FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Ibn Warraq

Ibn Warraq (born 1946) is a secularist author of Pakistani origin and founder of the Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society and a senior research fellow at the Center for Inquiry[1][2] [3] focusing on Qur'anic criticism [4][5] Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns secularism, the exclusion of religion and supernatural beliefs. ... The Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society (ISIS) is an organization of scholars and writers that promotes the ideas of rationalism, secularism, democracy and human rights within Islamic society. ... <drini ☎> 14:27, 15 August 2005 (UTC) Categories: Possible copyright violations ...


Warraq gathered world notice through his controversial historiographies of the early centuries of the Islamic timeline and has published works which question mainstream conceptions of the period. He is the author of seven books, including Why I Am Not a Muslim (1995), The Origins of the Koran (1998), and Quest for the Historical Muhammad, (2000). He has also spoken at the United Nations "Victims of Jihad" conference organized by the International Humanist and Ethical Union alongside speakers such as Bat Ye'or, Ayaan Hirsi Ali, and Simon Deng.[6] Cover of Why I Am Not a Muslim Why I Am Not a Muslim, a book written by Ibn Warraq, is a critique of Islam and the Quran. ... The Origins of The Koran: Classic Essays on Islam’s Holy Book, is a 1998 book edited by historian and scholar of Islam Ibn Warraq. ... UN redirects here. ... Bat Yeor (Hebrew: בת יאור) (meaning daughter of the Nile in Hebrew; a pseudonym of Gisèle Littman, née Orebi) is a controversial British writer specializing in the history of non-Muslims in the Middle East, and in particular the history of Christian and Jewish dhimmis living under Islamic governments. ... Ayaan Hirsi Ali, MA ( ; Somali: ; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan 13 November 1969[2] in Mogadishu, Somalia) is a Dutch feminist and political writer, daughter of the Somali scholar, politician, and revolutionary opposition leader Hirsi Magan Isse. ... Simon Deng A Sudanese refugee enslaved at the age of nine. ...

Contents

Life

Warraq was born in 1946 in Rajkot, India, to Muslim parents who migrated to Pakistan after the partitioning of India in 1947. He started his schooling at a local Madrasah in Pakistan where he learned to recite the Qur'an by heart. His father eventually decided to send him to a boarding school in England partly to circumvent a grandmother's effort to push an exclusively religious education on his son at the local Madrasah. He never knew his mother. After having arrived in Britain, he only saw his father once more, when he was 14; his father died when he was 16. Warraq claims to have been "pathologically shy" for most of his youth.[7] Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


By 19 he had emigrated to Scotland to pursue his education at the University of Edinburgh where he studied philosophy and Arabic with Islamic studies scholar W. Montgomery Watt. [8] This article is about the country. ... The University of Edinburgh (Scottish Gaelic: ), founded in 1582,[4] is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...


After leaving college, Warraq taught primary school for five years in London, and moved to France with his wife in 1982 where he opened an Indian restaurant and then worked as a courier for a travel agent, until the Rushdie affair took place. Warraq, being greatly taken by these events, began to write for the American secular humanist Free Inquiry Magazine on topics along the lines of "why I am not Muslim." [9] [10] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the controversy over the novel by Salman Rushdie. ... ... Free Inquiry is a bi-monthly journal of secular humanist opinion and commentary, published by the Council for Secular Humanism. ...


Ibn Warraq continued his writing with several works examining the historiography of the Qur'an and Muhammad raising a great deal of controversy and creating a debacle in the Islamic community in the process. Other books treated secular humanist values among Muslims. Historiography studies the processes by which historical knowledge is obtained and transmitted. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Secular humanism is a humanist philosophy that upholds reason, ethics, and justice, and specifically rejects the supernatural and the spiritual as warrants of moral reflection and decision-making. ...


In 2005 Warraq spent several months working with Qu'ranic philologist Christoph Luxenberg[11] Philology is the study of ancient texts and languages. ... Christoph Luxenberg is the pseudonym of the author of the 2000 book Die Syro-Aramäische Lesart des Koran: Ein Beitrag zur Entschlüsselung der Koransprache (in English: The Syro-Aramaic reading of the Quran: a contribution to the decipherment of the Quranic language). ...


In March 2006 a letter he co-signed entitled MANIFESTO: Together facing the new totalitarianism with eleven other individuals (most notably Salman Rushdie) was published in response to violent and deadly protests in the Islamic world surrounding the Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy.[12] Sir Ahmed Salman Rushdie (born June 19, 1947) is an Indian-British novelist and essayist. ... The Islamic world is the world-wide community of those who identify with Islam, known as Muslims, and who number approximately one-and-a-half billion people. ... The Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy began after twelve editorial cartoons, most of which depicted the Islamic prophet Muhammad, were published in the Danish newspaper Jyllands-Posten on 30 September 2005. ...


