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Encyclopedia > Hydrops fetalis
Hydrops fetalis due to haemolytic disease/isoimmunization
ICD-10 P56
ICD-9 773.3
Hydrops fetalis not due to haemolytic disease/isoimmunization
ICD-10 P832
ICD-9 778.0

Hydrops fetalis is a blood condition in the fetus characterized by an edema in the fetal subcutaneous tissue, sometimes leading to spontaneous abortion. Hemolytic anemia is anemia due to hemolysis, the abnormal breakdown of red blood cells either in the blood vessels (intravascular hemolysis) or elsewhere in the body (extravascular). ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // P00-P96 - Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P04) Fetus and newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery (P00) Fetus and newborn affected by maternal conditions that may be unrelated to present pregnancy (P01) Fetus and newborn affected by maternal complications of... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... The following codes are used with International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... // P00-P96 - Certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P00-P04) Fetus and newborn affected by maternal factors and by complications of pregnancy, labour and delivery (P00) Fetus and newborn affected by maternal conditions that may be unrelated to present pregnancy (P01) Fetus and newborn affected by maternal complications of... The following is a list of codes for International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems. ... Fetus at eight weeks Foetus redirects here. ... Edema (BE: oedema, formerly known as dropsy) is swelling of any organ or tissue due to accumulation of excess fluid. ... The subcutis is the layer of tissue directly underlying the cutis. ...

Contents


Classification and Causes

Hydrops fetalis can have either an immune or non-immune cause.


Rh disease is the major cause for immune mediated hydrops fetalis; however, owing to preventative methods developed in the 1970s Rh disease has markedly declined. Rh disease can be prevented by administration of anti-D IgG (Rho(D) Immune Globulin) injections to RhD-negative mothers during pregnancy and/or within 72 hours of the delivery. Rh disease (also Rhesus disease, Haemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDNB) or Morbus haemolyticus neonatorum) is a condition that occurs when a Rh negative mother has given birth to a Rh positive baby and subsequently becomes pregnant with another Rh positive child. ... Rh disease (also Rhesus disease, Haemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDNB) or Morbus haemolyticus neonatorum) is a condition that occurs when a Rh negative mother has given birth to a Rh positive baby and subsequently becomes pregnant with another Rh positive child. ... Rho(D) Immune Globulin is a drug introduced under the tradename RhoGAM and MICRhoGAM which is used to prevent maternal sensitization to Rh D antigens on the surface of blood cells in a fetus (i. ...


The non-immune form of hydrops fetalis has many causes including:

Glucuronidase is a lysosomal glycosidase, a type of enzyme that removes carbohydrate groups from proteins. ... The lysosomal storage diseases are a group of over thirty disorders that result from defects in lysosomal function. ... Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII or Sly syndrome (named after its discoverer William Sly in 1969) is also sometimes called MPS. The defective gene lies on chromosome 7. ... Parvovirus B19 (B19 virus) was the first human parvovirus to be discovered, by chance in 1975 by the Australian virologist Yvonne Cossart. ... Thalassemia (American English) (or Thalassaemia in British English) is an inherited disease of the red blood cells, classified as a hemoglobinopathy. ... Niemann-Pick disease is an inherited condition involving lipid metabolism (the breakdown and use of fats and cholesterol in the body) in which harmful amounts of lipids accumulate in the spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and brain. ...

Diagnosis

Hydrops fetalis can be diagnosed and monitored by ultrasound scans. Obstetric ultrasonograph of a fetus at 16 weeks. ...


Treatment

The treatment depends on the cause.


Severely anemic fetuses can be treated with blood transfusions while still in the womb. Now darker and more mature, but still as fresh and melody-driven as ever, Anemic make up in killer tunes all they lack in lyrical genius. ... Blood transfusion is the taking of blood or blood-based products from one individual and inserting them into the circulatory system of another. ...


References

Cassidy MD, George. Hydrops Fetalis. eMedicine Online. 2004.


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Hydrops fetalis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (203 words)
Hydrops fetalis is a blood condition in the fetus characterized by an edema in the fetal subcutaneous tissue, sometimes leading to spontaneous abortion.
Rh disease is the major cause for immune mediated hydrops fetalis; however, owing to preventative methods developed in the 1970s Rh disease has markedly declined.
Hydrops fetalis can be diagnosed and monitored by ultrasound scans.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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