The I Anzac Corps was an Australian and New ZealandWorld War I army corps formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganization of the Australian Imperial Force following the evacuation of Gallipoli in November 1915. This corps, along with the II Anzac Corps, replaced the original Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC).
The corps was initially commanded by General Alexander Godley and comprised the three "veteran" Anzac divisions — the Australian 1st and 2nd divisions and the newly formed New Zealand Division.
The corps' divisions were initially manning the defences east of the Suez Canal against the anticipated Turkish invasion of Egypt. On March 29 1916 the corps embarked for France, now under the command of General Sir William Birdwood, the original commander of ANZAC. In France the I Anzac Corps was attached to the British Second Army, positioned on the relatively quiet sector south of Ypres. The corps went into the line south of Armentières, taking over from the British III Corps which was moving to the British Fourth Army in preparation for the Somme Offensive. The Australian 2nd Division was the first into the line on April 9, 1916.
With the Somme Offensive faltering in mid-July, the British Commander-in-Chief, General Douglas Haig, required fresh divisions to continue the advance. The corps was moved to General Hubert Gough's Fifth Army and directed to capture Pozières.
By this time the II Anzac Corps had started to arrive in France from Egypt under the command of General Godley. As Godley was also the commander of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force, it was decided that the New Zealand Division would be more appropriately located under his command so it swapped with the Australian 4th Division in time for the move to the Somme.
ANZAC is the acronym formed from the initial letters of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, the formation into which Australian and New Zealand soldiers were grouped in Egypt prior to the landing at Gallipoli in April 1915.
These formations, I ANZACCorps comprising three Australian divisions and II ANZACCorps made up of the 4th and 5thAustralian divisions and the New Zealand Division, were transferred to France and fought on the Western Front until 1917, when the five Australian formations were grouped into a single Australian Corps.
In the Second World War, a new ANZAC was formed during the short Greek campaign of April 1941 when the 6th Australian Division and the New Zealand Division were joined under command of the headquarters of I Australian Corps (redesignated as ANZACCorps).
The I AnzacCorps was an Australian and New ZealandWorld War I army corps formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganization of the Australian Imperial Force following the evacuation of Gallipoli in November 1915.
The corps was initially commanded by General Alexander Godley and comprised the three "veteran" Anzac divisions â€” the Australian 1st and 2nd divisions and the newly formed New Zealand Division.
In France the I AnzacCorps was attached to the British Second Army, positioned on the relatively quiet sector south of Ypres.
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