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Encyclopedia > Iconodule

Iconodules (or Iconophile) is someone who supports or is in favour of religious images, or icons, also known as Iconography, and is in opposition to an Iconoclast (someone against Iconography). The term is usually used in relation to the Iconoclasm controvery in the Byzantium era; the most famous Iconodules of that time being Theodore the Studite and John of Damascus. The Savior Not Made By Hands (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) An icon (from Greek εικων, eikon, image) is an artistic visual representation or symbol of anything considered holy and divine, such as God, saints or deities. ... Salvator Mundi is an iconography depicting Christ with his right hand raised in blessing and his left hand holding an orb. ... An iconoclast originally referred to a person who destroyed icons, that is, sacred paintings or sculpture. ... Literally, iconoclasm is the destruction of religious icons and other sacred images or monuments, usually for religious or political motives. ... Byzantium was the original name of the modern city of Istanbul. ... Theodore the Studite ( ca. ... John of Damascus (Latin: Iohannes Damascenus or Johannes Damascenus also known as John Damascene, Chrysorrhoas, streaming with gold—i. ...


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Iconoclasm - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2117 words)
Leo is said to have described image veneration as "a craft of idolatry." He apparently forbade the worship of religious images in a 730 edict, which did not apply to other forms of art, including the image of the emperor, or even religious symbols such as the cross.
While the arguments of the iconodules were largely based on biblical commands and written Church tradition, John based his arguments on the Neo-Platonist view of the relation between an image and that which it depicts.
Iconodules further argued that decisions such as whether icons ought to be venerated were properly made by the church assembled in council, not imposed on the church by an emperor.
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