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Encyclopedia > Ideologies of parties
Political ideologies

This series is part of
the Politics series An ideology is a collection of ideas. ... Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ...

Politics Portal · edit
Political parties

This series is part of
the Politics series An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... An ideology is a collection of ideas. ... This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... Anarchism is derived from the Greek αναρχία (without archons (ruler, chief, king)). Thus anarchism, in its most general meaning, is the belief that forms of rulership are undesirable and should be abolished. ... Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology. ... Marxism is the philosophy, social theory and political practice based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century German socialist philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Communitarianism as a group of related but distinct philosophies began in the late 20th century, opposing aspects of liberalism and capitalism while advocating phenomena such as civil society. ... Conservatism is a philosophy defined by Edmund Burke as a disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve.[1] The term derives from conserve; from Latin conservare, to keep, guard, observe. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The term National Socialism has been used in self-description by a number of different political groups and ideologies, some of which have no connection with the Nazis; see National socialism (disambiguation). ... Green politics is a body of political ideas informed by environmentalism aimed at developing a sustainable society. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... This article is about the classical liberal individualist philosophy that strongly emphasizes private property rights conjoined with civil liberties. ... The neutrality of this introduction is disputed. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ...

Politics Portal · edit

This is an overview of the ideologies of parties. Many political parties base their political action and programme on an ideology. In social studies, a political ideology is a certain ethical, set of ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class, or large group that explain how society should work, and offer some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. It can be a construct of political thought, often defining political parties and their policy. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of moral entrepreneurs, who sometimes act in their own interests. A party system is a concept in political science concerning the system of government in a state where political parties exist. ... A political spectrum is a way of comparing or visualizing different political positions, by placing them upon one or more geometric axes. ... A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... States in which a single party is constitutionally linked to power (or the provisions of its constitution are currently suspended while a single party rules) are coloured in brown. ... A dominant-party system, or one party dominant system, is a party system where only one political party can realistically become the government, by itself or in a coalition government. ... This is a list of political parties around the world. ... This is a list of political parties around the world by ideology. ... A party platform, also known as an manifesto is a list of the principles which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose of having said partys candidates voted into office. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... In politics, left-wing, the political left or simply The Left are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy or social liberalism, and defined in contradistinction to its polar opposite, the right. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply The Right, are terms that refer to the segment of the political spectrum often associated with any of several strains of conservatism, the religious right, and areas of classical liberalism, or simply the opposite of left-wing politics. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... Social studies is the study of history, geography, civics, sociology, economics, and other social science subjects in primary and secondary schools in North America. ... Ethics (from Greek ἦθος meaning custom) is the branch of axiology, one of the four major branches of philosophy, which attempts to understand the nature of morality; to distinguish that which is right from that which is wrong. ... An ideal is a principle or value that one actively pursues as a goal. ... Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ... The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ... American Civil Rights Movement is one of the most famous social movements of the 20th century. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Social organisation. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... Sociologists usually define power as the ability to impose ones will on others, even if those others resist in some way. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...


Political ideologies have two dimensions:

  1. Goals: How society should work (or be arranged).
  2. Methods: The most appropriate ways to achieve the ideal arrangement.

More information about political ideologies can be found in the article on ideology. An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ...


More information about the political spectrum can be found in the article on the political spectrum. A political spectrum is a way of comparing or visualizing different political positions, by placing them upon one or more geometric axes. ...

Contents


Division in groups

The following list attempts to divide the ideologies found in practical political life into a number of groups; each group contains ideologies that have a certain theme or idea in common. Note that one ideology can belong to several groups, and there is sometimes considerable overlap between related ideologies. Also, keep in mind that the meaning of a political label can differ per country and that parties often subscribe to a combination of ideologies.


Ideologies emphasizing class struggle

The neutrality of this introduction is disputed. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Marxism is the philosophy, social theory and political practice based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century German socialist philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary. ... Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is therefore a branch of Marxism. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system named after Josef Stalin, who implemented it in the Soviet Union. ... Maoism or Mao Zedong Thought (Chinese: 毛泽东思想, pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), is a variant of Marxism-Leninism derived from the teachings of Mao Zedong (1893–1976). ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... Left Communism is a term describing a whole range of communist viewpoints which oppose the political ideas of the Bolsheviks from a position which is asserted to be more authentically Marxist and proletarian than the views held by the Communist International after its first two Congresses. ... Council communism is a Radical Left movement originating in Germany and the Netherlands in the 1920s. ... Eurocommunism was an attempt in the 1970s by various European communist parties to widen their appeal by embracing public sector middle-class workers, new social movements such as feminism and gay liberation, rejecting support of the Soviet Union, and expressing more clearly their fidelity to democratic institutions. ... Neo-Marxism was a 20th century school that harked back to the early writings of Marx before the influence of Engels which focused on dialectical idealism rather than dialectical materialism, and thus rejected the economic determinism of early Marx, focusing instead on a non-physical, psychological revolution. ...

