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Encyclopedia > Ibrahim

Ibrahim (Arabic: ابراهيم), also known as Abraham, is very important in Islam, both in his own right as prophet and as the father of the prophet Ismail (Ishmael), his firstborn son, who is considered the Father of the Arabs. Ibrahim is considered one of the first and most important prophets of Islam, and is commonly termed Khalil Ullah, Friend of God. (Islam regards most of the Old Testament "patriarchs" as prophets of God, and hence as Muslims.) Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, considered one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Ishmael or Yishmael (יִשְׁמָעֵאל God hears or obeys, Standard Hebrew YiÅ¡maÊ¿el, Tiberian Hebrew YiÅ¡māʿêl, Arabic إسماعيل) is Abrahams eldest son, born by his servant Hagar. ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh, but not Old Testament, because it does not recognize the concept of a New Testament. ... The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam (Arabic: nabee نبي ; pl. ...


Commemoration of Ibrahim

The faith of Ibrahim is called Millat-e-Ibrahim in the Qur'an. Muslims believe that Ibrahim was a prophet of God, in accordance with the narrative of his life in the Qur'an. In the Qur'an, Muslims are instructed to pray facing in the direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca, which is described as having been built by Ibrahim and his son Ismail (Qur'an 2:125). Ibrahim also has an important role in one of the Pillars of Islam, the Hajj, which is a pilgrimage to the Holy Mosque. The principle aspect of the Hajj is remembering Ibrahim's sacrifice of Ismail (Ibrahim's firstborn son) and his path to the altar where Iblees (Satan) attempted to dissuade him three times. Those places where Satan appeared are marked with three symbolic stones where pilgrims throw stones. Moreover a part of the Hajj is a commemoration of the sacrifice and efforts of the wife of Ibrahim Hajre, Hagar, to find water for her son Ismail, when he was near dead with thirst. She ran between the two hills, Safa and Marwa, seven times and this ritual, Saaee (means effort/struggle in arabic) is mandatory for all pilgrims to Mecca. During her quest for water she saw that a spring of fresh water had erupted near where her son Ismail lay. That spring became the basis of founding the city of Mecca, since fresh water was scarce in that barren land, and many tribes settled around there. This spring has been running for thousands of years. Ibrahim settled his wife and son in the valley of Mecca by God's order, to pioneer a civilization. It was from this civilization that the final prophet of Islam, Muhammad, was later born. Abraham is a central figure in Quran. ... The Quran (Arabic , literally the recitation; also called or The Noble Quran; also transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... The Quran (Arabic , literally the recitation; also called or The Noble Quran; also transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... The Kaaba or Kaabah, is a building located inside the mosque known as Masjid al Haram in Mecca (Makkah). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Surat al-Baqarah (Arabic: سورة البقرة ) (the Cow) is the second, and the longest, sura of the Quran, with 286 ayat. ... The religion of Islam consists of faith (إيمان, īmān) and practice (دين, dīn). ... The Hajj or Haj (Arabic: ) is the Pilgrimage to Mecca (Makkah) in Islam. ... Hagar (Arabic هاجر; Hajar; Hebrew הָגָר Stranger, Standard Hebrew Hagar, Tiberian Hebrew Hāḡār) is an Egyptian-born servant of Sarah, wife of Abraham in the Book of Genesis of the Torah (Hebrew Bible). ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ...

In some traditions, Muslims have a specific dua that they recite daily, asking God to bless both Ibrahim and Muhammad. Islamic prayer, Salat, that occurs five times a day, also includes many parts that ask God for his blessings upon Ibrahim; the most in the prayer. According to Islamic tradition, Ibrahim is buried in Hebron. In the Masjid al Haram in Mecca, there is an area known as the "station of Ibrahim" (Maqam Ibrahim مقام), which bears an impression of his footprints. Dua is an Indian surname used by both Sikhs and Hindus. ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hebron (Arabic (help· info) al-ḪalÄ«l; Hebrew (help· info), Standard Hebrew Ḥevron, Tiberian Hebrew Ḥeḇrôn: derived from the word friend) is a town in the Southern Judea region of the West Bank of around 130,000 Palestinians and 500 Israeli settlers. ... Masjid al Haram Al-Masjid al-Haram (Arabic: ) is a very large mosque in the city of Makkah (Mecca). ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ...

Ibrahim in the Qur'an

There are numerous references to Ibrahim in the Qur'an. According to the Qur'an, Ibrahim is the spritual father of all the believers. He is mentioned as an upright person who was neither a polytheist nor a Christian or a Jew (Qur'an 3:67). An example is like the one below: Surat āl-Imrān (Arabic: آل عمران ) (The Family of Amram) is the 3rd sura of the Quran with 200 ayat. ...

O ye who believe! Bow down and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord, and do good, that haply ye may prosper And strive for Allah with the endeavor which is His right. He hath chosen you and hath not laid upon you in religion any hardship; the faith of your father Ibrahim (is yours). He hath named you Muslims of old time and in this (Scripture), that the messenger may be a witness against you, and that ye may be witnesses against mankind. So establish worship, pay the poor due, and hold fast to Allah. He is your Protecting Friend. A blessed Patron and a blessed Helper. (Qur'an 22:78) This is the Quran verse, not to be confused with The Hajj, pilgrimage to Mecca Surat Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage, The Hajj) is the 22nd sura of the Quran with 78 ayat. ...

