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Encyclopedia > Idomeneo
Operas by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebotes (1767)
Apollo et Hyacinthus (1767)
Bastien und Bastienne (1768)
La finta semplice (1769)
Mitridate, re di Ponto (1770)
Ascanio in Alba (1771)
Il sogno di Scipione (1772)
Lucio Silla (1772)
La finta giardiniera (1775)
Il re pastore (1775)
Thamos, König in Ägypten (1779)
Zaide (1780)
Idomeneo (1781)
Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782)
L'oca del Cairo (1783)
Lo sposo deluso (1784)
Der Schauspieldirektor (1786)
The Marriage of Figaro (1786)
Don Giovanni (1787)
Così fan tutte (1790)
The Magic Flute (1791)
La clemenza di Tito (1791) Image File history File linksMetadata Wolfgang-amadeus-mozart_1. ... Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebotes is an opera, K. 35, composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1767. ... The Death of Hyacinth by Giovanni Battista Tiepolo Apollo et Hyacinthus is an opera, K.38, written in 1767 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who was 11 years old at the time. ... Bastien und Bastienne (Bastien and Bastienne) is a one-act singspiel opera with libretto by Friedrich Wilhelm Weiskern and music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... La finta semplice (The Pretended Simpleton), K. 51 (46a) is an opera buffa in three acts for singers and orchestra, composed in 1769 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, on a libretto by the court poet Marco Coltellini based on an early work by Carlo Goldoni. ... Mitridate re di Ponto,(Mithridates of Pontos). ... Ascanio in Alba, K. 111, Pastoral opera in 2 parts (Festa teatrale in due atti) Composer: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Librettist: Abbé Giuseppe Parini First performance: Teatro Regio Ducal, Milan, 17 October 1771 // Dramatis Personæ Venere (Venus) (soprano) Ascanio, her grandson, son of Aeneas (male soprano) Silvia, a nymph descended from... Bold text ... Lucio Silla (K135) is an Italian opera in three acts composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... La finta giardiniera, K. 196, is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Il rè pastore is an opera, K. 208, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 6 weeks in 1775. ... Thamos, König in Ägypten (Thamos, King of Egypt, or King Thamos, in English) is a play by Tobias Philipp, baron von Gebler, for which, between 1773 and 1780, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote incidental music, K. 345/336a, of an operatic character. ... Zaide is an opera, K. 344, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1780. ... Die Entführung aus dem Serail (K. 384; in English The Abduction from the Seraglio; also known as Il Seraglio) is a opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Loca del Cairo is an opera buffa (or dramma giocoso per musica), K. 422, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1783. ... Lo sposo deluso is a 2-act opera buffa, K. 430, written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1783. ... Der Schauspieldirektor (The Impresario), K. 486, is a comic German singspiel that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote as his entry in a musical competition sponsored on February 7, 1786 by the Austrian Emperor Joseph II at the Schönbrunn palace in Vienna. ... Le nozze di Figaro ossia la folle giornata (Trans: ), K. 492, is an opera buffa (comic opera) composed in 1786 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, with libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, based on a stage comedy by Pierre Beaumarchais, Le mariage de Figaro (1784). ... Don Giovanni (K.527) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte. ... Così fan tutte is an opera buffa by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Emanuel Schikaneder as the first Papageno in Mozarts Die Zauberflöte. ... La clemenza di Tito (The Clemency of Titus), K. 621, was an opera seria written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ...

