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Encyclopedia > Ilois
Flag of the Ilois (Chagossian) people
Flag of the Ilois (Chagossian) people

Ilois (also known as Chagossians) are a group of Creole-speaking people, mostly of Indian descent (along with populations from Madagascar, Mauritius, and Mozambique), who dwelled on the island of Diego Garcia and other parts of the Chagos Archipelago for a more than a century. Most arrived as fishermen, farmers, and coconut plantation workers during the 19th century, while the very first Ilois were probably brought to the Archipelago as slaves by the French in 1776. The Ilois, numbering some 2000 people at the time, were expelled by the British government between 1967 and 1973, first to the island of Peros Banhos, 100 miles away from their homeland, and then, in 1973, to Mauritius (For the relationship between the Chagos Archipelago and Mauritius, see Chagos Archipelago). Their ruthless (and, according to some authorities, illegal) expulsion and dispossession was for the purpose of establishing a US air and naval base on Diego Garcia, where a small contingent of U.K. military personnel are stationed as well. Image File history File links Flag of Chagos people (BIOT). ... // A Creole is a language descended from a pidgin that has become the native language of a group of people. ... This article refers to the atoll. ... Map of the Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory) The Chagos Archipelago is a group of six atolls with more than 600 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, that lies about 500 km (300 miles) due south of the Maldives in the Indian Ocean, and 1600 km (1000 miles... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Peros Banhos is a group of thirty-five main islands in the Chagos Archipelago of the British Indian Ocean Territory, forming a circular coral reef. ... Map of the Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory) The Chagos Archipelago is a group of six atolls with more than 600 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, that lies about 500 km (300 miles) due south of the Maldives in the Indian Ocean, and 1600 km (1000 miles... ... This article refers to the atoll. ...


In 1983, the UK gave the Mauritian government £4m, of which the Mauritian government transferred £1m to those deported Chagossians dwelling in that country as refugees. Later, some 30 years after their deportation, the Ilois demanded the right to return to their homeland. Their case was brought to the High Court of Justice in London by a British firm of solicitors, Sheridans, and on November 3, 2000 the High Court ruled in their favor, stipulating that they should be allowed to return to their homeland. From November 5 to 23, 2001 , over two hundred Chagossians maintained a vigil outside the British High Commission in Port Louis, Mauritius. On 21 May 2002, the British Foreign Affairs Secretary Jack Straw signed a document conferring British citizenship upon the Ilois, later implemented in "Section 6: The Ilois: Citizenship" of the British Overseas Territories Act 2002. On October 9, 2003, the High Court, in a procedure presided by Justice Ousley and that has achieved notoriety due to the appearance of judicial bias, decreed that the Ilois were not entitled to compensation from the British Government after all. In addition, in 2004 the Tony Blair cabinet overruled the 2000 court decision in favor of the Ilois by an order-in-council, an archaic and rarely used parliamentary procedure. As of early 2006, the Ilois and their advocates weyre appealing this move by the British government to the European Court of Human Rights. Failing that, they harbor the hope of finally returning home when the American lease on Diego Garcia is due to expire in 2016. 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Her Majestys High Court of Justice (known more simply as the High Court) is, together with the Crown Court and the Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of Judicature in England and Wales: see Courts of England and Wales. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... November 23 is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 38 days remaining. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... A High Commissioner is a person serving in a special executive capacity. ... The arms of Port Louis Port Louis banking district, and the main avenue leading to the Government House (seen in the background) Port Louis (local pronunciation is PAULWEE) is the capital of Mauritius. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 2002 (MMII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (colloquially called the Foreign Secretary) is a member of the British Government responsible for relations with foreign countries, heading the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (often called simply the Foreign Office). ... Jack Straw The Right Honourable John Whitaker Jack Straw (born August 3, 1946, Buckhurst Hill) is a British Labour Party politician. ... The British Overseas Territories Act 2002 is an Act of Parliament passed in the United Kingdom in 2002, which superseded the British Nationality Act 1981. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Compensation has several different meanings as indicated below. ... An Order-in-Council is an executive order issued in Commonwealth Realms operating under the Westminster system. ... European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights, often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints from Council of Europe member states. ... 2016 (MMXVI) is a Leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

  • Diego Garcia: Paradise Cleansed by John Pilger
  • Spreading democracy, by any means necessary. the US/UK and Diego Garcia
  • Photo and written library of the islands and their environment
  • US/UK BIOT defence agreements, 1966-1982, US Court filing

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ilois - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (356 words)
Ilois (also known as Chagossians) are a group of Creole-speaking people, mostly of Indian descent (along with populations from Madagascar, Mauritius, and Mozambique), which dwelled on the Chagos Archipelago for a more than a century.
Most arrived as fisherman, farmers, and coconut plantations workers during the 19th century (some claim that the very first Ilois were brought to the Archipelago as slaves by the French in 1776).
The Ilois, numbering some 2000 people at the time, were expelled by the British Government between 1967 and 1973, first to the island of Peros Banhos, 100 miles away from their homeland, and then, in 1973, to Mauritius (for the relationship between the Chagos Archipelago and Mauritius, see Chagos Archipelago).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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