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Encyclopedia > Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry
افتخار محمد چودھری

In office
30 June 2005 – 3 November 2007
Preceded by Nazim Hussain Siddiqui
Succeeded by Abdul Hameed Dogar

Born 12 December 1948 (1948-12-12) (age 59)
Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan
Nationality Flag of Pakistan Pakistani

Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry (Urdu: افتخار محمد چودھری) (born 12 December 1948), was the 20th Chief Justice of Pakistan. He was appointed as Chief Justice by Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf on May 7, 2005.[1] He was suspended by President General Musharraf on March 9, 2007, on corruption charges but was reinstated by order of the Supreme Court on July 20, 2007.[2] The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... ←Nazim Hussain Siddiqui (Urdu: ناظم حسین صدیقی) served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, from December 31, 2003 to June 29, 2005. ... Abdul Hameed Dogar (born 22 March 1944) is the Chief Justice of Pakistan, a position to which he took oath to General Pervez Musharaff, in the immediate aftermath of the generals 3 November 2007 declaration of a state of emergency, de facto Martial Law suspending the constitution. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Urdu: فیصل آباد) is a city located in Punjab, Pakistan. ... This article is about the Pakistani province. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... The President of Pakistan (UrdÅ«: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. ... General is a military rank, in most nations the highest rank, although some nations have the higher rank of Field Marshal. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


After having been successfully elected as President for second term, Musharraf pre-empted an impending court decision against his re-election and suspended the constitution and declared a state of emergency.[3] Justice Iftikhar reacted promptly, convening a seven-member bench which issued an already prepared interim order against this action.[4] Pervez Musharraf has led Pakistan since 1999. ...


Subsequently, 111th brigade of the Pakistan army entered the supreme court building and removed Chaudhry and several other judges from the Supreme court.[5] The Pakistan Army (Urdu: پاک فوج) is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is mainly responsible for protection of the state borders, the security of administered territories and defending the national interests of Pakistan within the framework of its international obligations. ...

Contents

Career in Law

Chaudhry Iftikhar has a Bachelors in Arts and Bachelors in Law (LLB). He joined the bar in 1974. Later, he was enrolled as Advocate of the High Court in 1976 and as an Advocate of the Supreme Court in 1985. In 1989 he was appointed as Advocate General, Balochistan, and later got elevated as Additional Judge, Balochistan High Court in 6 November 1990 until 21 April 1999.[6] A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B.) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries other than the United States, where it has been replaced by the Juris Doctor degree. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An Advocate General is a senior law officer of a country or other jurisdiction. ... Balochistan, or Ballsforchinstan, Balochi, Pashto, Urdu: بلوچستان) is a province in Pakistan, the largest in the country by geographical area. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Besides remaining as Judge High Court, he discharged duties as Banking Judge, Judge Special Court for Speedy Trials, Judge Customs Appellate Courts as well as Company Judge. Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry also remained President of High Court Bar Association, Quetta, and was elected twice as Member, Bar Council. Later, he was appointed as Chairman, Balochistan Local Council Election Authority in 1992 and thereafter for second term in 1998. He also worked as Chairman, Provincial Review Board for the province of Balochistan. He was twice appointed as Chairman, Pakistan Red Crescent Society, Balochistan. For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting customs duties and for controlling the flow of animals and goods (including personal effects and hazardous items) in and out of a country. ...   (Urdu: کوئٹہ) also spelled Kwatah city is a variation of kwatkot, a Pashto word meaning “fort,”. It is the largest city and provincial capital and district of Baluchistan Province, Pakistan. ... The Red Cross and the Red Crescent emblems, the symbols from which the Movement derives its name. ...


