FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Illinois River

This article is about the river in the U.S. state of Illinois. For other rivers with this name see Illinois River (disambiguation). Illinois River can refer to: The Illinois River, a tributary of the Mississippi River in Illinois in the United States The Illinois River in Arkansas and Oklahoma in the United States. ...

The Illinois River, as seen from Starved Rock
The Illinois River, as seen from Starved Rock

The Illinois River is a principal tributary of the Mississippi River, approximately 273 miles (439 km) long, in the state of Illinois in the United States. The river drains a large section of central Illinois, with a drainage basin of 40,000 square miles (104,000 kmĀ²). The river was important among Native Americans and early French traders as the principal water route connecting the Great Lakes with the Mississippi. The colonial settlements along the river formed the heart of the area known as the Illinois Country. After the construction of a canal in the 19th century, the river's role as link between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi was extended into the era of modern industrial shipping. Download high resolution version (864x1152, 166 KB) The Illinois River, as seen from Starved Rock; photograph taken September 2003 by User:RedWordSmith. ... Download high resolution version (864x1152, 166 KB) The Illinois River, as seen from Starved Rock; photograph taken September 2003 by User:RedWordSmith. ... Starved Rock State Park is an Illinois state park located in Utica, Illinois, in rural La Salle County, Illinois, about 75 miles (120 km) west-southwest of downtown Chicago. ... This page is about the river in the United States; there is also a Canadian Mississippi River (Ontario). ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Official language(s) English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Assiniboin Boy, an Atsina Native Americans in the United States (also Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are those indigenous peoples within the territory which is now encompassed by the continental United States, and their descendants in modern times. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... French settlements and forts in the Illinois Country in 1763, showing U.S. current state boundaries. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sunset on Lake Michigan A different sunset on the lake. ...

Contents


Description

It is formed by the confluence of the Kankakee and Des Plaines rivers in western Grundy County, approximately 10 mi (16 km) southwest of Joliet. It flows west across northern Illinois, passing Morris and Ottawa, where it is joined by the Fox River. At La Salle it is joined by the Vermillion River, then flows west past Peru, and Spring Valley. In southeastern Bureau County it turns south, flowing southwest across western Illinois, past Lacon and downtown Peoria, the chief city on the river. The Kankakee River is a tributary of the Illinois River, approximately 90 mi (144 km) long, in northwestern Indiana and northeastern Illinois in the United States. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Grundy County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Joliet is a city located in both Will and Kendall County, Illinois and is a suburb southwest of Chicago. ... Morris is a city located in Grundy County, Illinois. ... Ottawa is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... The Fox River is a tributary of the Illinois River in the states of Wisconsin and Illinois in the United States. ... La Salle is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... There are two Vermillion Rivers in the state of Illinois, United States. ... Spring Valley is a city situated on the Illinois River in Bureau County, Illinois. ... Bureau County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Lacon is a city located in Marshall County, Illinois. ... Peoria is the largest city on the Illinois River and the county seat of Peoria CountyGR6, Illinois. ...


South of Peoria it is joined by the Mackinaw River and then passes through the Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge. Opposite Havana it is joined by the Spoon River. Opposite Browning it is joined by the Sangamon River. It is joined by the La Moine River approximately 5 mi (8 km) southwest of Beardstown. Havana is a city located in Mason County, Illinois. ... The Spoon River is a tributary of the Illinois River, approximately 160 miles (257 km) long in northwestern Illinois in the United States. ... Browning is a village located in Schuyler County, Illinois. ... Sangamon River The Sangamon River is a principal tributary of the Illinois River, approximately 250 mi (402 km) long, in central Illinois in the United States. ... Beardstown is a city located in Cass County, Illinois. ...


South of its confluence with the La Moine, it turns south, flowing roughly parallel with the Mississippi across southwestern Illinois. It is joined by the Macoupin Creek on the border between Greene and Jersey counties, approximately 15 mi (24 km) upstream from its confluence with the Mississippi. Greene County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...


For the last 20 mi (32 km) of its course, it is separated from the Mississippi by only 5 mi (8 km). It joins the Mississippi near Grafton, approximately 25 mi (40 km) northwest of downtown St. Louis and approximately 20 mi (32 km) upstream from the confluence of the Missouri and the Mississippi. Grafton is a city located in Jersey County, Illinois. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ...


History

The modern channel of the Illinois River was shaped in matter of days by the Kankakee Torrent. During the melting of the Wisconsin Glacier, a lake formed in Indiana, comparable to one of the modern Great Lakes. The lake formed behind the terminal morraine of a substage of that glacier. Melting ice to the north eventually raised the level of the lake so that it overtopped the morraine. The dam burst, and the entire volume of the lake was released in a very short time, perhaps a few days. Vegetation types at time of last glacial maximum. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ...


Because of the manner of its formation, the Illinois River runs through a deep canyon with many rock formations. It is said to have a "underutilised channel", a channel that is far larger than would be needed to contain any conceivable flow in modern times.


