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Encyclopedia > IMDB

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) [1] is an online database of information about actors, movies, television shows, television stars and video games. Owned by Amazon.com since 1998, the IMDb celebrated its fifteenth anniversary on October 17, 2005. This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Online means being connected to the Internet or another similar electronic network, like a bulletin board system. ... A database is an organized collection of data. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Computer and video games A screenshot of Tetris for the Nintendo Game Boy A console game (better known as a video game) is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment, which consists of a moveable image displayed on a screen that is usually controlled and manipulated using a handheld... Amazon. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Overview

The IMDb website consists of the largest known single accumulation of data on individual films, television programs, direct-to-video product and videogames reaching back to their respective beginnings, and worldwide in scope. Wherever possible, the information goes beyond simple screen or press credits to include uncredited personnel and companies involved, either artistically or technically, in the production and distribution of product covered, thus aiming at completeness of detail. Furthermore, IMDb tracks projects in production, and even major, announced projects still in the developmental stage. Simultaneously, a collateral database of all persons identified in the product database exists, including biographical details and information about other aspects of their professional lives not covered by individual entries in the database (theatrical appearances, commercial advertising appearances, etc.). Information is largely provided by a cadre of volunteers with expertise in various areas of film history, with the actual staff largely used to screen and edit the voluminous amount of material submitted daily, and to track information from industry resources on current and planned projects and contemporary personalities only.


The IMDb also offers ancillary material such as daily movie and TV news, and running special features about various movie events such as the Academy Awards. IMDb also has an active message board system: there are message boards for each database entry, which can be found at the bottom of the relevant page, as well as general discussion boards on various topics. Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ...


IMDb is a free site, which requires only registration to access its complete range of data and activities. Any person with an e-mail account and a web browser that accepts cookies can set up an account with IMDb, then research covered product, submit information and engage in other site activities. (Site visitors not wishing to provide registration information can, however, search and view the database.) For automated queries, most of the database can be downloaded as (compressed) plain text files and the information can be extracted using the tools provided (typically using a command line interface). See: IMDb interfaces Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Icons for Web browser shortcuts on an Apple computer (Safari, Internet Explorer, and Firefox). ... An HTTP cookie is a packet of information sent by a server to a World Wide Web browser and then sent back by the browser each time it accesses that server. ... In computer science, data compression or source coding is the process of encoding information using fewer bits (or other information-bearing units) than a more obvious representation would use, through use of specific encoding schemes. ... Computer files can be divided into two broad categories: binary and text. ... Screenshot of a sample Bash session, taken on Gentoo Linux. ...


It has also in 2003 spun off a private, subscription-funded site, IMDbPro, offering the entire IMDb contents plus additional information for business professionals, such as personnel contact details, movie event calendars, and a greater range of industry news. The Internet Movie Database (IMDb), owned by Amazon. ...


Statistics

February 28, 2006: February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Titles: 486,991
  • People: 1,994,222

See: IMDb Statistics


History

In rec.arts.movies

The database originated from two lists started as independent projects in early 1989 by participants in the Usenet newsgroup rec.arts.movies. In each case, a single maintainer recorded items emailed by newsgroup readers, and posted updated versions of his list from time to time. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Usenet is a distributed Internet discussion system that evolved from a general purpose UUCP network of the same name. ... A newsgroup is a repository usually within the Usenet system, for messages posted from many users at different locations. ... E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ...


It began with a posting titled Those Eyes, on the subject of actresses with beautiful eyes. Hank Driskill began to collect a list of sexy actresses and what movies they had appeared in, and as the size of the repeated posting grew far beyond a normal newsgroup article, it soon became known simply as THE LIST. [2]. Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ...


The other project, started by Chuck Musciano, was briefly called the Movie Ratings List and soon became the Movie Ratings Report. Musciano simply asked readers to rate movies on a scale of 1 to 10, and reported on the votes [3]. He soon began posting "ballots" with lists of movies for people to rate, so his list also grew quickly.