At present, Justice Iftikhar is also functioning as Chairman, Enrollment Committee of Pakistan Bar Council and as Chairman, Supreme Court Building Committee. He was appointed as Chief Justice High Court of Balochistan on 22 April 1999.[6] is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


In January 2000 Chief Executive General Musharraf dictated that all superior court judges swear a new oath under the PCO No.1 issued on October 15, 1999, which had suspended the Constitution of Pakistan. After swearing an oath on the PCO Justice Iftikhar was elevated to the Supreme Court on 4 February 2000. He was appointed as Chief Justice of Pakistan on 7 May 2005 by President General Pervez Musharraf.[7] Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry is the senior-most judge among the sitting judges of the Court after the outgoing Chief Justice Nazim Hussain Siddiqui. Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry assumed the office of Chief Justice on 30 June 2005.[6] is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The President of Pakistan (Urdū: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. ... General Pervez Musharraf (born August 11, 1943, Delhi, India) became de facto ruler (using the title Chief Executive and assuming extensive power) of [[the office of President of Pakistan (becoming Head of State) on June 20, 2001. ... ←Nazim Hussain Siddiqui (Urdu: ناظم حسین صدیقی) served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, from December 31, 2003 to June 29, 2005. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Important rulings

Pakistan Steel Mills Privatization

Main article: Pakistan Steel Mills

In 2007, the Supreme court ruled against the government, saying that the selling of Pakistan Steel Mills to a group including Arif Habib, former client and friend of PM Shaukat Aziz, was done in "indecent haste". Pakistan Steel Mills was built in mid 1970s in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ... Shaukat Aziz at the White House with US president George W. Bush. ...

President Pervez Musharraf administers the oath of the office of the Chief Justice of Pakistan to Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry in 2005.
President Pervez Musharraf administers the oath of the office of the Chief Justice of Pakistan to Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry in 2005.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Hasba Bill case

Main article: Hasba bill

The Hasba bill also proposed powers for the police to ensure observance of Islamic practices and values while curbing palm reading and other superstitious customs deemed un-Islamic by the legislators. The Hasba Bill (accountability bill) was proposed unanimously by members of the provincial assembly of a Province of Pakistan namely NWFP which borders Afghanistan. ... The Fortune Teller, by Caravaggio (1594-95; Canvas; Louvre), depicting a palm reading Chiromancy or cheiromancy, (Greek cheir, “hand”; manteia, “divination”), is the art of characterization and foretelling the future through the study of the palm, also known as palmistry, palm-reading, chirology or hand analysis. ... Superstition is a set of behaviors that may be faith based, or related to magical thinking, whereby the practitioner believes that the future, or the outcome of certain events, can be influenced by certain of his or her behaviors. ...


General Pervez Musharraf petitioned the top court for an opinion after the Hasba bill was passed through North West Frontier Province's assembly. Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... The North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) is the smallest of the four provinces of Pakistan and is home to the Pashtuns (Afghans) and various other groups. ...


"The governor of the province of NWFP may not assent to the Hasba bill in its present form," Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, head of a panel of nine judges, told the court before listing several clauses in the bill deemed unconstitutional. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into constitutionality. ...


Missing people

Many people in Pakistan had "disappeared." allegedly kidnapped by the American agencies (FBI, CIA) and Pakistani agencies (ISI, MI, IB) in pursuance of the "War on Terror." These actions were challenged in the Supreme Court and a bench under the Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry had directed the Ministry of Interior and the representatives of the military agencies to appear in the court and answer the issues raised.On his orders hundreds of terrorists were released, many of whom have been found involved in the spate of suicide bombings which are taking place in Pakistan. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... This article is about the Pakistani intelligence agency. ...


The case is being pleaded by Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim and Asma Jahangir from the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan.[citation needed] Justice (Retired) Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim Justice (Retired) Fakhruddin G. Ebrahim is a eminent Pakistani jurist, constitutional expert, senior advocate of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, former federal law minister, former Attorney General of Pakistan, and a former Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... Asma Jahangir (born 1952) is a Pakistani lawyer and human rights activist. ... The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, or HRCP, is an independent, non-profit organization, founded in 1986 to monitor and defend human rights in Pakistan. ...


Cases for 2007

It is thought that some very important cases were to be heard in the supreme court in the coming months. Decisions have already been taken in some:

  • The case whether Nawaz Sharif (twice the former PM of Pakistan) can come back to Pakistan. Government had always said that he can but now does not want him to come back. — Decision: Sharif can come back.[8]

Upcoming cases include:

  • The case inquiring the dual nationality of the Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz and his eligibility to be Prime Minister.
  • The case on whether or not the President Pervez Musharraf could run the election for the next Presidency term.
  • The Uniform Issue of President Pervez Musharraf, i.e. whether the President may continue in office without relinquishing his role as the head of the military.
  • Inquest into the validity of the decrees issued by madrassas.