Idomeneo, re di Creta ossia Ilia e Idamante (Italian: Idomeneo, King of Crete, or, Ilia and Idamante; usually referred to simply as Idomeneo, K. 366) is an Italian opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The libretto was adapted by Giambattista Varesco from a French text by Antoine Danchet, which had been set to music by André Campra as Idoménée in 1712. Mozart and Varesco were commissioned in 1780 by Karl Theodor, Elector of Bavaria for a court carnival. He probably chose the subject, though it might have been Mozart.[1] (For a list organized by genre, see List_of_compositions_by_Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart) The Köchel-Verzeichnis is a complete, chronological catalogue of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart which was originally created by Ludwig von Köchel. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart; January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was a prolific and highly influential composer of Classical music. ... A libretto is the complete body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, sacred or secular oratorio and cantata, musical, and ballet. ... Father Varesco (1735-1805) was a chaplain, musician, poet and (most famously) librettist to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Antoine Danchet, (7 September 1671 - 21 February 1748), was a French playwright, librettist and dramatic poet. ... André Campra (Aix-en-Provence, December 4, 1660 – June 29, 1744 in Versailles) was a French composer and conductor. ... Karl Theodor (born in 1724) reigned as Duke of Bavaria from 1777 until his death in 1799. ...


It was first performed at the Cuvilliés Theatre of the Residenz in Munich on January 29, 1781. Written when the composer was 24, Idomeneo was Mozart's first mature opera seria, and with it he demonstrated his mastery of orchestral color, accompanied recitatives, and melodic line. In certain aspects (e.g., the choirs), however, this opera is still an experimental drama, resulting more in a sequence of sets than in a well developed plot. Mozart also had to fight with the mediocre author of the libretto, the court chaplain Varesco, making large cuts and changes, even down to specific words and vowels disliked by the singers (too many "i"s in "rinvigorir").[2] Cuvilliés-Theatre The Cuvilliés Theatre or Old Residence Theatre of the Residence in Munich was built from 1751 to 1753 by François de Cuvilles in rococo style. ... Residenz in Munich The Residenz (German word for residence) in the city center of Munich, Bavaria was the former royal residence of the Bavarian Dukes, Electors and Kings. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich: St. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Opera seria is an Italian musical term which refers to the noble and serious style of Italian opera that predominated in Europe from the 1720s to ca 1770. ... Father Varesco (1735-1805) was a chaplain, musician, poet and (most famously) librettist to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ...


Today Idomeneo is part of the standard operatic repertoire. There are several recordings of it (see below), and it is regularly performed.

Contents

Roles

Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A castrato is a male soprano, mezzo-soprano, or alto voice produced either by castration of the singer before puberty or who, because of an endocrinological condition, never reaches sexual maturity. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... Electra at the Tomb of Agamemnon In Greek mythology, Electra was daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. ... The so-called Mask of Agamemnon. Discovered by Heinrich Schliemann in 1876 at Mycenae. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... Baritone (French: baryton; German: Bariton; Italian: baritono) is most commonly the type of male voice that lies between bass and tenor. ... For other uses, see Neptune (disambiguation). ... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ... Look up soprano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A mezzo-soprano (meaning medium soprano in Italian) is a female singer with a range usually extending from the A below middle C to the F an eleventh above middle C. Mezzo-sopranos generally have a darker (or lower) vocal tone than sopranos, and their vocal range is between that... In music, a tenor is a male singer with a high vocal range. ... A bass (or basso in Italian) is a male singer who sings in the lowest vocal range of the human voice. ...

Cast of the first performance

  • Illia: Dorothea Wendling
  • Idamante: Vincenzo del Prato
  • Elettera: Elisabeth Wendling
  • Idomeneo: Anton Raeff

Arias

  • Padre, germani, addio- Ilia
  • Non ho colpa- Idamantes
  • Tutte nel cor vi sento- Electra
  • Il padre adorato- Idamantes
  • Se il padre perdei- Ilia
  • Idol mio- Electra
  • Zeffiretti lusinghieri- Ilia
  • No, la morte- Idamantes
  • D'Oreste, d'Ajace- Electra
  • Vedrommi intorno- Idomeneo
  • Se il tuo duol- Arbaces
  • Fuor del mar- Idomeneo
  • Se colá ne' fati è scritto- Arbaces
  • Torna la pace- Idomeneo

Synopsis

Act I

Island of Crete. Ilia, daughter of King Priam, loves Prince Idamante, son of Idomeneo, but she hesitates to acknowledge her love. Idamante frees the Trojan prisoners. He tells Ilia, who is rejecting his love, that it is not his fault that their fathers were enemies. Trojans and Cretans together welcome the return of peace, but Elettra, jealous of Ilia, does not approve of Idamante's clemency toward the enemy prisoners. Arbace, the king's confidant, brings news that Idomeneo has been lost at sea while returning to Crete. Elettra, fearing that Ilia, a Trojan, soon will be Queen of Crete, feels the furies of Hades tormenting her.