In 1990 Col Needham collated the two lists and produced a Combined LIST & Movie Ratings Report [4], and at this point the ball really started rolling. Needham soon found himself starting a (male) Actors List, while Dave Knight began a Directors List, and Andy Krieg took over THE LIST, which would later be renamed as the Actress List. Both this and the Actors List had been restricted to people who were still alive and working, but retired people began to be added, and Needham also started what was then (but did not remain) a separate Dead Actors/Actresses List. The goal now was to make the lists as inclusive as the maintainers could manage. This article is about the year. ... Colin Needham (born c. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ...


In late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series. On October 17, 1990, Needham posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, and the database that would become the IMDb was born. At the time, it was known as the rec.arts.movies movie database. This article is about the year. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1990. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Guide to UNIX Unix or UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy. ... A shell script is a script written for the shell, or command interpreter, of an operating system. ...


On the Web

By 1993, the database had been expanded to include additional categories of filmmakers and other demographic material, as well as trivia, biographies, and plot summaries; the movie ratings had been properly integrated with the list data; and a centralised email interface for querying the database had been created. Later in the year, it moved onto to the World Wide Web (a network in its infancy back then) under the name of Cardiff Internet Movie Database. The database resided on the servers of the computer science department of Cardiff University in Wales. Rob Hartill was the original web interface author. In 1994, the email interface was revised to accept the submission of all information, meaning that people no longer had to email the specific list maintainer with their updates. However, the structure remained that information received on a single film was divided among multiple section managers, the sections being defined and determined by categories of film personnel and the individual filmographies contained therein. Its management also continued to be in the hands of a small contingent of underpaid or volunteer "section managers" who were receiving ever-growing quantities of information on films from around the world and across time from contributors of widely varying level of expertise and informational resources. Despite the annual claims of Needham, in a year-end report newsletter to the Top 50 contributors, that "fewer holes" must now remain for the coming year, the amount of information still missing from the database was vastly underestimated. Over the next few years, the database was run on a network of mirrors across the world with donated bandwidth. This is a list of film-related events in 1993. ... The term trivia is widely used to refer to tidbits of unimportant (or trivial) information, but it can also refer to basic or elementary knowledge. ... Sir Thomas Malory wrote the most famous fictional biography of the Middle Ages with Le Morte dArthur about the life of King Arthur. ... // Plot in literature, theater, movies According to Aristotles Poetics, a plot in literature is the arrangement of incidents that (ideally) each follow plausibly from the other. ... This NeXTcube used by Berners-Lee at CERN became the first Web server. ... This article is about computer servers. ... Cardiff University (Welsh: Prifysgol Caerdydd) is a university in Cardiff. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Robert Hartill (Born January 30, 1969), in Pontypridd, Wales. ... This is a list of film-related events in 1994. ... Mirror (computing) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


As an independent company

In 1995, it became obvious to the principal site managers that the project had become too large to maintain merely through donations and in their spare time. The decision was made to become a commercial venture and in 1996, IMDb was incorporated in the United Kingdom, becoming the Internet Movie Database Ltd, with Col Needham the primary owner as well as identifed figurehead. The remaining shareholders were the people maintaining the database. Revenue was generated through advertising, licensing and partnerships. 1995 (MCMXCV in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Colin Needham (born c. ...


This state of affairs continued until 1998. The database was growing every day, and it was again reaching a critical point. Most revenues were being spent on equipment, and shareholders were finding it difficult to reconcile the fact that for all their hard work they themselves were getting very little income. Many, by this time, had families to support and interact with, and could not hold regular paying jobs and meet the increasing needs of the database. The company's ability to add and upgrade equipment was dwindling, while the number of new informational submissions, as well as fan text, were increasing incrementally. The system was suffering noticeable slowdowns both in accessing the site and in having new data posted. Offers were solicited and received from major businesses to purchase the database; however, the shareholders were unwilling to sell if it could not be guaranteed that the information would be accessible to the internet community for free. 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


