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Encyclopedia > Hypermarket
Packaged food aisles of Fred Meyer in Portland, Oregon
Packaged food aisles of Fred Meyer in Portland, Oregon

In commerce, a hypermarket or multi-department store is a superstore which combines a supermarket and a department store. The result is a very large retail facility which carries an enormous range of products under one roof, including full lines of groceries and general merchandise. When they are planned, constructed, and executed correctly, a consumer can ideally satisfy all of his or her routine weekly shopping needs in one trip. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2790x1835, 3225 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Supermarket Wikipedia:Featured pictures Hypermarket Fred Meyer User talk:DarkSideOfTheSpoon Wikipedia:Featured pictures/Places/Interiors Wikipedia:Featured pictures... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2790x1835, 3225 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Supermarket Wikipedia:Featured pictures Hypermarket Fred Meyer User talk:DarkSideOfTheSpoon Wikipedia:Featured pictures/Places/Interiors Wikipedia:Featured pictures... An unrelated hypermarket chain is Meijer. ... Nickname: Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter Area  - City  145. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Exterior of a typical British supermarket (a Tesco Extra) Exterior of typical North American supermarket (a Safeway) This Flagship Randalls store in Houston, Texas is an example of an upscale supermarket. ... The interior of a typical Macys department store. ... Drawing of a self-service store. ... This Flagship Randalls store in Houston, Texas is an example of a supermarket. ... In marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a market that might satisfy a want or need (Kotler et al. ...


Hypermarkets, like other big-box stores, typically have business models focusing on high-volume, low-margin sales. Because of their large footprints — a typical Wal-Mart Supercenter covers 150,000 square feet (14,000 ), a typical Carrefour 210,000 square feet (19,500 m²) — and the need for many shoppers to carry large quantities of goods, many hypermarkets choose suburban or out-of-town locations that are easily accessible by automobile. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Profit margin is a measure of profitability. ... Area is the measure of how much exposed area any two dimensional object has. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... A square foot is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 foot long. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ...

Contents

History

The concept was pioneered by Hendrik Meijer in the US when he opened his first hypermarket, Meijer Thrifty Acres (now Meijer Stores), in Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1962.[1] The original Meijer store, located on the corner of Kalamazoo Avenue and 28th Street, is still open today. And it was pioneered in Europe by Carrefour upon opening its first such store in 1963 at Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, France,[2][3][4] 1962 was the same year Jewel-Osco brought Jewel Grand Bazaar into Illinois.[5] In Canada, the Oshawa group introduced a hypermarket near Montreal in 1973.[6] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the unrelated chain of hypermarkets that is owned by Kroger, see Fred Meyer. ... Nickname: Location of Grand Rapids within Kent County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Kent Founded 1826 Incorporation (city) 1850 Government  - Mayor George Heartwell Area  - City  45. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois is a commune in the Essonne département, in France, some 30 km south of Paris, just north of junction 42 on the orbital Francilienne road. ... For the defunct Australia supermarket chain see Jewel Food Stores (Australia) Jewel is an American supermarket chain that has 203 stores in the Chicago metropolitan area, northern and central Illinois. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (in unity, prosperity) Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Quebec Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ...


In the 1980s and 1990s, the three major discount store chains in the United StatesWal-Mart,[7] Kmart[8] and Target—started developing discount stores in the hypermarket format. Wal-Mart developed Hypermart USA and later Wal-Mart Supercenter, and Kmart developed Super Kmart. In 1991, Dayton-Hudson Corporation (now Target Corporation) expanded its Target Greatland discount store chain into Columbus, Ohio, where it learned that its general merchandise superstores were unable to compete against the Meijer hypermarket chain.[9][10] In response, Dayton-Hudson entered the hypermarket format in 1995 by opening its first SuperTarget store in Omaha, Nebraska.[11] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The interior of a typical Macys department store. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Hypermart USA was a failed demonstrator project operated by Wal-Mart, which attempted to combine grocery and merchandise under one roof at a substantial discount. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio Counties Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City  212. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Nickname: Motto: (Latin) Courageously in every enterprise Location in Nebraska Coordinates: , Country United States State Nebraska County Douglas Founded 1854 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Mayor Michael Fahey (D) Area  - City  118. ...


