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Encyclopedia > II Corps (ACW)

There were five corps in the The Union Army refers to the United States Army during the American Civil War. The Union Army is also known as the Northern Army, and the Federal Army. History of the Union Army Formation of the Union Army When the American Civil War began in April 1861, there were only... Union Army designated as II Corps (Second Corps) during the The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession... American Civil War.

  • Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. The army won victories at the battles of Murfreesboro, Chattanooga, Franklin and Nashville, but was defeated at Chickamauga. It participated in the Grand... Army of the Cumberland, II Corps commanded by Thomas L. Crittenden ( October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. Events 1-1899 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius. 1360 - The... October 24, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. Events 1556 - Fifty miles north of Delhi, a Mogul Army defeats Hindu forces of General Hemu to ensure Akbar the throne of India. 1605 - Gunpowder Plot: A plot by... November 5, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862)
  • Army of the Mississippi, commanded by Portrait of William Tecumseh Sherman by Mathew Brady William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, and author. He served as a general in the United States Army during the American Civil War (1861–1865), achieving both recognition for this outstanding command... William T. Sherman ( January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 361 days remaining (362 in leap years). Events 871 - Battle of Reading - Ethelred of Wessex fights a Danish invasion army . 1493 - Christopher Columbus leaves the New World, ending his first journey . 1642 - English Civil War... January 4, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 353 days remaining (354 in leap years). Events 1528 - Gustav I of Sweden crowned king of Sweden. 1592 - Titus Andronicus first staged at the Rose Theatre. 1709 - Little Ice Age: Two-month freezing period begins... January 12, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863)
  • Army of the Ohio, commanded by Thomas L. Crittenden ( September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). There are 93 days remaining. Events 61 BC - Pompey the Great celebrates his third triumph, for victories over the pirates and the end of the Mithridatic Wars on his 45th birthday. 48 BC - Ptolemy XIII of Egypt... September 29, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. Events 1-1899 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius. 1360 - The... October 24, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862)
  • The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. It should not be confused with its principal opponent, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Robert E. Lee. History The Army of... Army of Virginia, commanded by Nathaniel Prentiss Banks (January 30, 1816–September 1, 1894), American politician and soldier, was born at Waltham, Massachusetts. He received only a common school education and at an early age began work as a bobbinboy in a cotton factory of which his father was superintendent. Subsequently he edited a... Nathaniel P. Banks ( June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. Events 600-1899 684 - Benedict II becomes Pope. 1483 - Richard III becomes king of England. 1819 - The bicycle is patented. 1900-1999 1924 - American occupying forces leave the Dominican... June 26, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). There are 118 days remaining. Events 476 - Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, was deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself King of Italy. 1781 - Los Angeles is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora... September 4, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862) and Alpheus S. Williams ( September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). There are 118 days remaining. Events 476 - Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, was deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself King of Italy. 1781 - Los Angeles is founded as El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora... September 4, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). There are 110 days remaining. Events 490 BC - Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon 1213 - Peter II of Aragon, the king of Aragon, died at the Battle of Muret. 1609 - Henry Hudson discovers the Hudson... September 12, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862)
  • Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. Headquarters Army of the Potomac, November 10th 1862. The Army of the Potomac was the major Union Army in the Eastern Theatre of the American Civil War. History The Army of the Potomac was created in 1861, but was... Army of the Potomac ( March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). There are 293 days remaining. Events 483 - St. Felix becomes Pope. 874 - The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Apostles, Constantinople. 1138 - Cardinal Gregory is elected anti-pope... March 13, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. See Talk:August_1. The correct dates for such events need to be determined.) June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th... June 28, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865).

Of these five, the one most widely known was in the Army of the Potomac, the subject of this article.


Corps history

The II Corps was prominent by reason of its longer and continuous service, larger organization, hardest fighting, and greatest number of casualties. Within its ranks was the regiment that sustained the largest percentage of loss in any one action; the regiment that sustained the greatest numerical loss in any one action; and the regiment that sustained the greatest numerical loss during its term of service. Of the one hundred regiments in the Union Army that lost the most men in battle, thirty-five of them belonged to the II Corps.


