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Encyclopedia > I Corps (ACW)

I Corps (First Corps) was the designation of four different This article is about a military unit. ...corps_sized units in the The Union Army refers to the United States Army during the American Civil War. ...Union Army during the The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly_formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ...American Civil War. The units served in the following armies:

  • Army of the Ohio, Alexander M. McCook, September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ...September 29, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ...October 24, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
  • Union army in the west during the American Civil War, commanded at various times by Generals Robert Anderson, Don Carlos Buell, William S. Rosecrans, and George Thomas. ...Army of the Cumberland, Alexander M. McCook, October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ...October 24, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ...November 5, Events January-March January 10 - End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
  • Army of the Mississippi was the name given to two Union armies, both with short existences, during the Civil War. ...Army of the Mississippi, George W. Morgan, January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 4, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 12, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
  • Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ...Army of the Potomac and The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. ...Army of Virginia (see below)

The first three were units of very limited life; the fourth was one of the most distinguished and veteran corps in the entire Union Army, commanded by very distinguished officers.


History

Shoulder sleeve patch of the I Corps File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Cap badge of the I Corps
Shoulder sleeve patch of the I Corps File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Enlarge
Cap badge of the I Corps

The I Corps was activated March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ...March 13, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862, when Seal of the President of the United States, official impression The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ...President Abraham Lincoln ( February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipateer, was the 16th ( 1861– 1865) President of the United States, and the first president from the Republican Party. ...Abraham Lincoln ordered the creation of a four_corps army, then under the command of Major General George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826 _ October 29, 1885) was a Major General of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...George B. McClellan. The first commander of this corps was Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ...Major General General Irvin McDowell Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 _ May 4, 1885) was an American military officer, famous for his participation in the American Civil War. ...Irvin McDowell and it contained three A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around 10,000 soldiers. ...divisions. It was held in defense of Washington while the rest of the Generals Burnside, Hancock, Couch, Ferro, Patrick, Wilcox, Cochrane, Buford and others. ...Army of the Potomac advanced to the Map of the events of the campaign. ...Peninsula Campaign.


It was then consolidated into the The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. ...Army of Virginia under Major General Major General John Pope John Pope (March 18, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career Army officer and general in the American Civil War. ...John Pope, and fought in the Second Battle of Bull Run Conflict American Civil War Date August 28–30, 1862 Place Prince William County Result Confederate victory The Second Battle of Manassas, known as the Second Battle of Bull Run in the North, was a battle during the American Civil War. ...Second Battle of Bull Run, as the Third Corps, The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. ...Army of Virginia. Afterwards, its name was restored. It rejoined the Army of the Potomac and crossed the Upper part of the Potomac River The Potomac River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid_Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ...Potomac River into State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Other U.S. States Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich Official languages English Area 32,160 km² (42nd)  _ Land 25,338 km²  _ Water 6,968 km² (21%) Population (2000)  _ Population 5,296,486 (19th)  _ Density 165 /km² (5th) Admittance into...Maryland to fight in the Battle of Antietam Conflict American Civil War Date September 17, 1862 Place Near Sharpsburg, Maryland Result (Union strategic victory) The Battle of Antietam (known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South), fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle...Battle of Antietam, under Major General This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ...Joseph Hooker. There, the division of Pennsylvania Reserves, under A Brigadier General, or one_star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ...Brigadier General George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 _ November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ...George G. Meade, took heavy casualties through its hard fighting, and was withdrawn to replenish.


The corps moved southward to fight General For the author of Inherit the Wind and other works, see Robert Edwin Lee. ...Robert E. Lee's army at the The Battle of Fredericksburg, fought on December 13, 1862 between General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac commanded by Maj. ...Battle of Fredericksburg, commanded by Major General John Fulton Reynolds (September 20, 1820 _ July 1, 1863) was an American soldier. ...John F. Reynolds, arguably the best Union corps commander in the Eastern Theater. He superbly led the corps through this battle, then through the Battle of Chancellorsville Conflict American Civil War Date April 30 – May 6, 1863 Place Spotsylvania County Result Decisive Confederate victory The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War in 1863. ...Battle of Chancellorsville, where the I Corps was left in reserve.