Shaukat Aziz at the White House with US president George W. Bush. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ... Madrassa in the Gambia The word madrassa in the Arabic language (and other languages of the Islamic nations such as Persian, Turkish, Indonesian etc. ...

Suspension and reinstatement

Two secret agents try to force the chief justice to sit in the car. One agent grasps the Chief Justice by the hair.
Two secret agents try to force the chief justice to sit in the car. One agent grasps the Chief Justice by the hair.

On March 09, 2007, Chaudhry was suspended by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. Musharraf also filed a "reference" (i.e., legal case) against Chaudhry for misconduct. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a special sub-page of the main article on Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan in 2007, regarding his suspension from and reinstatement to the Court. ... The President of Pakistan (Urdū: صدر مملکت Sadr-e-Mumlikat) is the head of state of Pakistan. ... Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: ) (born 11 August 1943, Delhi) is the current President of Pakistan, Chief of Army Staff of the Pakistan Army. ...


The suspension of Chaudhry was the first time in the 50-year history of the Pakistani Supreme Court that a Chief Justice was suspended. The court under Chief Justice Chaudhry had made rulings against governmental corruption, including the Pakistan Steel Mills case.The court had started taking suo moto notice in all walks of governance starting from prices of vegetables, song's lyrics to traffic congestion and made the executive totally ineffective. The supreme court functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be challenged, in some countries, provinces and states. ... Pakistan Steel Mills was built in mid 1970s in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. ...


After the event, there was unrest in the country with regard to the validity of the allegations against Chaudhry, as well as doubt as to whether Musharraf actually had the power to suspend the Chief Justice under the circumstances.[9]


On May 5, 2007, Chaudhry traveled from Islamabad to Lahore to address the Lahore High Court Bar Association. Demonstrations of support along the route slowed his motorcade to the point that it took him 25 hours to reach the dinner the Association was holding in his honor.[10] This journey usually takes 4-5 hours on average.[citation needed] Demonstrators chanted not only slogans supporting Chaudrhy, but also openly called for Musharraf to step down(Go Musharraf Go).In his speech he criticized dictatorship and emphasized on the important of the rule of law.[11] For other places called Islamabad, see Islamabad (disambiguation). ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...

Public supporting Chief Justice in capital city of Islamabad.
Public supporting Chief Justice in capital city of Islamabad.

On July 20, 2007, Chaudhry was reinstated to his position as Chief Justice in a ruling by the thirteen-member bench of Pakistani Supreme Court which also quashed the misconduct reference filed against him by Musharraf without even considering or investigating the allegations leveled against the Chief Justice. The ruling combined 25 constitutional petitions filed by Chaudhry and other interested parties, but referred most of the issues raised by the 24 petitions not filed by Chaudhry himself to lower courts for extended adjudication. All thirteen of the sitting justices agreed that Musharraf's action had been illegal, and ten of the thirteen ordered Chaudhry was to be reinstated and that he "shall be deemed to be holding the said office and shall always be deemed to have been so holding the same." The judges actually gave the ruling in violation of Article 209 of the Constitution of Pakistan.[12] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Cases post-reinstatement

On August 20, 2007 Ifikhar Mohammad threatened Tariq Pervez (the director-general of Pakistan's Federal Investigation Agency) with jail if he did not produce ghost detainee Hafiz Abdul Basit.[13] Chief Justice Chaudhry ordered "He must be produced today or you will be sent to the lock-up." Under this threat he was released by the intelligence agencies. Hafiz Basit was later implicated in the assassination of Ms Bhutto.[13] is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Tariq Pervez, a former Pakistani Policeman, is currently the director-general of Pakistans Federal Investigation Agency. ... The Federal Investigation Agency of Pakistan is a national investigative agency with a wide role in anti-terrorism, anti-corruption, human smuggling and copyright infringement policing. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Extrajudicial prisoners of the United States. ... Hafiz Abdul Basit is a citizen of Pakistan who is believed to have been detained on suspicion of involvement to assassinate Pakistans leader President Pervez Musharraf. ...


