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Encyclopedia > IAI Kfir
Kfir
Sri Lankan Air Force Kfir C-2
Type Fighter-bomber
Manufacturer Israel Aircraft Industries
Maiden flight June, 1973
Introduced 1975
Retired IAF, 1996
Status Operational
Primary users Israeli Air Force
United States Navy
Ecuadorian Air Force
Sri Lanka Air Force
Number built 220+
Developed from Dassault Mirage 5

The Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir (Hebrew: כפיר, "Lion Cub") is an Israeli-built all-weather, multi-role combat aircraft based on a modified Dassault Mirage 5 airframe, with Israeli avionics and an Israeli-made version of the General Electric J79 turbojet engine. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (900 × 600 pixel, file size: 87 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)A Sri Lankan Air Force Kfir making a low level pass. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Israel Aircraft Industries or IAI is Israels prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1973: Events Icelandair established. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1975: Events January A specially modified McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle sets eight time to climb records, including one of 3 minutes 27 seconds from standstill on the runway to a height of 30,000 metres (98,425 feet). ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division, commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The Ecuadorian Air Force (Spanish: , FAE) is the Air arm of the Military of Ecuador which includes many fighter aircraft and is one of the most powerful air forces in South America with the Brazilian Air Force, Chilean Air Force, Peruvian Air Force and the Venezuela Air Force. ... Sri Lankan Air Force Ensign. ... Former South African Air Force Mirage IIICZ The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ... IAI new logo The Avocet ProJet with IAI Logo Israel Aerospace Industries (Hebrew: התעשייה האווירית לישראל) or IAI (תעא) is Israels prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial systems for both military and civilian usage. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Former South African Air Force Mirage IIICZ The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ... The onboard electronics used for piloting an aircraft are called avionics (AVI-ation electr-ONICS). ... The General Electric J79 was a turbojet engine built for use in a variety of fighter aircraft and bomber aircraft. ...

Contents

Background

The IAI Kfir is one of the best known examples of the developmental approach to the design and construction of combat aircraft, which consists in the modernization of well-proven airframes to face the challenges posed by an increasingly sophisticated air-combat environment.


The project that would ultimately give birth to the Kfir can be traced back to Israel's need for adapting the Dassault Mirage IIIC to the specific requirements of the Israeli Air Force (IAF). The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division, commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


The all-weather, delta-winged Mirage IIICJ was the first supersonic aircraft acquired by Israel, and constituted the backbone of the IAF during most of the 1960s, until the arrival of the A-4 Skyhawk and, most importantly, the F-4 Phantom II, by the end of the decade. While the Mirage IIICJ proved to be extremely effective in the air-superiority role, its relatively short range of action imposed some drawbacks to its usefulness as a ground-attack aircraft. A United States Navy F/A-18E/F Super Hornet in transonic flight. ... The A-4 Skyhawk was an attack aircraft originally designed to operate from United States Navy aircraft carriers. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] is a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Douglas. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Thus, in the mid-1960s, at the request of Israel, Dassault Aviation began developing the Mirage 5, a fair-weather, ground-attack version of the Mirage III. Following the suggestions made by the Israelis, advanced avionics located behind the cockpit were removed, allowing the aircraft to increase its fuel-carrying capacity while reducing maintenance costs. Dassault Aviation is a French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional and business jets. ... Former South African Air Force Mirage IIICZ The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ... The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ...


By 1968, Dassault had finished production of the 50 Mirage 5Js paid for by Israel, but an arms embargo imposed upon this country by the French government in 1967 prevented Dassault from ever delivering the aircraft. The Israelis replied by producing an unlicensed copy of the Mirage 5, the Nesher (Eagle), with technical specifications for both the airframe and the engine obtained by Israeli intelligence.[1] The IAI Nesher is an Israeli-built military aircraft based on the French Mirage 5 Dassault had developed the Mirage 5 at the request of the Israelis. ...