As a subsidiary company

In 1999, Jeff Bezos, founder, owner and CEO of Amazon.com struck a deal with Col Needham and other principal shareholders, to buy IMDb outright and attach it to his corporate empire as a subsidiary, private company. This gave IMDb the ability to pay the shareholders salaries for their work, while Amazon.com would be able to use the IMDb as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. Volunteer contributors were not advised in advance of even the possibility of IMDb - and their contributions along with it - being sold to a private business, which created some initial discord and defection of regulars. Promises to recompense all major contributors in some unspecified way for their prior services were issued by Col Needham in announcing the sale, but did not materialize. Jeff Bezos on the cover of TIME as Person of the Year 1999 Jeffrey Preston Bezos (born January 12, 1964) is the president, chief executive officer, and chairman of the board of Amazon. ... Amazon. ... It has been suggested that Dual layer recording be merged into this article or section. ... Bottom view of VHS videotape cassette with magnetic tape exposed Videotape is a means of recording television pictures and accompanying sound onto magnetic tape as opposed to movie film. ...


IMDb continues to expand its functionality. In 2002, it added a subscription service known as IMDbPro aimed at entertainment professionals. It provides a variety of services including production and box office details, as well as a company directory. Subscriptions are priced at $12.95 per month, or $99.95 per year (as of April, 2005). Most information contained in the IMDb database proper continues to come from volunteer researchers, whose only incentive, since 2003, is that if they are identified as being one of "the top 100 contributors" in terms of amounts of hard data submitted, they receive complimentary free access to IMDbPro for the following calendar year. For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... The term box office can refer to either: A place where tickets are sold to the public for admission to a venue The amount of business a particular production, such as a movie or theatre show, does. ...


The database

On 26 January 2006, the long-awaited "Full Episode Support" came online, meaning the database now supports separate cast and crew listings for every episode of every TV series. This was described by Col Needham as "the largest change we've ever made to our data model", and increased the number of titles in the database from 485,000 to nearly 750,000. January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


At present, the database entries for TV series are in a state of flux, as listings are migrated from series titles to individual episodes. The maintainers anticipate that it will take a couple of months for data to settle down and bugs to be ironed out.


Ancillary features

User voting

IMDb top 250 films, plotted by year and the sum of the ratings for movies from that year.
IMDb top 250 films, plotted by year and the sum of the ratings for movies from that year.

As one adjunct to data, the IMDb offers a facility for users to rate films by choosing one of ten categories in the range 1-10, with each user able to submit one vote. Current plans in development will also allow this rating to occur for television programming on an episode-by-episode basis. The points of reference given to user of these categories are the descriptions "1 (awful)" and "10 (excellent)", and these are the only descriptions of categories. Image File history File links IMDB_top_250. ... Image File history File links IMDB_top_250. ...


In adopting this method, IMDb is following its widespread usage; for example, the method is the same as rating in the range of a half star to five stars. When used in reviews, the method has some basic utility, particularly given a rating is usually given in the context of a qualitative appraisal of the film in which the reviewer articulates the criteria for judging a film, reaction to the film, and so forth. The simplicity of this method makes it popular, but in terms of psychometric criteria, the method suffers from a number of limitations. These limitations are compounded when data are aggregated in IMDb to produce "averages". A basic problem is that the data are at best ordinal categorizations. While it is not uncommon to calculate averages or means for such data, doing so is not strictly justifiable. This problem exists whether avarages are weighted or unweighted. A second limitation is that different users employ different criteria in making judgments, and use the categories in different ways (e.g. some will rarely use the category 10 while others may use it frequently). This makes comparisons between mean ratings particularly problematic for films are not compared with respect to explict, let alone common, criteria. For example, fans who most prefer crime films may tend to have different criteria in mind than fans who most prefer comedies. A related problem is that the votes are essentially a case of a convenience sampling: they represent only the aglomeration of those inclined to vote, and these users are in some cases be overwhelmingly fans of recent productions. Therefore, the ratings have no scientific validity; neither do they represent a single standard of determination or the views of the international community. Psychometrics is the science of measuring psychological aspects of a person such as knowledge, skills, abilities, or personality. ... The level of measurement of a variable in mathematics and statistics describes how much information the numbers associated with the variable contain. ... Sampling is that part of statistical practice concerned with the selection of individual observations intended to yield some knowledge about a population of concern, especially for the purposes of statistical inference. ...


