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Encyclopedia > Ida Lupino
Ida Lupino

from the trailer for
The Hard Way (1943)
Born February 4, 1918
Camberwell, London, England
Died August 3, 1995 (aged 77)
Los Angeles, California, USA

Ida Lupino (February 4, 1918August 3, 1995) was an English film actress, director, and a pioneer in the field of women filmmakers. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Camberwell is a district of London, England, in the London Borough of Southwark. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... d Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... New York Film Critics Circle Awards are given annually to honor excellence in cinema worldwide by an organization of film reviewers from New York City-based publications. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...

Contents

Early life

She was born in Camberwell, London, England, (allegedly under a table during a World War I zeppelin raid), the daughter of actress Connie O'Shea (aka: Connie Emerald) and music hall entertainer, Stanley Lupino, one of the Lupino family. Camberwell is a district of London, England, in the London Borough of Southwark. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... This is an article about Zeppelin airships. ... Music Hall is a form of British theatrical entertainment which reached its peak of popularity between 1850 and 1960. ... Stanley Lupino (May 15, 1894 - June 10, 1942) was an English actor, dancer, singer, librettist and director. ... The Lupino family was a British theatre family that could trace their roots back to an Italian emigré of the early 17th century. ...


Career rise

Encouraged to enter show business by both her parents and an uncle, Lupino Lane, Ida Lupino made her first film appearance in 1931, in The Love Race and worked for several years playing minor roles. British actor (of Italian extraction) who was born Henry George Lupino on June 16, 1892, in London, England, UK. He appeared as an actor between 1915 and 1940. ...


It was after her appearance in The Light That Failed in 1939 that she was taken seriously as a dramatic actress. A novel, first published in 1890, by the British writer Rudyard Kipling ...


Her parts improved during the 1940s and she began to describe herself as "the poor man's Bette Davis". While working for Warner Brothers, she would also refuse parts that Davis had rejected, and earned herself suspensions. For the singer, see Betty Davis, for the meteorologist, see Betty Davis (meteorologist). ... Warner Bros. ...


During this period she became known for her hard boiled roles and appeared in such films as They Drive by Night (1940) and High Sierra (1941). She acted regularly and was in demand throughout the '40s without becoming a major star. They Drive by Night is a 1940 black-and-white film starring George Raft and Humphrey Bogart. ... High Sierra (1941) is an early film noir written by John Huston and W.R. Burnett from the novel by W.R. Burnett. ...


In 1947, Lupino left Warner Brothers to become a freelance actress. Notable films around that time include Road House and On Dangerous Ground. Warner Bros. ... A freelancer or (freelance worker) is a self-employed person working in a profession or trade in which full-time employment is also common. ... Road House is a 1948 film noir directed by Jean Negulesco for Twentieth Century-Fox. ... On Dangerous Ground is a 1952 film released by RKO Radio Pictures, directed by Nicholas Ray and produced by John Houseman. ...


Directing

It was during a suspension in the late 1940s that she began studying the processes behind the camera. Her first directing job came when Elmer Clifton became ill during Not Wanted, a 1949 movie which she co-wrote.


Lupino often joked that if she had been the "poor man's Bette Davis" as an actress, then she had become the "poor man's Don Siegel" as a director. From the early '50s she began directing films, mostly melodramas and was one of the few women of her era to achieve success in this field. Don Siegel (October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American film director. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ...


She directed Outrage in 1950, and tackled the extremely controversial subject (at that time) of rape. In addition to acting in many films noir, she also directed The Hitch-Hiker (1953). The film was the first film noir directed by a woman. Outrage is a 1950 black-and-white B-movie starring Mala Powers. ... The Hitch-Hiker is a 1953 film noir film which tells the story of two hunting buddies who pick up a mysterious hitchhiker. ... This still from The Big Combo (1955) demonstrates the visual style of film noir at its most extreme. ...


She continued acting throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, and her directing efforts during these years were almost exclusively television productions such as Alfred Hitchcock Presents, The Twilight Zone, The Donna Reed Show, Gilligan's Island, 77 Sunset Strip, The Ghost and Mrs. Muir, The Rifleman, Bonanza, The Untouchables, The Fugitive, and Bewitched. Screenshot of opening sequence of Alfred Hitchcock Presents Alfred Hitchcock Presents was a half-hour anthology television series hosted by Alfred Hitchcock. ... The Twilight Zone title. ... The Donna Reed Show was a situation comedy which aired on ABC from 1958 to 1966. ... For the NES (Nintendo Entertainment System) video game, see The Adventures of Gilligans Island. ... 1959 Soundtrack - (L to R): Roger Smith, Kookie Byrnes, Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. ... This article is about the film. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Bonanza logo was superimposed upon a map of a wild west frontier area. ... The Untouchables is the name of a television series that ran from 1959 to 1963 on the American Broadcasting Company. ... The Fugitive was an American television series that aired on ABC from 1963-1967. ... This article is about an American television sitcom. ...


