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Encyclopedia > Ilúvatar

Eru (the One), also called Ilúvatar (the Father of All), is the name in the A legendarium is a book or series of books consisting of a collection of legends. The word was also used by J. R. R. Tolkien to describe his artificial mythology of Middle-earth and Valinor. Tolkiens great mythological tales of Middle-earth are meant to be taken, fictitiously, as... legendarium of J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916. He is wearing a WWI-era British Army uniform in this photograph. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (January 3, 1892 – September 2, 1973) was the author of and is anglicized from , foolhardy). The character of Professor Rashbold in , beginning with and , written while recuperating... J.R.R. Tolkien for the supreme The term , however. For example: Many religious and philosophic systems consider God to be the creator of the universe. Some traditions hold that the creator of the universe is also the sustainer of the universe (as in theism), while others argue that God is no longer involved in the world... God, the creator of the Angel (disambiguation). The Annunciation - the Angel Gabriel announces to Mary that she will bear Jesus ( El Greco, 1575) An angel is a spiritual being which assists and serves God or the gods in many religious traditions. The word originated from the Latin Hebrew word #4397 in Strongs, also meaning... angels ( The Ainur (from Valarin Ayanûz; singular Ainu) are a fictional race from J. R. R. Tolkiens universe, Arda. Spoiler warning: The Ainur are the spirits emanated by Ilúvatar to help him to create the Universe, Eä, through the Music of the Ainur. After the creation of Arda... Ainur) and the universe ( In the fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien, Eä is the Quenya language name for the universe, as a realization of the vision of the Ainur. The word comes from the Quenya word for , as distinguished from was the word spoken by Eru Ilúvatar by which he... Eä). He is the single omnipotent creator, but has delegated most direct action within Eä to the Ainur, including the shaping of the Earth ( In the works of J. R. R. Tolkien, Arda is the world in which all of the events occur, including the continents of Middle-earth and Aman. It is a part of Eä, the World and all that is in it. Arda was created, together with the rest of... Arda) itself. Eru is an important part of the stories of comprises five parts: - a brief description of the Valar and Maiar, the supernatural beings , along with other posthumous collections of Tolkiens works, such as is a complex work that explores a wide array of themes inspired by European lore, including the Finnish resembles that of the Old Testament. And... The Silmarillion but is not mentioned by name in Tolkien's most famous works, (published many years later in 1954 and 1955). The story, subtitled There and Back Again, follows the adventures of the hobbit Bilbo Baggins as he travels across the lands of Middle-earth with a band of Dwarves and a wizard named Gandalf on a quest to restore a dwarven kingdom... The Hobbit and Dust jacket of the 1968 UK edition . For more information on the fictional universe the story takes place in, including lists of characters and locations, see Middle-earth. The storys name is derived from the Dark Lord Sauron of Mordor, the primary villain of the work, who created the... The Lord of the Rings (He is alluded to as "the One" in the part of LotR's Appendix A that speaks of the downfall of Númenor).