Success

The produce section of a typical Wal-Mart Supercenter (Wal-Mart's hypermarket brand)
The produce section of a typical Wal-Mart Supercenter (Wal-Mart's hypermarket brand)

After the successes of super- and hyper-markets and amid fears that smaller stores would be forced out of business, France enacted laws that made it more difficult to build hypermarkets and also restricted the amount of economic leverage that hypermarket chains can impose upon their suppliers (the Loi Galland). Large retailers for the most part work around the law by using loopholes.[citation needed] As of 2004, the Loi Galland has become increasingly controversial and there have been calls to amend it.[citation needed] ImageMetadata File history File links Walmartsupercenterproducesection. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Walmartsupercenterproducesection. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In Japan, hypermarkets may be found in urban areas as well as less populated areas. The Japanese government encourages hypermarket installations, as mutual investment by financial stocks are a common way to run hypermarkets. Japanese hypermarkets may contain restaurants, Manga (Japanese comic) stands, Internet cafes, typical department store merchandise, a full range of groceries, beauty salons and other services all inside the same store. A recent trend has been to combine the dollar store concept with the hypermarket blueprint, giving rise to the "hyakkin plaza"—hyakkin (百均) or hyaku en (百円) means 100 yen (roughly 1 US dollar). Manga )   (pl. ... It has been suggested that PC bang be merged into this article or section. ... A beauty salon is a place where people go to receive beauty treatments, and purchase beauty products. ... A 99 cent store A variety store or price-point retailer is a retail store that sells inexpensive items, usually with a single price point for all items in the store. ... ISO 4217 Code JPY User(s) Japan Inflation -0. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


In France, hypermarkets are generally situated in shopping centers (French: centre commercial) outside of cities. They are surrounded by extensive parking lots, and generally by other specialized large stores (for instance, selling clothing, sports gear, automotive items, etc.). Azrieli shopping mall in Tel Aviv is the citys largest shopping center A shopping mall (or simply mall), shopping center, or shopping arcade is a building or set of buildings that contain stores, with interconnecting walkways enabling visitors to easily walk from store to store. ...


List of hypermarkets

France

Carrefour has been the creator of hypermarkets in the world, it all started in 1963 in Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois. In France, the dominant chain is Carrefour which is the 2nd largest chain of hypermarkets in the world after Wal-Mart in terms of revenues, and Carrefour has the largest hypermarkets in the world in terms of size. Other important brands include Géant (with 113 hypermarkets around the world), Auchan, Leclerc and Cora. Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois is the name of two communes in France: Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, in the Essonne département Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois, in the Loiret département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same...

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Auchan SA is an international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Lille, France. ... E.Leclerc is a French supermarket chain. ... GÉANT is the main European multi-gigabit computer network for research and education purposes. ... The term cora could refer to: The Greek goddess Persephone (Roman Proserpina), also known as Cora The Mandinka string instrument kora, spelt cora in French A French rocket, Cora (rocket) A French-owned hypermarket company operating internationally, Cora (hypermarket) The American cellist Tom Cora A Mexican tribe. ...

United States

Stores in the United States tend to be single-level enterprises with long operating hours; many of them, especially Wal-Mart, are continuously open except on major holidays (typically Thanksgiving and Christmas). There is some controversy to hypermarts in the U.S., with opposition coming primarily from preservationists who argue that they destroy conventional retail districts, including independent grocers and supermarkets and downtowns. Hypermarkets have been most successful in northern states where adverse winter weather conditions make it inconvenient to visit multiple stores. The First Thanksgiving, painted by Jean Leon Gerome Ferris (1863-1930). ... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... A preservationist generally refers to one who wishes to preserve a historic structure from demolition or degradation. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ...