Warraq's new book, titled, Defending the West: A Critique of Edward Said's Orientalism, was published by Prometheus Books in August 2007.[13] Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ...


Although not a member of any religion, he has a higher opinion of polytheism than of monotheism.[14] He is the founder of the Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society. Despite his criticisms of Islam, he does not take the view that it cannot be reformed; he has a high opinion of Sufism[15] and he works with liberal Muslims in his group. Though he has been said to advocate "outright atheism,"[16] he identifies himself as an agnostic.[17] Polytheism is belief in or worship of multiple gods or deities. ... For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album) In theology, monotheism (from Greek one and god) is the belief in the existence of one deity, or in the oneness of God. ... The Institute for the Secularisation of Islamic Society (ISIS) is an organization of scholars and writers that promotes the ideas of rationalism, secularism, democracy and human rights within Islamic society. ... Sufism is a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. ...


In 2007 he participated in St Petersburg Secular Islam Summit along with other thinkers and reformers of Islam such as Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Wafa Sultan and Irshad Manji.[1] The group released the St Petersburg Declaration which urges world governments to, among other things, reject Sharia law, fatwa courts, clerical rule, and state-sanctioned religion in all their forms; oppose all penalties for blasphemy and apostasy, which they believe to be in accordance with Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Secular Islam Summit was an international forum for secularists of Islamic societies, held in March 2007 in St. ... Ayaan Hirsi Ali, MA ( ; Somali: ; born Ayaan Hirsi Magan 13 November 1969[2] in Mogadishu, Somalia) is a Dutch feminist and political writer, daughter of the Somali scholar, politician, and revolutionary opposition leader Hirsi Magan Isse. ... Wafa Sultan on Al Jazeera February 2006. ... Irshad Manji (born 1968) is a Canadian Muslim feminist, author, journalist, activist and professor of leadership. ... Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the body of Islamic religious law. ... A fatwā (Arabic: ; plural fatāwā Arabic: ), is a considered opinion in Islam made by a mufti, a scholar capable of issuing judgments on Sharia (Islamic law). ... For the black metal band, see Blasphemy (band). ... Apostasy (from Greek αποστασία, meaning a defection or revolt, from απο, apo, away, apart, στασις, stasis, standing) is a term generally employed to describe the formal renunciation of ones religion, especially if the motive is deemed unworthy. ... The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (abbreviated UDHR) is an advisory declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, 10 December 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris). ...


Warraq's op-ed pieces have appeared in The Wall Street Journal and The Guardian in London, and he has addressed governmental bodies all over the world, including the United Nations in Geneva.[18] The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... UN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). ...


In Oct 2007 Warraq participated in the IQ2 debates in London with Douglas Murray, David Aaronovitch, Tariq Ramadan, William Dalrymple, and Charles Glass [19] [20] This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Douglas Murray can refer to a number of people: Douglas Murray (politician), a Canadian politician. ... David Aaronovitch (born July 8, 1954) is a British journalist, broadcaster, and author. ... Tariq Said Ramadan (born 26 August 1962 in Geneva, Switzerland) is a Swiss Muslim academic and theologian. ... William Dalrymple is a writer of popular travel works which are based on historical fact. ... Charles Glass Charles Glass is an American author, journalist, and broadcaster specializing in the Middle East. ...


Decision to be seen in public

Prior to 2007, Ibn Warraq refused to show his face in public. This was due to fears for his personal safety and also due to his desire to travel to see his family in Pakistan without being denied access to Muslim countries. His face was blacked out on the S.I.S.S. websites.[21] More recently, he has decided to show his face openly and take part in public debates.[22] However, his presence normally requires extensive policing.


Pen Name

The pen name Ibn Warraq (Arabic: ابن وراق‎, most literally "son of a papermaker") is used due to his concerns for his personal safety and one that has been adopted by dissident authors throughout the history of Islam.[23] The name refers to 9th century skeptical scholar Muhammad al Warraq [24] Warraq adopted the pseudonym in 1995 when he completed his first book, entitled "Why I Am Not a Muslim".[25] A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... Arabic redirects here. ... For the Pearl Jam song, see Dissident (song). ... Cover of Why I Am Not a Muslim Why I Am Not a Muslim, a book written by Ibn Warraq, is a critique of Islam and the Quran. ...


Peer reception

Daniel Pipes has described Ibn Warraq's work as "well-researched and quite brilliant".[26] Conversely, religious studies professor Herbert Berg has labelled him as polemical and inconsistent in his writing.[27] Fred Donner, a professor in Near Eastern studies, notes Ibn Warraq's lack of specialist training in Arabic studies, citing "inconsistent handling of Arabic materials," and unoriginal arguments. Donner criticizes Ibn Warraq's book on Muhammad for what he describes as "heavy-handed favoritism" towards revisionist theories and "the compiler’s [Ibn Warraq] agenda, which is not scholarship, but anti-Islamic polemic." [28] Daniel Pipes in Copenhagen Daniel Pipes (born September 9, 1949) is an American historian and analyst who specializes in the Middle East. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...