After guest starring in popular TV shows, she retired after making her final film appearance in 1978.


Lupino as Film Author

Ida Lupino’s texts can be analyzed as connected through a core of formal, thematic , and ideological meaning as pioneered by the critics of the film magazine Cahiers du Cinema, as well as Peter Wollen and John Caughie. Cahiers du cin ma is an influential French film magazine founded in 1951 by Andr Bazin, Jacques Doniol-Valcroze and Lo Duca. ... Peter Wollen was born in London on 29 June 1938 and studied English at Christchurch College, Oxford. ...


Structuralist theorist Wollen distinguishes between two main schools of thought within the broader framework of the original Auteur criticism: the revelation of a core of meanings and the emphases on the formal qualities of mise en scene and style. In film theory, mise-en-sc ne [mizA~sEn] refers to everything that is to appear before the camera and its arrangement -- sets, props, actors, costumes, camera movements and performances. ...


Wollen describes the work of an auteur as the process of repetition and variation, the definition of an auteur must be understood through terms of shifting relations, both in singularity as well as uniformity. It is the relation of the variants within the text within the body of a director’s work from which meaning can be derived from an individual work.1


Connections, redundancies and variants between Lupino's works can be established looking first at her performances in They Drive by Night and High Sierra. In They Drive By Night, Lupino stars as Lana Carlsen, the manipulative, materialistic wife of trucking executive Ed Carlsen. As the film progresses, Lana murders Ed via carbon monoxide poisoning and attempts to seduce the film’s protagonist, Joe Fabrini, ultimately breaking down in a court of law and confessing to the murder, the viewer is left to infer that she does this out of fear of automatic doors. They Drive by Night is a 1940 black-and-white film starring George Raft and Humphrey Bogart. ... High Sierra (1941) is a film noir written by John Huston and W.R. Burnett from the novel by W.R. Burnett. ...


In the early film noir, High Sierra, Lupino stars as a runaway young woman, Marie, in love with both Humphrey Bogart’s character, Roy Earle as well as a Cairn terrier, Pard. The idea of “crashing out”, freeing yourself or breaking away, is repeated throughout the film by both Roy Earle and Marie, and it serves as the films overarching metaphor for the characters. Lupino’s performance as Lana expresses the same sentiment of constriction and futility, after the murder of her husband and her rejection by Joe, Lana occupies increasingly restricted and marginalized space, the empty mansion and later prison. Both films are connected through the metaphor of crashing out, but ultimately freedom comes in form of tragedy, Roy Earle is killed after a stand off with the police and Lana suffers a mental breakdown.


An examination of Lupino's directed works Not Wanted, Outrage, The Hitch-Hiker, and Hard, Fast, and Beautiful shows them to be connected not by a single, unified idea, but as a progression of developing gender oriented themes. Not Wanted tells the story of Sally Forest, a naive young girl who wants only the things she cannot have and subsequently becomes pregnant. After giving the child up for adoption she begins to lose her sanity and steals a baby, gets arrested, and attempts to jump off a bridge. Outrage is a Anarcho-punk album, by the band Oi Polloi. ... The Hitch-Hiker is a 1953 film noir film which tells the story of two hunting buddies who pick up a mysterious hitchhiker. ...


Outrage addresses the issue of rape in time when the word rape was hardly even defined. The film follows Ann Walton's personal trauma, flight from society, and eventual reintegration through the aid of the character Pastor Bruce Ferguson. Within both these texts, unrepresented societal issues concerning women are addressed. In the case of Not Wanted, Lupino confronts the issues surrounding undesired pregnancies and the societal pressures of single-motherhood. Outrage functions as a progressive feminist text in breaking the taboo surround the discussion of rape by showing the trauma that is inflicted on the victim, on the screen. Intertextually these films are also linked through the representation of the main male characters as displaying the crisis of masculinity in post-war American culture. Bruce Ferguson, an injured war veteran, is represented as smoking an empty pipe which highlights his lack of threatening sexuality, reflecting his figurative impotence. The same motif can be carried over into Not Wanted through the representation of the male character Drew Baxtor as a maimed war veteran, whose relationship with Sally is more infantile than sexual. This is shown directly by his attempts to court her by first taking her for a ride on a merry-go-round, then trying to impress her with his train set. His lack of threatening sexuality is also highlighted by his prosthetic leg. Outrage is a Anarcho-punk album, by the band Oi Polloi. ...