The Illinois River valley was one of the strongholds of the Illiniwek confederation of Native Americans. The French first met the natives here in 1673. The first European settlement in the state of Illinois was the Jesuit mission founded in 1675 by Father Jacques Marquette on the banks of the Illinois at Starved Rock. In 1680, Robert Cavelier de La Salle built the first fort in Illinois along the river at the present site of Peoria where the Jesuits later relocated. The Illiniwek (also known as the Illini, Illinois, Illinois Confederacy, etc) were a group of several Native American tribes in the upper Mississippi River valley of North America. ... Events The English Test Act was passed. ... Although there is some debate as to whether the prehistoric Clovis culture was European in origin, the first generally accepted European colonists were the Norse, starting, but then abandoning, a colonisation process. ... The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu/Jesu (S.J.) in Latin) is a Christian religious order of the Roman Catholic Church in direct service to the Pope. ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (10 June 1637 – May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... Starved Rock State Park is an Illinois state park located in Utica, Illinois, in rural La Salle County, Illinois, about 75 miles (120 km) west-southwest of downtown Chicago. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 - March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ...


Modern use

From 1905 to 1915, more freshwater fish were harvested from the Illinois than from any other river in the United States except for the Columbia River. The river was once a major source of mussels for the shell button industry. Overfishing, habitat loss and pollution have eliminated most commercial fishing except for a small mussel harvest to provide shells to seed pearl oysters overseas. The river is still an important sports fishing resource. 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1915 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Columbia River Gorge, Washington or North side The Columbia River is a river situated in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Orders A mussel is a bivalve mollusc that can be found in lakes, rivers, creeks, intertidal areas, and throughout the ocean. ... Overfishing is a situation where one or more fish stocks are reduced below predefined levels of acceptance by fishing activities. ... Nuclei from Toba Pearl Island, Japan A pearl is a hard, rounded object produced by certain mollusks, primarily oysters. ...


The Illinois forms part of a modern waterway that connects the Great Lakes at Chicago, Illinois to the Mississippi River. The waterway was originally established by the building of the Illinois and Michigan Canal which connected the Illinois River to the Chicago River. When the Chicago River was later reversed, the pollution and sewage of the city of Chicago flowed down into the Illinois River. The Illinois and Michigan Canal has since been replaced by the Illinois Waterway including the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal. The river is controlled by five lock and dams to facilitate river traffic. The waterway is heavily trafficked by barges transporting bulk goods such as grain and oil. The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... Chicago, colloquially known as the Second City and the Windy City, is the third-largest city in population in the United States, following New York City and Los Angeles, and the largest inland city in the country. ... The location and course of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. ... Downtown buildings line the Chicago River The Chicago River is 156 miles (251 km) long, and flows through downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal is the only shipping link between the Great Lakes (specifically Lake Michigan by the Chicago River) with the Mississippi River system, by way of the Illinois and Des Plaines rivers. ...


Cities and towns along the Illinois River

Bath is a village located in Mason County, Illinois. ... Beardstown is a city located in Cass County, Illinois. ... Browning is a village located in Schuyler County, Illinois. ... Chillicothe is a city located in Peoria County, Illinois. ... Creve Coeur is a village located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... East Peoria is a city located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... Florence is a village located in Pike County, Illinois. ... Hardin is a village located in Calhoun County, Illinois. ... Havana is a city located in Mason County, Illinois. ... Hennepin is a village located in Putnam County, Illinois. ... Henry is a city located in Marshall County, Illinois. ... Kampsville is a village located in Calhoun County, Illinois. ... Kingston Mines is a village located in Peoria County, Illinois. ... La Salle is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... Lacon is a city located in Marshall County, Illinois. ... Liverpool is a village located in Fulton County, Illinois. ... Marseilles is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... Meredosia is a village located in Morgan County, Illinois. ... Morris is a city located in Grundy County, Illinois. ... Naples is a town located in Scott County, Illinois. ... Naplate is a village located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... Oglesby is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... Ottawa is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. ... Pekin is a city (formerly Peking) located in Tazewell County, Illinois. ... Peoria is the largest city on the Illinois River and the county seat of Peoria CountyGR6, Illinois. ... Peoria Heights is a village located in Peoria County, Illinois. ... Rome is a census-designated place located in Peoria County, Illinois. ... Seneca is a village located in Grundy County, Illinois. ... Spring Bay is a village located in Woodford County, Illinois. ... Spring Valley is a city situated on the Illinois River in Bureau County, Illinois. ... Valley City is a village located in Pike County, Illinois. ...

References

"Geology Underfoot in Illinois", Raymond Wiggers, 1997


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Introduction to Illinois - The Prairie State Capital Springfield (1160 words)
Illinois prides itself on both its central location and its representation as the cultural center of the country, a microcosm of America.
Illinois is one of the leading producers of corn and soybeans, but it is also the home of the world's busiest airport and towering skyscrapers.
Illinois is the French spelling for the Illinois and Peoria Indian word "iliniwok," meaning men or warriors and perhaps referring to members of the Illinois tribe.
ILLINOIS RIVER (1908 words)
The Illinois River is the most important large-river watershed in the state.
Eighty percent of the Illinois River watershed is in the state of Illinois, and 90 percent of the state's population lives in the 55-county watershed area.
The La Grange Lock and Dam at river mile 80 and the Peoria Lock and Dam at river mile 158 define the diverse and historically significant La Grange Reach of the Illinois River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m