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Encyclopedia > Ica region

Ica is a region in Peru. It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west; the Lima Region on the north; the Huancavelica and Ayacucho regions on the east; and the Arequipa Region on the south. Its capital is the city of Ica. The Subdivisions of Peru have changed from time to time, since the nation gained independence from Spain in the early 19th century. ... The Lima Region, also known as Lima Provincias, is one of twenty-five regions in Peru. ... Huancavelica is a department in Peru. ... Ayacucho is a region of Peru, located in the south-central Andes of the country. ... See other Peruvian regions President Daniel Vera Capital Arequipa Area 63,345. ... Ica Ica is a city in Peru. ...

Ica
Image:Location of Ica Region in Peru.png
See other Peruvian regions
President Rómulo Triveño Pinto
Capital Ica
Area 21,327.83 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

709 556 (2004 estimate)
33.3/km²
Subdivisions 5 provinces and 43 districts
Elevation
  - Lowest
  - Highest

0 m (sea level)
3796 m (San Pedro de Huacarpana)
Main resources Iron, cotton, grapevine, kidney beans.
Poverty rate 41.7%
Percentage of country's GDP 2.36%
Dialing code 056
ISO 3166-2 PE-ICA
Official website: www.regionica.gob.pe

Contents

Image File history File links Created by Tuomas Carrasco - June 2005 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Political division of Peru has changed from time to time, beginning during the time after the nation obtained independence from Spain, until the present-day country. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Ica Ica is a city in Peru. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... Look up Grapevine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Grapevine can refer to several things. ... Dry kidney beans The kidney bean is a medium-sized variety of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) with dark red skin. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ...

Geography

The Ica Region has a remarkable geography. It is the only region of the southern coast formed by plains also called coast plains since the Andean Cordillera is erected inside. Some geological folds have determined the formation of lands moving forward the sea which form the Paracas Peninsula while some isolated formations located at the southern part have determined the Marcona complex, a place where the biggest deposits of iron in the Pacific coast have been formed. Ica's configuration is due to the geomorphology of its two big and unique fluvial watersheds: the Pasco watershed and Ica watershed. Also, it has an incomplete and continuous current inadequately called Rio Grande because its short waters do not even reach the sea; its waters are mainly used for agriculture in Pampa, Nazca and Ingenio, its final watershed is dry since sand and dried lands absorb its short resources. There are extensive deserts in Ica like the Lancha Pampas before Pozo Santo and Villacuri Pampas which are extremely hot areas. Strong and persistent winds called "Paracas" are present and originate large clouds of sand. The word Andean refers to the geographic area in and around the Andes Mountains of South America, and to the indigenous peoples that inhabit the area, such as the Inca. ... The Cordillera is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the Philippines. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Paracas is the name of a desert peninsula located in the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region, on the south coast of Peru. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest of the Earths oceanic subdivisions. ... Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... This article is about the lowland plains in South America. ... Early South American Civilizations Nazca (sometimes spelled Nasca) is the name of a system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru, and the name of the regions largest existing town. ... Ingenio is a Canarian municipality in the eastern portion of the island of Gran Canaria in the Las Palmas province in the Canary Islands. ... This article is about arid terrain. ...


History

Ica has a rich history. The first settlers are from 10,000 years ago, from which the Wari, Nazca, Ica and Paracas cultures developed, the latter being the most important. Wari the Amerindian nation Huari the people and empire that existed in Modern day Peru, sometimes written Wari in English Oware the board game This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Early South American Civilizations Nazca (sometimes spelled Nasca) is the name of a system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru, and the name of the regions largest existing town. ... ICA can refer to: Language Ica language, a Magdalenic Chibchan language related to Ijca spoken in Colombia, South America. ... A piece of a Paracas Textil, Ica, Peru The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE that developed in the Paracas Peninsula, located in what today is the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region. ...


The Paracas culture developed from the seventh through the second century BC. It is distinguished by its matchless textile skills, trephinations, and the art of mummifying their dead. A piece of a Paracas Textil, Ica, Peru The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE that developed in the Paracas Peninsula, located in what today is the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region. ... “fabric” redirects here. ... A mummy is a corpse whose skin and dried flesh have been preserved by either intentional or accidental exposure to chemicals, extreme cold, very low humidity, or airlessness. ...


The Nazca culture, on the contrary, well-known for its artistic pottery, in which colorful designs and representations excel over the form, the same as their famous lines and figures that have undergone implausible interpretations. This culture expanded from the second century BC through the seventh century AD. They have left us their wonderful aqueducts that made good use of underground water, of rivers and rain, showing a great knowledge of hydraulic engineering. Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...