Development

Ecuadorian Air Force Kfir CE (C.10). Note the refuelling probe and the characteristic longer nose of this variant.
Ecuadorian Air Force Kfir CE (C.10). Note the refuelling probe and the characteristic longer nose of this variant.

The development of this aircraft has been attributed to covert action on the part of Mossad. Mossad was able to acquire the plans for a French Mirage III aircraft, which were used directly in the design process of the Kfir aircraft series.[1] The designers at IAI then began work on the project to improve upon the Mirage III, deciding first to find a replacement engine. Image File history File linksMetadata Kfir_CE_a. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Kfir_CE_a. ...   (Hebrew: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים, The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations), often referred to as The Mossad (meaning The Institute), is Israels intelligence agency and is responsible for intelligence collection, counter-terrorism, covert operations such as paramilitary activities, and the facilitation of aliyah where it is banned. ... Former South African Air Force Mirage IIICZ The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ...


Two powerplants were initially selected for trials—the General Electric J79 turbojet and the Rolls-Royce Spey turbofan. In the end, the J79 was selected, not the least because it was the same engine used on the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, which the Israelis began to acquire from the United States in 1969, along with a license to produce the J79 themselves. The J79 was clearly superior to the Atar 09, providing a dry thrust of 49 kN (11,000 lbf) and an afterburning thrust of 83.4 kN (18,750 lbf). The General Electric J79 was a turbojet engine built for use in a variety of fighter aircraft and bomber aircraft. ... Turbojets are the simplest and oldest kind of general purpose jet engine. ... The Spey is a low-bypass turbofan engine from Rolls-Royce that has been in widespread service for over 30 years. ... Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II[2] is a two-seat supersonic long-range all-weather fighter-bomber originally developed for the U.S. Navy by McDonnell Douglas. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ...


In order to accommodate the new powerplant on the Mirage III's airframe, and to deliver the added cooling required by the J79, the aircraft's rear fuselage was slightly shortened and widened, its air intakes were enlarged, and a large air inlet was installed at the base of the fin, so as to supply the extra cooling needed for the afterburner. The engine itself was encased in a titanium heatshield.


A two-seat Mirage IIIBJ fitted with the GE J79 made its first flight in September 1970, and was soon followed by a re-engined Nesher, which flew in September 1971. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1970: Events January January 31 - Mikhail Mil dies, aged 61 February February 17-18 - US Air Force Laos. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1971: Events January January 6 - the US Marine Corps takes delivery of its first AV-8 Harriers January 22 - a US Navy P-3 Orion sets a distance record of 7,010 miles (11,282 km) for an aircraft in its...


An improved prototype of the aircraft, with the name Ra'am ("Thunder"),[2] made its first flight in June 1973. It had an extensively revised cockpit, a strengthened landing gear, and a considerable amount of Israeli-built avionics. The internal fuel tanks were slightly rearranged, their total capacity being increased to 713 gallons. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1973: Events Icelandair established. ...


There were unconfirmed reports that a number of the original Mirage IIICs, re-engined with the J79 and given the name Barak ("Lightning"),[3] took part in the Yom Kippur War of 1973, but some sources point out that there is no real evidence that these aircraft ever existed.[4] Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq Aided By Saudi Arabia Pakistan Cuba Uganda Libya, Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled, Israel Tal, Rehavam Zeevi, Aharon Yariv, Yitzhak Hofi, Rafael Eitan, Abraham Adan, Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Mohammed Aly... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


Variants

Kfir C.1

Production-series deliveries of the new Mirage III/5/Nesher derivative, named Kfir, began in 1975, the first aircraft being handed over to the Heyl Ha'Avir (IAF) during a special ceremony held at IAI's plant, on the eve of Israel's Independence Day. On the outside, the Kfir resembled a Nesher, except for the abovementioned airframe modifications. When the Kfirs were modified to use small detachable canards and other minor improvements, they were given the name Kfir C.1. Only 27 Kfir C.1s were produced, as IAI was already developing a markedly improved version of the aircraft. All the Kfir C.1s were eventually fitted with canards smaller than the ones on the Kfir C.2. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1975: Events January A specially modified McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle sets eight time to climb records, including one of 3 minutes 27 seconds from standstill on the runway to a height of 30,000 metres (98,425 feet). ...