Bibliography

  • Why I Am Not a Muslim, Ibn Warraq, foreword by R. Joseph Hoffmann, Prometheus Books, 1995, hardcover, 428 pages, ISBN 0-87975-984-4
  • Leaving Islam: Apostates Speak Out, edited by Ibn Warraq, Prometheus Books, 2003, hardcover, 320 pages, ISBN 1-59102-068-9
  • What the Koran Really Says: Language, Text, and Commentary, edited and translated by Ibn Warraq, Prometheus Books, 2002, 600 pages, ISBN 1-57392-945-X
  • Quest for the Historical Muhammad, edited and translated by Ibn Warraq, Prometheus Books, 2000, hardcover, 554 pages, ISBN 1-57392-787-2
  • Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book, edited by Ibn Warraq, Prometheus Books, 1998, hardcover, 420 pages, ISBN 1-57392-198-X
  • Defending the West: A Critique of Edward Said's Orientalism. Prometheus Books 2007 hardcover,: 300 pages ISBN-10: 1591024846
  • Which Koran?: Variants, Manuscripts, and the Influence of Pre-Islamic Poetry . Prometheus Books 1 May 2007 : 450 pages, ISBN-10: 1591024293, ISBN-13: 978-1591024293

Cover of Why I Am Not a Muslim Why I Am Not a Muslim, a book written by Ibn Warraq, is a critique of Islam and the Quran. ... R. Joseph Hoffmann is a historian specializing in the social and intellectual development of early Christianity and the sociology of Christianity as social movement, with special reference to the Third World. ... Prometheus Books is a publishing company founded in August 1969 by Paul Kurtz and publishes scientific, educational, and popular books, especially those of a secular humanist or scientific skepticism nature. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... The Origins of The Koran: Classic Essays on Islam’s Holy Book, is a 1998 book edited by historian and scholar of Islam Ibn Warraq. ...

See also

Apostasy in Islam (Arabic: ارتداد, irtidād or ridda) is commonly defined as the rejection of Islam in word or deed by a person who has been a Muslim. ... (Arguments critical to religion in general, or specific to Monotheism, such as the Existence of God, not dealt with here. ... Muslims believe that the Quran is the literal word of God (Allah) as recited to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. ... This is a list of notable people who have been Muslims sometime during their lives but no longer are. ... Religious conversion is the adoption of a new religious identity, or a change from one religious identity to another. ...