In the fifteenth century, during the Inca empire, Pachacuti incorporated the territories of Ica, Nazca and the Chincha valley. Capital Cusco 1197-1533 Vilcabamba 1533-1572 Language(s) Quechua, Aymara, Jaqi family, Mochic and scores of smaller languages. ... Pachacuti as drawn by Guaman Poma Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui (or Pachacutec; Quechua Pachakutiq, literally world-turner, i. ...


Years later, in 1563, with the arrival of the Spanish, Jerónimo Luis de Cabrera founded the Villa de Valverde del Valle de Ica. Since then, the area became an important vineyard and cotton center. Events February 1 - Sarsa Dengel succeeds his father Menas as Emperor of Ethiopia February 18 - The Duke of Guise is assassinated while besieging Orléans March - Peace of Amboise. ... A common vineyard. ...


During the independence war, General José de San Martín landed in Paracas and fixed his headquarters in Pisco, to start the fight for the independence of Peru. José Francisco de San Martín Matorras, also known as José de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South Americas successful struggle for independence from Spain. ...


Political division

Map of the Ica region showing its provinces
Map of the Ica region showing its provinces

The region is divided into five provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular: provincia), which are composed of 43 districts (distritos, singular: distrito). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Provinces

The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:

The Chincha Province is one of 5 provinces of the Ica Region of Peru. ... Wikipedia:Translation/Chincha Alta Chincha Alta is a Peruvian city located in the Ica Region. ... The Ica Province is the largest of five provinces of the Ica Region in Peru. ... Ica Ica is a city in Peru. ... The Nazca Province (Spanish: Provincia de Nazca) is one of 5 provinces of the Ica Region of Peru. ... The Palpa Province is the smallest of 5 provinces of the Ica Region of Peru. ... Pisco is a province of the Ica Region in Peru. ... Pisco is a city in Peru. ...

Points of interest

City of Ica

Capital of the Ica Department. One of the most popular places to visit in Ica is La Huacachina. The famous desert oasis is located 5km from Ica. It is a small lake with medicinal water, lying in the middle of a spectacular sand desert. View of the Huacachina Lake Huacachina is a small town in the Ica Region, in southwestern Peru. ...


Pisco

Pisco the most important port in Ica and a litoral province. The most important attractions are Paracas Bay and the Paracas museum. Pisco was home of an ancient pre-hispanic culture, Paracas, who are known for their exquisite textiles. Pisco is a city in Peru. ... A piece of a Paracas Textil, Ica, Peru The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE that developed in the Paracas Peninsula, located in what today is the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region. ...


Nazca

Known for the Nazca Lines, which are geoglyphs and geometric line clearings in the Peruvian desert, in the district of Nazca. The Nazca lines are attributed to the Ica-Nazca culture, which existed there between 200 BCE and 600 CE. The area of the Nazca lines is called the Pampa Colorada (red plain). From the air, the Nazca Lines show humans, animals, plants, lines and geometric shapes. The Nazca Lines are a series of geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert, a high arid plateau that stretches 53 miles or more than 80 kilometers between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana in Peru. ... Early South American Civilizations Nazca (sometimes spelled Nasca) is the name of a system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru, and the name of the regions largest existing town. ... Late Intermediate Period Cultures The Nazca culture flourished in the Nazca region between 300 BCE and 800 CE. They created the famous Nazca lines and built an impressive system of underground aqueducts that still function today. ...


Cachiche

A small village near Ica, Cachiche is well known for its history of witches. Doña Julia, Cachiche's first witch, was known to practice "good magic," curing and helping villagers with her spells. Near the entrance to the town, a carving from a single huarango tree [1] depicts this first "bruja de Cachiche" (witch of Cachiche).


See also

  • 2007 Peru earthquake

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ica Region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (677 words)
It borders the Pacific Ocean on the west; the Lima Region on the north; the Huancavelica and Ayacucho regions on the east; and the Arequipa Region on the south.
Ica's configuration is due to the geomorphology of its two big and unique fluvial watersheds: the Pasco watershed and Ica watershed.
In the fifteenth century, during the Inca empire, Pachacuti incorporated the territories of Ica, Nazca and the Chincha valley.
Ica Travel Guide Ica Hotels and Ica Vacation (1145 words)
Ica is known as an area of sand, sea, oases and valleys, the cradle of Peru's Creole culture, saints and medicine men, where the best pisco brandy is distilled and where religious fervor is strong in the worship of the Señor de Luren or the Yauca shrine.
Ica was the first city in "Nueva Castilla" (Peru in the Viceroyalty times) where wine and grape liquor were produced, and from this point they were exported to all the Spanish colonies in America.
Ica is very famous because of its pisco (grape liquor) and wine; a good alternative for your trip could be a visit to the wine cellars of La Caravedo, Vista Alegre, Tacama, Ocucaje and the artisan ones.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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