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ITV (Independent Television)
Launched September 22, 1955
Owned by ITV Network Limited
(consisting of
ITV plc,
SMG plc,
UTV Media plc,
Channel Television, Ltd.)
Audience share 20.8%
(October 2007, [1])
Slogan "Get Ready" (1989)
"TV from the Heart" (1999)
Country Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Website www.itv.com
Availability
Terrestrial
Analogue Normally tuned to 3 (Not in Whitehaven and Copeland)
Freeview Channel 3
Satellite
Sky Digital Channel 103
SES Astra Channel 13
Cable
Virgin Media Channel 103
Tiscali TV Channel 3
UPC Ireland Channel 100 (UTV)
Internet Television
itv.com Any Page (ITV London)

Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting Act 1990, its legal name has been Channel 3, the number 3 having no real meaning other than to distinguish it from BBC One, BBC Two and Channel 4 - prior to this, the network had no legal overall name. In part, 3 was assigned as televisions would usually be tuned so that the regional ITV station would be on the third button, the other stations being allocated to that of the number their name contained. Look up ITV in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links Itvcorp. ... is the 265th day of the year (266th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... SMG plc (formerly Scottish Media Group) is a Scottish media company. ... UTV Media plc (formerly Ulster Television plc and UTV plc) is a broadcasting and New Media company based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Analogue television in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the United Kingdom digital terrestrial television service. ... For a wider corporate history and profile, see British Sky Broadcasting. ... SES Astra SA, is a corporate subsidiary of SES, based in Betzdorf, in eastern Luxembourg, that owns and operates the Astra series of geostationary satellites, which transmit approximately 1100 analogue and digital television and radio channels via 176 transponders to 91 million households across Europe. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Tiscali TV is a UK-based consumer Video on Demand service, operated by the European telephony company, Tiscali SpA. The service, originally known as Homechoice, was provided by Video Networks Limited (VNL), based in Shepherds Bush in West London, until it was purchased by Tiscali UK in August 2006... UPC Ireland N.V. is Liberty Global Europes operation in Ireland. ... For other uses of the UTV acronym, see UTV (disambiguation) UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is the ITV franchise for Northern Ireland. ... Internet television (or Internet TV) is television distributed via the Internet. ... The URL www. ... ITV London is the brand name and on-screen identity used by ITV plc for the ITV1 television channel in the London region. ... In the United Kingdom the term public service broadcasting (PSB) refers to broadcasting intended for the public benefit rather than for purely commercial concerns. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... British television broadcasting has a range of different broadcasters, broadcasting multiple channels over a variety of distribution media. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... The Broadcasting Act 1990 is a law of the British parliament, often regarded by both its supporters and its critics as a quintessential example of Thatcherism. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 1. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... This article is about the British television station. ...


ITV is to be distinguished from ITV plc, the company that resulted from the merger of Granada plc and Carlton Communications in 2004 and which owns all of the Channel 3 broadcasting licences in England, Wales, the Scottish/English Border and the Isle of Man. Similarly ITV1 is the brand used by ITV plc for the Channel 3 service in these areas. ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Granada plc (previously called Granada Group plc and Granada Media plc) is a former British media and previously catering conglomarate, best known as the former parent of Granada Television Limited. ... Carlton Communications plc was a former British media company, which was founded by Michael Green and listed on the London Stock Exchange from 1983 until 2 February 2004, when it merged with Granada plc, to form ITV plc. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Berwick-upon-Tweed from south of the river The Anglo-Scottish border runs for between the River Tweed on the east coast and the Solway Firth in the west. ... ITV1 is the name, in England, Wales and the Scottish borders, for a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel, broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Organisation

Map of ITV regions showing current ITV regions, including split of Meridian into Thames Valley and Tyne/Tees split. Most regional names now appear rarely onscreen, usually during regional news and weather.

Unlike practically all other TV channels in the United Kingdom, ITV is not owned by one single company, although it has come close in recent years. Ofcom licences fifteen companies to provide regional Channel 3 services in various areas of the UK, with a separate franchise for the national breakfast service between 6:00am and 9:25am, and two franchises for London, for a weekday service and a weekend service. The licences were last put out to full tender in 1991, since then they have been renewed on a rolling basis. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 322 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (377 × 701 pixels, file size: 148 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of ITV regions showing overlap areas File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 322 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (377 × 701 pixels, file size: 148 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of ITV regions showing overlap areas File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ...