The corps was organized under General Orders No. 101, March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). There are 293 days remaining. Events 483 - St. Felix becomes Pope. 874 - The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Apostles, Constantinople. 1138 - Cardinal Gregory is elected anti-pope... March 13, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862, which assigned General Edwin Vose Bull Head Sumner (January 30, 1797 – March 21, 1863) was a U.S. Army officer who became a Major General and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the American Civil War. His nickname Bull Head came from a legend that a... Edwin V. Sumner to its command, and Generals Israel B. Richardson, Major General John Sedgwick John Sedgwick (September 13, 1813 – May 9, 1864) was a teacher, a career military officer, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Sedgwick was born in the Berkshires town of Cornwall Hollow, Connecticut. After teaching for two years, he attended the U... John Sedgwick, and Louis Blenker to the command of its divisions. Within three weeks of its organization the corps moved with George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 - October 29, 1885) was a Major General of the Union Army during the American Civil War. He played an important role in raising a well trained and organized army for the Union, but his leadership skills in battle were questioned, and he was accused... George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac on the Map of the events of the campaign. The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union offensive operation launched in southern Virginia in March through July of 1862. The operation, commanded by General George McClellan, was a roundabout amphibious attempt to... Peninsula Campaign, except for Blenker's division, which was withdrawn on March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years). There are 275 days remaining. Events 300-1899 307 - After divorcing his wife Minerva, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Maximian. 1774 - American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great... March 31 from McClellan's command, and ordered to reinforce John C. Frémont John Charles Frémont ( January 21, 1813– July 13, 1890), birth name John Charles Fremon [Harvey, p.192], was an American military officer, explorer, and the first candidate of the United States Republican Party for the office of President of the United States... John C. Frémont's army in western State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7.4%) Population (2000)  - Population 7,196,750 (12th)  - Density... Virginia. Blenker's division never rejoined the corps. The remaining two divisions numbered 21,500 men, of whom 18,000 were present for duty.


The first general engagement of the corps occurred at Battle of Seven Pines Conflict American Civil War Date May 31 - June 1, 1862 Place Henrico County, Virginia Result Inconclusive The Battle of Seven Pines, also known as the Battle of Fair Oaks or Fair Oaks Station, took place from May 31 - June 1, 1862 in Henrico County, Virginia as... Fair Oaks, where Sumner's prompt and soldierly action brought the corps on the field in time to retrieve a serious disaster, and change a rout into a victory. The casualties of the two divisions in that battle amounted to 196 killed, 899 wounded, and 90 missing. In the The Seven Days Campaign (June 25–July 1, 1862), or Seven Days Battle, of the American Civil War was a successful effort by the Confederate commander Robert E. Lee to turn back the Union general George McClellans Army of the Potomac in its attempt to capture Richmond, Virginia... Seven Days Battles it lost 201 killed, 1,195 wounded, and 1,024 missing. Upon the withdrawal of the army from before Richmond is the capital of Virginia, a state (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) of the United States of America. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 197,790. Like all Virginia municipalities incorporated as cities, it is an independent city, not part of any county... Richmond, it moved to the support of Major General John Pope John Pope (March 18, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career Army officer and general in the American Civil War. Pope was born at Louisville, Kentucky, graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1842, and joined the Topographical Engineers. After serving in Florida and... John Pope's The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. It should not be confused with its principal opponent, the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, commanded by Robert E. Lee. History The Army of... Army of Virginia at Second Battle of Bull Run Conflict American Civil War Date August 28–30, 1862 Place Prince William County Result Confederate victory The Second Battle of Manassas, known as the Second Battle of Bull Run in the North, was a battle during the American Civil War. It began with an... Second Bull Run, arriving on that field in time to go into position at Battle of Chantilly Conflict American Civil War Date September 1, 1862 Place Fairfax County Result Inconclusive (Confederate strategic victory) The Battle of Chantilly took place in Virginia during the American Civil War. After the Second Battle of Bull Run, General Jackson hoped to cut off the Union retreat. Making a... Chantilly, but was not engaged.


The corps then marched on the Maryland Campaign, during which William H. French's (3rd) Division was added. At Battle of Antietam Conflict American Civil War Date September 16–18, 1862 Place Near Sharpsburg, Maryland Result (Union strategic victory) The Battle of Antietam (known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South), fought on Wednesday, September 17, 1862 near Sharpsburg, Maryland, was the first major battle of the... Antietam the corps was prominently engaged, its casualties amounting to more than double that of any other corps on the field. Out of 15,000 effectives, it lost 883 killed, 3,859 wounded, and 396 missing; total, 5,138. Nearly one-half of these casualties occurred in Sedgwick's (2nd) Division, in its bloody and ill-planned advance on the Dunker church, an affair that was under Sumner's personal direction. The This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you might want to go back and fix it to point directly to the intended page. Irish Brigade (French) formed from the Irish... Irish Brigade, of Richardson's (1st) Division, also sustained a terrible loss in its fight at the "Bloody Lane", but, at the same time, inflicted a greater one on the enemy. General Richardson was killed in this battle, and General Sedgwick received three wounds.