Kfir C.2

Kfir in the IDF/AF Museum
Kfir in the IDF/AF Museum

The much improved Kfir C.2, revealed in 1976, was the first full-standard version of the aircraft. Benefiting from the operational experience obtained with the first variant, the C.2 featured delta canard foreplanes mounted on the air intakes, narrow "strakes" along the tip of the nose, and extended "dogtooth" outer wing panels. These aerodynamic modifications gave the Kfir better all-around manoeuvrability, reduced landing and take-off distance, and superior handling at low speeds. All C.2s were also equipped with a Martin-Baker Mk.10 ejection seat, and seven weapons pylons. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1152 × 864 pixel, file size: 439 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): IAI Kfir Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1152 × 864 pixel, file size: 439 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): IAI Kfir Metadata This file... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1976: Events March March 17 - a Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 makes the first non-stop flight from Tokyo to New York, taking 11. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Martin-Baker Aircraft is a manufacturer of aircraft seats and is the oldest existing maker of ejector seats. ...


The nose of the Kfir C.2 was also redesigned to allow for the placement of a new set of modern Israeli avionics, including the Elta EL/M 2001 or 2001B Pulse-doppler ranging radar, the Rafael MAHAT or IAI WDNS-141 weapon-delivery systems, twin computer flight control systems, multimode navigation systems, and a HUD. Doppler Effect Doppler radar uses the Doppler effect to measure the radial velocity of targets in the antennas directional beam. ... HUD of a F/A-18C HUD of a MiG-29 HUD in a Pontiac Bonneville showing a speed of 47 mph A Head-Up Display, also known as a Heads-Up Display or simply HUD, is any type of display that presents data without blocking the users view. ...


At the beginning of 1981, IAI presented the Kfir TC.2 two-seat variant, which, while retaining full attack capabilities, served as a conversion trainer and Electronic warfare system. The TC.2 is easily recognized by its extended nose, housing all the avionics displaced by the second seat, and noticeably drooped to improve cockpit visibility. Electronic warfare (EW) has three main components: Electronic Attack (EA) This is the active use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its use by an adversary. ...


By 1983, when production was shifted to a new version, a total of 185 Kfir C.2s and TC.2s had been built.


Kfir C.7

In 1983, IAI began to upgrade the Kfir C.2s/TC.2s to a new variant, the Kfir C.7/TC.7, which carried a modified version of the J79-GE-17E powerplant, with an additional 4.45 kN (1,000 lb st) of afterburning thrust, and an enhanced thrust-to-weight ratio. The Kfir C.7 featured a modernized HOTAS cockpit, with new avionics, including the Elta EL/M-2021B pulse-Doppler radar and the Elta EL/L-8202 advanced electronic jammer, plus guided weapons carrying capability, two additional hardpoints below the intake ducts (for a total of nine), and provision for in-flight refueling. With a maximum take-off weight increased by 1,540 kg (3,395 lb), as well as an improved combat radius, the Kfir C.7 was a much better ground attack aircraft than its predecessor. The emphasis given on the improvement of the strike capabilities of the Kfir signaled the new role assigned to the aircraft in the IAF's order of battle during the 1980s, as the F-15s and F-16s took over the air-superiority and interception missions. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1983: Events January January 31 - the Ayres Turbo Thrush NEEDS cropduster plane officially joins the United States war on drugs. February February 1 - Boeing announces it will stop producing Boeing 727 airliners. ... HOTAS is an abbreviation for Hands on throttle-and-stick, an aircraft cockpit control layout. ...