For the unrelated chain of hypermarkets that is owned by Kroger, see Fred Meyer. ... An unrelated hypermarket chain is Meijer. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Supervalu Inc. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... H-E-B or H.E. Butt Grocery Company is a Texas grocer with over 300 stores and 56,000 employees. ... Smiths Food and Drug, commonly called Smiths, is a leading chain of supermarkets in the Intermountain and Southwest regions of the United States. ...

Defunct U.S. hypermarkets

Source[12]

  • Twin Valu - division of Supervalu
  • Hypermart USA - division of Wal-Mart
  • American Fare - division of Kmart/Bruno's[13]
  • Auchan - Tested in the Houston and Chicago areas. These stores were reduced in size from between 220,000 and 260,000 square feet (20,500 to 24,000m²) to between 150,000 and 220,000 (14,000 to 20,500), since 1995 as Wal-Mart Supercenter and Super Kmart.
  • Treasure Island

Supervalu Inc. ... Hypermart USA was a failed demonstrator project operated by Wal-Mart, which attempted to combine grocery and merchandise under one roof at a substantial discount. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Brunos Supermarkets is an American chain of grocery stores, founded in Birmingham, Alabama. ... Auchan SA is an international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Lille, France. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Canada

  • In Canada, Loblaw's operates the Real Canadian Superstore, Atlantic Superstore and in the province of Quebec Maxi & Cie. Wal-Mart has been operating stores in Canada since 1994. Initially, Wal-Mart stores offered only dry goods with very few basic groceries (mostly candy, with some snacks and staples), but in more recent years has included a larger selection of grocery items in their stores. This includes an aisle or two of refrigerated and frozen goods. As of 2006, the majority of stores have been modified to reflect this change. However, in 2006, Wal-Mart began building larger stores similar to the Supercenter format in the United States. The first three opened in Ancaster, London, and Stouffville in Ontario, with another 14 projected to open across Canada by the end of the 2007. A number of existing stores may be expanded to reflect this change, where space allows.

Loblaw Companies Limited (TSX: L) is the largest food retailer in Canada, with over 1,690 supermarkets operating under a variety of regional banners, including the namesake Loblaws. ... Real Canadian Superstore outlet in Courtenay, British Columbia. ... Atlantic Superstore is a supermarket chain of 51 stores in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. ... Maxi is a grocery store located in Quebec, Canada. ... Wal-Mart Canada is the Canadian unit of Wal-Mart and was founded in 1994 in Mississauga, Ontario with the purchase of the Canadian Woolco stores. ... Frozen food is food preserved by the process of freezing. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Ancaster is a suburban community southwest of Hamilton, Ontario, with which it amalgamated in 2001. ... Nickname: Location of London in relation to Middlesex County and the Province of Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Middlesex County Settled 1826 as a village Incorporated 1855 as a city Government  - City Mayor Anne Marie DeCicco-Best  - Governing Body London City Council  - MPs Sue Barnes (LPC) Glen Pearson... Stouffville (IPA: ) is the primary urban area within the Town of Whitchurch-Stouffville, Ontario. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Other countries