2007 State of Emergency

Main article: 2007 Pakistani state of emergency

General Pervez Musharraf, who used to hold the office of the President and Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan, on Saturday Nov 3rd 2007 declared a state of emergency and suspended the nation's constitution and parliament at the same time.[14]. According to the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan the President of Pakistan can impose a state of emergency in the country, if he believe that circumstances exist that warrant it and has to get it validated from a sitting Parliament within 30 days.[15] However the proclamation of state of emergency was announced, according to the proclamation, by him as the chief of army staff and not the President of Pakistan and as per legal scholars this is tantamount to martial law, as there is no provision present in the Constitution of Pakistan for an Army General to declare a state of emergency. Pervez Musharraf has led Pakistan since 1999. ...


Further according to the constitution the state of emergency only suspends certain fundamental rights of citizens and all other structures and functions of the state remain functioning as normal under the constitution, but through this proclamation the government has suspended the constitution itself and issued a provisional constitution order (PCO) in its place, this action is not allowed by any provision of the constitution and is thus tantamount to martial law.


After the imposition of emergency and suspension of constitution, Chaudhry constituted an 8 member bench of supreme court judges duly headed by himself, and immediately quashed the provisional constitution order, declaration of emergency and the suspension of the constitution, and ordered all civil and military personnel to ignore the order. He also ordered all the chief justices of high courts and judges of supreme court and high court not to take oath under the PCO. Soon after, the supreme court was stormed by the 111th brigade of the Pakistan Army and chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudary along with seven other judges of the of the Pakistan supreme court were removed from office and kept under house arrest. Musharraf replaced Justice Iftikhar Chaudry with Abdul Hameed Dogar as the de facto chief justice of Pakistan and also administered the oath of office to three other judges of the supreme court under the PCO, Justice Dogar later took a fresh oath on the constitution after it was restored and the PCO withdrawn. Abdul Hameed Dogar (born 22 March 1944) is the Chief Justice of Pakistan, a position to which he took oath to General Pervez Musharaff, in the immediate aftermath of the generals 3 November 2007 declaration of a state of emergency, de facto Martial Law suspending the constitution. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without...


Activities after arrest

He is under strict house arrest and no one has met him officially since he was arrested on 3 November, 2007. However he has continued to denounce Musharraf's declaration of emergency and vowed to push for a return to the rule of law.[16] . is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On November 6 Iftikhar Chaudhry spoke by phone to a group of 500 lawyers.[17] In his statement he said that the constitution had been "ripped to shreds" and that the people should "rise up and restore it". He added that although he is currently under guard, he will soon "join you in your struggle". Supporters and political parties have since rallied around him once again.[18]


On 7 November his personal guard was arrested and taken away.[19] is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 15 November Geo News reported that Chaudhry had ordered the Islamabad Inspector General of Police to take action against his and his family’s house arrest and their possible removal to Quetta. According to the channel, Chaudhry held the interior secretary, the commissioner, the deputy commissioner and the assistant commissioner responsible for his house arrest. He said he was still the chief justice of Pakistan and the official residence was his by right.[20] is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 18 November in a letter to prominent English-language newspaper The News he wrote: "I will fight till the last drop of my blood to save the Constitution of Pakistan and so will resist any move to ‘deport’ me to some far-flung area with the intention to separate me from the lawyers and the Pakistani citizens".[21] is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The News International, Pakistan (ISSN 1563-9479) is the largest circulation English-language newspaper in Pakistan, and is part of the Jang Group. ...


On 21 November the law enforcement agencies stopped the deposed Judges, including Chaudhry, from leaving their houses in Judges Colony. Meanwhile retired Justice Wajihuddin Ahmed came to the Judges Colony, accompanied by a large number of lawyers, to meet the deposed Judges. However, he too was prevented from proceeding further to the Judges' residences. is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Honourable Justice (R) Wajihuddin Ahmed (born December 01, 1938) is one of the most respected names of Pakistani judiciary who remained the Chief Justice of the Sindh High Court and then a judge of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ...


Justice Rana Bhagwandas, the next most superior Judge in Pakistan, also tried to leave his house but the law enforcement agencies personnel stationed at his gates did now allow him to, maintaining that they had not had orders from their superiors allowing it.[22] Honourable Mr. ...