IMDb indicates that submitted votes are filtered and weighted in various ways in order to produce weighted 'averages' displayed for each film, series, and so on. It states that filters are used to avoid vote stuffing, the method not being reported to avoid attempts to circumvent it. IMDb also states that their "scheme combines a number of well-known and proven statistical methods, including a trimmed mean to reduce extreme influences" [5]. While it is quite correct that trimmed means reduce extreme influences, it is somewhat misleading to describe this as a 'proven' statistical method: the key issue is whether the method is appropriate in a particular situation. It is appropriate when extremes are less reliable or robust sources of information for some reason, but it is not appropriate when the extremes provide important information. For example, a trimmed mean is decidedly inappropriate when a distribution genuinely has a mode at one extreme of the range of a scale. In statistics, the mode is the value that has the largest number of observations, namely the most frequent value or values. ...


The IMDb Top 250 is a listing of the top 250 films of all-time as voted by the registered users of the website using the methods described. Only theatrical releases running longer than 60 minutes with over 1250 votes are considered; all other product are ineligible. Also, the 'top 250' rating is based on only the votes of "regular voters". In addition to other weightings, the top 250 films are also based on a weighted rating formula traditionally known to actuaries as a 'credibility formula'. This label arises because a statistic is taken to be more credible the greater the number of individual pieces of information; in this case from eligible voters. The use of this formula means when the number of votes becomes smaller, the average becomes closer to the 'average' rating across all films. Conversely, the average rating of a film becomes closer to the average before the formula is applied as the number of votes increases. A limitation of this formula used in producing the top 250 is that it weights an 'average' rating more highly for sheer numbers of votes, irrespective of the criteria brought to bear by different voters. An example of the benefit of using the formula, however, is that it mitigates against the effects of extreme votes by small but extreme groups of fans.


Despite these drawbacks and frequent complaints that the list is only a popularity contest, the list comprises films from a wide strata, including major releases, cult films, independent films, critically acclaimed films, silent films and foreign films. Since movie preferences are subjective in nature and every viewer is in essence a critic, all lists are ultimately a matter of apples and oranges. It is a credit to the IMDb that the films represented on the list are wide and eclectic in range. The number one film on the list is Francis Ford Coppola's The Godfather which is often considered a candidate for the all time greatest films by both professional critics and cinemagoers. Francis Ford Coppola at Cannes 2001 Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American film director, screenwriter, vintner, magazine publisher, and hotelier, most renowned for directing the highly regarded Godfather trilogy. ... The Godfather is a film adaptation of the novel of the same name (see The Godfather (novel)) written by Mario Puzo, directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Marlon Brando and Al Pacino. ...


The IMDb also has a Bottom 100 feature which is assembled in the same way. A disproportionate number of "Bottom 100" films were featured on Mystery Science Theater 3000, as a result of an MST3K website encouraging all its users to register with IMDb and vote "1" on films featured on the show, during IMDb's early years. Movie theater view, featuring the short film Hired!. Mystery Science Theater 3000 (1988–1999), usually abbreviated MST3K, is a cult television comedy series created by Joel Hodgson featuring a man and his robot sidekicks who are trapped on a satellite in space and forced to watch particularly bad movies. ...


Message boards

One of the most used features of the Internet Movie Database is the Message Boards that coincide with every database entry, along with 47 Main Boards. These boards allow registered users to share, discuss and debate information about the movie/actor/writer. They were not originally part of the IMDb, but were added only after its purchase by Amazon.com, some time in the year 2000.