  • In Finland the largest hypermarkets are Prisma (S-Group), Citymarket (Kesko) and Euromarket (Tradeka).
  • In Egypt there are two hypermarket chains, Carrefour with two locations in Cairo and one in Alexandria and Spinneys with only one outlet in Cairo's prominent shopping mall Citystars.
  • Estonia and Latvia have the chain Rimi, which stocks food and other goods in the larger cities of the two countries.
  • In China, the largest hypermarket retailer is Shanghai-based Bailian (百联), followed by Beijing-based Hualian (华联). Foreign retailers such as Carrefour, Wal-Mart, Metro, Tesco, Auchan and Ito Yokado also have a large presence in China.
  • In Japan, JUSCO (Aeon), Ito Yokado, YouMe Town, Fuji and Aoiyama are widely seen. Tokyo Hyper fish market, the world's largest fishmarket, is a hypermarket as well.
  • In South Korea, foreign hypermarkets Carrefour and Walmart failed to gain popularity. Korean hypermarkets include E-Mart, Lotte Shopping, Home Plus and Homever.
  • In the United Kingdom, the first hypermarket in the UK was opened in Irlam in 1976 by Tesco.[citation needed] Tesco now operate some smaller hypermarkets known as "Tesco Extra" and also some Tesco Hypermarkets. ASDA (owned by Wal-Mart) also operates some hypermarkets branded as "ASDA Wal-Mart Supercentres". Sainsbury's operated a dedicated hypermarket format from 1975 to 1999. These thirteen "Savacentre" stores were originally a joint venture with BHS and after 1989 became a wholly-owned subsidiary. In 1999 Savacentre stores were merged into the rest of the Sainsbury's supermarket chain.
  • In Spain, the largest hypermarkets are Eroski and Hipercor (short for Hipermercado El Corte Inglés). Carrefour also operates many stores in Spain. Spanish hypermarkets tend to be located in the industrial sprawl outside of Spain's dense urban cores.
  • In Portugal, there are a considerable number of hypermarket chains in operation, including Continente (the biggest and the first Portuguese chain to go international), Jumbo, Feira Nova and Carrefour. Most of these chains also operate supermarkets and smaller stores.
  • In Hungary the biggest hypermarket brand is Tesco. Auchan, Cora, Metro and Spar operates also several hypermarket in the country.
  • In Germany, the biggest hypermarket brands are Real (METRO AG) and Marktkauf (which is a brand of AVA, which in turn belongs to EDEKA). However, for various reasons, such as the strong competition by more focused discounters such as Aldi and Lidl, as well as legal restrictions on store size, pricing policy, and opening times, the hypermarket concept is not as widespread in Germany as in other countries.
  • In Italy and Italian-speaking parts of Switzerland, the term is ipermercati; see Ipercoop.
  • In Malaysia, Giant Hypermarket is the country's first own hypermarket. Other major hypermarkets are Tesco and Carrefour.
  • In Singapore, Carrefour was the first to operate hypermarkets.[14] Malaysian Giant and local NTUC followed.
  • In Hong Kong, there were some hypermarkets owned by Carrefour. Currently, there are four hypermarkets, all named PARKnSHOP Megastore.
  • In South Africa, the Pick 'n Pay chain uses the term for 14 of their largest stores.
  • In India, Reliance Retail and Big Bazaar are the major hypermarket chains, though the recent opening up of the retail sector to foreign investors is likely to increase the numbers exponentially.
  • In Chile, the principal hypermarkets are Líder, Jumbo and Tottus.
  • In Peru, the Wong and its sister hypermarket Hipermercados Metro are the biggest chain in Peru. Their main competitor is Tottus which has the largest stores in South America.
  • In Mexico, Comercial Mexicana is the competitor to Walmex, the Mexican operations of Wal-Mart.
  • In Brazil, there are hypermarkets open 24 hours a day, such as Extra (from the Pão de Açúcar business group), as well as foreign companies, such as Wal-Mart and Carrefour.
  • In Poland, the most common hypermarkets are Carrefour, Géant, Real (which is a brand of METRO AG) and Tesco.
  • In Saudi Arabia, Géant and Carrefour are the major hypermarkets.
  • In Kuwait, hypermarkets include the Sultan Center and CityCentre. The Sultan Center has 11 Hypermarkets in Kuwait that target European markets (link title). CityCentre has Two Hypermarkets in Kuwait, one in Shuwaikh and one in Salmiya (link title).
  • In the Czech Republic, major hypermarkets are Hypernova of Ahold, Globus and Tesco. Cash and carry Makro has its store here too. The film Czech Dream explores the relationship between the general public and hypermarkets.
  • In Australia, Coles Myer tried the hypermarket concept in the mid- to late 1980s with more than 35 Super K-Mart stores. However, these were converted to K-Mart and Coles Supermarkets in the early 1990s. Coles Myer still have two hypermarkets in Brisbane named Pick 'n Pay. Coles Myer had planned to open a group of hypermarkets called Coles SuperCentres in late 2007, but due to lower than expected financial performance of the company as well as the fact that it has put itself up for sale to private equity firms, the rollout of the hypermarkets has been delayed. [2]
  • In Denmark, Bilka is the biggest chain of hypermarkets (operated by Dansk Supermarked); the 2nd biggest chain is Kvickly xtra (formerly known as OBS, and operated by Coop). Opening of new hypermarkets have decreased resently because of restriction on store sizes to protect the stores in city centers.
  • In Slovenia the biggest is Mercator, the 2nd biggest is Spar and the third is Tuš.
  • In the Philippines, mall and department store operator Shoemart has blanketed the islands with the hypermarket concept using the SM brand as an anchor store to their malls.
  • In Croatia, Mercator and Super Konzum have hypermakets in major towns.
  • In Belarus, there is a hypermarket called Gippo (Гиппо) in Minsk. Its logo contains a hippopotamus [3].
  • In Russia, Auchan (Ашан) has 10 stores in the Moscow area, two in Leningrad Oblast, and one each in Yekaterinburg and Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast [4]. Saint Petersburg's Lenta (Лента) has also some stores in big cities, so does Novosibirsk's Gigant (Гигант).
  • in Indonesia, Carrefour is the market leader, competing with local owned Hypermart (a subsidairy of Matahari group) and Malaysia's Giant Hypermarket.
  • In Norway the Coop chain operates hypermarkets under the Obs! name.
  • In Sri Lanka, Arpico Supercentres have few around the capital city, Colombo.