Ideologies emphasizing the individual

Anarchism is derived from the Greek αναρχία (without archons (ruler, chief, king)). Thus anarchism, in its most general meaning, is the belief that forms of rulership are undesirable and should be abolished. ... Anarcho-syndicalism is a branch of anarchism which focuses on the labor movement, Syndicalisme is a French word meaning trade unionism hence the syndicalism qualification. ... Anarchocommunism is a form of anarchism that advocates the abolition of the State and capitalism in favor of a horizontal network of voluntary associations through which everyone will be free to satisfy his or her needs. ... Christian anarchism (also known as Christian libertarianism) is the belief that the only source of authority to which Christians are ultimately answerable is God, embodied in the teachings of Jesus. ... Individualist anarchism is a philosophical tradition that opposes collectivism and has a particularly strong emphasis on the supremacy and autonomy of the individual. ... Libertarian socialism is any one of a group of political philosophies dedicated to opposing coercive forms of authority and social hierarchy, in particular the institutions of capitalism and the State. ... This article discusses liberalism as a major political ideology as it developed and stands currently. ... Social liberalism is either a synonym for new liberalism or a label used by progressive liberal parties in order to differentiate themselves from the more conservative liberal parties, especially when there are two or more liberal parties in a country. ... According to ordoliberalism, the state must create a proper legal environment for the economy and maintain a healthy level of competition through measures that adhere to market principles. ... Classical liberalism is a term used to describe the following: early liberalism as it developed from the Enlightenment until John Stuart Mill an ahistoric ideology that is regarded as being in accordance with the views of early classical liberals. ... The liberal theory of economics is the theory of economics begun in the Englightenment, and believed to be first fully forumulated by Adam Smith. ... New liberalism (also called modern liberalism or American liberalism) is a political philosophy that argues for the idea that society has the responsibility of guaranteeing equal opportunities for each of its citizens. ... For the school of international relations, see Neoliberalism (international relations). ... // Usage of the word Liberal In the United States, the common meaning of liberal has changed over time. ... This article is about the classical liberal individualist philosophy that strongly emphasizes private property rights conjoined with civil liberties. ... Anarcho-capitalism refers to an anti-statist philosophy that embraces capitalism as one of its foundational principles. ... Neolibertarianism is a political philosophy combining elements of libertarian and conservative thought that embraces incrementalism and pragmatism domestically, and a generally interventionist foreign policy based on self-interest, national defense and the expansion of freedom. ... In civics, minarchism, sometimes called minimal statism or small government, is the view that the size, role and influence of government in a free society should be minimal - only large enough to protect the liberty of each and every individual, without violating the liberty of any individuals itself, thus maximizing... Paleolibertarianism is a school of thought within American libertarianism founded by Murray Rothbard and Lew Rockwell, and closely associated with the Ludwig von Mises Institute. ... Geolibertarianism (also geoanarchism) is a liberal political philosophy that holds along with other forms of libertarian individualism that each individual has an exclusive right to the fruits of his or her labor, as opposed to this product being owned collectively by society or the community. ... Georgism, named after Henry George (1839-1897), is a philosophy and economic ideology that follows from the belief that everyone owns what they create, but everything supplied by nature, most importantly land, belongs equally to all humanity. ... Objectivism is the philosophy developed by Russian-born American philosopher and author Ayn Rand. ... Capitalism has been defined in various, but similar, ways by different theorists. ...

Ideologies emphazing the collectivity

The neutrality of this introduction is disputed. ... African socialism is the belief in the doctrine of sharing economic resources in a traditional African way, as compared to classical socialism. ... Religious socialism describes socialism that is inspired by religious values, such as Christian socialism or Islamic socialism. ... Christian socialism generally refers to those on the Christian left whose politics are both Christian and socialist and who see these two things as being interconnected, perhaps because one derives from the other. ... Democratic socialism is a broad political movement propagating the ideals of socialism within the context of a democratic system. ... Infosocialism is a fictional philosophy originally created by David Pulver, Jon F. Zeigler and Sean Punch for the Transhuman Space role-playing game. ... Libertarian socialism is any one of a group of political philosophies dedicated to opposing coercive forms of authority and social hierarchy, in particular the institutions of capitalism and the State. ... Utopian socialism is a term used to define the first currents of modern Socialist thought. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... Communitarianism as a group of related but distinct philosophies began in the late 20th century, opposing aspects of liberalism and capitalism while advocating phenomena such as civil society. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Religious communism is a term used by some Communists that claim that before communism became associated with atheism, the word communism was mainly used by religious groups. ... Christian communism is a form of religious communism centered around Christianity. ... Marxism is the philosophy, social theory and political practice based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century German socialist philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary. ...