The next battle was at Battle of Fredericksburg Conflict American Civil War Date December 11–15, 1862 Place Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg Result Confederate victory The Battle of Fredericksburg, fought on December 13, 1862 between General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac commanded by Maj. Gen... Fredericksburg. In the meantime Sumner had been promoted to the command of a Grand Division—II and IX Corps—and General Darius N. Couch, a division commander of the IV Corps, was appointed to his place. General Portrait of Winfield S. Hancock during the Civil War Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 - February 9, 1886) was born in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania and named after the famous general Winfield Scott. Hancock would become a general himself, graduating West Point in 1844, and rising to the rank of major... Winfield S. Hancock succeeded to the command of Richardson's (1st) Division, and General Portrait of Oliver O. Howard by Mathew Brady, ca. 1860 General Oliver Otis Howard (1830 – 1909) was a one-armed American Civil War veteran who was involved in the post-Civil War battles against the Western Indian tribes. His most famous campaign was against the Nez Perce tribe, with... Oliver O. Howard took Sedgwick's place, the latter being absent on account of wounds. The loss of the corps at Fredericksburg exceeded that of any other in that battle, amounting to 412 killed, 3,214 wounded, and 488 missing, one-half of which fell on Hancock's Division in the unsuccessful assault on Marye's Heights. The percentage of loss in Hancock's Division was large, Caldwell's (1st) Brigade losing 46 percent killed and wounded.


After Fredericksburg, the Grand Divisions were discontinued and, General Sumner retiring on account of age and physical disabilities, General Couch remained in command. Couch led the corps at Battle of Chancellorsville Conflict American Civil War Date April 30 – May 6, 1863 Place Spotsylvania County Result Decisive Confederate victory The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War in 1863. Called Lees perfect battle, it pitted U.S. Major General Joseph Hookers... Chancellorsville, with Hancock, John Gibbon, and French as his division commanders. Sedgwick had been promoted to the command of the VI Corps, and Howard, who had commanded Sedgwick's Division at Fredericksburg, was promoted to the command of the XI Corps. At Chancellorsville, the principal part of the II Corps' fighting fell on Hancock's Division, its skirmish line, under Colonel Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. He was born near Westminster, Massachusetts on his familys farm. Miles worked in Boston and attended night school, read military history... Nelson A. Miles, distinguishing itself by a successful resistance to a strong attack of the enemy, making one of the most interesting episodes in the history of that battle. During the fighting at Chancellorsville, Gibbon's (2nd) Division remained at Fredericksburg, where it supported Sedgwick's operations, but with slight loss.


Not long after Chancellorsville, General Couch was relieved at his own request, Hancock succeeding to the command of the corps, and Caldwell to that of Hancock's Division. At the start of the Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1–3, 1863), which took place in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, was one of the largest battles ever conducted in the Western... Gettysburg Campaign, General Alexander Hays' Brigade joined, and was assigned to the 3rd Division, Hays taking command of the division. At Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg ( July 1– 3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever conducted in... Gettysburg, the corps was hotly engaged in the battles of the second and third days, encountering there the hardest fighting in its experience, and winning there its grandest laurels; on the second day, in the fighting at the Wheat Field, and on the third, in the repulse of Pickett's Charge, which was mostly directed against Hancock's position. The fighting was deadly in the extreme, the percentage of loss in the 1st State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  - Land 206,375 km²  - Water 18,990 km² (8.4%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,919,479 (21st)  - Density... Minnesota, Gibbon's Division, being without an equal in the records of modern warfare. The loss in the corps was 796 killed, 3,186 wounded, and 368 missing; a total of 4,350 out of less than 10,500 engaged. Gibbon's Division suffered the most, the percentage of loss in William Harrow's (1st) Brigade being unusually severe. Hancock and Gibbon were seriously wounded, while of the brigade commanders, Samuel K. Zook, Edward E. Cross, George L. Willard, and Eliakim Sherrill were killed. The monthly return of the corps, June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. Events 1600-1899 1651 - Battle of Beresteczko ends with Polish victory. 1805 - The U.S. Congress organizes Michigan Territory. 1864 - Abraham Lincoln grants Yosemite Valley to California for public... June 30, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863, shows an aggregate of 22,336 borne on the rolls, but shows only 13,056 "present for duty." From the latter deduct the usual proportion of non-combatants—the musicians, teamsters, cooks, servants, and stragglers—and it becomes doubtful if the corps had over 10,000 muskets in line at Gettysburg.