S-Group is Finlands second largest supermarket chain, after the market leader K-Kauppa. ... Kesko is a Finnish retailing conglomerate. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ... Alexandria (Greek: , Coptic: , Arabic: , Egyptian Arabic: Iskindireyya), (population of 3. ... Spinneys is a privately held supermarket company. ... City Stars is the latest commercial development in Egypt with an investment of more than 750 million dollars. ... Rimi Hypermarket shopping center in Vilnius, Lithuania Rimi Baltic is a major retail operator in Baltic states based in Riga, Latvia. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the ninth largest in the world. ... Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; IPA: ;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... A JUSCO store in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. ... Ito-Yokado Nara Ito-Yokado (イトーヨーカ堂) is a Japanese General Merchandise Store part of SEVEN & i Holdings. ... The Shinsegae Group is a South Korean business firm most noted for its department stores. ... Irlam is a town within the metropolitan borough of the City of Salford, in Greater Manchester, England. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the 1976 Gregorian calendar. ... Tesco plc is a UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. ... Tesco PLC (LSE: TSCO) is a United Kingdom-based international supermarket chain. ... ASDA is a chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom offering food, clothing and general merchandise products. ... J Sainsbury plc is the parent company of Sainsburys Supermarkets Ltd, commonly known as Sainsburys, a chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom. ... BHS may refer to Bhs - a British retailer (British Home Stores) Barbershop Harmony Society Butthole Surfers British Horse Society British Hydrological Society Baggage Handling System the ISO 3-letter country code for the Bahamas Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia Black Hand Studios, creator of the Anti-Cheat device Renguard... Eroski is a Spanish Basque supermarket chain with nearly 1,000 outlets spread across Spain (excluding franchises). ... Hipercor is a chain of supermarkets and hypermarkets in Spain, belonging to the same group as El Corte Inglés Categories: Stub ... El Corte Inglés in Sanchinarro, Madrid. ... www. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tesco plc is a UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. ... Auchan SA is an international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Lille, France. ... Cora is a retail group based in France which owns several supermarket and hypermarket chains internationally. ... METRO AG Logo METRO AG is a diversified retail and wholesale/cash and carry group based in Germany. ... This article is about the convenience store. ... METRO AG Logo METRO AG is a diversified retail and wholesale/cash and carry group based in Germany. ... The EDEKA Group is the largest German supermarket corporation. ...  , short for ALbrecht DIscount, is a discount supermarket chain based in Germany and one of the largest retail chains worldwide. ... A Lidl store in Launceston, United Kingdom Lidl is a European discount supermarket chain of German origin that operates 5,000 stores. ... In the Federal Republic of Germany, the Ladenschlussgesetz (abbreviated: LadSchlG) was the federal law regulating at which times stores were required to be closed. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Giant Hypermarket is a major supermarket and retailer chain in Malaysia. ... Tesco plc is a UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Giant Hypermarket is a major supermarket and retailer chain in Malaysia. ... The National Trades Union Congress (NTUC), also known as the Singapore National Trades Union Congress (SNTUC), is a national federation comprising trade unions of workers in the industrial, service and public sectors of Singapore. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... PARKnSHOP (Chinese: ) is one of the two largest supermarket chains in Hong Kong. ... Pick n Pay is a large supermarket chain store in South Africa. ... Big Bazaar is a chain of shopping malls in India currently with 29 outlets, owned by the Pantaloon Group. ... Distribución y Servicio (D&S) is a Chilean company that operates several businesses, including Lider hypermarkets and Ekono supermarkets. ... Cencosud S.A. is a publicly traded Chilean retail company. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Wong is the largest supermarket chain in Peru. ... Comercial Mexicana Logo Comercial Mexicana is a Mexican hypermarket group, which features stores similar to those owned by Wal-Mart in the United States or Carrefour in France. ... Walmex, or Wal-Mart de Mexico, is a Latin American blue-chip company, a majority of which is owned by the American retail giant Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Géant is a European hypermarket chain and is based in France. ... METRO AG Logo METRO AG is a diversified retail and wholesale/cash and carry group based in Germany. ... Tesco plc is a UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. ... Géant is a European hypermarket chain and is based in France. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Shuwaikh is an industrial area within the Al-Asimah governorate in the country of Kuwait. ... Salmiya, located 12 kilometers south east of Kuwait City, is one of the largest towns in Kuwait with a population of 150,000. ... Eta Carinae, in the constellation of Carina, one of the nearer candidates for a hypernova Hypernova (pl. ... Ahold, (in full Koninklijke Ahold N.V., Royal Ahold N.V.), (Euronext: AH, FWB: AHO, NYSE: AHO, SWX: AHO) is a major international supermarket operator and foodservice company based in Amsterdam in the Netherlands. ... Tesco plc is a UK-based international grocery and general merchandising retail chain. ... A typical Makro warehouse in the UK Makro is a chain of self-service wholesale stores, so called cash and carrys. ... Czech Dream (ÄŒeský sen in Czech) is a documentary film directed by two young Czech directors: Vít Klusák and Filip Remunda. ... Coles Myer Limited is an Australian public company which operates a number of retail chains. ... new Kmart logo Kmart Corporation was a US based corporation until it merged with Sears Holdings in November 2004. ... Coles Supermarkets is an Australian supermarket chain owned by Coles Group. ... Coles Myer Limited is an Australian public company which operates a number of retail chains. ... Brisbane (pronounced ) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Queensland, as well as the third largest city in Australia, with a greater metropolitan population of 1. ... Pick n Pay is a large supermarket chain store in South Africa. ... Coles SuperCentres are expected to be a chain of hypermarkets opening in late 2007. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Bilka is a Danish chain of department stores. ... Dansk Supermarked Gruppen (The Danish Supermarket Group) is a corporation owning several chains of stores. ... the SM Prime Logo SM Prime Holdings, Inc. ... In retail, an anchor store, or draw tenant, is one of the larger stores in a shopping mall, usually a department store in a major retail chain, such as Macys or JCPenney. ... Mercator is a Latin word which translates to merchant. Most commonly, it refers to Gerardus Mercator, a 16th century Flemish cartographer. ... Super Konzum is the largest version of the Konzum supermarket range, there are about 13 Super Konzums open in Croatia. ... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ‘ιπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy Hippopotamus). ... Auchan SA is an international retail group and multinational corporation headquartered in Lille, France. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Leningrad Oblast (Russian: , tr. ... Snow-covered statue of Sverdlov in Yekaterinburg Yekaterinburgs Church on the Blood built on the spot where the Tsar and his family were executed. ... Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Lenta is a online newspaper from the Russia. ... Location of Novosibirsk in Russia and the Oblast Coordinates: Oblast Novosibirsk  - Mayor Vladimir Gorodetskiy Area    - City 447. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Matahari is a supermarket/department store chain in Indonesia. ... Giant Hypermarket is a major supermarket and retailer chain in Malaysia. ... A cooperative (also co-operative or co-op) comprises a legal entity owned and democratically controlled by its members, with no passive shareholders. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ...

