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Encyclopedia > Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
Russian Aviators Sikorsky, Genner and Kaulbars aboard airplane "Russian Vityaz"; 1915
Russian Aviators Sikorsky, Genner and Kaulbars aboard airplane "Russian Vityaz"; 1915
Sikorsky Aero Engineering Company Stock Certificate courtesy of Scripophily.com
Sikorsky Aero Engineering Company Stock Certificate courtesy of Scripophily.com

Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (25 May 188926 October 1972)[1] (Russian: Игорь Иванович Сикорский) was a Russian-American pioneer of aviation who designed the first four-engine fixed-wing aircraft and the first successful helicopter of the most common configuration (single main rotor tail rotor).[2][1] Sikorsky is an English version of Slavic name Sikorski. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Early version with two propellers. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Russian-American is a citizen or permanent resident of the United States who has Russian heritage. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... Airplane and Aeroplane redirect here. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Biography

Igor Sikorsky was born in Kiev, Russian Empire (now the capital of Ukraine), as the youngest of five children. Born can mean: Childbirth Born, Netherlands Max Born Born, Luxembourg This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ...


Sikorsky's father, Ivan Alexeevich Sikorsky, was a professor of psychology from mixed Russian and Polish ethnicity. The origin of the Sikorsky family is in the Polish szlachta that was deported after the failure of the January Uprising. Ivan Alexeevich Sikorsky was a son and grandson of Russian Orthodox Church priests. He held monarchist and Russian nationalist views, and those affected his son's political views. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] The meaning of the word professor (Latin: [1]) varies. ... Psychological science redirects here. ... Sikorsky is an English version of Slavic name Sikorski. ... Stanisław Antoni Szczuka, a Polish nobleman Szlachta ( ) was the noble class in Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the two countries that later jointly formed the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Deportation is the expelling of someone from a country. ... Polonia (Poland), 1863, by Jan Matejko, 1864, oil on canvas, 156 × 232 cm, National Museum, Kraków. ... The Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate (Russian: ), also known as the Orthodox Christian Church of Russia, is a body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy. ... Members of the National-Bolshevik Party The term nationalism in Russia refers to far-right extremist nationalist movements and organizations, however its often mixed up with fascism in Russia. ...


Igor Sikorsky's mother, Mariya Stefanovna Sikorsky (nee Temryuk-Cherkasov), who was half Ukrainian (on the paternal side) and half Russian (on the maternal side), was a physician that did not work professionally. While homeschooling young Igor, she gave him a great love for art, especially in the life and work of Leonardo da Vinci, and the stories of Jules Verne. He started to experiment with model flying machines, and, by age 12, he had made a small rubber band-powered helicopter.[1] [9] [10] Cherkasov (masculine) or Cherkasova (feminine) (Russian: ) is a Russian last name. ... “Da Vinci” redirects here. ... This article is about the French author. ...


Sikorsky studied at the Naval War College in St. Petersburg from 1903 through 1909, but did not finish formal studies. For a short time, between the years 1906-1907, he studied engineering in Paris. In 1908, Sikorsky and his father traveled to Germany; there, he saw a newspaper picture of Orville Wright and his plane.[1] Sikorsky later said about this event: "Within twenty-four hours, I decided to change my life's work. I would study aviation." Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... This article is about the capital of France. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Orville Wright (August 19, 1871 - January 30, 1948), the younger of the Wright brothers, seen as one of the fathers of heavier-than-air flight. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ...


With financial backing from his sister, Sikorsky returned to Paris, in 1909. Paris was then the center of aviation in Europe. He met several French pilots, including Louis Bleriot, the first person to fly across the English Channel. Sikorsky returned to Kiev the same year and started to experiment with flying machines. This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Aviators are people who fly aircraft either for pleasure or for a job. ... Louis Blériot Louis Blériot (July 1, 1872 in Cambrai - August 2, 1936 in Paris) was a French inventor and engineer, who performed the first flight over a large body of water in a heavier-than-air craft. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ...


In 1912, Igor Sikorsky became Chief Engineer in the Russian Baltic Railroad Car Factory in Saint Petersburg.[2] In 1914, he was awarded the Degree in Engineering "Honoris Causa" by Saint Petersburg Polytechnical Institute. His S-6-B aircraft won a small order from the Russian Army. Other early work included the construction, as chief engineer, of the first four-engine aircraft, the Bolshoi Baltiski, which he called Le Grand. He was also the test pilot for its first flight, on 13 May 1913. Sikorsky's planes were used by Russia as bombers in World War I; for example, the Ilya Muromets, the world's first four engined bomber; and he was decorated with the Order of St. Vladimir. 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Main Building, Photo of 1902 Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University (Russian: ; abbreviated SPbSPU) is a major Russian technical university situated in Saint Petersburg. ... In russian, word army means armed forces in general. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A colorized automobile engine The internal combustion engine is an engine in which the combustion of fuel and an oxidizer (typically air) occurs in a confined space called a combustion chamber. ... Flying machine redirects here. ... The Sikorsky Russky Vityaz (Русский витязь in Russian, or Russian Knight) was the first four-engine biplane in the world, designed and built by Igor Sikorsky in Russia in the spring of 1913. ... Test pilots are aviators who fly new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Ilya Muromets (Илья Муромец in Russian) was the first mass produced bomber aircraft in the world, a massive four-engined biplane that could penetrate deep into the enemy territory and drop a significant load of bombs. ... The Order of Saint Vladimir was an Imperial Russian Order established in 1782 in memory of the deeds of Saint Vladimir, the Kniaz (Prince) and the Baptizer of the Kievan Rus. ...