References

  1. ^ The spectator 3 October 2007 "The great Islamic scholar, Ibn Warraq, one of the great heroes of our time. Personally endangered, yet unremittingly vocal, Ibn Warraq leads a trend. Like a growing number of people, he refuses to accept the pretence that all cultures are equal. Were Ibn Warraq to live in Pakistan or Saudi Arabia, he would not be able to write. Or if he did, he would not be allowed to live. Among his work is criticism of the sources of the Qur'an. In Islamic states this constitutes apostasy. It is people like him, who know how things could be, who understand why Western values are not just another way to live, but the only way to live — the only system in human history in which the individual is genuinely free (in the immortal words of Thomas Jefferson) to ‘pursue happiness’."
  2. ^ The spectator Oct 2007
  3. ^ Stephen Crittenden L The Religion Report Ibn Warraq: Why I am not a Muslim Oct 10 2001 Secularist Muslim intellectual Ibn Warraq - not his real name - was born on the Indian subcontinent and educated in the West. He believes that the great Islamic civilisations of the past were established in spite of the Koran, not because of it, and that only a secularised Islam can deliver Muslim states from fundamentalist madness.
  4. ^ The spectator Oct 2007 IQ2 debates on the topic "We should not be reluctant to assert the superiority of Western values" Ibn Warraq An independent researcher at the humanist Centre for Enquiry in the USA. Author of ‘Why I am Not a Muslim’ (1995) and editor of anthologies of Koranic criticism and an anthology of testimonies of ex-Muslims ‘Leaving Islam’ (2003). A contributor to the Wall Street Journal and The Guardian, and has addressed distinguished governing bodies all over the world, including the United Nations in Geneva on the subject of apostasy. Current projects include a critical study, entitled ‘Defending the West: A Critique of Edward Said’s “Orientalism” ’ to be released 2007.
  5. ^ http://Center for Enquiry [www.centerforinquiry.net/newsroom/press_information/religion/]Religion, Ethics, and Society - Experts and Scholars"Ibn Warraq, Islamic scholar and a leading figure in Koranic criticism, is a senior research fellow at the Center for Inquiry"
  6. ^ Ibn Warraq 61st session of the UN Commission on Human Rights
  7. ^ The preceding three sentences all mentioned in http://66.102.9.104/search?q=cache:rtj7aXNI4_8J:www.worldmag.com/articles/13052+Fixing+islam&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=4&gl=us
  8. ^ World Magazine "Dissident Voices"June 16, 2007
  9. ^ World Magazine "Dissident Voices"June 16, 2007
  10. ^ Boston Globe August 2003 Lee Smith Losing his religion
  11. ^ Center for Inquiry Volume 9 Issue 5, July 2005 Qu'ranic scholar Christoph Luxenberg has tried to demonstrate that many of the obscurities of the Qu'ran disappears if we read certain words as being Syriac and not Arabic. This would include, for example, reinterpreting the promise of virgins in the afterlife as a promise for chilled drinks and good food. Luxenberg’s work has been well received among Islamic scholars, and the esteemed critic Ibn Warraq regards it as the most important book ever written on the Qu'ran In a series of three lectures, Warraq, who has spent several months working with Luxenberg, will give a summary of Luxemberg’s research.
  12. ^ MANIFESTO: Together facing the new totalitarianism
  13. ^ Ibn Warraq to release new book, Defending the West
  14. ^ Why I am not a Muslim, p.116-123
  15. ^ Why I am not a Muslim, p.276
  16. ^ "Warraq's book Why I Am Not a Muslim presents a strident historical, moral, and philosophical indictment of Islam and advocates not just a firm separation of mosque and state but outright atheism." Holy War, by Chris Mooney at The American Prospect online (Archived version accessed 8 December 2007).
  17. ^ "Warraq, 60, describes himself now as an agnostic..." Dissident voices, World Magazine, June 16, 2007, Vol. 22, No. 22.
  18. ^ THe Campus enquirer Volume 10, Issue 2 March 2006
  19. ^ [http://www.spectator.co.uk/intelligence/242761/we-should-not-be-reluctant-to-assert-the-superiority-of-western-values.thtml Ibn Warraq at the IQ2 debates with Douglas Murray David Aaronovitch Tariq Ramadan William Dalrymple Charles Glass
  20. ^ AUDIO Podcast of the IQ2 Debates in London with Ibn Warraq
  21. ^ Secular Islam Summit :: General :: Speakers
  22. ^ Mentioned at the start of this interview.
  23. ^ Facts cited from introduction to interview with Warraq. Ibn Warraq: Why I Am Not A Muslim. ABC Radio National (2001-10-10). Retrieved on 2007-04-01.
  24. ^ Doubt: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas Jefferson and Emily Dickinson By Jennifer Michael Hecht HarperOne 2004
  25. ^ Der Spiegel Aug 2007 Interview with Ibn Warraq There were several reasons, which are still valid. I had begun 1993 to write my book “why I am not Muslim ” when it appeared 1995, was I professor for British and American culture at the University of Toulouse. I had fear to become the second Salman Rushdie I did not want not to die and I had my family to protect. My brother and its family do not know until today that I wrote the book. I do not want that they must suffer on my account.
  26. ^ Daniel Pipes Weekly Standard January 1996 pg1 "Ibn Warraq brings a scholarly sledge-hammer to the task of demolishing Islam. Writing a polemic against Islam, especially for an author of Muslim birth, is an act so incendiary that the author must write under a pseudonym; not to do so would be an act of suicide. And what does Ibn Warraq have to show for this act of unheard-of defiance? A well-researched and quite brilliant, if somewhat disorganized, indictment of one of the world's great religions. While the author disclaims any pretence to originality, he has read widely enough to write an essay that offers a startlingly novel rendering of the faith he left. "
  27. ^ Berg, Herbert (1999). "Ibn Warraq (ed): The Origins of the Koran: Classic Essays on Islam's Holy Book". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 62 (3): 558. 
  28. ^ Donner, Fred. (2001) Review: The Quest for the Historical Muhammad. Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, University of Chicago.

Douglas Murray can refer to a number of people: Douglas Murray (politician), a Canadian politician. ... David Aaronovitch (born July 8, 1954) is a British journalist, broadcaster, and author. ... Tariq Said Ramadan (born 26 August 1962 in Geneva, Switzerland) is a Swiss Muslim academic and theologian. ... William Dalrymple is a writer of popular travel works which are based on historical fact. ... Charles Glass Charles Glass is an American author, journalist, and broadcaster specializing in the Middle East. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert Berg was trained at the University of Torontos Centre for Religious Studies in the late 1980s and early 1990s; he is an Associate Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religion, at the University of North Carolina Wilmington and is Director of their Graduate Liberal Studies program. ...

External links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m