Kfir C.10

Developed by IAI for the export market, the Kfir C.10, also known as Kfir 2000, is the latest version of the Kfir family. It features a new wrap-around glass cockpit, an in-flight refuelling probe, and a larger nose containing a highly optimized set of advanced avionics. The modernized HOTAS cockpit includes an improved HUD, two 127x177mm Multifunction Color Displays, an Up-front Control Panel, and support for a Helmet Mounted Display System. The Elta EL/M-2032 Multimode Airborne Fire Control Radar enhances the aircraft's performance in both air-to-air and air-to-ground missions, and gives the Kfir C.10 the capability to carry the RAFAEL Derby active radar-homing missile, as well as the latest versions of the RAFAEL Python IR-homing air-to-air missile series. As of 2006, the only nation known to have acquired Kfir C.10s is Ecuador, where the variant is referred to as Kfir CE. The EL/M-2032 is an advanced pulse Doppler, multimode Fire Control Radar intended for multi-rule fighter aircraft originated from the Lavi project. ...


Operational history

The Kfir entered service with the IAF in 1975, the first units being assigned to the renowned 1st Fighter Squadron. Over the following years, several other squadrons were also equipped with the new aircraft. Still, the role of the Kfir as the IAF's primary air superiority asset was in fact short-lived, as 1976 saw the first deliveries of F-15 Eagle fighters from the United States to Israel. The Boeing (formerly McDonnell Douglas) F-15 Eagle is an all-weather tactical fighter designed to gain and maintain air superiority in aerial combat. ...


The Kfir's first recorded combat action took place on November 9, 1977, during an Israeli air strike on a terrorist training camp at Tel Azia, in Lebanon. The only air victory that the Kfir achieved during its service in the IAF occurred on June 27, 1979, when an Israeli Kfir C.2 shot down a Syrian MiG-21. November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fishbed) is a supersonic jet fighter aircraft, designed and built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich Design Bureau in the Soviet Union. ...


By the time of the Israeli invasion of southern Lebanon in 1982 (Operation Peace for Galilee), the IAF was able to use both its F-15s and F-16s for air superiority roles, leaving the Kfirs for carrying out unescorted strike missions. Soon after, all the IAF's C.2s began to be upgraded to the C.7 version, which by enhancing the performance of the aircraft as a fighter-bomber, signaled the new role that the Kfirs were to play in the IAF's order of battle. Combatants Israel Phalange South Lebanon Army Amal PLO Syria Commanders Menachem Begin (Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon, (Ministry of Defence) Rafael Eitan, (CoS) Yasser Arafat Strength 76,000 37,000 Casualties 670 9,800 The 1982 Lebanon War (Hebrew: , Milkhemet Levanon, Milkhemet Levanon, Arabic: ‎), called by Israel the Operation Peace of... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a multirole jet fighter aircraft developed by General Dynamics and Lockheed Martin for the United States Air Force. ...


During the second half of the 1990s, the Kfirs were finally relieved from active duty in the IAF, after almost twenty years of continuous service.


The Kfir in foreign service

Since the J79 turbojet engine as well as much of the technology inside the Kfir are produced in Israel under U.S. license, all export sales of the Kfir are subject to prior approval from the U.S. State Department, a fact that has limited the sale of the Kfir to foreign nations.


As of 2006, the IAI Kfir has been exported to Colombia, Ecuador, and Sri Lanka. As mentioned below, 25 Kfir C.1s were leased to the US Navy and the USMC in the 1980s.


United States

Twenty-five modified Kfir-C1s were leased to the US Navy and the US Marine Corps from 1985 to 1989, to act as aggressors in advanced air combat training. These aircraft, renamed F-21A Lion, had narrow-span canard foreplanes and a single small rectangular strake on either side of the nose, which improved to a considerable degree the aircraft's manoeuvrability, as well as its handling at low speeds. The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 12 F-21 aircraft leased to the US Navy, painted in a three-tone blue-gray "ghost" scheme, were operated by VF-43, based at NAS Oceana. In 1988 they were returned and replaced by the F-16N. The 13 aircraft leased to the United States Marine Corps were operated by VMFT-401 at Marine Corps Air Station Yuma. In addition to the blue-gray painted aircraft, the USMC also had some F-21s painted in Israeli colors and desert "flogger" schemes. These aircraft were replaced by F-5Es when the F-21s were returned in 1989. The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... Marine Fighter Training Squadron 401 (VMFT-401) is a United States Marine Corps fighter squadron flying the F-5E Tiger II . ... The MCAS Yuma is located 2 miles (3 km) from the city of Yuma, Arizona. ...