General Hancock's wounds necessitated an absence of several months. General William Hays was placed in command of the corps immediately after the battle of Gettysburg, retaining the command until August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 141 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1099 -- First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon - Crusaders defeat Saracens and the Kingdom of Jerusalem is established under Godfrey of Bouillon. 1323 - Treaty of Nö... August 12h, when he was relieved by General Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warren was born in Cold Spring, New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, commissioned a second lieutenant... Gouverneur K. Warren. Warren had distinguished himself at Gettysburg by his quick comprehension of the critical situation at Little Round Top, and by the energetic promptness with which he remedied the difficulty. He had also made a brilliant reputation in the V Corps, and as the chief topographical officer of the Army of the Potomac. He was, subsequently, in command at Bristoe Station, a II Corps affair, and one which was noticeable for the dash with which officers and men fought, together with the superior ability displayed by Warren himself. He also commanded at Mine Run and Morton's Ford, the divisions at that time being under Generals John C. Caldwell, Alexander S. Webb and Alexander Hays.


Upon the reorganization of the Army of the Potomac, March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). There are 283 days remaining. Events 752 - Stephen II becomes Pope. 1568 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. Again Catherine de Medici and Charles IX of France make... March 23, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864, the III Corps was discontinued, and two of its three divisions were ordered transferred to the II Corps. Under this arrangement the II Corps was increased to 81 regiments of infantry and 10 batteries of light artillery. The units of the old II Corps were consolidated into two divisions, under Generals Francis C. Barlow and John Gibbon; the two divisions of the III Corps were transferred intact, and were numbered as the 3rd and 4th, with Generals David B. Birney and Gershom Mott in command. By this accession, the II Corps attained in April, 1864, an aggregate strength of 46,363, with 28,854 present for duty.


General Hancock, having partially recovered from his wounds, resumed command, and led his battle-scarred divisions across the Rapidan River. In the This article is about the Battle of the Wilderness in the American Civil War. For the French and Indian War battle, see Battle of the Wilderness 1755. Battle of the Wilderness Conflict American Civil War Date May 5–7, 1864 Place Spotsylvania County Result Inconclusive (Grant continued his offensive... Battle of the Wilderness, the corps lost 699 killed, 3,877 wounded, and 516 missing; total, 5,092, half of this loss falling on Birney's (3rd) Division. General Alexander Hays, commanding the 2nd Brigade of Birney's Division, was among the killed.


At Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Conflict American Civil War Date May 8–21, 1864 Place Spotsylvania County Result Inconclusive (Grant continued his offensive) The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, sometimes simply referred to as the Battle of Spotsylvania, was the second battle in Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grants... Spotsylvania the II Corps again attained a glorious place in history by Hancock's brilliant and successful assault on the morning of May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). There are 233 days remaining. Events 1191 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. 1264 - The Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England and the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th... May 12. During the fighting around Spotsylvania, Mott's (4th) Division became so depleted by casualties, and by the loss of several regiments whose term of service had expired, that it was discontinued and merged into Birney's Division, Mott retaining the command of a brigade. The casualties of the corps in the various actions around Spotsylvania, from May 8 is the 128th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (129th in leap years). There are 237 days remaining. Events 1450 - Jack Cades Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI. 1541 - Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River naming it Río de Espí... May 8 to May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). There are 226 days remaining. Events 1500-1899 1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with 3 ships, 110 men, and Chief Donnaconas 2 sons... May 19, aggregated 894 killed, 4,947 wounded, and 801 missing; total 6,642, or over one-third of the loss in the entire Army of the Potomac, including the IX Corps. The heaviest loss occurred in Barlow's (1st) Division. Up to this time the II Corps had not lost a color nor a gun, although it had previously captured 44 stands of colors from the enemy.


