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Encyclopedia > IMI Negev

IMI Negev multi-purpose machine gun
Type machine gun
Nation(s) of origin Israel
Era Modern
Date of design 1995
Production period 1997 to present
Service duration 1997 to present
Operators Estonia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Israel
War service Al-Aqsa Intifada
Variants Negev Commando
Number built  ?
Type light machine gun
Caliber 5,56
Ammunition 5.56 x 45 mm NATO
Feed system 200 round M27 ammo belt or 30 round magazines
Action gas operated, rotating bolt
Length 1020/780 mm (stock extended/folded)
Barrel length 460
Weight 7,60 kg (unloaded)
Rate of fire 700 to 1000 round/min
Muzzle velocity 915
Effective range {{{range}}}

The IMI Negev is a light-weight, 5.56 mm calibre, belt-fed, bipod mounted, Israeli machine gun used as a squad assault weapon (SAW). It is being promoted as the standard light machine gun for all branches of the Israel Defence Forces (IDF). The wreckage of a commuter bus in West Jerusalem after a suicide bombing on Tuesday, 18 June 2002. ... The word calibre (British English) or caliber (American English) designates the interior diameter of a tube or the exterior diameter of a wire or rod, also common for handguns. ... Boxes of ammunition clog a warehouse in Baghdad Ammunition is a generic military term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... U.S. Military 5. ... In firearms terminology, an action is the system of operation that the firearm employs to seal the breech (in a breech-loading firearm), and to load consecutive rounds. ... Gas-operation is one of the firearm actions used in automatic firearms. ... Rotating bolt of a Sig 550 rifle. ... The barrel of a gun or other firearm is the tube, usually metal, through which a controlled explosion is released in order to propel a projectile out of the end at great speed. ... The Rate of fire is the speed at which a specific firearm or artillery piece can operate. ... IMI logo Israel Military Industries Ltd. ... Ruins in the Negev desert The Negev (Hebrew נֶגֶב;, Tiberian Hebrew Néḡeḇ; Arabic النقب an-Naqab) is the desert region of southern Israel. ... U.S. Military 5. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ... A squad automatic weapon, (abbrev. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces (army, air force and navy). ...

The IMI Negev is very reliable and accurate machine gun. Its main advantages are its light weight, compactness and durability in harsh desert conditions. Its compactness allow it to be used for charging and special operations without losing armor penetration capability and firepower. It is currently the standard issued light/medium machine gun of the IDF. Desert view in Saudi Arabia. ... Special forces or special operations forces is a term used to describe relatively small military units raised and trained for reconnaissance, unconventional warfare and special operations. ... The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ...

The design was finalised in 1995, began field testing in 1996 and was accepted by the IDF in 1997. Compared to similar weapons it is very light, just 7.5 kilograms complete (fitting a 150 round pouch magazine adds 2.1 kg) and compact, fractionally over a metre long. The ammunition is NATO standard 5.56 × 45, either the US M855 or the European SS109. The weapon fires with a gas operated open-bolt allowing a maximum rate of 1000 round/min. The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ...

The Negev allows for a shortened barrel and box magazine to be fitted and the stock removed, producing a very compact weapon. In conjuction with this the weapon has a select fire choice and also a variable rate of fire between 700–850 or 850–1000 rounds per minute. The barrel of a gun or other firearm is the tube, usually metal, through which a controlled explosion is released in order to propel a projectile out of the end at great speed. ... An M16 Magazine Various Mags A magazine (also called a mag) is an ammunition storage device within or attached to a firearm. ... A stock or buttstock is present in many firearms and some crossbows to transfer the recoil from firing the weapon into the shooters shoulder. ... The Rate of fire is the speed at which a specific firearm or artillery piece can operate. ... The revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM or r/min) is a unit of frequency, commonly used to measure rotational speed. ...

External links

  • Review on Negev - Defence & Civil Database
  • Negev Guide at isayeret.com - The Israeli Special Forces Database
  • Negev (Israeli-Weapons)

  Results from FactBites:
Negev (312 words)
Negev light machine gun (LMG) has every sign of being a world class weapon, in the IMI tradition.
IDF plans call for adoption of the Negev by the army, air force and navy, to be put in service on helicopters, patrol ships and armored vehicles, and to replace its NATO-standard MAG machine-gun with the Negev.
The Negev Commando is a shortened variant of the Negev LMG.
IMI Negev | Rifles n Guns (578 words)
The design for the Negev was ready by 1995 and shortly afterwards; in 1996 the full field-testing by the IDF began.
Generally the Negev uses a standard soft assault drum which is basically a nylon bag containing belted ammunition but it is also compatible with the Galil detachable staggered row bent box magazine of any capacity.
A variant of the Negev LMG is the Negev Commando that has all the same features as the LMG except for the shorter barrel (330 mm) and a forward handgrip in place of a bipod.
  More results at FactBites »



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