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Encyclopedia > Illawarra
Lookout from the Illawarra Escarpment above Wombarra over the northern Illawarra plain viewing Austinmer, Thirroul, Bulli, Wollongong up to Port Kembla in the far.

The Illawarra is a region in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is a coastal region situated immediately south of Sydney and bounded Shoalhaven region in the south, and encompasses the city of Wollongong and Lake Illawarra. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1126x845, 145 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Illawarra Thirroul, New South Wales Illawarra escarpment Austinmer, New South Wales Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1126x845, 145 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Illawarra Thirroul, New South Wales Illawarra escarpment Austinmer, New South Wales Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... An early morning view of the Illawarra escarpment west of Albion Park (20 km south of Wollongong) The Illawarra escarpment is the mountain range west of a narrow coastal plain south of Sydney, Australia, enclosing the region known as the Illawarra which stretches from Stanwell Park in the north to... View of Wombarra from the Escarpment. ... Lookout from the Illawarra Escarpment above Wombarra over the northern Illawarra plain viewing Austinmer in the foreground, Thirroul, Bulli, Wollongong up to Port Kembla in the far. ... Thirroul is a northern suburb of the city of Wollongong, Australia. ... Bulli is a town in New South Wales, Australia, on the South Illawarra coast north of Wollongong and near Thirroul. ... Wollongong is an industrial city located on the eastern coast of Australia in the state of New South Wales. ... Port Kembla is a seaport near Wollongong, in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4,200,000 people, and 151,920 in the City of Sydney. ... The Shoalhaven is a Local Government Area (Shoalhaven City, population ~85,000) and a region in south-eastern New South Wales (NSW), Australia, two hours south of Sydney. ... Wollongong is an industrial city located on the eastern coast of Australia in the state of New South Wales. ... Lake Illawarra is a large coastal lagoon, near the city of Wollongong about 100 km south of Sydney, New South Wales. ...


The word Illawarra probably means "high place near the sea" in the local Aboriginal language.[1] The region consists of a narrow, to the south somewhat hilly, coastal plain bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the east and a mountainous, almost impassable escarpment forming the eastern edge of the Southern Highlands plateau, to the west. In the middle of the region is Lake Illawarra. The district extends from the southern hills of the Royal National Park in the north to the Shoalhaven River in the south, and contains the city of Wollongong, the third largest urban area in New South Wales. North of Wollongong the plain narrows until it hugs the coast along the northern villages. At Coalcliff and Stanwell Park small valleys are formed allowing further settlement. To the south it widens, and becomes increasingly hillier before reaching Stcokyard Mountain, a long divide between the main plain and the Jamberoo Valley, which stretches until it reaches Kiama. South of Kiama is Saddleback Mountain and south of that the Shoalhaven plains. Australian Aborigines are the indigenous peoples of Australia. ... An early morning view of the Illawarra escarpment west of Albion Park (20 km south of Wollongong) The Illawarra escarpment is the mountain range west of a narrow coastal plain south of Sydney, Australia, enclosing the region known as the Illawarra which stretches from Stanwell Park in the north to... Winter at Wattamolla beach. ... The Warri Bridge on the Kings Highway which crosses the river near Braidwood The Shoalhaven River is a river on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia. ... Wollongong is the 3rd largest city in the state of New South Wales, Australia, after Sydney and Newcastle. ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... View of Coalcliff from the Escarpment. ... Stanwell Park is a northern coastal village of the Wollongong plain, south of Sydney, Australia. ... Jamberoo is a small picturesque village approx 10km inland from Kiama on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia. ... Kiama, is a picturesque township and Local Government Area 120 kilometres south of Sydney on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. ...


The main industries in the area have traditionally been farming, coal mining and steel making. Australia's largest steel works, BlueScope Steel is located at Port Kembla. The area, especially around Port Kembla and Wollongong was once known for it's mainly industrial jobs, but since the 1990s commerce has played an increasing, and overtaking in many areas, part in the city. Steel making technologies: Bessemer converter LD Process Basic oxygen furnace Electric arc furnace Related topics: Steel Blast furnace This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... BlueScope Steel is a flat product steel producer with operations in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, the Pacific and North America. ... Port Kembla is a seaport near Wollongong, in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Port Kembla is a seaport near Wollongong, in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Wollongong is an industrial city located on the eastern coast of Australia in the state of New South Wales. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


The Illawarra region is linked to Sydney by several passes and a motorway (Southern Freeway) and electric railway (see South Coast railway line); to the west by the Illawarra Highway and Picton Road; and to the south by the Princes Highway. At Albion Park the Illawarra Regional Airport serves the region. Southern Freeway is a freeway linking Sydney to Wollongong. ... The South Coast Line is in the intercity region of Sydneys CityRail services. ... Illawarra Highway connects Wollongong to NSW Southern Highlands. ... The Princes Highway is a segment of Australias Highway 1 that extends from Sydney to Adelaide, via Melbourne. ... Albion Park is a suburb of Shellharbour. ...