Eru as Creator God

Multiple cloud-to-ground and cloud-to-cloud lightning strokes are observed during a night-time thunderstorm. Lightning is a powerful natural electrostatic discharge produced during a thunderstorm. Lightnings abrupt electric discharge is accompanied by the emission of light. The electricity passing through the atmosphere rapidly heats and expands... Elves and (irregular plural: . There are various colloquial exceptions to this usage. For example, the word implies a certain degree of maturity and responsibility that young men in particular often feel unprepared for; yet they may also feel too old to be called a or In terms of sex, men have various... Men were created by Eru directly, without delegation to the Ainur, and they are therefore called "Children of Ilúvatar" (Eruhini). The Mythology and folklore In Norse mythology, fairy tales, and sword and sorcery fiction and role-playing games, a dwarf is a sprite, a member of a humanoid race, much like humans, but generally living underground or in mountainous areas. Here they have heaped up countless treasures of gold, silver, and... Dwarves were "adopted" by Eru in the sense that they were created by Aulë but given Sapience is the ability of an organism or entity to act with intelligence. Sapience is synonymous with of consciousness, although consciousness is not strictly required in the case of sentience (as applied to plant life, which ordinarily react to the stimuli of warmth and ultraviolet radiation from the sun). Sapience... sapience by Eru. Animals and plants were probably fashioned by Ainur after themes set out by Eru in the The Ainulindalë is the title of the first part of of the following parts of the Silmarillion. The supreme deity of Tolkiens universe is called Eru Ilúvatar (The One who is Father of All). The tale began with Ilúvatars creation of spirits of lesser power than... Music of the Ainur, although this is questionable in cases where animals exhibit sapience, as in the case of In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional universe of Middle-earth, Huan was a great Hound. Spoiler warning: Huan was given by the Vala Oromë the Hunter to his friend Celegorm, one of the Sons of Fëanor. Huan was as large as a small horse, and accompanied Celegorm on... Huan, or the Eagles in the Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit.

Tolkien on Eru

Tolkien understood Eru not as a "fictional deity" but as a name in a fictional language for the actual Monotheism (in Greek monon = single and Theos = God) is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. Various forms of monotheism exist, including: Theism, a term that usually refers to the belief in a personal god, that is, a single god with a distinctive personality, rather than just a... monotheistic God, although in a mythological or fictional context. In a draft of a letter of 1954 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). Events January events January 14 - The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator forming the American Motors Corporation January 14 - Marilyn Monroe weds Joe DiMaggio. January 15 - Mau Mau leader Waruhiu Itote is captured in... 1954 to Peter Hastings, manager of the Newman Bookshop (a Catholic bookshop in Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 ( 2001 census). It is home to the University of Oxford, the oldest university in the English-speaking world. It is known as the city of dreaming spires, a term coined by Matthew Arnold... Oxford), Tolkien defended non-orthodox aspects as rightly within the scope of his mythology, as an exploration of the infinite "potential variety" of God ( (ISBN 0-618-05699-8) is a selection of J. R. R. Tolkiens letters published in 1981, edited by his son Christopher Tolkien and the biographer Humphrey Carpenter. The selection contains 354 letters, dating between October 1914, when Tolkien was an undergraduate at Oxford, and August 29th, 1973, four... Letters, No. 153). Regarding the possibility of Reincarnation, also called metempsychosis or transmigration of souls, is the rebirth in another body (after physical death), of some critical part of a persons personality or spirit. Its occurrence is a central tenet of Hinduism, Jainism, some African religions, as well as various other religions and philosophies. Most modern... reincarnation of The Elves (always pluralized as such, never Elfs) are one of the races that appear in the work of J. R. R. Tolkien. Their complex history is described in full only in (the Speakers), in honor of the fact that, when they were created, they were the only living things... Elves, Hastings had written:

God has not used that device in any of the creations of which we have knowledge, and it seems to me to be stepping beyond the position of a sub-creator to produce it as an actual working thing, because a sub-creator, when dealing with the relations between creator and created, should use those channels which he knows the creator to have used already

Tolkien's reply contains an explanation of his view of the relation of (divine) Creation to (human) sub-creation:

We differ entirely about the nature of the relation of sub-creation to Creation. I should have said that liberation "from the channels the creator is known to have used already" is the fundamental function of "sub-creation", a tribute to the infinity of His potential variety [...] I am not a metaphysician; but I should have thought it a curious metaphysic — there is not one but many, indeed potentially innumerable ones — that declared the channels known (in such a finite corner as we have any inkling of) to have been used, are the only possible ones, or efficacious, or possibly acceptable to and by Him!

