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Encyclopedia > ISBT 128

ISBT 128 is system for identification, labeling and processing of human blood, tissue and organ products using an internationally standardised barcode system. The acronym ISBT stands for the International Society of Blood Transfusion, who license facilities using the system to ensure high levels of accuracy, safety and efficiency. The number 128 reflects the choice of barcode symbology known as Code 128. Human blood smear: a - erythrocytes; b - neutrophil; c - eosinophil; d - lymphocyte. ... Wikipedia encoded in Code 128-B Wikipedia encoded in Code 93 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia encoded in the DataMatrix 2D barcode Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia in multiple languages encoded in the DataGlyph 2D barcode A barcode (also bar code) is a machine-readable representation of information in a visual format... The International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) is a scientific society, founded in 1935, which aims to promote the study of blood transfusion, and to spread the know-how about the manner in which blood transfusion medicine and science best can serve the patients interests. ... Wikipedia encoded in Code 128_B A barcode (also bar code) is a machine-readable representation of information in a visual format on a surface. ... A very high-density barcode symbology, Code 128 is used extensively world wide in shipping and packaging industries. ...



The current version of ISBT 128 is version 2, version 1 was first published in 1994, and was intended to replace the ABC Codabar and other similar CODABAR-based standards in use in transfusion medicine at that time with a more secure barcode symbology which contains more information. Transfusion medicine (or transfusiology) is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the transfusion of blood and blood components. ...

The ISBT working group on automation and data processing was joined by the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB), the American Red Cross ARC, the Department of Defense,[1] and the Health Industry Manufacturers Association in the development of the symbology which was adopted as an international standard. A WWII-era poster encouraged American women to volunteer for the Red Cross as part of the war effort. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ...

The International Council for Commonality in Blood Banking Automation (ICCBBA) was established and given the responsibility for implementation and management of the new standard. Guidance from the AABB states that all AABB accredited blood banks must implement their plan for introduction of ISBT 128 by May 1, 2008.

How ISBT 128 works

The ISBT 128 system increases the level of standardization in transfusion medicine. Each blood product is given a unique donation identification number which includes an assigned collection facility code. This allows every product to be specifically identified and tracked anywhere in the world. Specific products and blood treatment processes are labeled the same way every time using this system.

The ISBT 128 barcode allows for more information to be coded into a small space and includes an internal check digit to prevent barcode misreads. Each barcode contains two data identification digits embedded in the barcode that identify the barcode as a blood product and than identifies the specific category (e.g. ABO/Rh, Product Code) followed by the specific unit information which is reproduced in an eye readable format just below the barcode. The ABO system is the most important blood type system in human blood transfusion. ...

The label information is divided into quadrants. Donor ID (unit number) prints in the upper left quadrant. ABO/Rh prints in the upper right quadrant. Product code prints in the lower left quadrant. Expiration date/time (down to the hour and minute) print in the lower right corner along with any special testing (antigens, CMV, etc.) Look up Quadrant on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Quadrant can mean: HMS Quadrant (G11), a WW-II British/Australian warship. ... An antigen is any molecule that is recognized by antibodies. ... Species see text Cytomegalovirus (CMV), is a genus of Herpes viruses; in humans the species is known as Human herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5). ...

External Links


  1. ^ [http://www.militaryblood.dod.mil/library/guidelines/labeling.htm Department of Defense Blood Labeling Standards
Transfusion medicine - edit
Blood transfusion | Cross-matching | Coombs test | Intraoperative blood salvage | Transfusion reactions | International Society of Blood Transfusion | ISBT 128 | Platelet transfusion |
Human blood group systems - Blood type
ABO | Rhesus | Duffy | Hh | Kell | Kidd | Kx | Colton | Yt
Blood products
Blood donation | Blood | Plasma | Platelets | Cryoprecipitate | Plasmapheresis | Red blood cells 



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