Colombia

In 1989, and as a result of a trade agreement between Colombia and Israel, the Colombian government bought a batch of twelve ex-IAF Kfir C.2s and one TC.2, which were delivered to the Colombian Air Force (FAC) in 1989-1990. Since then, all the C.2s have been upgraded to the C.7 variant. The FAC Kfirs have been widely used in ground-attack missions during counter-insurgency operations against the Colombian guerrillas. Colombian Kfirs are armed with Python 3 IR-homing AAMs. As of 2004, two aircraft had been lost in accidents. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Coat of arms of the Colombian Air Force The Colombian Air Force or FAC (Fuerza Aerea Colombiana) is the Air Force of The Republic of Colombia. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ...


Ecuador

Front view of a FAE Kfir CE, shown here with a Python 3 under the left wing, and a Python 4 under the right wing.
Front view of a FAE Kfir CE, shown here with a Python 3 under the left wing, and a Python 4 under the right wing.

In 1981, Ecuador and Israel signed a sales agreement for ten refurbished ex-IAF Kfir C.2s and two TC.2s, which were delivered to the Ecuadorian Air Force (FAE) in 1982-1983. The Kfirs formed the 2113rd Squadron (Lions) of the FAE's 21st Fighter Wing, based at Taura AFB, on the Ecuadorian western lowlands. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 417 KB) Summary Front view of an Ecuadorian Air Force (FAE) Kfir CE, carrying a Python 3 AAM under the left wing, and a Python 4 AAM under the right wing. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1200, 417 KB) Summary Front view of an Ecuadorian Air Force (FAE) Kfir CE, carrying a Python 3 AAM under the left wing, and a Python 4 AAM under the right wing. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The FAE Kfirs went into action during the 1995 Cenepa War between Ecuador and Peru. Relying on its fleet of subsonic A-37Bs for low-level ground-attack missions on Peruvian positions, the Ecuadorian Air Force held back its Mirage F.1s and Kfir C.2s, preferring instead to use them as escorts and interceptors.
On February 10, 1995 a Kfir C.2 shot down a Peruvian Air Force Cessna A-37B with a Shafrir 2 IR-homing AAM. 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cenepa War (January 26-February 28, 1995), also known as Alto Cenepa War, was a brief and localized military conflict between Ecuador and Peru, fought over the control of a disputed area on the border between the two countries. ... One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ... The Dassault Mirage F1 is a single-seat air-superiority fighter and attack aircraft built by Dassault Aviation of France. ... February 10 is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... One of the most prominent of the trainer-attack type aircraft is the Cessna T-37/A-37, known in various forms as the Tweety Bird, Tweet, Dragonfly, or Super Tweet. ... The Rafael Shafrir 1 and Shafrir 2 are short-range air-to-air missile developed by the Israeli arms manufacturer RAFAEL Armament Development Authority. ...


In 1996, with tensions still running high between Ecuador and Peru, the Ecuadorians acquired four additional Kfirs (three C.2 and one TC.2) after securing approval from the U.S. State Department. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ...


In 1998, with its aging squadron of SEPECAT Jaguar fighter-bombers about to be withdrawn from active duty, Ecuador began talks with Israel for the sale of a new batch of eight Kfirs. Fearing an escalation of the arms race in South America - Peru had recently acquired 18 Mig-29s and 18 Su-25s from Belarus - the United States blocked the deal. As an alternative, Ecuador and Israel signed an agreement in 1999 for the delivery of two Kfir C.10s and for the conversion of an undisclosed number of the FAE's original C.2s to the C.10 version, referred to in Ecuador as Kfir CE, featuring a Helmet Mounted Display System, and armed with Python 3 and Python 4 IR-homing AAMs. The SEPECAT Jaguar is an Anglo-French ground attack aircraft in service with the Royal Air Force and several export customers, notably the Indian Air Force. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (Russian: ) (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a fighter aircraft designed for the air superiority role in the Soviet Union. ... The Su-25 (NATO reporting name Frogfoot) is a battlefield attack, close air support, and anti-tank aircraft designed by the Soviet Union. ...