In addition to ITV plc as mentioned above, central and northern Scotland are served by SMG plc, the owner of the two franchises completely within Scotland, (branded as STV), Northern Ireland is served by UTV, under that name, whilst the Channel Islands are served by Channel Television, Ltd., also under the name ITV1. In the Rep. of Ireland ITV has a large share in the television station TV3, which shows many ITV shows such as X-Factor and Hells Kitchen. SMG plc (formerly Scottish Media Group) is a Scottish media company. ... This article is about the country. ... This article is about the Scottish television network. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... For other uses of the UTV acronym, see UTV (disambiguation) UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is the ITV franchise for Northern Ireland. ... This article is about the British dependencies. ... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ... ITV1 is the name, in England, Wales and the Scottish borders, for a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel, broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ...


Additionally, Channel 3 has since 1983 included a national breakfast franchise, currently held by GMTV, and has a national contractual teletext provider. GMTV (Good Morning Television) is a national British breakfast television station owned by ITV plc (75%) and The Walt Disney Company (25%). It has held the license for the breakfast Channel 3 franchise since 1993, when it outbid the previous 6am-9. ... A BBC Ceefax page from January 9, 2007. ...


National teletext provider

The Public Teletext Licence[1] allows the holder to broadcast a text-based information service around the clock on Channel 3 (as well as Channel 4 and S4C) frequencies. Teletext on ITV had been provided since 1974 by ORACLE, and since 1993 is provided by Teletext Ltd., whose news, sport and TV listings pages rival that of the BBC's television offering, Ceefax. Teletext Ltd. also provides digital teletext for the Channel 3 services, as well as the text output for both Channel 4 and S4C (which is covered under the same licence) and Five (under a separate licence). This article is about the British television station. ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru, which is Welsh for Channel Four Wales) is a television channel in Wales. ... ORACLE (Optimal Reception of Announcements by Coded Line Electronics) was a commercial teletext service first broadcast on ITV in 1974 and later on Channel 4 in the United Kingdom finally ending on both channels at the end of December 1992. ... Teletext Ltd is the provider of Teletext services for ITV, Channel 4 and Five in the United Kingdom. ... A BBC Ceefax page from 10 September 1999 Ceefax (phonetic for See Facts) is the BBCs teletext information service. ... This article is about the British television station. ... S4C (Sianel Pedwar Cymru, which is Welsh for Channel Four Wales) is a television channel in Wales. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ...


Digital Channel 3

Since 1998, each of the Channel 3 franchises have received gifted capacity on digital terrestrial television (DTT). As per the original agreement, each regional ITV contractor broadcasts its Channel 3 service from 9:25am to 6:00am daily, with the breakfast operator broadcasting in the remaining hours. However, unlike analogue broadcasts, the assigned capacity across DTT is able to carry multiple television services which, like Channel 3, are broadcast by the regional franchisee between the hours of 9:25am and 6:00am, with the breakfast contractor operating between 6:00am and 9:25am. Digital Terrestrial Television (DTTV or DTT) is an implementation of digital technology to provide a greater number of channels and/or better quality of picture and sound using aerial broadcasts to a conventional antenna (or aerial) instead of a satellite dish or cable connection. ...


