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Encyclopedia > Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria

Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria (The Return of Ulysses to His Country) is an opera (dramma per musica) in a prologue and three acts by Claudio Monteverdi to an Italian libretto by Giacomo Badoaro, based on the final portion of Homer's Odyssey. It was first performed at the Teatro di SS Giovanni e Paolo in Venice in February 1640. The Teatro alla Scala in Milan. ... Portrait of Claudio Monteverdi in Venice, 1640, by Bernardo Strozzi. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ... Homer (Greek Hómēros) was a legendary early Greek poet and rhapsode traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey. ... Odysseus and Nausicaä - by Charles Gleyre The Odyssey (Greek: , Odusseia) is one of the two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to the poet Homer. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia Venetian: Venexia) is the capital of the region of Veneto and the province of the same name in Italy. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ...

Contents

Characters

  • Gods
  • Mortals
    • Ulisse - baritone or tenor
    • Penelope, his wife - contralto
    • Telemaco, his son - tenor
    • Melanto, Penelope's handmaiden - mezzo-soprano
    • Eumete, a shepherd - tenor
    • Eurimaco, Melanto's lover - tenor
    • Ericlea, Ulisse's nurse - contralto
    • Penelope's suitors
      • Pisandro - tenor or countertenor
      • Anfinomo - tenor
      • Antinoo - bass
      • Iro, servant of the suitors - tenor
    • Sailors, Phoenicians - men's chorus
  • In the prologue
    • Human frailty - tenor
    • Time - bass
    • Fortune - soprano
    • Amore - soprano

Jupiter et Thétis - by Jean Ingres, 1811. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... Neptune reigns in the city centre, Bristol, formerly the largest port in England outside London. ... A basso (or bass) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... Minerva and the Muses, by Hans Rottenhammer (1603). ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... IVNO REGINA (Queen Juno) on a coin celebrating Julia Soaemias. ... Odysseus and the Sirens. ... Baritone (French: baryton; German: Bariton; Italian: baritono) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... Penelope represented as a statue in the Vatican, Rome For other uses, see Penelope (disambiguation). ... In music, an alto or contralto is a singer with a vocal range somewhere between a tenor and a mezzo-soprano. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... A countertenor is an adult male who sings in an alto or soprano range, often through use of falsetto. ... Phoenicia was an ancient civilization centered in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coastal plains of what is now Lebanon. ... Cupidon (French for Cupid), by William-Adolphe Bouguereau, 1875. ...

Noted arias

  • "O gran figlio d'Ulisse" (Eumete)
  • "Godo anc'io" (Ulisse)
  • "Illustratevi o cieli" (Penelope)

History

This was Monteverdi's first opera for Venice. The opera was very successful in Venice, where it had ten performances, and was then taken to the Teatro Castrovillani in Bologna, and in 1641 was revived in Venice. In Bologna, and most likely Venice as well, the singers were Giulia Paolelli as Penelope, Maddalena Manelli as Minerva, and Francesco Manelli as Ulysses. The attribution of this work has been seriously questioned, however the attribution to Monteverdi still stands. The extant librettos differ significantly from the score, however Monteverdi was known to be a very active editor of the texts he set. The first modern revival was lead by Vincent d'Indy in Paris in 1925. A number of twentieth century composers edited, or "translated", the work for performance, including Luigi Dallapiccola and Hans Werner Henze, and finally entered the opera mainstream in 1971 with performances in Vienna and Glyndebourne, and an edition by Nikolaus Harnoncourt, along with recordings. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Francesco Manelli (b. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ... Photograph of Vincent dIndy Paul Marie Théodore Vincent dIndy (March 27, 1851 – December 2, 1931) was a French composer and teacher. ...   City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Région ÃŽle-de-France Département Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area... Luigi Dallapiccola (February 3, 1904 – February 19, 1975) was an Italian composer known for his lyrical twelve-tone compositions. ... Hans Werner Henze (born July 1, 1926 in Gütersloh, Westphalia, Germany) is a composer well known for his left-wing political beliefs. ... Nikolaus Harnoncourt (born December 6, 1929) is an Austrian conductor, known for his historically accurate performances of music from the classical era and earlier. ...


Synopsis

Time: Shortly after the Trojan War.
Place: Greece.

The fall of Troy by Johann Georg Trautmann (1713–1769) From the collections of the granddukes of Baden, Karlsruhe The Trojan War was a war waged, according to legend, against the city of Troy in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey), by the armies of the Achaeans, after Paris of Troy...

Reference

Ellen Rosand. "Il ritorno d'Ulisse in patria", Grove Music Online, ed. L. Macy (accessed November 12, 2006), grovemusic.com (subscription access). The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians, considered by most scholars to be the best general reference source on the subject in the English language. ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


 
 

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