Sikorsky's inspiration, for designing an airplane with more than one engine, was from a mosquito. During a demonstration of his record-setting (in 1911, 70 mph) S-5, the plane had to make a forced landing. It was discovered that the insect had flown into the gasoline and been drawn into the carburetor. The close call convinced Sikorsky of the need for a plane that could continue flying if it lost an engine. [11]. Aeroplanes of many nations entered service with two, three, and four engines during the 1914-1918 Great War. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


After World War I, Sikorsky briefly became an engineer for the French forces in Russia during the Russian Civil War. Seeing little opportunity for himself as an aircraft designer in war-torn Europe (and particularly Russia, ravaged by the October Revolution and Civil War), he emigrated to the United States in 1919. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Local Soviet powers led by Russian SFSR and Red Army Chinese mercenaries White Movement Central Powers (1917-1918): Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire German Empire Allied Intervention: (1918-1922) Japan Czechoslovakia Greece  United States  Canada Serbia Romania UK  France Foreign volunteers: Polish Italian Local nationalist movements, national states, and decentralist... The name Opportunity may refer to: Opportunity Asset Management , a Brazilian investment bank based in Rio de Janeiro Opportunity, Washington, a city in the U.S. Opportunity rover (MER-B), one of the two rovers of NASAs Mars Exploration Rover Mission. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see October Revolution (disambiguation). ...


In the United States., Sikorsky first worked as a school teacher and a lecturer, while looking for an opportunity in the aviation industry. In 1923, helped by several former Russian army officers, he formed the Sikorsky Aero Engineering Company. Among Sikorsky's chief supporters was composer Sergei Rachmaninoff, who introduced himself by writing a check for $5,000 [roughly $61,000 in 2007 dollars]. Though his prototype was damaged in its first test flight, Sikorsky persuaded his reluctant backers to invest another $2,500; with it, he produced the S-29, one of the first twin-engine planes in America, with a capacity for 14 passengers and a speed of 115 mph [12]. The performance of the S-29, slow though it was compared to military aircraft of even 1918, proved to be a "make or break" moment for Sikorsky's funding. Sikorsky is an American aircraft and helicopter manufacturer. ... Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff (Russian: , Sergej Vasilevič Rakhmaninov, 1 April 1873 (N.S.) or 20 March 1873 (O.S.) – 28 March 1943) was a Russian composer, pianist, and conductor, one of the last great champions of the Romantic style of European classical music. ... The Sikorsky S-29-A was an all-metal, twin-engine biplane airliner, first flown in 1924. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


In 1928, Sikorsky became a naturalized citizen of the United States. The next year, Sikorsky Aero Engineering Company was purchased by, and became a subsidiary of, United Aircraft, itself now a part of United Technologies Corporation. The company manufactured flying boats, such as the S-42, used by Pan Am for trans-Atlantic flights and known as Pan Am Clippers. Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ... United Technologies Corporation (UTC) (NYSE: UTX) is a multinational corporation based in Hartford, Connecticut, USA, and is the 20th largest U.S. manufacturer. ... Boeing 314 A flying boat is an aircraft that is designed to take off and land on water, in particular a type of seaplane which uses its fuselage as a floating hull (instead of pontoons mounted below the fuselage). ... The Sikorsky S-42 was the first real transoceanic flying boat. ... Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...


Sikorsky had experimented with helicopter-type flying machines while in Russia. He brought his work to fruition on 14 September 1939 with the first flight of the Vought-Sikorsky 300, a machine with a single three-blade rotor powered by a 75 horsepower (56 kW) engine. Its first free (untethered) flight was on 26 May 1940. The VS-300 was not the first successful rotary-wing aircraft to fly, but it was the first of the single-rotor configuration that became the world standard. is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... ... This article is about a unit of measurement. ... For other uses, see Watt (disambiguation). ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more large horizontal rotors (propellers). ...


Sikorsky has been designated a Connecticut Aviation Pioneer by the state legislature. The Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation in Stratford, Connecticut, continues to the present day as one of the world's leading helicopter manufacturers, and a nearby small airport has been named Sikorsky Airport. Sikorsky is an American aircraft and helicopter manufacturer. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Airport (IATA: BDR, ICAO: KBDR) is an airport located in Stratford and east of Bridgeport, in Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA. In the past, the airport was usually referred to on destination maps and flight status displays as just Bridgeport, the largest city in Connecticut. ...