Ideologies emphasizing ethnicity or nationality

Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix Nationalism is an ideology that holds that (ethnically or culturally defined) nations are the fundamental units for human social life, and makes certain cultural and political claims based upon that belief; in particular, the claim that the nation is the only legitimate... Poster promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s: Toward a New Life (in Romanian),The Promised Land (in Hungarian), in small (down) text is written First Palestinian sound movie 1844 Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews by Mordecai Noah, page one. ... Regionalism is a term in international relations that refers to the expression of a common sense of identity and purpose combined with the creation and implementation of institutions that express that particular identity and shape collection action within a geographical region. ... Pan-Africanism is a term which can have two separate, but related meanings. ... Arab nationalism refers to a common nationalist ideology in wider Arab world. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This page pertains to fascism after World War II. For a discussion of groups and movements that also include as core tenets racial nationalism, antisemitism, and praise for Hitler, see Neo-Nazism. ... Clerical fascism is an ideological construct that combines the political and economic doctrines of fascism with theology or religious tradition. ... The term National Socialism has been used in self-description by a number of different political groups and ideologies, some of which have no connection with the Nazis; see National socialism (disambiguation). ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... An African-American man drinks out of the colored only water cooler at a racially segregated street car terminal in the United States in 1939. ... Racialism is an emphasis on race or racial considerations. ...

Ideologies emphasizing tradition

Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology. ... Conservatism is a philosophy defined by Edmund Burke as a disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve.[1] The term derives from conserve; from Latin conservare, to keep, guard, observe. ... Liberal conservatism is a variant of conservatism that combines the classical conservative concern for established tradition, respect for authority and (sometimes) religious values with liberal ideas, especially on economic issues (see economic liberalism, which advocates free market capitalism). ... National-Conservative is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a type of right-wing political philosophy. ... Paleoconservatism (sometimes shortened to paleo or paleocon when the context is clear) refers to a branch of American conservative thought that is often called Old Right. ... Social conservatism is a belief in traditional or natural law-based morality and social mores and the desire to preserve these in present day society, often through civil law or regulation. ...

Ideologies based on religion

Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recounted in the New Testament. ... Christian anarchism (also known as Christian libertarianism) is the belief that the only source of authority to which Christians are ultimately answerable is God, embodied in the teachings of Jesus. ... Christian communism is a form of religious communism centered around Christianity. ... Christian socialism generally refers to those on the Christian left whose politics are both Christian and socialist and who see these two things as being interconnected, perhaps because one derives from the other. ... Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology. ... Clerical fascism is an ideological construct that combines the political and economic doctrines of fascism with theology or religious tradition. ... Hinduism {Sanskrit/Hindi - Hindū Dharma, also known as Sanātana (eternal) Dharma, and Vaidika (of the Vedas) Dharma} is a religion originating in the Indian subcontinent, based on the Vedas and the beliefs of other people of India. ... Hindutva (Hinduness, a word coined by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in his 1923 pamphlet entitled Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? ) is used to describe movements advocating Hindu nationalism. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ) is a monotheistic religion based on the Quran. ... This article is about political Islamism. ... Islam is a religion of peace and sinceriety to other muslims and non-muslims . ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people with around 15 million followers as of 2006 [1]. It is one of the first recorded monotheistic faiths and one of the oldest religious traditions still practiced today. ... The Religious Zionist Movement, or Religious Zionism is an ideology combining Zionism and Judaism, which offers Zionism based on the principles of Jewish religion and heritage. ... The term theocracy is commonly used to describe a form of government in which a religion or faith plays the dominant role. ... This article deals with the use of the word communalism as a force separating different communities based on some form of racism. ... Religious communism is a term used by some Communists that claim that before communism became associated with atheism, the word communism was mainly used by religious groups. ... Religious socialism describes socialism that is inspired by religious values, such as Christian socialism or Islamic socialism. ...

Other ideologies

Christian Democracy is a heterogeneous political ideology. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... Green politics is a body of political ideas informed by environmentalism aimed at developing a sustainable society. ... Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation between nations for the benefit of all. ... Cosmopolitanism pertains to wide international experience. ... Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes. ... Republicanism is the idea of a nation being governed as a republic. ... Federalism is the idea of a group or body of members that are bound together (latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. ... Syndicalism refers to a set of ideas, movements and tendencies which share the avowed aim of transforming capitalist society through action by the working class on the industrial front. ... Pragmatism is a collection of many different ways of thinking. ... Majoritarianism is a political philosophy or agenda which asserts that a majority (sometimes categorized by religion, language or some other identifying factor) of the population is entitled to a certain degree of primacy in society, and has the right to make decisions that affect the society. ... The Humanist International is a consortium of humanist political parties, founded in Florence, Italy, on January 4, 1989 by the approval of foundational documents and statutes by over 40 Humanist Parties from around the world. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ...

One-issue stances


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Ideologies of parties - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (287 words)
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A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used.
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