At present, all franchisees opt to broadcast ITV plc-owned channels, being ITV2, ITV3, ITV4 and the CITV Channel, as opposed to broadcasting their own. Up until 2002, UTV in Northern Ireland ran a service known as UTV2, while both Scottish and Grampian ran S2. The breakfast operator, currently GMTV, is obliged to broadcast between the hours of 6:00 and 9:25am daily. Alongside the Channel 3 GMTV service, GMTV also broadcasts GMTV2, which is broadcast on the same capacity as ITV2 and the CITV Channel. The company also holds a third GMTV3 licence however it currently sells this gifted capacity to ITV plc to broadcast ITV3 24 hours a day. ITV is available all across the UK and is also available in the Rep. of Ireland on free to air and Digital satellite. ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... ITV2 is a free-to-air entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... ITV3 is an entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... ITV4 is a UK television station which launched on November 1, 2005. ... The CITV Channel is a British childrens TV station from ITV plc and the Channel 3 breakfast licensee GMTV (6am-9:25am). ... For other uses of the UTV acronym, see UTV (disambiguation) UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is the ITV franchise for Northern Ireland. ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... ITV2 is a free-to-air entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... Scottish Television (now legally known as STV Central Ltd and referred to on-air as STV) is Scotlands largest ITV franchisee, and has held the ITV franchise for Central Scotland since August 31, 1957. ... Grampian Television is the ITV franchisee for the North of Scotland, based in Aberdeen. ... ITV2 is a free-to-air entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... GMTV (Good Morning Television) is a national British breakfast television station owned by ITV plc (75%) and The Walt Disney Company (25%). It has held the license for the breakfast Channel 3 franchise since 1993, when it outbid the previous 6am-9. ... GMTV2 is a British digital television station owned by GMTV, a consortium of ITV plc and The Walt Disney Company. ... ITV2 is a free-to-air entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... The CITV Channel is a British childrens TV station from ITV plc and the Channel 3 breakfast licensee GMTV (6am-9:25am). ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... ITV3 is an entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ...


Channel 3 shares its space with Channel 4 on Multiplex 2, known as Digital 3&4. Digital 3&4 is a consortium run by ITV and Channel 4, which operates a multiplex broadcasting from a number of transmitter sites in the UK, carrying television and radio channels (in addition to interactive services) from both of the broadcasters. ...


Public service broadcasting

The right granted by Ofcom of Channel 3's nationally-available status on both analogue and digital television comes with responsibility, in the form of public service broadcasting. Alongside the BBC, Channel 4 and Five, the members of the ITV Network and GMTV all have a responsibility to broadcast various programming of public importance on their analogue stations. This includes quotas for news, current affairs, independent and European programming, children's and religious programming, and output containing subtitles, signing and audio description. In addition, Channel 3 stations are legally obliged to screen party election broadcasts on behalf of all the major political parties, and also other political events such as the Budget. For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... This article is about the British television station. ... Five, launched in 1997, is the fifth and final national terrestrial analogue television channel to launch in the United Kingdom. ...


All the companies holding a franchise are members of ITV Network Limited (formerly the Independent Television Companies' Association Limited), a not-for-profit body. It is this body that commissions programmes for the network, and schedules the network programming. However, in practice ITV plc, which owns eleven of the fifteen licences, dominates the system. ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ...


Much of the originated networked programme output (around 54%, but up to 65% according to some reports) is contributed by ITV Productions, the production arm of ITV plc (consisting of the consolidated regional companies' network production departments), although a growing number of programmes are commissioned by the Network from independents (a minimum of 25% of total output, as stipulated by the 1990 Broadcasting Act). In addition, the entire network is obliged to broadcast national news sourced by a common contractor (currently ITN). All stations have the right to opt out of national programming (except for the national news) but generally do not, since most are owned by the one company and the others have limited resources for non-networked productions. Granada Productions is one of Europes leading commercial television production and distribution companies. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... ITN may refer to: Independent Television News In the news, a section on the Main Page of English Wikipedia This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Franchise Details

The table below lists current franchises and the franchise holder.

Franchise Area Franchise holder [2] Franchise held since Parent Company On-air name
Regional Franchises
Northern Scotland STV North Ltd Formely Grampian Television Sonce 1961 SMG plc STV
Central Scotland STV Central Ltd Formely Scottish Television Since 1957 SMG plc STV
Northern Ireland UTV Media 1959 UTV Media UTV1
The Channel Islands Channel Television 1962 Yattendon Investment Trust ITV1 Channel Television2
English-Scottish border and Isle of Man Border Television 1961 ITV plc ITV1 Border2
North East England Tyne Tees Television 1958 ITV plc ITV1 Tyne Tees2
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and North Norfolk Yorkshire Television 1968 ITV plc ITV1 Yorkshire2
North West England Granada Television 19563 ITV plc ITV1 Granada2
Wales and the West of England HTV 1968 ITV plc ITV1 Wales1/
ITV1 West2
The Midlands Central Independent Television 1982 ITV plc ITV1 Central2/
ITV Thames Valley2
East of England Anglia Television 1959 ITV plc ITV1 Anglia2
London Weekday Carlton Television 1993 ITV plc ITV London (Weekdays)2
London Weekend London Weekend Television 1968 ITV plc ITV London (Weekends)2
South and South East England Meridian Broadcasting 1993 ITV plc ITV1 Meridian2/
ITV1 Thames Valley2
South West England Westcountry Television 1993 ITV plc ITV1 Westcountry2
National Franchises
National teletext service Teletext Ltd. 1993 DMGT Teletext
National breakfast time GMTV Ltd 1993 ITV plc (75%)/
The Walt Disney Company (25%)
GMTV4