After more of hard and continuous fighting at the Battle of Totopotomoy Creek Conflict American Civil War Date May 23–26, 1864 Place Caroline County and Hanover County, Virginia Result Inconclusive The Battle of North Anna (also called Telegraph Road Bridge, Jericho Mill ( May 23), and Ox Ford, Quarles Mill, Hanover Junction ( May 24)) was a battle in... North Anna River, and along the Totopotomoy, the corps reached the memorable field of Battle of Cold Harbor Conflict American Civil War Date May 31 – June 12, 1864 Place Hanover County Result Confederate victory The Battle of Cold Harbor, the third and final battle of United States Lieut. Gen. Ulysses S. Grants 1864 Overland Campaign in central Virginia during the American Civil... Cold Harbor. While at Spotsylvania it had been reinforced by a brigade of heavy artillery regiments, acting as infantry, and by the brigade known as the Corcoran Legion, so that at Cold Harbor it numbered 53,831, present and absent, with 26,900 "present for duty". Its loss at Cold Harbor including eleven days in the trenches, was 494 killed, 2,442 wounded, and 574 missing; total, 3,510. Birney's Division was but slightly engaged.


In the assaults on the Petersburg entrenchments, June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. Events 1400-1899 1487 - Battle of Stoke Field, the last dying breath of the Wars of the Roses 1586 - Mary Queen of Scots recognizes Philip II of Spain as... June 16 June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. Events 1100-1899 1178 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the moons distance... 18, the Corps is again credited with the largest casualty list. In one of these attacks, the 1st Maine Heavy Artillery sustained the most remarkable loss of any regimental organization in any one action during the war. At this time the corps contained 85 regiments; its effective strength, however, was less than at a previous date. The corps recrossed the The James River is the name of several rivers in the United States. James River (North Dakota, South Dakota) James River (Virginia) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an article link referred you here, you... James River, and fought at Deep Bottom, July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. Events 1139 - Afonso, then a count, is procclaimed first king of Portugal and declares independence from Castile 1469 - Battle of Edgecote Moor 1581 - Plakkaat van Verlatinghe (Oath of Abjuration... July 26, and again on August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1040 - King Duncan I of Scotland is killed in battle against his cousin and successor Macbeth 1385 - 1383-1385 Crisis: Castilians are defeated by Portuguese at... August 14; then, having returned to the lines around Petersburg, Barlow's and Birney's Divisions were engaged at Ream's Station, on August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. Events 1500-1899 1537 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. 1580 - Battle of Alcantara. Spain defeats... August 25, a disastrous and unfortunate affair, in which it lost a large number of men captured.


At the Battle of the Boydton Plank Road, October 27 is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 65 days remaining. Events 600-1899 625 - Honorius I becomes Pope. 1644 - Second Battle of Newbury in the English Civil War. 1795 - The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Madrid... October 27, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864, the division commanders were Generals Thomas W. Egan and Mott, the 1st Division ( Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. He was born near Westminster, Massachusetts on his familys farm. Miles worked in Boston and attended night school, read military history... Nelson A. Miles's), being retained in the trenches. In November, 1864, General Hancock was assigned to other duty, and General Andrew A. Humphreys, chief of staff to the Army of the Potomac, succeeded to his position. He was in command during the final campaign, the divisions being under Generals Miles, William Hays, and Mott. The corps fought its last battle at Farmville, April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). There are 268 days remaining. Events 529 - first draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I 1348 - Charles University is founded in Prague... April 7, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865, two days before Lee's surrender. In this final action General Thomas A. Smyth, a brigadier general in Hays' (2nd) Division, was killed. Smyth was an officer with a brilliant reputation, and at one time commanded the famous Irish Brigade.