Warehouse club

Another category of stores sometimes included in the hypermarket category is the membership-based wholesale warehouse clubs that are popular in North America, pioneered by Fedco and today including Sam's Club, a division of Wal-Mart; Costco, in which Carrefour has a small ownership percentage;[15] and BJ's Wholesale Club on the East Coast. In Europe, Makro leads the market. However, warehouse clubs differ from what is normally considered a hypermarket because of their sparse interior decor, restrictive membership, and broad-not-deep selections that maximize inventory turnover. Wholesaling consists of the sale of goods/merchandise to retailers, to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services. ... A warehouse club is a retail store selling a small amount of merchandise in terms of variety. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Sams Club is a membership-only warehouse club owned and operated by Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Costco Wholesale Corporation (NASDAQ: COST) is the largest membership warehouse club chain in the world based on sales volume, headquartered in Issaquah, Washington, United States,[1] with its flagship warehouse in nearby Seattle. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... BJs Wholesale Club, Inc. ... A typical Makro warehouse in the UK Makro is a chain of self-service wholesale stores, so called cash and carrys. ... Inventory is a list of goods and materials, or those goods and materials themselves, held available in stock by a business. ...


Notes

  1. ^ About Meijer
  2. ^ Carrefour's History
  3. ^ "Top 5 Retailers", Extended Retail Solutions, issue 147.
  4. ^ Jean-Mark Villermet, Naissance de l'hypermarche, 1991, ISBN 2200372639, Colin (publisher).
  5. ^ Jewel Grand Bazzar
  6. ^ Facts & Figures
  7. ^ The Wal-Mart Story
  8. ^ Kmart At A Glance
  9. ^ Discount Store News article Target to introduce Small Market stores - Dayton-Hudson Corp. Target Stores
  10. ^ Discount Store News article Greatland may need food to succeed - Dayton Hudson Corp. Target Stores' Greatland superstores
  11. ^ Discount Store News article The test takes off: SuperTarget cautiously picks up the pace - The Power Retailers: Target
  12. ^ Forbes magazine, February 13, 1995, p. 55, "Squeezing the tomatoes."
  13. ^ [1] Bruno's former link to American Fare and Kmart
  14. ^ Carrefour Singapore
  15. ^ Robert Spector, "Carrefour enters U.S. via share in Costco", Supermarket News, January 1985.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Hypermarket Chain (850 words)
The specific features of a hypermarket are the wide range of goods offered, quality service, quality display of goods on the shelves and complex systems providing for customers’s loyalty.
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Hypermarkets are active users of various sales promotion methods, they hold regular advertising campaigns, provide their customers with discount cards, etc. All this requires prompt and reliable record keeping and synchronisation of activities of each subdivision involved.
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With literally millions of cheap holidays to search and book online, Holiday Hypermarket is the ideal place to find cheap Package Holidays and inexpensive Flights to destinations all over the world.
Book with the confidence of knowing that Holiday Hypermarket is part of TUI Travel Plc, a leading brand in the travel industry.
Holiday Hypermarket is a member of ABTA (Association of British Travel Agents).
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