Hastings had also criticised the description of Tom Bombadil (also Iarwain Ben-adar in Elvish) is a fictional character of Middle-earth, created by J. R. R. Tolkien. In the first book of Tolkiens fantasy epic . Tom Bombadil was, however, part of , a book of verse published in 1966, purported to contain a selection of Hobbit... Tom Bombadil by Goldberry is a fictional character from J. R. R. Tolkiens , meaning Flower Queen. In Tolkiens The Adventures of Tom Bombadil the first poem tells the tale of her capture by Tom Bombadil. Categories: Middle-earth characters | Tolkien stubs ... Goldberry: "He is", saying that this seemed to imply that Bombadil was The term , however. For example: Many religious and philosophic systems consider God to be the creator of the universe. Some traditions hold that the creator of the universe is also the sustainer of the universe (as in theism), while others argue that God is no longer involved in the world... God.

Tolkien replied to this:

As for Tom Bombadil, I really do think you are being too serious, besides missing the point. [...] You rather remind me of a Protestant relation who to me objected to the (modern) Catholic habit of calling priests Father, because the name father belonged only to the First Person.

Inspiration and development

The title the Father of All is thought by some to be borrowed from the god , will support Óðinn at the final battle of the end of the world, Ragnarǫk. The Roman historian Tacitus refers to Odin as Mercury for the reason that, like Mercury, Odin was regarded as Psychopompos, the leader of souls. Viktor Rydberg, in his work on Teutonic Mythology, draws a... Odin in Norse mythology, Viking mythology or Scandinavian mythology refer to the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people. It is the best-known version of the older common Germanic mythology, which also includes the closely related Anglo-Saxon mythology. Germanic mythology, in its turn, had evolved from an... Norse mythology, though the The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Scriptures, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written after the birth of Jesus. The term is a translation of the Latin (or or . Epistle of James - James, the brother of the Lord First Epistle of Peter... New Testament also refers to God as the one God and Father of all. Tolkien, as a Catholic means will often be included in the official name of a particular parish church, school, hospice or other institution belonging to the Catholic Church, in order to distinguish it from those of other denominations. For example, the name St. Marks Church (as an invisible entity) should refer to... Catholic and a scholar of northern World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. It is conventionally considered a continent, which, in this case, is more of a cultural distinction than a geographic one. ( National Geographic, however, officially recognises... European mythology, was probably influenced by both sources. As Tolkien was highly educated in Finnish mythology, it would be no surprise if the name of Ilúvatar were derived from In Finnish mythology, Ilmatar or Luonnotar was the virgin goddess of the heavens. She is portrayed as androgynous with both male and female aspects, though she is primarily female. Despite her virginity, she was the mother of Väinämöinen (god of music), Lemminkäinen (god of magic) and... Ilmatar, Maid of Air, one of the primal spirits of creation.

It is to be noted that in older versions of the A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. Middle-earth is the name for the lands on J.R.R. Tolkiens fictional ancient Earth where most of the tales of his legendarium take place. Middle... Middle-earth legendarium the name Ilúvatar meant " The sky father is a recurring theme in pagan and neopagan mythology. The sky father is the complement of the earth mother and appears in some creation myths, many of which are European or ancient Near Eastern. Other cultures have quite different myths; Egyptian mythology features a sky mother and... Sky-father", but this Etymology is the study of the origins of words. Some words have been derived from other languages, possibly in a changed form (the source words are called itself comes from the Greek comes from comes from . Slang words may enter the common language. Sometimes, common words become slang. Vulgar words... etymology was dropped in favour of the newer meaning in later revisions. Ilúvatar was also the only name of God used in earlier versions — the name Eru first appeared in " provides detailed writings and editorial commentary pertaining to J. R. R. Tolkiens cosmology that eventually would become presents source material and editorial on the following: Later 1951 revisions of The Silmarillion showing Tolkiens drastic revisiting and rewriting of his legends. Annals of Aman — Detailed chronology from the... The Annals of Aman", published in Morgoth's Ring, the 10th volume of The History of Middle-earth is a 12-volume series of books that collect and analyse material relating to the fiction of J. R. R. Tolkien, compiled and edited by his son, Christopher Tolkien. Some of the content consists of earlier versions of already published works, while other portions are... The History of Middle-earth.



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