Command history

Edwin Vose Bull Head Sumner (January 30, 1797 – March 21, 1863) was a U.S. Army officer who became a Major General and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the American Civil War. His nickname Bull Head came from a legend that a... Edwin V. Sumner March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). There are 293 days remaining. Events 483 - St. Felix becomes Pope. 874 - The bones of Saint Nicephorus are interred in the Church of the Apostles, Constantinople. 1138 - Cardinal Gregory is elected anti-pope... March 13, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). There are 85 days remaining. Events 3761 BCE - The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar. 1513 - Battle of La Motta — Spanish troops under Ramon de Cardona defeat the Venetians. 1571 - Battle of Lepanto occurs. 1582... October 7, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862
Darius N. Couch October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). There are 85 days remaining. Events 3761 BCE - The epoch (origin) of the modern Hebrew calendar. 1513 - Battle of La Motta — Spanish troops under Ramon de Cardona defeat the Venetians. 1571 - Battle of Lepanto occurs. 1582... October 7, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. There are 5 days remaining. Events 1481 - Battle of Westbroek - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht 1606 - King Lear performed in the Court of England 1620 - Elizabeth Bathorys crimes are uncovered 1620 - Pilgrim... December 26, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862
Major General John Sedgwick John Sedgwick (September 13, 1813 – May 9, 1864) was a teacher, a career military officer, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. Sedgwick was born in the Berkshires town of Cornwall Hollow, Connecticut. After teaching for two years, he attended the U... John Sedgwick December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. There are 5 days remaining. Events 1481 - Battle of Westbroek - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht 1606 - King Lear performed in the Court of England 1620 - Elizabeth Bathorys crimes are uncovered 1620 - Pilgrim... December 26, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. He is succeeded by Amasa Leland Stanford. January 30 - The first American ironclad warship, the USS Monitor is launched. February 1 - Julia Ward Howes Battle Hymn of the Republic is published for the... 1862 January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 339 days remaining (340 in leap years). Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. 1500 - Vicente Yáñez Pinzón become the first European to discover Brazil. 1531 - Lisbon, Portugal... January 26, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Portrait of Oliver O. Howard by Mathew Brady, ca. 1860 General Oliver Otis Howard (1830 – 1909) was a one-armed American Civil War veteran who was involved in the post-Civil War battles against the Western Indian tribes. His most famous campaign was against the Nez Perce tribe, with... Oliver O. Howard January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 339 days remaining (340 in leap years). Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. 1500 - Vicente Yáñez Pinzón become the first European to discover Brazil. 1531 - Lisbon, Portugal... January 26, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 329 days remaining (330 in leap years). Events 1576 - Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France. 1631 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. 1778 - South... February 5, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Darius N. Couch February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 329 days remaining (330 in leap years). Events 1576 - Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France. 1631 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. 1778 - South... February 5, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). There are 223 days remaining. Events 1176 - Murder attempt by the Hashshashin (Assassins) on Saladin near Aleppo. 1455 - Wars of the Roses: First Battle of St Albans - Richard, Duke of York defeats and... May 22, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Portrait of Winfield S. Hancock during the Civil War Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 - February 9, 1886) was born in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania and named after the famous general Winfield Scott. Hancock would become a general himself, graduating West Point in 1844, and rising to the rank of major... Winfield S. Hancock May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). There are 223 days remaining. Events 1176 - Murder attempt by the Hashshashin (Assassins) on Saladin near Aleppo. 1455 - Wars of the Roses: First Battle of St Albans - Richard, Duke of York defeats and... May 22, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Turkish army under Qilich Arslan I. 1690 - Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian... July 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
John Gibbon July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. Events 1000-1899 1097 - Battle of Dorylaeum Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto defeat a Turkish army under Qilich Arslan I. 1690 - Battle of the Boyne as reckoned under Julian... July 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. It is the middle day of a non-leap year, because there are 182 days before and 182 days after. It falls on the same day of the week... July 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Portrait of Winfield S. Hancock during the Civil War Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 - February 9, 1886) was born in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania and named after the famous general Winfield Scott. Hancock would become a general himself, graduating West Point in 1844, and rising to the rank of major... Winfield S. Hancock July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. It is the middle day of a non-leap year, because there are 182 days before and 182 days after. It falls on the same day of the week... July 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 July 3 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ July 3 From Wikipedia July 3rd is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 181 days remaining. Events 300-1899 323 - Battle of Adrianople... July 3, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
William Hays July 3 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ July 3 From Wikipedia July 3rd is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 181 days remaining. Events 300-1899 323 - Battle of Adrianople... July 3, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 137 days remaining. Events 1700-1899 1777 - American troops. 1780 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden _ The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina. 1812 - War of 1812: American... August 16, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warren was born in Cold Spring, New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, commissioned a second lieutenant... Gouverneur K. Warren August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 137 days remaining. Events 1700-1899 1777 - American troops. 1780 - American Revolutionary War: Battle of Camden _ The British defeat the Americans near Camden, South Carolina. 1812 - War of 1812: American... August 16, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). There are 127 days remaining. Events 100 BC-AD 1899 55 BC - Julius Caesar invades Britain AD 1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Empire at Manzikert 1278 - Ladislaus IV... August 26, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