In its last major battle, the Battle of Gettysburg Conflict American Civil War Date July 1–3, 1863 Place Adams County Result Union victory The Battle of Gettysburg ( July 1– 3, 1863), fought in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, as part of the Gettysburg Campaign, was the largest battle ever conducted in North America...Battle of Gettysburg, General Reynolds was killed just as the first troops arrived on the field, and command was inherited by Major General Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819-January 26, 1893), as an officer in the Union army, commanded the firing of the Norths first shots in defense of Fort Sumter, S.C., the opening battle of the American Civil War in 1861. ...Abner Doubleday. Although putting up a ferocious fight, the I Corps was overwhelmed by the For other meanings of confederate and confederacy, see confederacy (disambiguation) National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Largest...Confederate Third Corps ( Ambrose Powell Hill (November 9, 1825 - April 2, 1865), was a Confederate States of America general in the American Civil War. ...A.P. Hill) and Robert E. Rodes Robert Emmett Rodes ( March 29, 1829 – September 19, 1864) was a railroad civil engineer and a promising young Confederate general in the American Civil War, killed in battle in the Shenandoah Valley. ...Robert E. Rodes's division of Richard Stoddert Ewell (February 8, 1817 _ January 25, 1872) was a Confederate military officer during the American Civil War. ...Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps. It was forced to retreat through the town of Gettysburg, taking up defensive positions on Cemetery Hill is a small part of the battleground at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania that was distinguished because of its tactical value as having high ground over the city of Gettysburg. ...Cemetery Hill. The next day ( July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ...July 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863), the command was given to Major General John Newton, a division commander from the The VI Corps (Sixth Corps) was a corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War. ...VI Corps. This was a controversial move that deeply offended the more senior Doubleday. Newton led it through the remainder of the battle, including the defense against Pickett's Charge, and through the Mine Run Campaign that fall.


In the fall of 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863, the I Corps was disbanded and its depleted units were reorganized into two divisions, which were transferred into the V Corps of the Army of the Potomac. The Civil War career of the I Corps was ended.


Command history

General Irvin McDowell Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 - May 4, 1885) was an American military officer, famous for his participation in the American Civil War. ...Irvin McDowell March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ...March 13, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ...April 4, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
General Irvin McDowell Irvin McDowell (October 15, 1818 _ May 4, 1885) was an American military officer, famous for his participation in the American Civil War. ...Irvin McDowell* June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ...June 26, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ...September 5, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
James B. Ricketts* September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ...September 5, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ...September 6, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ...Joseph Hooker* September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ...September 6, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ...September 12, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
This article is about Joseph Hooker, the U.S. Civil War Major General. ...Joseph Hooker September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ...September 12, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ...September 17, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 _ November 6, 1872) was an American military officer during the American Civil War. ...George G. Meade September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ...September 17, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ...September 29, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862
John Fulton Reynolds (September 20, 1820 _ July 1, 1863) was an American soldier. ...John F. Reynolds September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ...September 29, Events January_March January 10 _ End of term for John Gately Downey, 7th Governor of California. ...1862 January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
James S. Wadsworth     January 2 is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 4, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
John Fulton Reynolds (September 20, 1820 _ July 1, 1863) was an American soldier. ...John F. Reynolds January 4 is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...January 4, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ...March 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
James S. Wadsworth March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ...March 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ...March 9, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
John Fulton Reynolds (September 20, 1820 _ July 1, 1863) was an American soldier. ...John F. Reynolds March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ...March 9, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ...July 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
Abner Doubleday (June 26, 1819-January 26, 1893), as an officer in the Union army, commanded the firing of the Norths first shots in defense of Fort Sumter, S.C., the opening battle of the American Civil War in 1861. ...Abner Doubleday July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ...July 1, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ...July 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863
John Newton (July 24, 1725 _December 21, 1807) was an English clergyman and songwriter, best known for the hymn, Amazing Grace. Newton was born in London. ...John Newton July 2 is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 182 days remaining. ...July 2, 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...1863 March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ...March 12, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864
James S. Wadsworth March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ...March 12, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864 March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ...March 14, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864
John Newton (July 24, 1725 _December 21, 1807) was an English clergyman and songwriter, best known for the hymn, Amazing Grace. Newton was born in London. ...John Newton March 14 is the 73rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (74th in Leap years) with 292 days remaining in the year. ...March 14, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864 March 24 is the 83rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (84th in Leap years). ...March 24, Events January _ March January 21 _ Maori Wars: The Tauranga Campaign starts. ...1864

* As III Corps, The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War. ...Army of Virginia


References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J.: Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0_8047_3641_3
  • Fox, William F.: Regimental Losses in the American Civil War, Albany Publishing, 1889 (online text of I Corps section (http://www.civilwarhome.com/1stcorps.htm))

  Results from FactBites:
 
www.hyperbear.com: Essays - Army Organization (8315 words)
However, the corps structure was so important that army commanders got around this by creating informal "wings" and placing a major general in charge of them.
Armies were essentially autonomous, reporting directly to a the head of a department (a section of the country overseen by a general), a general in charge of all the armies of the nation, or the president himself.
The cavalry was moved to a cavalry unit and the artillery was moved to the artillery reserve of the army or corps.
I Corps (ACW) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (545 words)
The I Corps was activated March 13, 1862, when President Abraham Lincoln ordered the creation of a four-corps army, then under the command of Major General George B. McClellan.
The corps moved southward to fight General Robert E. Lee's army at the Battle of Fredericksburg, commanded by Major General John F. Reynolds, arguably the best Union corps commander in the Eastern Theater.
On March 24, 1864, the Civil War career of the I Corps came to an end as it was disbanded and its depleted units were reorganized into two divisions, which were transferred into the V Corps of the Army of the Potomac.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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