On 24 November members of the delegation visiting Munir A.Malik in Pakistan institute of medical sciences conveyed greetings and inquired about his health on behalf of deposed CJP Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.[23] is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


HLS Medal of Freedom

As lawyers who value freedom and the rule of law, we at Harvard Law School want Chief Justice Chaudhry and all of the courageous lawyers in Pakistan to know that we stand with them in solidarity. We are proud to be their colleagues in the cause of justice, and we will do all we can to press for the prompt restoration of constitutionalism and legality in Pakistan.

Elena Kagan, Harvard Law School's Dean, on the Justice Iftikhar's awarding.[24] Elena Kagan is the dean of Harvard Law School and the Charles Hamilton Houston Professor of Law and has recently been announced as the next President of Harvard University. ...

In the wake of the imposition of emergency rule in Pakistan, on November 14, 2007, the Harvard Law School Association[25] decided to award its highest honour, the Medal of Freedom to Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry, following the military crackdown the previous week. He becomes the first Pakistani to be presented with such honour. is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Harvard Law School (colloquially, Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University. ... The Presidential Medal of Freedom is the highest civilian award in the United States. ...


Harvard Law School Medal of Freedom is given to selected personalities for their contributions to freedom, justice, and equality. Former South African President Nelson Mandela is one of the previous recipients of this award.


Though Iftikhar Chaudhry is currently under house-arrest, the school plans to hold a grand ceremony to award the medal hoping that it recipient will soon be released and allowed to attend. According to the official statement:


Although Mr Chaudhry has been placed under house arrest and is not free to leave Pakistan.


The same statement announcing the award, identifies Chaudhry as Pakistan’s chief justice and not as a deposed or former judge.[26][27]


Lawyer of the Year Award

The National Law Journal picked Mr. Chaudhry as the lawyer of the year for 2007, the only non-American in the history of the Journal. The official line of the US government may be muted critique of the dictator but the human heart decries for the innocent and pallbearer of justice. Mr. Chaudhry, how weak he may be in a country run by dictators half its life, stands tall by his denunciation of mockery of justice and deviation from rule of the law. On December 15, 2007 'emergency' was lifted and Musharraf's crafted lawyers reinstated an amended Constitution which has been cut out to fit for the dictator. Musharraf made it clear that reanactment of the Constitution does not mean renistatements of Justices including Mr Chaudhry. To Mr. Chaudhry and rest of the world this step also remains unconstitutional, a duly elected Parliament can only alter the manuscript of the constitution with a two-third majority. The act of 'emergency' has done nothing but purged judiciary of dissenting justices and instalment of Musharraf friendly supreme court. The dejure Chief Justice is correct that the Constitution of Pakistan is in shreds and has been mutilated with despotism being the order of the day or days to come. The upcoming elections are feared by the independent media to be rigged, since the Constitution is unalterable by any one individual, Mushaaraf will be hard-pressed to find 2/3rd majority to make his changes(unlawful) legitimized.


An Open Letter in February-2008

While imprisoned in Chief Justice Residence - Islamabad, Justice Iftikhar wrote an open letter in response to General Musharraf.


Confusion between Dejure & Defacto

There has been several instances where certain people have marked and/or referred to the current Chief Justice of Pakistan Abdul Hameed Dogar as the Illegal or Defacto Chief Justice of Pakistan, and referred to Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry as the legal and/or current Chief Justice of Pakistan. De jure is a Latin expression that means by law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one is describing political situations. ... See De facto for the Latin expression DeFacto DeFacto were a dub reggae side project of Cedric Bixler Zavala, and Omar Rodriguez-Lopez of At The Drive-In, keyboardist Isaiah Ikey Owens, and soundman Jeremy Michael Ward. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... Abdul Hameed Dogar (born 22 March 1944) is the Chief Justice of Pakistan, a position to which he took oath to General Pervez Musharaff, in the immediate aftermath of the generals 3 November 2007 declaration of a state of emergency, de facto Martial Law suspending the constitution. ... See De facto for the Latin expression DeFacto DeFacto were a dub reggae side project of Cedric Bixler Zavala, and Omar Rodriguez-Lopez of At The Drive-In, keyboardist Isaiah Ikey Owens, and soundman Jeremy Michael Ward. ...


