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Encyclopedia > Ibadi
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Al-Ibāḍiyyah (Arabic الاباضية) is a form of Islam distinct from the Shi'ite and Sunni denominations. It is the dominant form of Islam in only one Muslim country, Oman. One of the earliest schools, it was founded less than 50 years after the death of the prophet Muhammad. For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ...


The school derives its name from ˤAbdullāh ibn-Ibāḍ at-Tamīmī. However, followers of this sect claim its true founder was Jabir ibn Zaid al-'Azdi from Nizwa, Oman. Abdullāh ibn Ibādh al-Tamimi was the founder of the Ibadi. ... The Bani Tamim is a large and powerful Arab tribe primarily located in Najd, central and southern Iraq and the Iranian province of Khuzestan. ...


Ibāḍī communities are generally regarded as conservative. Ibāḍiyyah rejects the practice of qunūt or supplications while standing in prayer. Sunni Muslims traditionally regard the Ibāḍiyyah as a Kharijite group; Ibāḍīs reject this designation. Ibāḍīs regard other Muslims not as kuffar "unbelievers" (as most Kharijite groups did), but as kuffar an-niˤma "those who deny God's grace". They believe that the attitude of a true believer to others is expressed in three religious obligations: Al Qunut literally means being obedient or the act of standing in Arabic. ... Kharijites were members of an Islamic sect in late 7th and early 8th century AD, concentrated in todays southern Iraq. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Kharijites were members of an Islamic sect in late 7th and early 8th century AD, concentrated in todays southern Iraq. ...

  • walāyah: friendship and unity with the practicing true believers, and with the Ibadhi Imams.
  • barāh: dissociation and hostility towards unbelievers and sinners, and those destined for Hell.
  • wuqūf: reservation towards those whose status is unclear.

Ibāḍīs agree with Sunnis in approving of Abū Bakr and Umar ibn al-Khattab, whom they regard as the two rightly-guided Caliphs. They regard Uthman ibn Affan as having introduced bidˤa "blameworthy innovations" into Islām, and approve of the revolt which overthrew him. They also approve of the first part of ˤAlī's caliphate, and, like Shias, disapprove of ˤĀ'isha's rebellion against him and of Muˤāwiyya's revolt. However, they regard ˤAlī's acceptance of arbitration at the Battle of Siffin against Muˤāwiyya's rebels as un-Islamic and as rendering him unfit for the Imamate, and they condemn ˤAlī for killing the early Kharijites of an-Nahr in the Battle of Nahrawan. Abu Bakr As Siddiq (Arabic ابو بكر الصديق, alternative spellings, Abubakar, Abi Bakr, Abu Bakar) (c. ... For other uses of the name, see Umar (disambiguation). ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Leave this page if youre under 18!! - Page contains huge lies and hardly has any facts > it will surely misguide you! Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان) (c. ... Bidah (Arabic: بدعة ) is an Islamic term meaning (improper) innovation of religious beliefs or worship. ... For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... Aisha bint Abu Bakr (also spelled AyÅŸe, Ayesha, Aisha, or Aisha, Arabic: ‎ `āisha, she who lives) was the final wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... Muawiya was the name of two Ummayad caliphs. ... Combatants Ummayyad Dynasty; Muawiyah I Rashidun Dynasty; Ali ibn Abi Talib Commanders Amr ibn al-Aas Ali ibn Abi Talib Malik ibn Ashter Strength 120,000 (approx) 90,000 (approx) Casualties 45,000 (approx) 25,000 (approx) The Battle of Siffin (May-July 657 CE) occurred during the First Fitna... A battle between Ali and the khawarij See also Ibadi External links Shia http://playandlearn. ...


Ibadis also have several doctrinal differences with orthodox Sunni Islam, chief among them:


1)Muslims will not see Allah on the Day of Judgement. This is derived from the Qur'an where the Prophet Ibrahim is told upon asking to see Allah, 'You shall not see me'. This is contrary to the mainstream Sunni belief that indeed Muslims will see Allah with their eyes on the day of Judgement.


2)Whomsoever enters the Hellfire, will live therein forever. This is contrary to the Sunni belief that many of those who enter the Hellfire will live therein for a fixed amount of time, to purify them of their shortcomings, after which they will enter Paradise.


3)The Qur'an is Created. The Sunni community holds vigorously that the Qur'an is uncreated, as exemplified by the suffering of Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Much of the Shi'a community also holds that the Qur'an is created, being the philosophical descendants of the Mu'tazila.


In their belief, the fifth legitimate Caliph was Abdullah ibn Wahb al-Rasibi. All Caliphs from Muˤāwiyya onwards are regarded as tyrants except Umar ibn Abdul Aziz, on whom opinions differ. However, various later Ibāḍī leaders are recognized as true imāms, including Abdullah ibn Yahya al-Kindi of South Arabia and the imāms of the Rustamid dynasty in North Africa. Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Muawiya was the name of two Ummayad caliphs. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Umar bin Abdul Aziz. ... Imam (Arabic: إمام ,Persian: امام ) is an Arabic word meaning Leader. The ruler of a country might be called the Imam, for example. ... The Rustamid (or Rustumid, Rostemid) dynasty of Ibadi Kharijite imams ruled the central Maghreb for a century and a half from their capital Tahert, until destroyed by the Fatimids. ...


Ibāḍī Muslims are also found in East Africa (especially Zanzibar), Libya (in Jabal Nafusa), Algeria (in the Mzab) and Djerba Island in Tunisia. The early medieval Rustamid dynasty in Algeria was Ibāḍī, and refugees from its capital Tahert founded the North African Ibāḍī communities which exist today.  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar (IPA pronunciation: ), as used today, is the collective name for two East African islands off mainland Tanzania: Unguja (also called Zanzibar) and Pemba. ... The Mzab, or Mzab is a region of the northern Sahara, in the Ghardaïa wilaya, or province, of Algeria, around 500km south of Algiers. ... Djerba [1] (also transliterated as Jerba, Jarbah or Girba جزيرة جربة) is the largest island off North Africa, located in the Gulf of Gabes off the coast of Tunisia. ... The Rustamid (or Rustumid, Rostemid) dynasty of Ibadi Kharijite imams ruled the central Maghreb for a century and a half from their capital Tahert, until destroyed by the Fatimids. ... Tahert (aka Tiaret or Tihert, the Berber for station) is the name of a large Algerian town, one that gives its name to the wider farming region of Wilaya de Tiaret province in central Algeria. ...


External links

  • Ibāḍī Islam: an introduction
  • A Concise History of al-Ibāḍiyyah
  • An overview of Ibāḍism
  • Ibn-Ibāḍ and the Ibāḍī School of Islamic Law

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ibadi (944 words)
Ibadi is distinguished from the Sunni and Shi'i branches of Islam, and is often referred to only as Khariji.
It is alleged that the Ibadis have a 6th pillar in their creed: jihad, the willingness to kill or be killed for Islam.
Ibadis have quite similar institutions to Muslims of differing persuasions, both with respect to mosques, minarets and religious leaders in mosques.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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