1. ITV1 Branding is used overnight
2. Branding is usually just "ITV1"
3. Prior to 1968 Granada Television's franchise included most of what is now Yorkshire Television's franchise area and operated a weekday only contract
4. Also uses CITV branding for children's output at the weekend and on digital services
Grampian Television is the ITV franchisee for the North of Scotland, based in Aberdeen. ... SMG plc (formerly Scottish Media Group) is a Scottish media company. ... This article is about the Scottish television network. ... Scottish Television (now legally known as STV Central Ltd and referred to on-air as STV) is Scotlands largest ITV franchisee, and has held the ITV franchise for Central Scotland since August 31, 1957. ... UTV Media plc (formerly Ulster Television plc and UTV plc) is a broadcasting and New Media company based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... UTV Media plc (formerly Ulster Television plc and UTV plc) is a broadcasting and New Media company based in Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... For other uses of the UTV acronym, see UTV (disambiguation) UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is the ITV franchise for Northern Ireland. ... The current Channel TV ident Channel Television (CTV) is a British television station which has served as an Independent Television (ITV), contractor to the Channel Islands since 1962. ... Yattendon Investment Trust plc is a private British company owned by the Iliffe family. ... ITV Border Ltd (formerly and more commonly known as Border Television, or simply Border) is the ITV franchisee for the border region between England and Scotland (including the south of Scotland, much of Cumbria and, until December 2006, the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed), and also the Crown dependency of... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... Tyne Tees Television is the ITV television contractor for North East England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ITV Wales & West Ltd (formally and more commonly known as HTV) is the ITV contractor for Wales and the West of England[1]. It is owned by ITV plc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ITV Thames Valley is the expected name of ITVs new region covering the Thames Valley area of the United Kingdom. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Carlton Television is the United Kingdom Channel 3 (ITV) licensee for London and the surrounding areas from 9:25am every Monday to 5. ... ITV London is the brand name and on-screen identity used by ITV plc for the ITV1 television channel in the London region. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ITV London is the brand name and on-screen identity used by ITV plc for the ITV1 television channel in the London region. ... ITV Meridian Ltd (formerly and more commonly known as Meridian Broadcasting) is the holder of the ITV franchise for South and South East England[1]. It has been broadcasting since 1 January 1993, when it replaced TVS. The main headquarters were situated at studios in Northam, Southampton (previously used by... Westcountry Television is the ITV franchise holder in the South West of England, replacing its predecessor, TSW (Television South West), on 1 January 1993. ... Teletext Ltd is the provider of Teletext services for ITV, Channel 4 and Five in the United Kingdom. ... Daily Mail and General Trust plc (DMGT) is one of the UKs largest media companies and has interests in national and regional newspapers, television and radio. ... GMTV (Good Morning Television) is a national British breakfast television station owned by ITV plc (75%) and The Walt Disney Company (25%). It has held the license for the breakfast Channel 3 franchise since 1993, when it outbid the previous 6am-9. ... Disney redirects here. ... ITV1 is the name, in England, Wales and the Scottish borders, for a terrestrial, free-to-air television channel, broadcast in the United Kingdom by the ITV network. ... This article is about ITVs childrens television brand. ...