Justice Dogar was elevated to the position of Chief Justice of Pakistan on 3 November 2007 and he was offered to take an oath on the Provincial Constitution Order (PCO) which replaced the Constitution like Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry who took a similar oath on the PCO in 2000 and was elevated to the Chief Justice position. This article is about the concept of justice. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


As with Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry, Justice Dogar later took a fresh oath according to article 178 of the Constitution on 15 November 2007, thus making him the legal and dejure Chief Justice of Pakistan. is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about law in society. ... De jure is a Latin expression that means by law, as contrasted with de facto, which means in fact. The terms de jure and de facto are used like in principle and in practice when one is describing political situations. ...


See also

The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... The Supreme Court (Urdu: عدالت عظمیٰ ) is the apex court in Pakistans judicial hierarchy, the final arbiter of legal and constitutional disputes. ... On May 12, 2007, political and ideological riots erupted across Karachi, capital of the province of Sindh and the most populous city in Pakistan. ... Syed Hammad Raza, Additional Registrar, Supreme Court of Pakistan, was a civil servant belonging to the elite District Management Group of Central Superior Services of Pakistan. ... MQMs Political Flag Muttahida Qaumi Movement (Urdu: متحدہ قومی موومنٹ) generally known as MQM or simply Muttahida, is one of the largest political parties in Pakistan. ... KHI redirects here. ... Ansar Abbasi is an Investigative editor for one of the leading newspapers from Pakistan, The News International. ... Ali Ahmad Kurd is the former vice president of Pakistan Bar Council. ... Chaudhry Aitzaz Ahsan born on September 27, 1945 at Murree, Islamabad Pakistan. ... Munir A. Malik is the President of the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) of Pakistan. ... Hamid Khan is a Pakistani writer, Supreme Court lawyer, and former President of the Pakistan Supreme Court Bar Association. ...

References

  1. ^ Chaudhry Iftikhar named new CJ (May 7, 2005).
  2. ^ Pakistani court reinstates top judge (July 20, 2007).
  3. ^ Musharraf Suspends Pakistan's Constitution (November 4, 2007).
  4. ^ Justice Iftikhar declared proclaimanation of emegency,suspension of constitution and provisional constitution order illegeal, PCO (November 4, 2007).
  5. ^ Emergency in Pakistan - Custody for Chief Justice and 7 other judges of Supreme Court (November 3, 2007).
  6. ^ a b c Supreme Court of Pakistan Official Website
  7. ^ Chaudhry Iftikhar named new CJ (May 7, 2005).
  8. ^ Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan
  9. ^ Suspended Pak CJ arrives in Karachi amid violence and tight security. Daily India (May 12, 2007).
  10. ^ States cannot survive under dictatorship: CJ, May 7, 2007. DAWN Newspaper. Accessed August 27, 2007.
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Short Order Press Release July 20, 2007, Supreme Court of Pakistan. Accessed August 27, 2007.
  13. ^ a b Syed Shoaib Hasan. "Security chief gets jail warning", BBC News, Monday, August 20, 2007. Retrieved on 2007-08-23. 
  14. ^ Text of Pakistan emergency declaration (November 03, 2007).
  15. ^ Section of Constitution on Emergency Provisions.
  16. ^ Iftikhar Chaudhry vows fresh struggle against Musharraf (November 5, 2007).
  17. ^ YouTube - Broadcast Yourself
  18. ^ Pakistan News Service - PakTribune
  19. ^ Pakistan Times! » Blog Archive » More restrictions on Iftikhar Chaudhry, his family
  20. ^ Daily Times - Leading News Resource of Pakistan
  21. ^ Deposed CJ praises PPP chief
  22. ^ The Nation
  23. ^ The Nation
  24. ^ [[http://www.law.harvard.edu/news/2007/11/13 pakistan.php|title=HLS News: Pakistani chief justice to recievce Harvard Law School 'Medal of Honour'
  25. ^ HLS News: Pakistani chief justice to recievce Harvard Law School 'Medal of Honour' (November 14, 2007).
  26. ^ Dawn: Harvard to award Medal of Freedom to Justice Iftikhar (November 15, 2007).
  27. ^ [2]