By 2005, Ecuador had lost four Kfirs, including one TC.2, due to accidents since the aircraft entered service in 1982.


Sri Lanka

The Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF) acquired six Kfir C.2s and a single TC.2 from Israel in 1995-1996. A further nine aircraft had been added to the inventory by 2005, including four C.2s and four C.7s acquired in 2001. Currently the SLAF operates two TC.2s, two C.7s and eight C.2s. The SLAF has extensively used their Kfirs to carry out attacks against targets of the LTTE rebels during the current conflict in Sri Lanka.[5] Sri Lankan Air Force Ensign. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... Combatants Military of Sri Lanka Indian Peace Keeping Force Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran (1983-present) Strength 111,000[1] 11,000[1] The Sri...


Specifications (Kfir C.2)

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 2x Rafael-built DEFA 553 30-mm cannons with 140 rounds per gun.
  • Maximum Ordnance Load: 6085 kg (13,415 lb)
    • Bombs: Mk-82, GBU-13 LGB, TAL-1 and TAL-2 CBUs, BLU-107 Durandal, HOBOS.
    • Unguided rocket launchers
    • Missiles: Shrike ARMs; Maverick ASMs; Sidewinder, Shafrir, and Python-series AAMs.

Image File history File links IAI_KFIR.png File links The following pages link to this file: IAI Kfir ... The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... The General Electric J79 was a turbojet engine built for use in a variety of fighter aircraft and bomber aircraft. ... Turbojets are the simplest and oldest kind of general purpose jet engine. ... For other uses of afterburner, see Afterburner (disambiguation). ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The GIAT DEFA 550 is a series of very widely used French aircraft guns. ... The Mark 82 (Mk 82) is an unguided, low-drag general-purpose bomb (dumb bomb), part of the U.S. Mark 80 series. ... Named for a mythical French sword, the BLU-107 Durandal was a special type of bomb developed jointly by France and Israel during the 1960s to destroy air base runways. ... AGM-45 Shrike is an anti-radiation missile designed to home in on hostile antiaircraft radars. ... A pilot inspects an AGM-65 Maverick missile on his A-10 Thunderbolt. ... Sidewinder Missile The AIM_9 Sidewinder is a heat-seeking, short-range, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft. ... The Rafael Shafrir 1 and Shafrir 2 are short-range air-to-air missile developed by the Israeli arms manufacturer RAFAEL Armament Development Authority. ... // The Python is a family of air-to-air missiles (AAMs) built by the Israeli weapons manufacturing company RAFAEL Armament Development Authority. ...

References

  1. ^ According to a number of sources, the Israelis had some covert collaboration from Dassault Aviation itself, going so far as to allow for two disassembled Mirage 5s to be smuggled into Israel in crates (see the article on the Nesher for details).
  2. ^ The name Ra'am was later reused for the IAF's F-15I, a dual-role two seat version of the F-15 fighter aircraft.
  3. ^ The name Barak was later reused for the IAF's F-16Cs
  4. ^ Aeroflight. World Air Forces. Retrieved Mar 25, 2006.
  5. ^ http://in.today.reuters.com/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=topNews&storyID=2007-02-20T172950Z_01_NOOTR_RTRJONC_0_India-288394-2.xml&archived=False

The IAI Nesher is an Israeli-built military aircraft based on the French Mirage 5 Dassault had developed the Mirage 5 at the request of the Israelis. ...

