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Encyclopedia > IAST

IAST, or International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration is the academic standard for writing the Sanskrit language with the Latin alphabet and very similar to National Library at Calcutta romanization standard being used with many Indic scripts. IAST is the de-facto standard used in printed publications, like books and magazines, and with the wider availability of Unicode fonts, it is also increasingly used for electronic texts. It is based on a standard established by the Congress of Orientalists at Athens in 1912.


The IAST allows a lossless transliteration of Devanagari, and as such represents not only the phonemes of Sanskrit, but allows essentially phonetic transcription (e.g. Visarga is an allophone of word-final r and s).


The sign inventory is as follows:

a ā i ī u ū ṛ ṝ ḷ (vowels)
e o ai au (diphtongs)
h y v r l (voiced fricative + semi-vowels)
m ṅ ṇ n m (nasals)
jh bh gh ḍh dh (voiced aspirate stops)
j b g ḍ d (voiced unaspirated stops)
kh ph ch ṭh th c ṭ t k p (unvoiced stops)
ś ṣ s (sibilants)
h (voiced fricative)
(Anusvara)
(Visarga)

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
IAST - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (186 words)
IAST, or International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration is the academic standard for writing the Sanskrit language with the Latin alphabet and very similar to National Library at Calcutta romanization standard being used with many Indic scripts.
IAST is the de-facto standard used in printed publications, like books and magazines, and with the wider availability of Unicode fonts, it is also increasingly used for electronic texts.
The IAST allows a lossless transliteration of Devanagari (and other Indic alphabets, such as Sharada), and as such represents not only the phonemes of Sanskrit, but allows essentially phonetic transcription (e.g.
Community Support: Leaf plates and cups (408 words)
The Institute of Applied Science and Technology (IAST) is at present negotiating with five Indian engineering firms for the purchase of a machine that could make bio-plates and leaf-cups.
Through an agreement reached earlier this year between IAST and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in India, the acquisition of the machine will facilitate the setting up of the industry by businessman Kumar Ramlall on the East Coast Demerara.
IAST and CSIR have developed a technical cooperation programme under a bilateral agreement between the governments of Guyana and India to facilitate the transfer and implementation of commercial technologies from India to Guyana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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