History

Main article: History of ITV

Independent Television was created following the Television Act 1954. The Independent Television Authority was set up to control and review the network. In the three main areas – London, the Midlands and the North of England – ITV was launched in September 1955, February 1956 and May 1956 respectively. The shape of the ITV Network and the course it has taken down the years has largely been controlled by regular refranchising rounds which occurred in 1964, 1968, 1974, 1982, and 1993. These rounds saw regions and franchise areas reshaped and franchise holders changed. Additionally, since the Broadcasting Act 1990 the consolidation of ITV companies has also had an important bearing on the direction of the network. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Television Act 1954 was a British law which permitted the creation of the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom, ITV. Royal Assent was given to the Act on 30 July 1954. ... The Independent Television Authority (ITA) was a body created by the Television Act 1954 to supervise the creation of Independent Television (ITV), the first commercial television network in the United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Broadcasting Act 1990 is a law of the British parliament, often regarded by both its supporters and its critics as a quintessential example of Thatcherism. ...


Future

ITV share of viewing 1992-2007 BARB figures

With more channels to choose from, digital television is increasingly putting pressure on the ITV network's ratings and advertising revenues. This has led a number of requests by franchisees to reduce the networks public service commitments. For example, most recently, ITV has shown interest in reducing its children's output. Critics of the broadcaster have also pointed to the reduction in commitment to regional programming and presentation. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 800 pixel, file size: 44 KB, MIME type: image/png) ITV1 share of viewing 1992-2007 from BARB figures I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 800 pixel, file size: 44 KB, MIME type: image/png) ITV1 share of viewing 1992-2007 from BARB figures I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...


Perhaps the most controversial change was the scrapping of the flagship late evening news programme, News at Ten in 1999, replacing it with a later, irregular scheduled and shorter news bulletin. ITV argued that the move would enable it to make the evening schedule more diverse and flexible, allowing them to show feature length films without a news break. Sir Trevor McDonald presenting the original final broadcast of News at Ten, from 5 March 1999. ...


Such actions on the part of ITV together with a move to more populist programming has led to many commentators to accuse ITV of 'dumbing down'. In its defence, ITV does continue to show its major strengths in the fields of sports coverage and drama productions, and the production of 'high-brow' programming such as The South Bank Show has continued. However its' long-standing commitment to strong current affairs programming has diminished with the ending of productions such as World In Action (Granada), This Week (Rediffusion/Thames), First Tuesday (Yorkshire Television) and Weekend World (LWT) and their replacement with populist shows such as Tonight. Dumbing down is viewed either as a pejorative term for a perceived over-simplification of, amongst other things, education, news and television, or as a statement of truth about real cultural trends in education and culture. ... The South Bank Show is a British television arts magazine show, presented by Melvyn Bragg and seen in over 60 countries — including Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Sweden and the USA. Its stated aim is to bring both high art and popular culture to a mass audience. ... Ongoing events • Iraqi legislative election • Bill C-38 (Same-sex marriage in Canada) • Tsunami relief Deaths in February • 5 – Gnassingbé Eyadéma • 4 – Ossie Davis • 3 – Ernst Mayr • 3 – Zurab Zhvania • 2 – Max Schmeling Recent deaths Ongoing... World in Action was an investigative current affairs series produced by Granada Television in the United Kingdom from 1963 to 1998. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This Week was the name of a weekly current affairs series screened on the ITV network in the United Kingdom, produced for the network by Thames Television. ... Associated-Rediffusion, later Rediffusion London, was the British Independent Television (commercial television) contractor for London, on weekdays between 1954 (transmissions started on September 22, 1955) and July 29, 1968. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Weekend World was a British television political series, made by London Weekend Television (LWT) and broadcast from 1972 to 1988. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tonight or Tonight with Trevor McDonald is the name of a British television newsmagazine, anchored by Sir Trevor McDonald and produced by Granada Television for the ITV network since 1999, when it replaced the long-running investigative series World In Action. ...


