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Encyclopedia > Iliofemoral ligament
Ligament: Iliofemoral ligament
Right hip-joint from the front. (Iliofemoral ligament visible at center.)
Structures surrounding right hip-joint. (Iliofemoral ligament labeled at upper left.)
Latin ligamentum iliofemorale
Gray's subject #92 335
Dorlands/Elsevier l_09/12492337

The iliofemoral ligament (Y-ligament; ligament of Bigelow) is a band of great strength which lies in front of the hip joint; it is intimately connected with the joint capsule, and serves to strengthen the joint by resisting hyperextension. Image File history File links Gray344. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... The joint capsule is the hinge structure of the bone joint which consists of two layers. ... In human and zoological anatomy (sometimes called zootomy), several terms are used to describe the location of organs and other structures in the body of bilateral animals. ...


It is attached, above, to the lower part of the anterior inferior iliac spine; below, it divides into two bands, one of which passes downward and is fixed to the lower part of the intertrochanteric line of the femur; the other is directed downward and lateralward and is attached to the upper part of the same line. Below the Sartorius notch of the anterior border of the ala of the ilium is the anterior inferior iliac spine, which ends in the upper lip of the acetabulum; it gives attachment to the straight tendon of the Rectus femoris and to the iliofemoral ligament of the hip-joint. ... The femur or thigh bone is the longest, most voluminous, and strongest bone of the human body. ...


Between the two bands is a thinner part of the capsule.


In some cases there is no division, and the ligament spreads out into a flat triangular band which is attached to the whole length of the intertrochanteric line.


This ligament is frequently called the Y-shaped ligament of Bigelow; and its upper band is sometimes named the iliotrochanteric ligament.


This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...


 
 

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