Sikorsky was a deeply religious Russian Orthodox Christian and authored two religious and philosophical books (The Message of the Lord's Prayer, The Invisible Encounter).[13] He had a daughter born in Russia and four sons born in the United States. His eldest son, Sergei, remained active with the company following Igor's death in 1972. Sikorsky died in his house in Easton, Connecticut, on October 26, 1972. The Sikorsky Bridge, which carries the Merritt Parkway across the Housatonic River next to Sikorsky's headquarters is named after Sikorsky. The Russian Orthodox Church (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Easton is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Igor I. Sikorsky Memorial Bridge (also known as the Sikorsky Memorial Bridge, and the Housatonic River Bridge) carries Connecticut Route 15 over the Housatonic River, between Stratford (at Oronoque Village) and Milford, in Connecticut. ... Merritt Parkway in autumn. ... The Housatonic River is a river, approximately 144 mi (230 km) long, in western Massachusetts and central Connecticut in the United States. ...


See also

  • Aerosan—Sikorsky built some of these propeller-powered sleighs in 190910.
  • Il'ya Muromets - Second aircraft designed by Igor Sikorsky
  • Sikorsky Prize - A prize for human powered helicopters named in his honor.

NKL-26 armoured aerosan An aerosan (Russian: , literally aerosled) is a type of propeller-powered snowmobile, running on skis, used for communications, mail deliveries, and border patrolling in northern Russia, as well as for recreation. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Ilya Muromets (Илья Муромец in Russian) was an aircraft created in 1912 that was based on the Bolshoi Baltiski, the first aircraft designed by Igor Sikorsky. ... The Sikorsky Prize is a $20,000 reward establed in 1980 by the American Helicopter Society (AHS) to the first controled flight of a human powered helicopter. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d Fortier, Rénald (1996). Igor Sikorsky: One Man, Three Careers. Retrieved on 2007-01-12.
  2. ^ a b Lake, Jon (2002). The Great book of Bombers - The world's most important bombers from World War I to the present day. MBI Publishing Company, 31. ISBN 0-7603-1347-4. 
  3. ^ http://www.interesniy.kiev.ua/new/opinions/desyaterik/24
  4. ^ http://berkovich-zametki.com/2005/Zametki/Nomer10/Domil1.htm
  5. ^ http://www.archipelag.ru/authors/kutuzov/?library=2140
  6. ^ http://www.rusk.ru/svod.php?date=2007-02-14
  7. ^ http://www.is.svitonline.com/v_menzhulin/Vvedenie.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.russk.ru/st.php?idar=710455
  9. ^ http://vivovoco.rsl.ru/VV/PAPERS/ECCE/SIKORSKY.HTM
  10. ^ http://www.pravmir.ru/article_2402.html
  11. ^ Current Biography 1940, pp 734-36
  12. ^ Id. at p 735
  13. ^ http://www.russk.ru/st.php?idar=710455

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Sikorsky's autobiography, The Story of the Winged S. (originally published 1938; updated editions, various years up to 1948)
  • Frank J. Delear, Igor Sikorsky: His Three Careers in Aviation (New York, 1969) - described as "the only biography"[1]

External links

  • U.S. Patent 1,848,389  : "Aircraft, especially aircraft of the direct lift amphibian type and means of construction and operating the same"
  • Igor Sikorsky Aerial Russia - the Romance of the Giant Aeroplane - early days of Igor Sikorsky online book
  • Igor Sikorsky article from ctheritage.org (reference)
  • Biography from Sikorsky company
  • Official Sikorsky historical archives
  • Igor Sikorsky. Time magazine. 16 November 1953. (Cover)
  • New England Air Museum in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, has extensive Sikorsky exhibits
  • "VOICE OF AMERICA: EXPLORATIONS - March 27, 2002: Igor Sikorsky"
  • Igor [email protected]
  • Transatlantic Re-enactment Flight

  Results from FactBites:
 
Igor Sikorsky - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (807 words)
Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky (Russian: Игорь Иванович Сикорский; Ukrainian: Ігор Іванович Сікорський) (25 May 1889 26 October 1972) was a pioneer of aviation who designed the first four-engine airplane and the first successful helicopter of the most common configuration (single main rotor tail rotor).
Igor Sikorsky was born in Kiev, Ukraine, as the youngest of five children.
Igor Sikorsky had a daughter born in Russia and four sons born in the United States.
IGOR I. SIKORSKY STORY (1323 words)
Sikorsky developed an early interest in aviation, thanks largely to the influence of his mother, who was a doctor, and his father, a psychology professor.
Sikorsky was especially proud of the helicopter's life saving ability and of organizations such as the Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service which had put helicopters to what he believed was their finest use.
Sikorsky continued to work as an engineering consultant for Sikorsky and he was at his desk the day before he died, on October 26, 1972, at the age of 83.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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