The Main Boards are wide discussion forums that pertain to certain aspects of film discussion. They divide into the categories Trivia! Trivia! (various aspects of detailed film minutia), Awards Season (various movie awards winners and nominees), FilmTalk (talk about film in general and specific films), TV Talk (television shows, new and old), Shop Talk (film professions), Genre Zone (a number of established movie genres), Around the World (global cinema), Star Talk (celebrities and film professionals), General Boards (miscellaneous and non-film-related topics), and IMDb Help (anything pertaining directly to the site itself). As the IMDb expires older posts from all message boards variably, it is difficult to precisely measure traffic according to individual board, but The Sandbox and The Soapbox are amongst the highest traffic boards on IMDb. The Soapbox is a general purpose discussion board, where users can go for "their more heated discussions". The Sandbox is a general purpose, anything-goes board designated for test messages and off-topic posts.


Other less trafficked boards include the Harry Potter boards, where passtimes include gossiping about Daniel Radcliff, and the Revenge of the Sith boards, where open rpging is acceptable as long as it has some mention of Star Wars in it. This article is about the Harry Potter series. ... Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith is the third episode of the Star Wars film series (but the sixth film to be produced), to be released on Thursday, May 19, 2005. ...


Over the last 5 years the George W. Bush and Soapbox message boards (and, to a lesser extent, the Fahrenheit 9/11 and The Passion of the Christ message boards and other message boards for political and religious personas) have been major targets for heated debate, ranting and trolling. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States. ... Fahrenheit 9/11 is a high-grossing, award-winning documentary film by American filmmaker and liberal activist Michael Moore, which had a general release in the United States and Canada on June 25, 2004 in the run up to the presidential election. ... The Passion of the Christ (2004) is a film about the last twelve hours of the life of Jesus Christ. ... Troll can have several different meanings: A Troll is a fictitious, mythological creature. ...



Registered Users: 8,630,000 - Jan 1 2006 -- 9,000,000 Sun Jan 22 2006


IMDb Home page - "Visited by over 30 million movie lovers each month!"


Copyright issues

All volunteers who contribute content to the database retain copyright to their contributions but grant full rights to copy, modify, and sublicense the content to IMDb. IMDb in turn does not allow others to use movie summaries or actor biographies without written permission. Using filtering software to avoid the display of advertisements from the site is also explicitly forbidden. Only small subsets of filmographies are allowed to be quoted, and only on non-commercial websites. Copyright symbol. ... Computer software (or simply software) refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of a computer for some purpose. ...


Criticisms

Despite its popularity, IMDb still has its share of critics. Some of the more common complaints leveled against the site include:

  • The ability of the software to filter content is limited.
  • Only 17 staff members are actively involved in validating and processing through the system the hundreds of thousands of lines of presumed information contributed each month.
  • Staff members gauge the validity of contributed data based on the past reliability of the contributor, as none are themselves experts in significantly varied areas of film history to know what is valid themselves.
  • Submissions of product data are processed by categories of personnel contained in the submission, meaning the data for one film, e.g., is broken up into several components and examined independently of the other components, then reassembled without checking the continuity of the whole, which may be further disrupted if one manager's section(s) is/are backlogged, an unfortunately regular occurrence at IMDb.
  • Submission policies have become more rigid over the years, and approval of new titles to be added has become more cautious, but errors still abound while the added restrictions have made it more difficult to add information to the database or correct fallacies. For example, the editors will generally not allow the addition of new program entries (films, TV series, documentaries, etc.) unless a website featuring said production is provided, making it difficult for users to add older or obscure titles produced before the days of the internet.
  • Film crew professionals are woefully represented on the "full cast and crew" listings giving a false impression of who did what and creating more confusion when copycat sites re-inforce the mythology that is "IMDB"
  • Furthermore, IMDb also retains the right to publish AND what not to publish in such categories as a film's trivia, goofs, celebrity information, etc., regardless of how true it is. It is common for an item to be published one day, only to be relinquished the next; in other cases, it is impossible to get a demonstrably untrue piece of information removed.
  • There is a lack of ongoing moderation for its message boards. Many irrelevant, attacking or obscene messages, and general trolling, has increasingly plagued the boards of films and personalities, not to mention the board set up by IMDb for the explicit purpose of being an outlet for skreed ("The Soapbox"), which seems to only attract more flame-warriors and trolls to the site. Although offensive messages can be reported, their removals are very slow, and users have been given an "ignore this poster" option as a sop (the function blocks the message from the view of the user who has placed someone on his/her ignore list; the offending poster's contributions remain live and visible to anyone who does not have them in "ignore" status.
  • The "Mini biography" section (see a full view by clicking the "(show more)" link) on each actor's homepage has information which is very uneven and out-of-date, and in many cases shoddy and completely non-verified. The information regarding the most popular and established performers is often (but not always) correct, with the quality and veracity of the data of the supporting and less well-known players often very rough and quite unreliable.

See also

The Internet Broadway Database (IBDB) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. ... Fictional film or narrative film uses chronological reality to tell a fictional story. ... While it is impossible to objectively determine the greatest film of all time, it is possible to discuss the films that have been regarded as the greatest ever. ... Plan 9 From Outer Space, considered so bad its good by some; widely regarded as the first contender for Worst Movie Ever Made. Although taste and judgment are subjective, the movies listed have achieved a notable level of infamy, through critical and popular consensus. ... Rotten Tomatoes is a website devoted to reviews, information, and news of movies and video games. ... The Internet Movie Cars Database (IMCDb) is similar to IMDb but instead of showing the list of actors and the crew it show various cars in films and television series, with various screenshots. ... The Internet Adult Film Database (acronym: IAFD) is an online database of information pertaining to the adult industry, covering actors, actresses, directors and movies. ...

External links

  • The Internet Movie Database—including a copyright statement, license terms, and database statistics
  • IMDb's UK mirror
  • IMDb's history of itself
  • IMDb general message boards
  • IMDb's French site with French alternate titles
  • IMDb's German site with German alternate titles
  • IMDb's Italian site with Italian alternate titles
  • IMDb's Spanish site with Spanish alternate titles
  • IMDb's Portuguese site with Portuguese alternate titles
  • IMDb's AKA site listing all AKA (i.e. also known as) titles
  • "Do You IMDb?" August 2004 article from L.A. Weekly
  • Most linked to IMDb entries

The L.A. Weekly is a weekly free paper in Los Angeles. ...

The IMDb's newsgroup origins

  • ^  Unfortunately, Google Groups coverage of rec.arts.movies is incomplete during the relevant time period, with a 6-month gap in late 1988 and early 1989 and a number of missing articles after that. This posting, with almost 1000 entries, is the earliest version of THE LIST that is preserved. This response to an item in the newsgroup's FAQ list tells the then-recent story of the list's origin.
  • ^  Chuck Musciano's first posting proposing the movie ratings report is also missing, but here are his first call for votes and his first ratings report.
  • ^  Needham's first combined LIST and ratings report. His first posting of the database scripts is not available.
  • A 1994 FAQ list for the database. Section 8 tells its early history in a less sanitized manner than the IMDb link above.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Internet Movie Database - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3370 words)
IMDb also has an active message board system: there are message boards for each database entry, which can be found at the bottom of the relevant page, as well as general discussion boards on various topics.
IMDb also states that their "scheme combines a number of well-known and proven statistical methods, including a trimmed mean to reduce extreme influences" [5].
As the IMDb expires older posts from all message boards variably, it is difficult to precisely measure traffic according to individual board, but The Sandbox and The Soapbox are amongst the highest traffic boards on IMDb.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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