The threat to "Channel 3" advertising revenues has also led franchisees to increasingly diversifiy their businesses. Most notably, ITV plc owns five additional digital-only television channels, ITV2, ITV3, ITV4, CITV Channel and Men & Motors and also time-shift channels of ITV2 and 3. This diversification has also led to numerous notable failures such as ITV Digital in 2002, which was owned by ITV plc's predecessors Carlton and Granada. ITV2 is a free-to-air entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... ITV3 is an entertainment television channel in the United Kingdom owned by ITV plc. ... ITV4 is a UK television station which launched on November 1, 2005. ... The CITV Channel is a British childrens TV station from ITV plc and the Channel 3 breakfast licensee GMTV (6am-9:25am). ... Men & Motors is a mens lifestyle television channel in the UK. It is the last remaining station operated by Granada Sky Broadcasting, a joint venture set up by Granada Television (now part of ITV plc) and British Sky Broadcasting in 1996. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Programmes

For over 50 years of Independent Television, the homegrown programmes have become the most lovable and remembered as well as being extremely successful. Before the 1990s, nearly all of the content for the channel was produced by the fifteen franchise licensees: the regional companies.


However, in the last decade, and following legislation in the 1990 Broadcasting Act imposing a 25% quota for commissioning of independent productions, the number of programmes from independent production companies not connected to the traditional ITV Network, has increased rapidly. Notable examples include talkbackTHAMES (one half of which - Thames Television - was itself a former ITV franchisee), producers of The Bill and co-producers of The X Factor, and 2waytraffic, (previously Celador), producers of Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?. talkbackTHAMES is a British television production company, a division of FremantleMedia (part of the RTL Group). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the British TV series. ... For the current series, see The X Factor (UK series 4). ... Celador is an independent production company formed in 1983. ... In the United Kingdom, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? is a television game show which offers a maximum cash prize of one million pounds for correctly answering successive multiple-choice questions of increasing difficulty. ...


Increasingly ITV's primetime schedules are dominated by its soap operas, such as Coronation Street, Emmerdale, and popular cop drama The Bill (produced by TalkbackThames). At the start of the 21st century, Independent Television were bashed by critics for including a vast amount of cheap reality programming into the schedule, namely shows like Celebrity Fit Club and Celebrity Wrestling. The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... Coronation Street is an award-winning British soap opera. ... For the 1994 debut album by The Cardigans, see Emmerdale (album). ... This article is about the British TV series. ... It has been suggested that Celebrity Fit Club (British) be merged into this article or section. ... Celebrity Wrestling was an ITV1 show broadcast in 2005, which involved two teams of celebrities, competing against each other in wrestling style events. ...


Since then, ITV has struggled to regain trust in the viewer, as many inexpensive programming has not paid dividends. When Michael Grade took over as Executive Chairman in January of this year, ITV have shown signs of recovery, especially in the programming department.


News

National and International

Main article: ITV News

Since the network started Independent Television News Limited has held the contract to produce news for the ITV Network. News bulletins are broadcast at 5:30am, 1:30pm, 6:30pm, and 10:30pm. ITV News is the name of the news broadcasts on British TV network ITV. It has one of the largest television audiences for news in the UK. It is produced by Independent Television News (ITN), and was more commonly known simply as ITN until 1999. ... ITN may refer to: Independent Television News In the news, a section on the Main Page of English Wikipedia This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...


Regional

The regional ITV companies provide local programmes tailored for the regional audiences. All the ITV companies provide a main local bulletin at 6pm (preceded in the UTV region, and soon, also on STV, by a more features-based programme at 5:30pm), as well as other local features and sport programming. Both news and regional programming for the ITV plc regions will be made available online during 2007 through the ITV Local VoD broadband initiative. For other uses of the UTV acronym, see UTV (disambiguation) UTV (formerly Ulster Television) is the ITV franchise for Northern Ireland. ... This article is about the Scottish television network. ... ITV Local is a broadband service provided by ITV. Established in 2005, the website provides local news, weather and features on demand, 24 hours a day. ...


Sport

Main article: ITV Sport

ITV covers many popular sports. The channel emphasises coverage of football (it holds the UK terrestrial rights to the UEFA Champions League). The channel shares coverage of international football events such as the World Cup with the BBC. It also covers Formula 1 racing and other motorsport, rugby, and other sports. The channel won the rights to broadcast The Boat Race in 2004. ITV Sport is a sport producer and brand name owned by ITV plc. ... Soccer redirects here. ... European Cup redirects here. ... For the club competition, see FIFA Club World Cup. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Boat race redirects here. ...