John C. Caldwell August 26 is the 238th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (239th in leap years). There are 127 days remaining. Events 100 BC-AD 1899 55 BC - Julius Caesar invades Britain AD 1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Empire at Manzikert 1278 - Ladislaus IV... August 26, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years). There are 120 days remaining. Events 31 BC - Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium - Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra. 1649 - The Italian city of Castro is... September 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warren was born in Cold Spring, New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, commissioned a second lieutenant... Gouverneur K. Warren       September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years). There are 120 days remaining. Events 31 BC - Roman Civil War: Battle of Actium - Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra. 1649 - The Italian city of Castro is... September 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). There are 82 days remaining. Events 600-1899 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shia... October 10, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
John C. Caldwell October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). There are 82 days remaining. Events 600-1899 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shia... October 10, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). There are 80 days remaining. Events 1400-1899 1492 - Christopher Columbuss expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean. The explorer believes he has reached East Asia. 1609 - Three Blind Mice published by London... October 12, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warren was born in Cold Spring, New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, commissioned a second lieutenant... Gouverneur K. Warren October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). There are 80 days remaining. Events 1400-1899 1492 - Christopher Columbuss expedition makes landfall in the Caribbean. The explorer believes he has reached East Asia. 1609 - Three Blind Mice published by London... October 12, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 15 days remaining. Events 1392 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts. 1653 - Oliver Cromwell becomes... December 16, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
John C. Caldwell December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 15 days remaining. Events 1392 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts. 1653 - Oliver Cromwell becomes... December 16, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket, is slain in his own cathedral on orders from Henry II of England. 1813 - War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York 1845 - Texas... December 29, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warren was born in Cold Spring, New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, commissioned a second lieutenant... Gouverneur K. Warren December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. Events 1170 - Thomas Becket, is slain in his own cathedral on orders from Henry II of England. 1813 - War of 1812: British soldiers burn Buffalo, New York 1845 - Texas... December 29, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Events January January 1 - Abraham Lincoln delivers the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War. January 1 - The first claim under the Homestead Act is made for a farm in Nebraska January 8 - Ground is broken in Sacramento... 1863 January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 356 days remaining (357 in leap years). Events 1431 - Trial of Joan of Arc began in Rouen, the seat of the English occupation government. 1760 - Afghans defeat Marathas in Battle of Barari Ghat. 1768 - Philip... January 9, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864
John C. Caldwell January 19 is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 346 days remaining (347 in leap years) Events 1419 - Hundred Years War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England which makes Normandy a part of England. 1520 - Sten Sture the Younger, the Regent of Sweden... January 19, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 350 days remaining (351 in leap years). Events 69 - Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only survives for three months before committing suicide. 1559 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned... January 15, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864
Gouverneur K. Warren Gouverneur Kemble Warren (8 January 1830 - 8 August 1882) was a civil engineer and prominent officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Warren was born in Cold Spring, New York and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1850, commissioned a second lieutenant... Gouverneur K. Warren January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 350 days remaining (351 in leap years). Events 69 - Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only survives for three months before committing suicide. 1559 - Elizabeth I of England is crowned... January 15, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). There are 282 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 1603 - James I becomes King of England. 1765 - American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Quartering Act that requires the... March 24, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864
Portrait of Winfield S. Hancock during the Civil War Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 - February 9, 1886) was born in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania and named after the famous general Winfield Scott. Hancock would become a general himself, graduating West Point in 1844, and rising to the rank of major... Winfield S. Hancock March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). There are 282 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 1603 - James I becomes King of England. 1765 - American Revolutionary War: The Kingdom of Great Britain passes the Quartering Act that requires the... March 24, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. Events 1100-1899 1178 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the moons distance... June 18, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864
David B. Birney June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. Events 1100-1899 1178 - Five Canterbury monks see what was possibly the Giordano Bruno crater being formed. It is believed that the current oscillations of the moons distance... June 18, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 187 days remaining. Events 1700-1899 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava. 1759 - General James Wolfe starts siege of Quebec. 1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr... June 27, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864
