FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
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Encyclopedia > Ida Craddock
Portrait of Ida Craddock
Portrait of Ida Craddock

Ida C. Craddock (1857-1902) was a 19th century American advocate of free speech and women's rights. Born in Philadelphia on August 1, 1857, her minister father died two years later. Her mother homeschooled her as an only child and imparted an extensive fundamentalist and Christian education. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ... The term women’s rights typically refers to freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized or ignored and/or illegitimately suppressed by law or custom in a particular society. ... This article is becoming very long. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A minister can mean several things: A government minister is a politician who heads a government ministry A minister of religion is a member of the clergy A minister is the rank of diplomat directly below ambassador This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages... Homeschooling (also called home education) is the education of children at home and in the community, in contrast to education in an institution such as a public or parochial school. ... An only child is a child with no siblings, either biological or adopted. ... Fundamentalism is a movement to maintain strict adherence to founding principles. ... Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant (see Hebrews 8:6). ...

In her twenties, Craddock was recommended by the faculty for admission into the University of Pennsylvania as its first female undergraduate student after having passed the required entrance exams. However, her entrance was blocked by the University's Board of Trustees in 1882. She went on to publish a stenography textbook, Primary Phonography, and teach the subject to women at Giraud College. Shorthand is a writing method that can be done at speed because an abbreviated or symbolic form of language is used. ...

In her thirties, Craddock left her Quaker upbringing behind. She developed an academic interest in the occult through her association with the Theosophical Society beginning around 1887. She tried in her writings to synthesize translated mystic literature and traditions from many cultures into a scholarly, distilled whole. As a freethinker, she was elected Secretary of the Philadelphia chapter of the American Secular Union in 1889. Although a member of the Unitarian faith, Craddock became a student of religious eroticism and declared herself a Priestess and Pastor of the Church of Yoga. Never married, Craddock eventually claimed to have a blissful ongoing marital relationship with an angel named Soph. Her mother responded by threatening to burn Craddock's papers and unsuccessfully tried to have her institutionalized. The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... The word occult comes from the Latin occultus (clandestine, hidden, secret), referring to knowledge of the hidden. In the medical sense it is used commonly to refer to a structure or process that is hidden, e. ... The Theosophical Society was the organization formed to advance the spiritual doctrines and altruistic living known as Theosophy. ... The word freethinker has different meanings: A freethinker is a proponent of the philosophical practice known as Freethinking, thus being a practitioner of Freethought. ... The American Secular Union was a social movement from the 1800s in the United States After the implosion of the Socialistic Labor Party, the Liberals reorganized as a nonpolitical American Secular Union. ... Historic Unitarianism believed in the oneness of God as opposed to traditional Christian belief in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). ... A Gothic angel in ivory, c1250, Louvre An angel is a supernatural being found in many religions. ...

Craddock moved to Chicago and opened a Dearborn Street office offering "mystical" sexual counseling to married couples via both walk-in counseling and mail order. She dedicated herself to “preventing sexual evils and sufferings” by educating adults, achieving national notoriety with her editorials in defense of Little Egypt. This was a controversial belly dancing act at the World's Columbian Exposition held in Chicago during 1893. Nickname: The Windy City, The Second City, Chi Town, City of the Big Shoulders, The 312, The City that Works, Second City (reference to when Chicago was second in population and prestige to New York). ... An editorial is a statement or article by a news organization (generally a newspaper) that expresses an opinion rather than attempting to simply report news. ... Little Egypt was the stage name for two popular exotic dancers, Ashea Wabe who danced at the Seeley banquet and Farida Mazar Spyropoulos, who appeared at the Street in Cairo exhibition on the Midway at the World Columbian Exposition, held in Chicago in 1893. ... Belly dancers Belly dance is a Western name coined for a style of female dance developed in the Middle East and other Arabic_influenced areas. ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher...

A gifted and compelling writer, Craddock wrote many serious instructional tracts on human sexuality and appropriate, respectful sexual relations between married couples. Among her works were Heavenly Bridegrooms, Psychic Wedlock, Spiritual Joys, The Wedding Night and Right Marital Living. These were all considered obscene by the standards of her day, and their distribution led to numerous confrontations with various authorities which were often initiated by Craddock herself. She was held for up to several months at a time on morality charges in five local jails as well as the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Obscenity has several connotations. ...

Mass distribution of Right Marital Living through the U.S. Mail after its publication as a featured article in the medical journal The Chicago Clinic led to an 1899 Chicago Federal indictment of Craddock. She pled guilty and received a suspended sentence. A subsequent 1902 New York Federal trial on charges of sending The Wedding Night through the mail during a sting operation ended with her conviction. She refused to plead insanity as a condition to avoid prison time. At age forty-five, she saw her five year sentence as a life term and so committed suicide on October 16, 1902 the day before reporting to Federal prison. She penned a private final letter to her mother as well as a lengthy public suicide note condemning Anthony Comstock, her personal nemesis. Comstock first opposed Craddock almost a decade before over the Little Egypt act and effectively acted as her prosecutor during both Federal legal actions against her. He had sponsored the Comstock Act under which she was repeatedly charged. A USPS Truck at Night A U.S. Post Office sign The United States Postal Service (USPS) is the United States government organization responsible for providing postal service in the United States and is generally referred to as the post office. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The government of the United States of America, established by the U.S. Constitution, is... In the common law legal system, an indictment (IPA: ) is a formal charge of having committed a most serious criminal offense. ... Look up trial in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In law enforcement a sting operation is an operation designed to catch a person committing a crime, by means of deception. ... It has been suggested that The Pros of suicide be merged into this article or section. ... Kurt Cobains alleged suicide note. ... Portrait of Anthony Comstock Anthony Comstock (March 7, 1844 - September 21, 1915) was a United States reformer dedicated to ideas of Victorian morality. ... The Comstock Law was a 19th century United States law that made it illegal to send any obscene, lewd, or lascivious books through the mail. ...

Today Ida Craddock's manuscripts and notes are preserved in the Special Collections of the Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Her battle with Anthony Comstock is the subject of the 2006 stage play Smut by Alice Jay.

External links

  • "The Tale of the Wild Cat: A Child's Game" in The Journal of American Folklore, Vol. 10, No. 39 (Oct. - Dec., 1897)
  • Ida Craddock papers at Southern Illinois University
  • Ida Craddock was an early voice for women's sexual rights
  • Speaking of sex: The rhetorical strategies of Frances Willard, Victoria Woodhull, and Ida Craddock (Women's Studies Dissertation)
  • Ida Craddock: Sentenced to free-speech martyrdom
  • Women making a difference



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