Later Lupino films such as The Hitch-Hiker and Hard, Fast, and Beautiful continue to address these same themes of oppression by the patriarchal hierarchy of American society. The key difference between Lupino's earlier and later directed work is the transposition of gender roles onto atypical characters. In The Hitch-Hiker, Lupino presents the ways in which male characters are put into victimized positions by the overbearing masculinity of the criminal Emmitt Meyers' gun. Gender roles are similarly transposed in Hard, Fast, and Beautiful when the maternal figure becomes the controlling, oppressive force in the narrative. The thematic and ideological examples previously mentioned, aided through the criticism of Wollen and the writers of Cahiers du Cinema construct Lupino's importance as an author of film. The Hitch-Hiker is a 1953 film noir film which tells the story of two hunting buddies who pick up a mysterious hitchhiker. ... The Hitch-Hiker is a 1953 film noir film which tells the story of two hunting buddies who pick up a mysterious hitchhiker. ...


Awards

The second woman to be admitted to the Directors Guild of America (following Dorothy Arzner), Ida Lupino has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contributions to the fields of television and motion pictures. They are located at 1724 Vine Street and 6821 Hollywood Boulevard. Director Guild of America building on Sunset Boulevard. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... Hollywood Boulevard as taken from the Kodak Theatre Hollywood Boulevard is an avenue in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States, beginning at Sunset Boulevard in the east and running northwest to Vermont Avenue, where it straightens out and runs due west to Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ...


Personal life

Lupino pictured in 1979.
Photo by Alan Light.

Ida Lupino was born in 1918 (and not 1914 as other biographies have it) as per her birth reference (see below). Image File history File links Ida_Lupino_(1979). ... Image File history File links Ida_Lupino_(1979). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


She married and divorced three times:

Lupino was never a public figure, and kept her private affairs separate from her work. Louis Hayward, born Seafield Grant, (March 19, 1909-February 21, 1985), was a British actor born in Johannesburg, South Africa. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Movie producer and writer Collier Young (August 19, 1908 - December 25, 1980) worked on many films in the 50s before becoming a television producer for such shows as Ironside and The Wild Wild West. ... A Television producer oversees the making of television penis programs. ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Actor Howard Duff in Johnny Stool Pigeon Actor Howard Duff (November 24 - July 8, 1990) in Bremerton, Washington was a radio and stage performer before he began appearing in films in the late 1940s. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Ida Lupino died from a stroke while undergoing treatment for colon cancer in Los Angeles, California. She is interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California. Stroke (or cerebrovascular accident or CVA) is the clinical designation for a rapidly developing loss of brain function due to an interruption in the blood supply to all or part of the brain. ... Diagram of the stomach, colon, and rectum Colorectal cancer includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. ... d Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Gates of Forest Lawn Forest Lawn Memorial Park is a cemetery in Glendale, Los Angeles County, California. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ...


The face currently featured on the Columbia Pictures Statue of Liberty logo at the beginning of each of their movies for the past several years looks exactly like Lupino's (or Annette Bening's), although the studio insists that it's a composite of several actresses. A model named Jenny Joseph posed for the body but a different face was substituted. The Columbia Pictures logo from 1993 to the present Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. ... Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886, standing at Liberty Island, New York in the mouth of the Hudson River...


References

  • General Register Office, Register of Births - Lupino, Ida: JAN-MAR Qtr 1918 1d 1019 CAMBERWELL, mother's maiden name = O'Shea
  • 1Wollen, Peter. "The Auteur Theory." In Movies and Methods, ed. Bill Nichols, Berkeley; University of California Press 1976

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ida Lupino (1173 words)
As a film actress, Ida Lupino was known as the "Queen of the B's" and "the poor man's Bette Davis" because of the tough-dame parts she played.
Lupino wanted creative control to shape her own film projects, this at a time when only a couple of women had ever directed a motion picture and few women were taken seriously at all in the business.
Lupino wanted the show to have a ring of truth to it, exagerated slightly for comic effect; the result was a hilarious and stylish sitcom, a wonderful send-up of Hollywood in the Fifties - that golden time when women were are dolled up even when there was no place to go.
Ida Lupino - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (621 words)
Ida Lupino (February 4, 1918 – August 3, 1995) was a film actress, director, and a pioneer in the field of women filmmakers.
Ida Lupino was born in 1918 (and not 1914 as other biographies have it) as per her birth reference (see below).
Ida Lupino died from a stroke while undergoing treatment for colon cancer in Los Angeles, California.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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