On a deserted seashore, after the shipwreck, Idomeneo recalls the vow he made to Neptune -- to sacrifice, if he arrived safe, the first living creature he meets on shore. Idamante approaches him, but because the two have not seen each other for a long time, recognition is difficult. When Idomeneo realizes the youth is his own child, he orders Idamante never to seek him out again. Grief-stricken by his father's rejection, Idamante runs off. Cretan troops disembarking from Idomeneo's ship are met by their wives, and all praise Neptune.


Act II

At the king's palace, Idomeneo seeks counsel from Arbace, who says another victim could be sacrificed if Idamante were sent into exile. Idomeneo orders his son to escort Elettra to her home, Argos. Idomeneo's kind words to Ilia move her to declare that since she has lost everything, he will be her father and Crete her country. As she leaves, Idomeneo realizes that sending Idamante into exile has cost Ilia her happiness as well as his own. Elettra welcomes the idea of going to Argos with Idamante.


At the port of Sidon, Idomeneo bids his son farewell and urges him to learn the art of ruling while he is away. Before the ship can sail, however, a storm breaks out, and a sea serpent appears. Recognizing it as a messenger from Neptune, the king offers himself as atonement for having violated his vow to the god.


Act III

In the royal garden, Ilia asks the breezes to carry her love to Idamante, who appears, explaining that he must go to fight the serpent. When he says he may as well die as suffer the torments of his rejected love, Ilia confesses her love. They are surprised by Elettra and Idomeneo. When Idamante asks his father why he sends him away, Idomeneo can only reply that the youth must leave. Ilia asks for consolation from Elettra, who is preoccupied with revenge. Arbace comes with news that the people, led by the High Priest of Neptune, are clamoring for Idomeneo. The High Priest tells the king of the destruction caused by Neptune's monster, urging Idomeneo to reveal the name of the person whose sacrifice is demanded by the god. When the king confesses that his own son is the victim, the populace is horrified.


Outside the temple, the king and High Priest join with Neptune's priests in prayer that the god may be appeased. Arbace brings news that Idamante has killed the monster. As Idomeneo fears new reprisals from Neptune, Idamante enters in sacrificial robes, saying he understands his father's torment and is ready to die. After an agonizing farewell, Idomeneo is about to sacrifice his son when Ilia intervenes, offering her own life instead. The Voice of Neptune is heard. Idomeneo must yield the throne to Ilia and Idamante. Everyone is relieved except Elettra, who longs for her own death. Idomeneo presents Idamante and his bride as the new rulers. The people call upon the god of love and marriage to bless the royal pair and bring peace.


Recordings

Fritz Busch (born 13 March 1890 in Siegen, died 14 September 1951 in London) was a German conductor. ... Nikolaus Harnoncourt (born December 6, 1929) is an Austrian conductor, known for his historically accurate performances of music from the classical era and earlier. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Karl Böhm (August 28, 1894 - August 14, 1981) was a noted conductor. ... Gardiner conducting Sir John Eliot Gardiner (born April 20, 1943, Fontmell, Dorset, England) is a prominent British conductor most famous for his performances of Baroque music on period instruments. ... Sir Colin Rex Davis, CH, CBE was born September 25, 1927 in Weybridge, Surrey, UK. Davis studied the clarinet at the Royal College of Music in London, where he was barred from taking conducting lessons owing to his lack of ability at the piano. ... James Levine (born June 23, 1943 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is an American orchestral pianist and conductor and most well known as the music director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York. ... Plácido Domingo Plácido Domingo [1] (born January 21, 1941) [2] is a world-famous Spanish operatic tenor, well-known for his versatile, strong voice that is possessed of a ringing and clear tone throughout its range. ... Sir Alan Charles Maclaurin Mackerras, AC, CH, CBE (born November 17, 1925) is an Australian conductor. ... Sir Colin Rex Davis, CH, CBE was born September 25, 1927 in Weybridge, Surrey, UK. Davis studied the clarinet at the Royal College of Music in London, where he was barred from taking conducting lessons owing to his lack of ability at the piano. ...