Contents

Towns and Government

Towns in the Illawarra include

The Illawarra is administered by four councils: Wollongong City Council, Shellharbour City Council, Kiama Council and partly the Shoalhaven City Council. Stanwell Park is a northern coastal village of the Wollongong plain, south of Sydney, Australia. ... Kiama is a picturesque township, 120 kilometres south of Sydney in the Illawarra, Australia in the Municipality of Kiama. ... Thirroul (34°18′S 150°54′E) is a northern suburb of the city of Wollongong, Australia. ... Bulli viewed from Sandon Point Bulli is a town on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. ... Wollongong is the 3rd largest city in the state of New South Wales, Australia, after Sydney and Newcastle. ... Port Kembla is a seaport near Wollongong, in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. ... Windang is a town in New South Wales on the southern tip of the peninsula guarding the ocean entrance to Lake Illawarra. ... Dapto is a town in the Illawarra district of New South Wales, Australia, located on the western shore of Lake Illawarra and covering an area 7. ... Albion Park is a suburb of Shellharbour, New South Wales, Australia. ... Shellharbour is a city and Local Government Area of about 60,000 people. ... Gerringong is a town about 10 minutes south of Kiama in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia in the Municipality of Kiama. ... Jamberoo is a small picturesque village approx 10 km inland from Kiama on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia in the Municipality of Kiama. ... Wollongong (IPA: ) is an industrial city located on the eastern coast of Australia in the state of New South Wales. ... Shellharbour is a city and Local Government Area of about 60,000 people. ... For the corresponding seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, see Electoral district of Kiama. ... The Shoalhaven is a Local Government Area (Shoalhaven City, population ~85,000) and a region in south-eastern New South Wales (NSW), Australia, two hours south of Sydney. ...

  • Wollongong council is the northernmost council, ranging from Helensburgh to Lake Illawarra, with northernmost coastal suburb Stanwell Park and southernmost suburbs including Windang, Yallah and Haywards Bay.
  • The Shellharbour council is south of Wollongong, and ranges from the southern shores of Lake Illawarra, west to the escarpment, and south to the Minnamurra River.
  • The Kiama LGA's (local government area) northern border is the Minnamurra River and covers all the area to about 4 km south of Gerroa.
  • The Shoalhaven City Council covers the southernmost reaches of the Illawarra, and further south to Ulladulla.

Helensburgh is a small leafy town (5,000+ population) in New South Wales, Australia. ... Lake Illawarra is a large coastal lagoon, near the city of Wollongong about 100 km south of Sydney, New South Wales. ... Stanwell Park is a northern coastal village of the Wollongong plain, south of Sydney, Australia. ... Lake Illawarra is a large coastal lagoon, near the city of Wollongong about 100 km south of Sydney, New South Wales. ... Local Government Area (abbreviated LGA) is a term used in Australia (and especially by the Australian Bureau of Statistics) to refer to areas controlled by each individual Local Government. ... Ulladulla is a town in New South Wales, Australia, south of Nowra and around three hours driving time south of Sydney. ...

Population

The Illawarra area currently has a population of about 335,000 people.[citation needed]


Sport

The Illawarra Steelers played in the NSWRL rugby league competition, then the NRL, from 1982 to 1998, and currently forms one half of the St George Illawarra Dragons joint venture. The Illawarriors rugby union club contest the Shute Shield. The Illawarra Steelers were a top-level rugby league team based in the town of Wollongong in New South Wales, Australia. ... The New South Wales Rugby League (NSWRL) is the governing body for the sport of rugby league in New South Wales. ... Rugby league football (often shortened to rugby league) is a full-contact team sport played with a prolate spheroid-shaped ball by two teams of thirteen on a rectangular grass field. ... The National Rugby League (NRL) is the top league of professional rugby league football clubs in Australasia. ... The St. ... The Illawarriors are a rugby union club based in Illawarra, New South Wales, Australia. ... A rugby union scrum. ... The Shute Shield is a rugby union competition in Sydney, New South Wales. ...


See also

Illawarra is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of New South Wales. ... The Legislative Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the parliament of New South Wales in Australia. ... The Illawarra Coke Company (ICC) in Coalcliff. ... BlueScope Steel is a flat product steel producer with operations in Australia, New Zealand, Asia, the Pacific and North America. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Northern Illawarra. Northern.Illawarra.com.au. Retrieved on 2007-03-22.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • "Illawarra Coal" - An unoficial history of coal mining in the Illawarra
  • "invest Illawarra" - an overview of the Illawarra region provided by the Illawarra Regional Development Board.
  • Rides around the Illawarra - Scenery and Surf - what more can you want?
  • Illawarra image galleries - Photographs of the region taken by a local resident

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Illawarra Waratahs (710 words)
Thirty one Illawarra Waratahs embarked on the Makarini as reinforcements for the 1 Battalion.
Another 28 Illawarra men were aboard the Makarini, but had enlisted after the Waratahs passed through the region and were members of the reinforcements for the 2,3 and 4 Battalions who were also on board the same transport.
No professional or clerical workers were amongst the Illawarra Waratahs, and Table 3 shows that their age was even more concentrated in the 20-24 year group than the Kangaroos, the AIF or the Illawarra.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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