: χημεία) is the science of matter and its interactions with energy and itself (see physics, biology). ... The Université Libre de Bruxelles (or ULB) is a French-speaking university in Brussels, Belgium. ... Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (Dutch: Brussel, French: Bruxelles, German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium and is considered by many to be the headquarters of the European Union, as two of its three main institutions have their headquarters in the... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (Dutch: Brussel, French: Bruxelles, German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium and is considered by many to be the headquarters of the European Union, as two of its three main institutions have their headquarters in the... The University of Texas at Austin, often called UT or Texas, is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System. ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ilya Prigogine Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems is a research institute within the Department of Physics of the University of Texas at Austin in the United States. ...


Prigogine is known best for his work on dissipative structures concentrated on thermodynamic systems far from equilibrium. His work in this field led to pioneering research in self-organizing systems, as well as philosophic inquiries into the role of time in the natural sciences. His work is seen by many as a bridge between natural sciences and the social sciences. With University of Texas at Austin professor Robert Herman, he also developed the basis of two fluid model, a traffic model for urban network, using Bose-Einstein Condensation theory in traffic engineering. Thermodynamics (Greek: thermos = heat and dynamic = change) is the physics of energy, heat, work, entropy and the spontaneity of processes. ... For the 2002 science fiction movie see Equilibrium (2002 movie) Equilibrium or balance is any of a number of related phenomena in the natural and social sciences. ... Self-organization refers to a process in which the internal organization of a system, normally an open system, increases automatically without being guided or managed by an outside source. ... The University of Texas at Austin, often called UT or Texas, is the flagship institution of the University of Texas System. ... Two fluid model is a traffic model to represent an urban non-freeway traffic network. ... The term traffic engineering is used in more than one sense. ...


In his later years, his work concentrated on mathematical role of determinism in nonlinear systems on both the classical and quantum level. He proposed the use of a complex Hilbert space in quantum mechanics as one possible method of achieving irreversibility in quantum systems. Determinism is the philosophical conception which claims that every physical event, including human cognition and action, is causally determined by an unbroken chain of prior occurrences. ... Chaos theory, in mathematics and physics, deals with the behaviour of certain nonlinear dynamical systems that (under certain conditions) exhibit the phenomenon known as chaos, most famously characterised by sensitivity to initial conditions (see butterfly effect). ... Classical physics is physics based on principles developed before the rise of quantum theory. ... Fig. ... In mathematics, a Hilbert space is an inner product space that is complete with respect to the norm defined by the inner product. ...


Prigogine was the author of several scientific articles and books. He was a member of numerous scientific organizations, and he received numerous awards, prizes and more than 50 honorary degrees. He was awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In 1989, he was awarded the title of Viscount by the King of Belgium. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A viscount is a member of the European nobility, especially of France, and of the British peerage, where a viscount ranks above a baron, below an earl (a count in France), and corresponds in Britain to the Anglo-Saxon shire reeve. ...


Books

  • Ilya Prigogine & Isabelle Stengers Order out of Chaos: Man's new dialogue with nature, 1984, Flamingo, ISBN 0-00-654115-1
  • Ilya Prigogine From Being To Becoming, 1980, Freeman, ISBN 0-7167-1107-9
  • G. Nicolis and Ilya Prigogine Self-Organization in Non-Equilibrium Systems, 1977, Wiley, ISBN 0471024015
  • I. Prigogine Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes Second Edition, 1961, Wiley, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 61-12683
  • I. Prigogine (Editor-in-Chief), Chaotic Dynamics and Transport in Fluids and Plasmas, 1993,ISBN 0-88318-923-2. Resaarch Trends in Physics Series founded by V. Alexander Stefan and published by the American Institute of Physics Press (presently * Springer, New York)
  • Ilya Prigogine, End of Certainty, 1997, The Free Press, ISBN 0-684-83705-6

1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1961 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... V. Alexander Stefan. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ilya Prigogine (371 words)
Ilya Prigogine was born in Moscow on January 25, 1917, a few months before the Russian Revolution.
Prigogine excelled in the fine arts as a child, but his father's career in chemical engineering, as well as his older brother's decision to study chemistry, influenced young Prigogine to focus in that field upon entering Universitee Libre de Bruxelles.
Prigogine obtained an undergraduate degree and, in 1941, a doctorate from the Universitee Libre de Bruxelles.
Ilya Prigogine - Encyclopedia.com (936 words)
He was raised and educated in Belgium, receiving his doctorate in 1941 and joining the faculty of the Free Univ. of Brussels in 1947.
He also founded and served as director (1967-2003) of what is now the Ilya Prigogine Center for Studies in Statistical Mechanics and Complex Systems at the Univ. of Texas at Austin.
Prigogine's work was important in the development of the field of complexity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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