2006 controversy

On September 26, 2006, Berlin's Deutsche Oper announced the cancellation of four performances of the opera planned for November 2006, citing concerns that the production's depictions of a severed head of the Islamic prophet Muhammad raised an "incalculable security risk." "To avoid endangering its audience and employees, the management has decided against repeating 'Idomeneo' in November 2006," the opera house said in a press release. September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Deutsche Oper Berlin is an opera house in what used to be West Berlin. ... Depictions of Muhammad usually refer to drawings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and can be a contentious matter. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


The Idomeneo production, directed by Hans Neuenfels, shows King Idomeneo staggering on stage carrying the decapitated heads of Neptune, Jesus, Buddha and Muhammad; a departure from the libretto and score. According to the BBC, the German press agency DPA said Berlin police have so far recorded no direct threat to the opera house.[3] However, the New York Times reported that there was an anonymous threat in August against the theatre.[4] For other uses, see Neptune (disambiguation). ... Jesus (8–2 BC/BCE to 29–36 AD/CE),[1] also known as Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure of Christianity. ... Media:Example. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, invariably known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of £4 billion. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


The cancellation sparked a great deal of debate in Europe on the issue of self-censorship and the nature of free speech in a multicultural community that includes potentially violent Muslims. On September 27, 2006, Germany's Chancellor Angela Merkel stated: "I think the cancellation was a mistake. I think self-censorship does not help us against people who want to practise violence in the name of Islam ... It makes no sense to retreat."[5] Interior Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble after a government-sponsored conference with Muslim representatives held independently of the incident told reporters that "[t]o send a signal, we could all go to the performance together," and the Muslim representatives agreed that the performance should not be cancelled.[6] Self-censorship is the act of censoring and/or classifying ones own book(s), film(s), or other kind of art to avoid offending others without an authority pressuring them to do so. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ... September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler or Bundeskanzler meaning federal chancellor). ...   (IPA //) (born in Hamburg, Germany on July 17, 1954) is the current Chancellor of Germany. ... Wolfgang Schäuble Wolfgang Schäuble, MdB (born September 18, 1942 in Freiburg im Breisgau as the son of a tax finance advisor) is a German politician. ...


It is worthwhile to note that the severed heads are a recent 'addition' by director Neuenfels to the original, 225-year-old opera, which was last performed by the company in March 2004. [7]


References

  1. ^ David Cairns, Mozart and his operas, 2006, p.36
  2. ^ Cairns, p.45
  3. ^ Religious fears force off opera, BBC News. Retrieved September 26, 2006.
  4. ^ Opera Canceled Over a Depiction of Muhammad, New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2006.
  5. ^ Reuters "Merkel warns against bowing to fear of Muslim violence" 27 September 2006
  6. ^ Daily Mail Muslims agree it was wrong to silence Mozart opera
  7. ^ Yahoo News Berlin opera pulled over Muhammad scene

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Mozart Project: K. 366 (770 words)
Indeed, Idomeneo has nearly succumbed to the wrath of Neptune, but avoids a final reckoning by making a terrible vow: He will sacrifice the first man he meets if Neptune will spare him.
Idomeneo is cast ashore and, as it turns out, the first man he meets is Idamante.
Idomeneo raises his weapon for the killing blow, but Ilia intervenes and offers herself in Idamante's place.
Synopsis of Idomeneo - The Metropolitan Opera (991 words)
Idomeneo is horrified that he must kill his son, and at first he does not reveal his identity.
Idomeneo begins to suspect that she is in love with Idamante, and it dawns on him that all three of them will be victims of the gods (“Fuor del mar”).
Idomeneo confesses that it was he who has caused the god’s displeasure by breaking his vow, but he will not sacrifice an innocent victim.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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