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Encyclopedia > Hyperlexia

In hyperlexia, a child spontaneously and precociously masters single-word reading. It can be viewed as a superability, that is, word recognition ability far above expected levels. The more common definition also includes difficulties with comprehension of printed material beyond or even at the single-word level. Many hyperlexics also have trouble understanding speech.[1] Most or perhaps all children with hyperlexia also lie on the autism spectrum.[1] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... The autism spectrum, also called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or autism spectrum conditions (ASC), with the word autistic sometimes replacing autism, is a spectrum of psychological conditions characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, as well as severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior. ...


Hyperlexic children are often fascinated by letters and numbers. They are extremely good at decoding language and thus often become very early readers. Some hyperlexic children learn to spell long words (such as elephant) before they are two and learn to read whole sentences before they turn three. An fMRI study of a single child showed that hyperlexia may be the neurological opposite of dyslexia.[2] Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (or fMRI) describes the use of MRI to measure hemodynamic signals related to neural activity in the brain or spinal cord of humans or other animals. ... This article is about developmental dyslexia. ...


Often, hyperlexic children will have a precocious ability to read but will learn to speak only by rote and heavy repetition, and may also have difficulty learning the rules of language from examples or from trial and error, which may result in social problems. It has been suggested that Rote memory be merged into this article or section. ...


Despite hyperlexic children's precocious reading ability, they may struggle to communicate. Their language may develop using echolalia, often repeating words and sentences. Often, the child has a large vocabulary and can identify many objects and pictures, but cannot put their language skills to good use. Spontaneous language is lacking and their pragmatic speech is delayed. Hyperlexic children often struggle with Who? What? Where? Why? and How? questions. Between the ages of 4 and 5 many children make great strides in communicating. Echolalia is the repetition or echoing of verbal utterances made by another person. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Social skills often lag tremendously. Hyperlexic children often have far less interest in playing with other children than do their peers.


Notes

  1. ^ a b Grigorenko EL, Klin A, Volkmar F (2003). "Annotation: Hyperlexia: disability or superability?". J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44 (8): 1079–91. doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00193. PMID 14626452.
  2. ^ Turkeltaub PE, Flowers DL, Verbalis A, Miranda M, Gareau L, Eden GF (2004). "The neural basis of hyperlexic reading: an FMRI case study". Neuron 41 (1): 11–25. PMID 14715131.

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ...

External links

  • American Hyperlexia Association
The autism spectrum, also called autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or autism spectrum conditions (ASC), with the word autistic sometimes replacing autism, is a spectrum of psychological conditions characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, as well as severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior. ... There are many comorbid disorders associated with autism spectrum disorders and Aspergers Syndrome. ... The heritability of autism is debated by psychology researchers, parents of children diagnosed with autism, and members of the autistic community. ... Autism (also called autistic disorder, infantile autism, Kanners syndrome or Kanner syndrome) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself before the age of three years. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Biomedical intervention for autism. ... Asperger syndrome (also Aspergers syndrome, Aspergers disorder, Aspergers, or AS) is one of several autism spectrum disorders (ASD) characterized by difficulties in social interaction and by restricted and stereotyped interests and activities. ... Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and restricted and repetitive behavior, all exhibited before a child is three years old. ... Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Hellers syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset (>3 years of age) of developmental delays in language, social function, and motor skills. ... Fragile X syndrome is a syndrome of X-linked mental retardation. ... Multiple-complex Developmental Disorder (McDD) represents a distinct group within the autistic spectrum based on symptomatology. ... PDD not otherwise specified or PDD-NOS is a pervasive developmental disorder. ... A woman with Retts Syndrome Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is classified as a pervasive developmental disorder by the DSM-IV. Many [1] argue that this is a mis-classification just as it would be to include such disorders as fragile X syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, or Down... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... There is considerable disagreement over the exact nature of autism, however it is generally considered to be a neurodevelopmental condition which manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests, and patterns of behavior. ... This box:      The autism rights movement (which has also been called autistic self-advocacy movement [1] and autistic liberation movement [2]) was started by adult autistic individuals in order to advocate and demand tolerance for what they refer to as neurodiversity. ... Autistic enterocolitis is a controversial term first used by British gastroenterologist Andrew Wakefield to describe a number of common clinical symptoms and signs which he contends are distinctive to autism. ... Chelation therapy is the administration of chelating agents to remove heavy metals from the body. ... The MMR vaccine controversy is over the safety of the MMR vaccine. ... Neurodiversity is an idea that asserts that atypical (neurodivergent) neurological wiring is a normal human difference that is to be tolerated and respected as any other human difference. ... The term refrigerator mother was coined in the 1940s as a label for mothers of autistic children. ... Following US government action to evaluate levels of environmental toxins, including mercury, it has been claimed, particularly in the context of lawsuits, that thimerosal in childhood vaccines could contribute to, or cause, a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children, most notably autism and related Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDDs), or other... This is a list of autism-related topics. ... Fictional characters described by the authors as having conditions on the autistic spectrum. ... Further reading on the topic of Asperger syndrome: [Attwood, Tony]; foreword by Lorna Wing (1998). ... This is a list of noteworthy people known to have a condition on the autism spectrum. ... A number of famous people have been speculated by reputable sources to have had autistic disorder or Asperger syndrome. ... Infinity logo as a positive representation of autism Aspies For Freedom is a group which is at the forefront of the autism rights movement. ... The Autism Society of America, founded in 1965 by Bernard Rimland, Ph. ... Autism Speaks was founded in February, 2005 by Bob Wright and his wife Suzanne, to help find a cure for autism, a year after their grandson, Christian, was given the diagnosis. ... Generation Rescue is a nonprofit organization which was founded by parents united by their belief that many childhood neurological disorders, such as autism, Aspergers syndrome, ADHD, speech delay, sensory integration disorder and other developmental delays, are the effects of a primary diagnosis of mercury poisoning and related complications. ... The National Autism Association (NAA) is a non-profit advocacy organization founded to educate and empower families affected by autism and other neurological disorders. ... The National Autistic Society (NAS) is the United Kingdoms most prominent autism-related charity. ... The Coalition for Safe Minds (Sensible Action For Ending Mercury-Induced Neurological Disorders) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to investigating the risks of exposure to mercury from medical products. ...   Wrong Planet (sometimes referred to by its URL, WrongPlanet. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Asperger Syndrome & Hyperlexia (472 words)
Hyperlexia is a precocious ability to read words at an early age,or have an intense fascination with numbers, letters, patterns and logos along with a significant problem understanding and using verbal language and difficulties with social interactions.
It is important to identify Hyperlexia in preschool age children due to the language difficulties that ensue and social interaction problems.
Since children with Hyperlexia are such strong visual and auditory learners this should be taken into account when attempting to teach new material and the material should be presented in a different way if the child is having trouble grasping concepts.
Hyperlexia -Crystalinks (375 words)
Hyperlexia is a syndrome in which the main characteristics are an above normal ability to read accompanied with a below normal ability to understand spoken language.
Hyperlexia appears to be different from what is known as hypergraphia, the urge or compulsion to write, although as with many mental conditions or quirks it is possible that this is more a matter of opinion than strict science.
Hyperlexia is not seen as a separate diagnosis; however, with current fMRI research revealing that hyperlexia affects the brain in a way completely opposite to that of dyslexia, a separate diagnosis may be on the horizon.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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