Portrait of Winfield S. Hancock during the Civil War Winfield Scott Hancock (February 14, 1824 - February 9, 1886) was born in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania and named after the famous general Winfield Scott. Hancock would become a general himself, graduating West Point in 1844, and rising to the rank of major... Winfield S. Hancock June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 187 days remaining. Events 1700-1899 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden at the Battle of Poltava. 1759 - General James Wolfe starts siege of Quebec. 1844 - Joseph Smith, Jr... June 27, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 35 days remaining. Events 1799-1899 1778 - In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to discover Maui. 1805 - Official opening of Thomas Telfords Pontcysyllte Aqueduct 1825... November 26, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864
Andrew A. Humphreys November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 35 days remaining. Events 1799-1899 1778 - In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook becomes the first European to discover Maui. 1805 - Official opening of Thomas Telfords Pontcysyllte Aqueduct 1825... November 26, Events January - March January 21 - Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. February 27 - American Civil War: The first Northern prisoners arrive at the Confederate prison at Andersonville, Georgia. March 1- Alejandro Mon Menéndez takes office as Prime Minister of Spain March 10 - American Civil War: The Red River Campaign... 1864 February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 319 days remaining (320 in leap years). Events 1637 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor. 1764 - The American city of St. Louis is established. 1805 - Harmony Society officially formed. 1852 - Great Ormond St Hospital for... February 15, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Gershom Mott February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 319 days remaining (320 in leap years). Events 1637 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor. 1764 - The American city of St. Louis is established. 1805 - Harmony Society officially formed. 1852 - Great Ormond St Hospital for... February 15, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 317 days remaining (318 in leap years). Events 197 - Battle of Lugdunum, Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats his rival Clodius Albinus, securing full control over the Roman Empire. 1621 - Miles Standish is appointed as first... February 17, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. He was born near Westminster, Massachusetts on his familys farm. Miles worked in Boston and attended night school, read military history... Nelson A. Miles February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 317 days remaining (318 in leap years). Events 197 - Battle of Lugdunum, Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats his rival Clodius Albinus, securing full control over the Roman Empire. 1621 - Miles Standish is appointed as first... February 17, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 309 days remaining, 310 in leap years. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor. 1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. 1793 - George Washington holds the... February 25, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Andrew A. Humphreys February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 309 days remaining, 310 in leap years. Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor. 1570 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England. 1793 - George Washington holds the... February 25, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). There are 253 days remaining. Events 1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. 1509 - Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his... April 22, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Francis C. Barlow April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). There are 253 days remaining. Events 1500 - Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. 1509 - Henry VIII ascends the throne of England after the death of his... April 22, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). There are 240 days remaining. There are usually 92 days in Spring. We are considered halfway through Spring on May 5. Events 1600-1899 1640 - King Charles I of England disbands the Short... May 5, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Andrew A. Humphreys May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). There are 240 days remaining. There are usually 92 days in Spring. We are considered halfway through Spring on May 5. Events 1600-1899 1640 - King Charles I of England disbands the Short... May 5, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. Events 68 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditus to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging. 1534 - Jacques Cartier is the first... June 9, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Gershom Mott June 9 is the 160th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (161st in leap years), with 205 days remaining. Events 68 - Roman Emperor Nero commits suicide, imploring his secretary Epaphroditus to slit his throat to evade a Senate-imposed death by flogging. 1534 - Jacques Cartier is the first... June 9, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1214 - University of Oxford receives its charter. 1685 - Monmouth Rebellion: The Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater. 1756 - English garrison imprisoned in... June 20, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865
Andrew A. Humphreys June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. Events 1200-1899 1214 - University of Oxford receives its charter. 1685 - Monmouth Rebellion: The Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater. 1756 - English garrison imprisoned in... June 20, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. (Some entries on this page have been duplicated on August 1. See Talk:August_1. The correct dates for such events need to be determined.) June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th... June 28, 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865

References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J.: Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3
  • Fox, William F.: Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, Albany Publishing, 1889 (online text of II Corps section (http://www.civilwarhome.com/2ndcorps.htm))

  Results from FactBites:
 
Antietam 1862: US notes (440 words)
ACW Flags Union p13: general hospital flags were yellow, with a large green Roman letter H in the field.
ACW Flags Union p13: General Order No 102, 24 March 1862: HQ for Army of the Potomac was a plain national flag (stars and stripes).
ACW Flags Union p14: General Order No 119, 30 April 1862: Army of the Potomac's Artillery Reserve flag was a red flag with a white star in its centre.
Ii Corps (acw) (1909 words)
He was, subsequently, in command at Bristoe Station, a II Corps affair, and one which was noticeable for the dash with which officers and men fought, together with the superior ability displayed by Warren himself.
Under this arrangement the II Corps was increased to 81 regiments of infantry and 10 batteries of light artillery.
The units of the old II Corps were consolidated into two divisions, under Generals Francis C. Barlow and John Gibbon; the two divisions of the III Corps were transferred intact, and were numbered as the 3rd and 4th, with Generals David B. Birney and Gershom Mott in command.
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