According to the Qur'an, Ibrahim reached the conclusion that anything subject to disappearance could not be worthy of worship, and thus became a monotheist (Qura'n 6:76-83). While some Muslims — like Jews — believe that Azar who was an idol-maker was the father of Ibrahim, the majority of Muslims believe that Tarakh was his father and Azar was Ibrahim's uncle (Father of Ibrahim). Ibrahim broke his uncle's idols, calling on his community to worship God instead. They then cast him into a fire, which miraculously failed to burn him (Qur'an 37:83-98). The well-known but wholly non-canonical Qisas al-Anbiya (Ibn Kathir) records many more details of his life, which are commonly referred to in Islamic accounts. Monotheism (in Greek monon = single and Theos = God) is the belief in a single, universal, all-encompassing deity. ... Surat al-An-am (The Cattle) is the 6th sura of the Quran, with 165 ayat. ... Terah or Térach (תֶּרַח / תָּרַח Wanderer; loiterer, Standard Modern Hebrew Téraḥ / Táraḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Téraḥ / Tāraḥ) was the father of Abraham mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. ... Surat As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks) is the 37th sura of the Quran with 182 ayat. ... Ibn Kathir (Arabic : بن كثير ) was an Islamic scholar born in Busra, Syria in 1301 CE. He was taught by the Islamic scholar Ibn Taymiyya in Damascus, Syria. ...

The sacrifice

Traditionally, Muslims believe that it was Ishmael rather than Isaac whom Ibrahim was told to sacrifice. In support of this, Muslims note that the text of Genesis, despite specifying Isaac, appears to state that Ibrahim was told to sacrifice his only son ("Take now thy son, thine only son, whom thou lovest, even Isaac," Jewish Publication Society translation, Genesis/Bereshit 22:2) to God. Since Isaac was Ibrahim's second son, it is arguable there was no time at which he would have been Ibrahim's "only son", and that this supports the Muslim belief that there was an original text that must have named Ishmael rather than Isaac as the intended sacrifice. The Qur'an itself does not specify by name which son Ibrahim nearly sacrificed saying only that it was his only son (Qur'an 37:99-111). Isaac (Ishaq in Islam) is also considered a prophet in Islam. Ishmael or Yishmael (יִשְׁמָעֵאל God hears or obeys, Standard Hebrew Yišmaʿel, Tiberian Hebrew Yišmāʿêl, Arabic إسماعيل) is Abrahams eldest son, born by his servant Hagar. ... An angel prevents Abraham from sacrificing Isaac in this illumation from a 14th century Icelandic manuscript. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ... The Quran (Arabic , literally the recitation; also called or The Noble Quran; also transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Surat As-Saaffat (Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks) is the 37th sura of the Quran with 182 ayat. ... Ishaq is the name of Isaac in the Quran, he is seen as a prophet in Islam. ...

Also, unlike Jewish belief, Muslims note that nowhere in the Qur'an does God say that it was He who told Ibrahim to sacrifice his son nor does God say He gave Ibrahim the dream of the sacrifice. The Qur'an teaches that God never advocates evil. Thus, it is said that for a father to slaughter his son, is an evil that cannot be coming from God; it can only come from Satan. Furthermore, Muslims state that God would not contradict Himself and, therefore, would not order Ibrahim to commit what he prohibited, even as a test. Since Ibrahim thought the dream was from God and he proceeded to sacrifice his son Ismail, God sent him the lamb to be sacrificed instead, and to save Ismail and the father-son sacred relationship. Furthermore, Muslims believe that God promised to protect His righteous believers from Satan's tricks, and he saved Ibrahim and his son, Ismail, from this exact test. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

It is believed that Ibrahim's dream was a test from God. And when Ibrahim told his dream to Ismail, it was Ismail who convinced Ibrahim to fulfill God's order. So this was test for both Ibrahim, whom had longed for a son for such a long time, and for Ismail. When the devil teased them before the sacrifice, Ibrahim and Ismail threw stones at the devil. This reincarnated as jumrah, one of the rites undertaken by Muslims making the Hajj (pilgrimage). The entire episode of the sacrifice is regarded as a trial that Ibrahim had to face from God. It is celebrated by Muslims on the day of Eid ul-Adha. Eid ul-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى) occurs on the tenth day of the Islamic month of Dhul Hijja. ...

References in the Qur'an

Prophets of Islam in the Qur'an
Adam Idris Nuh Hud Saleh Ibrahim Lut Ismail Ishaq Yaqub Yusuf Ayub
آدم ادريس نوح هود صالح ابراهيم لوط اسماعيل اسحاق يعقوب يوسف أيوب
Adam Enoch Noah Heber Shelah Abraham Lot Ishmael Isaac Jacob Joseph Job

Shoaib Musa Harun Dhul-Kifl Daud Sulayman Ilyas Al-Yasa Yunus Zakariya Yahya Isa Muhammad
شعيب موسى هارون ذو الكفل داود سليمان إلياس اليسع يونس زكريا يحيى عيسى محمد
Jethro Moses Aaron Ezekiel David Solomon Elijah Elisha Jonah Zacharias John Jesus

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