Further reading

  • Maquinas de Guerra - Enciclopedia de las Armas del Siglo XX. Planeta-De Agostini, Madrid, 1984. (Aerospace Publishing Ltd., London, 1983). ISBN 84-7551-292-5.
  • Terry Gander, Christopher Chant, Bob Munro, Collins/Jane's Combat Aircraft. Harper Resource, 1995. ISBN 0-00-470846-6.
  • Israel Aircraft Industries Ltd., www.iai.co.il.
  • Federation of American Scientists, www.fas.org.
  • Milavia, wwww.milavia.net
  • Air Combat Information Group, www.acig.org.
  • Daniel H. Green, www.danshistory.com.
  • Greg Goebel, www.vectorsite.net.
  • www.Israeli-Weapons.com.
  • www.Aerospaceweb.org
  • Mirage. James Follett. Novel describing the clandestine operation by an Israeli civilian to steal the engineering drawings of the Mirage from a Swiss sub-contractor in the late 60's. ISBN 0-7493-0003-5

External links

Related content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Related development

Comparable aircraft

  • Dassault-Breguet Mirage 2000
  • Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
  • Saab Viggen

Designation sequence

  • Kfir Sequence:
    • Kfir C.1 - Kfir C.2 - Kfir C.7 - Kfir C.10
  • U.S. Military:
    • F-18 - F-20 - F-21 - F-22 - YF-23

Related lists

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France by Dassault Aviation during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ... Former South African Air Force Mirage IIICZ The Dassault Mirage III is a supersonic fighter aircraft designed in France during the 1950s, and manufactured both in France and a number of other countries. ... The IAI Nesher is an Israeli-built military aircraft based on the French Mirage 5 Dassault had developed the Mirage 5 at the request of the Israelis. ... The Atlas Cheetah is a fighter aircraft of the South African Air Force. ... The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multirole fighter jet manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23 (Russian: ; NATO reporting name: Flogger) is a variable geometry, swept-wing fighter aircraft, originally built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union. ... The Saab Viggen (Thunder Bolt or Bolt ¹) or Saab 37 is a Swedish fighter aircraft manufactured between 1970 and 1990 to replace the Saab Draken (Dragon). ... The Boeing (formerly McDonnell Douglas) F/A-18 Hornet is a modern all-weather carrier-capable strike fighter jet, designed to attack both ground and aerial targets. ... The Northrop F-20 Tigershark (initially F-5G) was a privately financed fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the USA, starting in 1975 and offered for sale starting in the 1980s and formally ending in the early 1990s. ... The F-22 Raptor is a fifth generation stealth fighter aircraft. ... The Northrop/McDonnell Douglas YF-23 Black Widow II — unofficially named by Northrop after its P-61 Black Widow — was a prototype fighter aircraft designed for the United States Air Force. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Israel Aircraft Industries Kfir - Scramble (687 words)
Kfir C1 First flown in June 1973, the Kfir C1 (Kfir means "Young Lion") was basically the airframe of the Mirage III mated to the General Electric J79 afterburning turbojet and fitted with a suite of Israeli electronics.
Kfir C7 The Kfir C7, the final single-seat version introduced in 1983, is based on the Kfir C2 with a specially adapted version of the J79-GEJ1E with some 1,000 lb (454 kg) more afterburning thrust.
Kfir C1 Basically the airframe of the Mirage III mated to the General Electric J79 afterburning turbojet and fitted with a suite of Israeli electronics.
IAI Kfir - Definition, explanation (679 words)
The IAI Kfir (hebrew: כפיר;) is an Israeli-built military aircraft based on the French Mirage 5.
Following a French government embargo that prevented Dassault selling Israel the Mirages that they had already paid for, IAI produced an unlicenced copy of this aircraft as the IAI Nesher (possibly with the clandestine support of Dassault - see the article on the Nesher for details of these claims).
At the same time, IAI was planning a variant in which the Atar engine was to be replaced with an Israeli-built General Electric J79 engine, the same engine used on the American F-104 Starfighter and F-4 Phantom II fighters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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