Dawn is Pakistans oldest and most widely-read English-language newspaper. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Preceded by
Nazim Hussain Siddiqui
Chief Justices of Pakistan Succeeded by
Abdul Hameed Dogar
←Nazim Hussain Siddiqui (Urdu: ناظم حسین صدیقی) served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, from December 31, 2003 to June 29, 2005. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... Abdul Hameed Dogar (born 22 March 1944) is the Chief Justice of Pakistan, a position to which he took oath to General Pervez Musharaff, in the immediate aftermath of the generals 3 November 2007 declaration of a state of emergency, de facto Martial Law suspending the constitution. ... The Chief Justice of Pakistan heads the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... Sir Abdul Rashid the first Chief Justice of Pakistan was born on 29 June 1889. ... Muhammad Munir was born on 3 May 1895. ... Muhammad Shahabuddin (Urdu: محمد شہاب الدین) was born on 13 May 1895 at Ellore in Madras. ... Alvin Robert Cornelius (born 1903), a Catholic, was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from May 13, 1960 to February 29, 1968. ... Sheikh Abdur Rehman was born on June 4, 1903. ... Fazal-e-Akbar born in November 1903, graduated in Arts from St. ... Former Chief Justice Hamoodur Rahman,Pakistan Supreme Court. ... Mohammed Yaqub Ali born at Jallandhar in March 1912, received early education at Jallandhar, did his graduation and Law from University of Punjab in 1936. ... Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan,S. Anwarul Haq Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan S.Anwarul Haq is the infamous judge who gave legitimacy to General Zia ul-Haq’s martial law and upheld the decision of Lahore High Court which sentenced Zulfikar... Honourable Chief Justice Muhammad Haleem LL.D. (Honoris Causa), Hilal-e-Imtiaz, (January 1, 1925 Lucknow - August 11, 2006 Karachi) served as the Chief Justice of Pakistan from the period 1981 to 1989, the longest service of its kind in the history of the country. ... Mohammed Afzal Zullah (Urdu: محمد افضل ذلا) was born on April 19, 1928, at Bijnial, Mandra (District Rawalpindi). ... Former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan,Nasim Hasan Shah Born in Lahore on 15th April 15, 1929 to Syed Mohsin Shah, an eminent advocate and political activist,Dr. Justice Nasim Hasan Shah, a former Chief Justice of Pakistan, gained international respect and recognition when he restored the... Syed Sajjad Ali Shah was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ... Ajmal Mian was a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 03 December 1997 to 30 June 1999. ... Saeeduzzaman Siddiqui (b. ... Justice Irshad Hasan Khan was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 26 January 2000 to 06 January 2002. ... Justice Muhammad Bashir Jehangiri was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan from 07 January 2002 to 31 January 2002. ... Sheikh Riaz Ahmad ,Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Pakistan Justice Sheikh Riaz Ahmad was Chief Justice of Pakistan Supreme Court in Islamabad from February 1, 2002 to December 31, 2003. ... ←Nazim Hussain Siddiqui (Urdu: ناظم حسین صدیقی) served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, from December 31, 2003 to June 29, 2005. ... Justice Javaid Iqbal (Jr. ... Honourable Mr. ... Abdul Hameed Dogar (born 22 March 1944) is the Chief Justice of Pakistan, a position to which he took oath to General Pervez Musharaff, in the immediate aftermath of the generals 3 November 2007 declaration of a state of emergency, de facto Martial Law suspending the constitution. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
ONLINE - International News Network (905 words)
Warraich said chief justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry was kept in hostage for seven hours in the army house.
Iftikhar Chaudhry played highly commendable role by not succumbing to pressure to resign.
He alleged that two members of SJC including Lahore High Court chief justice Chaudhry Iftikhar Hussain and chief justice of Sindh High Court are biased against justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and have personal grudge against him.
The Epoch Times | Supporters Mass at Pakistani Judge's Rally (670 words)
Musharraf's move to sack Chaudhry on March 9 is seen by the legal community and opposition groups as an attack on the independence of the judiciary.
Thousands of people are expected to greet Chaudhry in Lahore, where lawyers have led a movement to defend the judiciary, and the number of the city's high court judges who turn up for his address will be a measure of his support.
Chaudhry has objected to his presence, saying he is biased, and wants his case to be switched to the Supreme Court for an open hearing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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