On 30 March 2007, The Football Association confirmed that it had agreed a new four-year £425m television deal for ITV and Setanta Sports to show FA Cup and England international matches. This represents a 42% increase on the existing deal with the BBC and BSkyB. is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Football Association (The FA) is the governing body of football in England and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man. ... Setanta Sports (pronunciation: ) is an international sports broadcaster, operating 12 channels in 24 countries. ... This article is about the English FA Cup. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... British Sky Broadcasting (BSkyB — formerly two companies, Sky Television and BSB) is a company that operates Sky Digital, a subscription television service in the UK and the Republic of Ireland. ...


Children's

Main article: CITV

The network broadcasts children's programming under the CITV (Children's ITV) strand. Children's programming is broadcast across the network on weekend mornings. In March 2006 ITV launched the CITV Channel, which is accessible by Sky, Virgin Media and Freeview, it shows all of the children's programmes weekdays between 6am and 6pm and at weekends 6am to 12.30pm. This article is about ITVs childrens television brand. ...


Following the launch of CITV, children's programmes were removed from the ITV line-up, which was challenged by Ofcom in April.


The future

On 12 September 2007, ITV announced a major five-year restructuring plan[3] targeting entertainment as the corporation's top priority. A major overhaul of the regional structure of ITV was also proposed.[4] The proposals would see consolidation of the ITV regional news programmes, with regions now broadcasting one service per region rather than multiple tailored local services (for example: ITV Yorkshire would no longer broadcast separate Northern and Southern regions). The proposed changes would also fully merge ITV Border with ITV Tyne Tees and ITV West with ITV Westcountry, effectively ending two regions' tenure as independent players within ITV. Any changes would be subject to full approval by Ofcom. is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... ITV Border Ltd (formerly and more commonly known as Border Television, or simply Border) is the ITV franchisee for the border region between England and Scotland (including the south of Scotland, much of Cumbria and, until December 2006, the town of Berwick-upon-Tweed), and also the Crown dependency of... Tyne Tees Television is the ITV television contractor for North East England. ... ITV Wales & West Ltd (formally and more commonly known as HTV) is the ITV contractor for Wales and the West of England[1]. It is owned by ITV plc. ... Westcountry Television is the ITV franchise holder in the South West of England, replacing its predecessor, TSW (Television South West), on 1 January 1993. ... Ofcom is a regulator for communication industries in the United Kingdom. ...


There would be a certain amount of expansion elsewhere — ITV currently produces around 54% of its programmes in-house and hopes to increase this figure to the maximum 75% allowed by the regulators over the coming years.[5] ITV's plans also see the broadcaster diversifying across other platforms, including broadband video via itv.com and ITV Local, and an expansion of mobile phone services. The call-TV/PRTS based ITV Play service, however, will be quietly dropped after attracting significant negative publicity.[6] The URL www. ... ITV Local is a broadband service provided by ITV. Established in 2005, the website provides local news, weather and features on demand, 24 hours a day. ... ITV Play is the brand name used for phone-in shows on ITV1 and ITV2. ...


References

  1. ^ "Public Teletext Licence", Ofcom, 17 December 2004. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
  2. ^ "Channel 3 (ITV)", Ofcom. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
  3. ^ "Content is king for ITV's five-year plan", MediaGuardian, 12 September 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
  4. ^ "Unions slam ITV regional cuts", MediaGuardian, 12 September 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
  5. ^ "ITV gambles on content", The Independent, 27 September 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 
  6. ^ "ITV Play shows to be scrapped", MediaGuardian, 12 September 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-27. 

December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

ITV (Independent Television) is the original British advertising television network. ... This is a list of TV services available on digital terrestrial, satellite, internet streaming and cable systems. ...

External links

The ITV companies

The URL www. ... The URL www. ...

Unofficial sites about ITV

  • Transdiffusion Broadcasting System — a British communications history website
  • Independent TeleWeb — a history of ITV
  • The Historical Television Website — focusing on television in Southern England
  • Harlech House of Graphics — a site about ITV in Wales and the West of England
  • Tyne Tees Logo Page — about the North East England broadcaster
  • The TV Room — British and Irish television presentation
  • The Ultimate LWT Website — The history of London Weekend Television and downloadable video clips

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ITV courses are proposed at least one full semester in advance of the start date for the course.
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