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Encyclopedia > Idiopathic

Idiopathic means arising spontaneously or from an obscure or unknown cause. Used as a medical adjective. The combination of Greek roots means approximately "a disease of its own kind."


It is technically a term from nosology, the classification of disease. For most medical conditions, one or more causes are somewhat understood, but in a certain percentage of people with the condition, the cause may not be readily apparent or characterized. In these cases, the origin of the condition is said to be "idiopathic." Nosology (in Greek Nosos = Disease) is a branch of medicine that deals with classification of diseases. ... Contagious redirects here. ... Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease and injury. ...


With some medical conditions, the medical community cannot establish a root cause for a large percentage of all cases (e.g. scoliosis, fully half of which is idiopathic[citation needed]); with other conditions, however, idiopathic cases account for a small percentage (e.g., pulmonary fibrosis[citation needed]). As medical and scientific advances are made with relation to a particular condition or disease, more root causes are discovered, and the percentage of cases designated as idiopathic shrinks. idiopathic is also the condition of never passing puberty. Medicine is the branch of health science and the sector of public life concerned with maintaining or restoring human health through the study, diagnosis, treatment and possible prevention of disease and injury. ... Diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD), also known as interstitial lung disease, refers to a group of lung diseases, affecting the alveolar epithelium, pulmonary capillary endothelium, basement membrane, perivascular and perilymphatic tissues. ... Science in the broadest sense refers to any system of knowledge attained by verifiable means. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Idiopathic Hypersomnia (2933 words)
In contrast with narcolepsy, a precise onset of idiopathic hypersomnia is often difficult to determine because of the insidious beginning of the condition and the difficulty, in young persons, of settling a posteriori a limit between long sleep and abnormally long sleep or normal wakefulness and impaired wakefulness.
The diagnosis of idiopathic hypersomnia is mainly based on clinical features and the absence of associated symptoms such as cataplexy, snoring at night, periodic leg movements, or depression.
In contrast with narcolepsy, naps may not be refreshing for patients with idiopathic hypersomnia; consequently, subjects avoid napping.
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